Treating dogs with severe separation anxiety

Personal protection puppy training
It's an exciting time when you bring your new puppy home, but a new pet also comes with challenges.
Walking your dog can be a great way for you and your pup to get some exercise, as well as spend quality time together. Potty training a puppy is a little trickier when you have an apartment, since you can't install a doggie door or easily let your furry companion outside. Once you get to know your puppy, you'll be able to watch for signs she needs to relieve herself. When you're house training a puppy, it's very important that you be available to meet her needs at all times of the day.
In order for positive reinforcement to work effectively as a training strategy, consistency is key. Your puppy is ready to spend time in the rest of the apartment after she has learned to signal to you that she needs to go outside, either by moving toward the door or looking at it. When you clean up after an accident your puppy has had, you can place the soiled paper towels or rags in the designated area so that your puppy associates the the smell of urine with her bathroom spot. If you hear your puppy barking in the crate, take her outside to relieve herself and place her back in the crate. If you find a mess in your apartment after the deed has been done, don't ever rub your puppy's nose in it or try to discipline her. This version of How to Potty Train a Puppy in an Apartment was reviewed by Pippa Elliott, MRCVS on June 27, 2015. New puppies have no understanding of the proper place to eliminate until their owners housebreak them. Between 8 and 16 weeks of age is considered the prime socialization period for puppies.[5] At this point, your puppy can only hold his bladder for around 2 hours.
At 4-6 months, puppies in this age group can often seem "half" house trained due to their ability to be easily distracted.
When a dog reaches 6-12 months, sexual maturity can cause males to raise their legs and pee on furniture, while females can come on heat. Acquire a crate or “den.” Just like people, puppies don’t want to eliminate near the areas they eat and sleep. Puppies under 6 months old should never be left in their crate for more than 3 to 4 hours regardless of bladder control.
When you come home after crating your puppy, you can immediately take your puppy outside and not give him the opportunity to make a mistake in the house. Praise the puppy after he finishes and don’t interrupt the “flow.” Some puppies are so sensitive that they may stop in the middle of eliminating if you praise them too soon. Puppy will whine instead of going in the crate, so by paying attention, you can help force the proper behavior, allowing you to then reward puppy and show the puppy the extra freedom that comes from the appropriate behavior. If your puppy does wake you up in the night because he needs to go, keep the trip out short and to the point.
Commercially produced pet mess cleaners contain special enzymes that eradicate the urine odor that attracts the puppy back to the same spot. The area surrounding the crate does not have to be much bigger that four to six feet around when the puppies are small. Don't be surprised by “reversions." Your puppy may revert to eliminating inside again after you thought he was trained. Remember, that if the puppy is “forced” to eliminate in the kennel because of the boarding facility’s schedule, you will have taken a large step backward in the training process. Watch your puppy like a hawk at all times, especially in the early stages of housebreaking. If you are consistent in your puppy housebreaking in the very beginning, especially when it is inconvenient to you (late at night, while you are watching your favorite TV show, etc.), you will actually help the puppy housebreak himself to alert you when he has to go.
Leaving a puppy's food bowl out all day filled to the brim is a bad way to house train him (or keep him in shape). Start training your puppy with treats like telling him to sit with a treat in your hand and when he does, give him the treat.
You might be a little frustrated right now because house training is not progressing as fast as you had hoped. Every puppy presents different challenges, but there are common instincts that will facilitate the house training process.
The section below on "HouseTraining Taxi Service" will tell you WHEN to give your pup immediate access to her toilet area. If your puppy is not sleeping in her crate or pen, and is out in the house, you must follow her around to know what she is doing: chewing a bone, running circles, getting a drink of water, etc. It's very important to put your puppy on a regular and timely feeding schedule; What goes in on a regular schedule will come out on a regular schedule. The key to house training is preventing "mistakes" and rewarding the puppy for going in your chosen spot. Taxi your pup for about one month (until the pup is about 3 months old as this should give the pup enough time to develop some bladder and bowel control). If you have a large breed puppy and can't pick them up, slip on a leash quickly and "rush" them to the potty area, do not stop until you are there ! However, with a poop you might get some warning - sometimes sniffing; usually circling by the puppy. As always, never make a big deal about cleaning up after your puppy when an accident occurs. Just before you go to bed and turn out the lights, go get your puppy, no matter where she may be, asleep or not, and taxi her to the potty area. Confine your puppy to his, 'puppy-proofed' bathroom or an exercise pen and paper (or wee-wee pad) the entire floor. While your puppy is confined to the bathroom or his pen, he is developing a habit of eliminating on paper because no matter where he goes, it will be on paper.


Once your puppy is reliably going only on the papers you've left, then you can slowly and gradually move his papers to a location of your choice.
When you are home but can't attend to your puppy, follow the same procedures described above.
When your pup does eliminate in his toilet area, praise and reward him profusely and enthusiastically!
Don't allow your puppy freedom outside of his room or pen unless you know absolutely for sure that his bladder and bowels are completely empty. As your puppy becomes more reliable about using his toilet area and his bowel and bladder control develops, he can begin to spend more time outside his room or pen with you in the rest of your home. The most important thing you can do to make house training happen as quickly as possible is to reward and praise your puppy every time he goes in the right place. A young puppy (8 weeks) needs to be given the opportunity to go outside every 20 minutes, if you are to increase the chances of her peeing outside rather than inside. The best way to train a puppy is to reinforce good behavior and eliminate possibilities for bad behavior. That means that every single time your puppy relieves herself outside, you should praise her. If your apartment is on a high floor in your building, it might be difficult to get outside in time for your puppy to go to the bathroom. Puppies actually like the feeling of being in a small, cozy crate - it makes them feel safe and secure.
Very young puppies might wake up barking, though, so you should line the crate with towels just in case your puppy has an accident in the night.
If your puppy has an accident in her crate or elsewhere inside, be sure to clean it up and sanitize the spot so it no longer smells like urine.
If your puppy is relieving herself in your apartment, pick her up and immediately take her outside to the designated bathroom spot.
You will teach your puppy to be afraid of you, and it won't help her learn what to do when she needs to relieve herself. Nothing with ammonia in it, as that smells like urine to puppies, and they'll try to go in that spot again, what you don't want to happen. If you change from paper training to house training halfway through, it will confuse your puppy, and make it more difficult, but done consistently potty training your puppy can be a breeze. The age of your puppy has a bearing on the puppy's ability to be house trained and the amount of time you can take between potty breaks. Hopefully you've established house training long before this age, but if not, you can still do so, even for adult dogs. Crate-training your puppy is a great way to help the puppy learn bladder control.[7] The crate also gives security.
They need more interaction.[9] If you have to work during the day, hire a dog-walking service to come let your puppy out appropriately. Your puppy may start to understand that he should eliminate outside before he understands how to let you know he needs to go. Whenever you take puppy out at a designated time, if the puppy eliminates within 3-5 minutes, praise them and place them in the pen surrounding the crate giving them more freedom. If you turn on too many lights or play at all, then your puppy will think it’s play time and might start to think it’s okay to wake you up for that instead of just potty breaks.[19] Simply take him out and then return him to his bed. Do your best to set the puppy up for success and minimize the opportunities to have “accidents” by using crates, dog pens, baby gates, and leashes to control the areas to which your puppy has access.
The area around the crate will increase gradually as the dog gets more housebroken and as large breed puppies get bigger. A doggie door is great if you have a proper fence (one that a puppy cannot get under or over) and a gate. If you don’t have a backyard, a doggie door, or someone who can come let your puppy out while you’re away, you can still use a paper-training method to get a puppy to eliminate in a designated indoor spot. You will be using confinement to a smaller area to limit the puppy’s access to the whole house. This will designate the spot as a "potty spot" and the training process will go much more quickly.
Keeping the puppy on leash attached to a person or next to a person and tethered to heavy piece of furniture will prevent losing track of the puppy. As the behavior becomes more solid, you can wean off the treats while still praising the puppy for the correct behavior. Every hour or so, take the puppy to the door and holding its paw to ring the bell, say "potty" each time, then take the puppy out to the designated spot to go potty. Remember to take the dog out for walks regularly and be kind to your new little friend and you will have a housebroken pup in no time! Do not scold the puppy for not listening, continue the steps and never hit the puppy with any body parts. So even if you have the day off, you will still need to get up to take your puppy outside around the same time as usual.
This article will detail a training program with techniques that will house train your puppy as soon as possible and foster a trusting and loving relationship between you and your pup. Your pup needs to develop his natural "den instinct" and learn where to eliminate - and where not to. If you are going outside, put a collar and leash on the pup immediately after picking them up, unless the toilet area is safely enclosed and escape proof.
By paying close attention to your puppy when they are out and about in the house, you may get a heads-up. Older puppies also need to relieve themselves frequently, as they can't physically hold their bladder for more than an hour or two.[1] To avoid accidents, scoop up your puppy and take her outside once an hour like clockwork. Living in an apartment building, you might have trouble getting all the way to the closest park.


When your puppy relieves herself outside, giving her praise and a treat will make her want to do it again. This is necessary during the first few months, since keeping your puppy in one place allows you to keep an eye on her so you can take her outside right away when she shows signs of needing to relieve herself. If you have a small dog who makes manageable messes, you can consider paper training your dog instead of taking her outside every time. For this reason you should never use a crate as a form of punishment; it should be your puppy's personal safe place. If an area smells like urine the puppy will instinctively want to relieve herself in the same spot again.
By now, a puppy of four months can wait about four to five hours before needing to eliminate, while a puppy of six months can go as long as six or seven hours.
Although not impossible, housebreaking older dogs that have developed bad habits generally requires much more energy and diligence on your part than doing it “right” the first time as a puppy.
If you are consistent, and do the same thing and expect the same action every single time, your puppy will catch on very quickly.
If they do not eliminate within 3-5 minutes, place the puppy inside the crate and close the door.
If your puppy lives in a house with more than one person, make sure that everyone is taking the steps to make the house training process quick and easy. Even if you do have a proper fence, be aware of area wild animals that might eat your puppy such as coyotes, etc. This is just an extra precaution in case the puppy needs to go and cannot wait for you to return home. If you cannot keep an eye on your puppy for some reason, put him in a safe and secure puppy-proofed spot (such as a crate or some other small room with easy to clean floors, such as linoleum, closed off with a baby gate so you can peek in as needed). Consult your vet to learn the correct amount to feed your puppy and limit the puppy’s intake to this specific amount at the recommended intervals. Puppies have not yet developed bowel and bladder control, so they can't 'hold it' as long as adult dogs. Successful house training depends upon your diligent supervision so you can be there to show your pup where to eliminate.
If you cannot watch her continuously, you must put her back into her pen or crate to prevent potty training "mistakes".
To potty train our puppy we must condition a desire in the pup to avoid soiling the "den" - your house. Well, he may not make it all the way to the toilet area, potty or poop in the "wrong" place and you have missed a housetraining opportunity!
At the same time you will train a stong preference in your pup to eliminate in your chosen spot. Your puppy is too young to understand and it can set the house training process back drastically. Therefore it's important that you spend as much time as possible with your puppy and give him regular and frequent access to his toilet area.
Before you know it, your puppy will run to the door and wag her tail instead of having indoor accidents. Pick a patch of grass close enough to your apartment entrance that your puppy won't have an accident on the way.
Line an area of the room with newspapers or special training pads you can buy at the pet store. Puppies don't like soiling their living space, so make sure you take your puppy outside so she can go to the bathroom right before you put her in the crate. This can often make the puppy try to eliminate in hidden areas around the home away from your presence.[2] Serious behavior problems beyond housebreaking can develop when you don’t use positive training methods. If your whole family has gone, have somebody who knows about puppies come down and babysit. Confinement and your due diligence in providing access outside the "den" to potty and poop will develop this instinct and eventual desire. So, if they potty in the wrong place, you didn't take them to their potty area soon enough - plain and simple. Urgency is key here - you want to startle the pup just a little as you move towards them to pick them up, but you DO NOT want to scare the pup.
Eventually your pup will have enough control that he will be able to "hold it" for longer and longer periods of time. Use the same training method you'd use for an outdoor bathroom spot, carrying your puppy to the papers each time she has to go. If you have a large breed puppy, there are crates designed to “grow” with your puppy, so you don’t have to waste money buying bigger sizes as they age.
After the short waiting period, take the puppy outside again, if they eliminate, they get more freedom in the larger area. So many times when housetraining, a puppy is led to the door and on the way they just stop and do their business. Don't be discouraged if your puppy seems to be making remarkable progress and then suddenly you have to return to papering the entire area. And second, she will not necessarily associate you as the provider of her food (see our article on being a pack leader and winning a puppy's respect and trust). This usually happens because the puppy has not developed enough bladder or bowel control yet to "hold it" until they get to the toilet area or they simply don't know where the toilet area is yet. Not only has the pup made "a mistake," but you have lost a chance to reward for going in the right place.



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