Treating dogs with severe separation anxiety

Personal protection puppy training
Contrary to popular belief, small size doesn't necessarily an apartment dog make — plenty of small dogs are too high-energy and yappy for life in a high-rise. Some dogs are simply easier than others: they take to training better and are fairly easygoing.
Some breeds bond very closely with their family and are more prone to worry or even panic when left alone by their owner. Breeds with very short coats and little or no undercoat or body fat, such as Greyhounds, are vulnerable to the cold.
Being gentle with children, sturdy enough to handle the heavy-handed pets and hugs they can dish out, and having a blase attitude toward running, screaming children are all traits that make a kid-friendly dog.
Friendliness toward dogs and friendliness toward humans are two completely different things.
Stranger-friendly dogs will greet guests with a wagging tail and a nuzzle; others are shy, indifferent, or even aggressive. If you're going to share your home with a dog, you'll need to deal with some level of dog hair on your clothes and in your house. Drool-prone dogs may drape ropes of slobber on your arm and leave big, wet spots on your clothes when they come over to say hello. Some breeds are brush-and-go dogs; others require regular bathing, clipping, and other grooming just to stay clean and healthy. Dogs come in all sizes, from the world's smallest pooch, the Chihuahua, to the towering Great Dane, how much space a dog takes up is a key factor in deciding if he is compatible with you and your living space. Easy to train dogs are more adept at forming an association between a prompt (such as the word "sit"), an action (sitting), and a consequence (getting a treat) very quickly. Dogs who were bred for jobs that require decision making, intelligence, and concentration, such as herding livestock, need to exercise their brains, just as dogs who were bred to run all day need to exercise their bodies. Common in most breeds during puppyhood and in retriever breeds at all ages, mouthiness means a tendency to nip, chew, and play-bite (a soft, fairly painless bite that doesn't puncture the skin).
Dogs that were bred to hunt, such as terriers, have an inborn desire to chase and sometimes kill other animals.
A vigorous dog may or may not be high-energy, but everything he does, he does with vigor: he strains on the leash (until you train him not to), tries to plow through obstacles, and even eats and drinks with great big gulps.
Some dogs are perpetual puppies -- always begging for a game -- while others are more serious and sedate. The American Pit Bull Terrier is one of the so-called bully breeds often labeled a pit bull. Some people say the American Pit Bull Terrier is the same as the American Staffordshire Terrier.
But all experts can agree that the confusion started with a decision by the AKC in the early 1930s to give it a new name, American Staffordshire Terrier, to separate it from its pit-fighting past. As the owner of an American Pit Bull Terrier you must be aware that you may be met with anger and hostility by people who are misinformed about your wonderful dog. When raised with the proper training and socialization, the American Pit Bull Terrier makes an excellent companion for children. American Pit Bull Terriers are not a good choice for people who can give them little or no attention. They must be trained and socialized when young to overcome the breed's tendencies toward stubbornness and bossiness, which combined with his strength can make him hard to handle if he hasn't learned you are in charge. Your American Pit Bull Terrier must be kept on leash in public to prevent aggression toward other dogs. American Pit Bull Terriers have a great need to chew, and powerful jaws make quick work of cheap or flimsy toys.
American Pit Bull Terriers are best suited to owners who can offer firm, fair training, and gentle consistent discipline. HistoryBull and terrier breeds were created in early 19th-century England for the popular spectator sports of bull- and bear-baiting. In 1898 the UKC, Britain's equivalent of the AKC, named these bull dogs the American Pit Bull Terrier. Since then the American Staffordshire Terrier has been bred for AKC conformation, or dog shows, while the American Pit Bull Terrier has not been. PersonalityThese dogs love people and have no idea that their size is something of a deterrent to being a lap dog.
While their love of people makes them failures as guard dogs, their courage is unmatched and they will defend their family with their lives. Like every dog, American Pit Bull Terriers need early socialization — exposure to many different people, sights, sounds, and experiences — when they're young. HealthAmerican Pit Bull Terriers are generally healthy, but as with all breeds, they're prone to certain health conditions. Hypothyroidism: This is a dysfunction of the thyroid gland that causes weight gain, poor coat, reproductive problems and other issues. American Pit Bull Terriers should not be left outside for long because they can't tolerate the cold well.
NOTE: How much your adult dog eats depends on his size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level.
To prevent obesity, measure your dog's food and give meals at set times each day rather than leaving food out all the time. For more on feeding your American Pit Bull Terrier, see our guidelines for buying the right food, feeding your puppy, and feeding your adult dog. Coat Color And GroomingThe short coat is shiny and stiff to the touch, and comes in all colors — red, blue, brown, grey, black and white, and brindle, among them. They require little grooming, and have a coat that's easy to keep clean with the occasional bath. Brush your dog's teeth at least two or three times a week to remove tartar buildup and the bacteria that lurk inside it.
Trim his nails once or twice a month if your dog doesn't wear them down naturally to prevent painful tears and other problems.
As you groom, check for sores, rashes, or signs of infection such as redness, tenderness, or inflammation on the skin, in the nose, mouth, and eyes, and on the feet. Children And Other PetsAmerican Pit Bull Terriers love children, and we don't mean for breakfast. Because of their dog-fighting heritage, some American Pit Bull Terriers retain a tendency to be aggressive with other dogs, but if they are socialized early and trained to know what behavior is expected of them, that aggression can be minimized or overcome, and many are dog- and cat-friendly. Rescue GroupsYou can find American Pit Bulls, and Pit Bulls, and Pit Bull mixes, in just about every shelter in the country. You are using an out-of-date web browser, to avoid problems when using A-Z Animals and other sites we strongly recommend you upgrade to the latest version of your web browser!
According to a study done by CDC , American Pit Bull Terriers account for the majority of fatalities in the US among all breeds. However, a firm, even hand and early obedience training are strongly recommended for this breed.
They need exercise and stimulation in order to channel their energy properly and not become frustrated, bored, and destructive.
The Bull Terrier was originally developed in the 19th century as a fighting dog and, later, a fashionable companion for gentlemen, but these days he's a family companion and show dog. If you remember the late 1980s, you probably recall the Budweiser commercials featuring a Bull Terrier named Spuds Mackenzie, whose sly grin and on-screen antics turned the breed into a pop icon.
Nicknamed "the kid in a dog suit," the Bull Terrier is active and friendly, as well as being one of the clowns of the dog world. Like most terriers, Bull Terriers (unneutered males in particular) can be aggressive toward other animals, especially other dogs. Because they can be rambunctious, Bull Terriers aren't recommended for homes with younger children, but with older kids they're tireless playmates.
Some cities and states have restrictions on or ban ownership of Bull Terriers, and you should be aware of your local laws before you bring your Bull Terrier home. If you're ready to take on the challenge of a Bull Terrier, you'll find him to be an affectionate, loyal companion who's always ready to entertain you — he's been known to make even the most serious of people giggle — or go on an adventure.
Bull Terriers thrive in the company of their people, and should live indoors with their human family. Without early socialization and training, Bull Terriers can be aggressive toward other dogs, animals, and people he doesn't know. Bull Terriers are too rough and rambunctious for homes with young children, but they're tireless playmates for active older kids who've been taught how to interact with dogs. Never buy a Bull Terrier from a puppy mill, a pet store, or a breeder who doesn't provide health clearances or guarantees. HistoryThe Bull Terrier dates to approximately 1835 and was probably created by crossing a Bulldog with the now-extinct white English Terrier. In 1860, fanciers of the bull and terrier, in particular a man named James Hinks, set about creating an all-white dog.
A Bull Terrier appeared in Sheila Burnford's book "The Incredible Journey," as well as the first film version of it, but that film didn't have the same effect on the breed as Budweiser's 1980-era commercials starring Bull Terrier Spuds Mackenzie.
Today, Bull Terriers rank 61st in popularity among the breeds and varieties registered by the American Kennel Club, up from 85th in 1996. The Miniature Bull Terrier stands 10 to 14 inches tall at the shoulder, and weighs about 25 to 33 pounds. PersonalityNever one to take a backseat to anyone or anything, the Bull Terrier is a friendly, feisty extrovert who's always ready for a good time, and always happy to see you. HealthBull terriers are generally healthy, but like any breed, they can have health issues.
In Bull Terriers, you should expect to see the results of BAER hearing tests for white Bull Terriers, health clearances from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals for the heart and thyroid, and UP:UC ratios for kidney function. Hereditary Nephritis is a severe form of kidney disease found in Bull Terriers, often at an early age. Deafness in one or both ears is common in white dogs, and some colored Bull Terriers can be deaf in one ear. Heart Disease caused by defects in heart structure and function is occasionally found in Bull Terriers. Skin Problems can affect Bull Terriers, especially white ones, who have sensitive skin that can be prone to rashes, sores and irritations. Bull Terriers are suspicious of strangers and can be aggressive toward other animals (especially dogs of the same sex) and people. Keep your Bull Terrier in good shape by measuring his food and feeding him twice a day rather than leaving food out all the time.
For more on feeding your Bull Terrier, see our guidelines for buying the right food, feeding your puppy, and feeding your adult dog. Coat Color And GroomingThe Bull Terrier's coat is short, flat, and shiny, with a hard texture. Bull Terriers are easy to groom; they need only weekly brushing with a rubber mitt or curry brush. Make grooming a positive experience filled with praise and rewards, and you'll lay the groundwork for easy veterinary exams and other handling when he's an adult. Children And Other PetsBull Terriers and Miniature Bull Terriers are active dogs who can play rough, so they're not recommended for homes with young children.
Bull Terriers can, however, be aggressive toward kids they don't know, especially if there's a lot of shouting or wrestling going on. Bull Terriers, especially unneutered males, can be aggressive toward dogs of the same sex, but opposite genders usually get along well. Rescue GroupsBull Terriers are sometimes bought without any clear understanding of what goes into owning one, and these dogs often end up in the care of rescue groups, in need of adoption or fostering. Breed OrganizationsBelow are breed clubs, organizations, and associations where you can find additional information about the Bull Terrier. The Staffordshire Bull Terrier can be an imposing dog with its strong, muscular body, intense stare, and powerful stance. Fans love the Staffordshire Bull Terrier for his small to medium size, short, easy-care coat, and dynamic yet gentle personality.


Nicknamed the nanny dog, the Stafford is prized for his patience with and love of children, although it goes without saying that no dog should ever be left alone with young children or expected to double as a baby-sitter.
Staffordshire Bull Terriers are energetic dogs who need a vigorous walk or play session daily. Staffordshire Bull Terriers can do well in apartments if they are properly exercised, but ideal living quarters include a fenced yard where they can play. Staffordshire Bull Terriers do not handle heat very well and need to be monitored on hot days to ensure that they don't overheat.
If properly socialized and raised with them, Staffordshire Bull Terriers can do well with other dogs and animals.
Staffordshire Bull Terriers have a strong prey drive which will send them after small animals around your neighborhood including cats. Staffordshire Bull Terriers have a high pain threshold and can become injured without any outward sign, such as whining. The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a restricted or banned breed in many cities and the number of cities restricting the breed is rising.
Staffordshire Bull Terriers are extremely mouthy as puppies and can be destructive if not closely supervised.
Staffordshire Bull Terriers are protective of family members, but they are not too concerned about property.
HistoryThe Staffordshire Bull Terrier shares a common ancestor — the Bulldog — with the American Staffordshire Terrier, the American Pit Bull Terrier, and the Bull Terrier.
The first Staffordshire Bull Terrier Club was formed in England in 1835, and a breed standard was written shortly thereafter.
In the United States, the Staffordshire Bull Terrier generally enjoyed life as a family companion, and it wasn't until 1975 that the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club. Today, the Stafford is ranked 85th among the 157 breeds and varieties recognized by the AKC. Temperament is affected by a number of factors, including heredity, training, and socialization. Like every dog, a Staffordshire Bull Terrier needs early socialization — exposure to many different people, sights, sounds, and experiences — when he's young, and it should continue throughout his life.
HealthStaffordshire Bull Terriers are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they can be subject to certain health conditions. In SBTs, you should expect to see health clearances on both parents from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals for hips and elbows, and from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation, certifying that the eyes are healthy. Patellar Luxation: This common problem occurs when the patella, which has three parts — the femur (thigh bone), patella (knee cap), and tibia (calf) — is not properly lined up and often slips out of place, causing the dog to skip or hop when it happens. CareThe Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a companion dog who does well in any type of home as long as he gets daily exercise.
His short face makes the Staffordshire Bull Terrier unsuited to staying outdoors for more than a few minutes in a hot or humid climate, and he should always have access to shade and fresh drinking water.
With proper training, consistency, and socialization, your Stafford will be a wonderful family member who protects and loves you unconditionally.
Keep your SBT in good shape by measuring his food and feeding him twice a day rather than leaving food out all the time. Coat Color And GroomingThe Staffordshire Bull Terrier has a short, smooth coat that lies close to the skin. Begin accustomizing your Staffordshire Bull Terrier to being brushed and examined when he's a puppy. Children And Other PetsThe Stafford is suitable for families with children, but despite his much vaunted patience and gentleness, he should always be supervised in the presence of toddlers or young children.
Always teach children how to approach and touch dogs, and always supervise any interactions between dogs and young children to prevent any mouthing, biting, or ear or tail pulling on the part of either party. Rescue GroupsStaffords are sometimes acquired without any clear understanding of what goes into owning one, and these dogs often end up in the care of rescue groups, in need of adoption or fostering.
Originally bred to "bait" bulls, the breed evolved into all-around farm dogs, and later moved into the house to become "nanny dogs" because they were so gentle around children. Being quiet, low energy, fairly calm indoors, and polite with the other residents, are all good qualities in an apartment dog. Low-sensitivity dogs, also called "easygoing," "tolerant," "resilient," and even "thick-skinned," can better handle a noisy, chaotic household, a louder or more assertive owner, and an inconsistent or variable routine.
An anxious dog can be very destructive, barking, whining, chewing, and otherwise causing mayhem. Dogs with a low cold tolerance need to live inside in cool climates and should have a jacket or sweater for chilly walks. Breed isn't the only factor that goes into affection levels; dogs who were raised inside a home with people around feel more comfortable with humans and bond more easily. You may be surprised by who's on that list: Fierce-looking Boxers are considered good with children, as are American Staffordshire Terriers (aka pit bulls). Our ratings are generalizations, and they're not a guarantee of how any breed or individual dog will behave. However, no matter what the breed, a dog who was exposed to lots of different types, ages, sizes, and shapes of people as a puppy will respond better to strangers as an adult. However, shedding does vary greatly among the breeds: Some dogs shed year-round, some "blow" seasonally -- produce a snowstorm of loose hair -- some do both, and some shed hardly at all. Consider whether you have the time and patience for a dog that needs a lot of grooming, or the money to pay someone else to do it. If they don't get the mental stimulation they need, they'll make their own work -- usually with projects you won't like, such as digging and chewing. Mouthy dogs are more likely to use their mouths to hold or "herd" their human family members, and they need training to learn that it's fine to gnaw on chew toys, but not on people. When choosing a breed, think about how the dog vocalizes — with barks or howls — and how often.
Nordic dogs such as Siberian Huskies were bred to range long distances, and given the chance, they'll take off after anything that catches their interest. These dynamos need lots of training to learn good manners, and may not be the best fit for a home with young kids or someone who's elderly or frail.
Although a playful pup sounds endearing, consider how many games of fetch or tag you want to play each day, and whether you have kids or other dogs who can stand in as playmates for the dog. In fact, "pit bull" isn't a breed, but a term used to describe the American Pit Bull Terrier, the Bull Terrier, the American Staffordshire Terrier, and the Staffordshire Bull Terrier. The American Pit Bull Terrier has not been recognized by the AKC, while the American Staffordshire Terrier, which is slightly smaller, has been.
The qualities that make these dogs tenacious players in obedience and agility games also attract highly unscrupulous people looking for strong competitors for their dog fighting rings. But rampant misinformation and fear caused by the actions of a minority of dogs kept by criminally negligent people have provoked legislation against the breed in a number of cities and countries around the world.
This is not a breed for everyone, especially those who aren't willing to invest time in training and socialization and can't or won't provide consistent firm guidance. He is loving and gentle with people and often makes a lousy guard dog because of his tail-wagging eagerness to greet the person at the door. When those sports were deemed inhumane and became illegal 1835, dog-fighting sprung up in its place — and thus was the trait for dog aggression bred into the genetic line.
Their jobs included hunting wild game, guarding the property from animal intruders, and providing companionship. Confident and keenly aware of their surroundings, they are watchdogs in that they may alert you to the presence of strangers, but that's primarily because they're eager to greet "their" guests. Not all American Pit Bulls Terriers will get any or all of these diseases, but it's important to be aware of them if you're considering this breed. Skin allergies are typically caused by such environmental allergens as fleas, grass, pollen, and dust.They can also be food related, but this is less common.
It usually occurs in middle-aged dogs and can be controlled with daily medication that must continue throughout the dog's life. While they love people, American Pit Bull Terriers are strong for their size and can be stubborn if left to their own devices. He should have a waist when you look down at him, and you should be able to feel his ribs beneath a layer of muscle but not see them. Handle his paws frequently — dogs are touchy about their feet — and look inside his mouth and ears. Many people were captivated by the breed's unique head, muscular build, and fun-loving nature. He has a larger-than-life personality that ranges from intelligent and innovative — not always the most desirable qualities in a dog — to placid and loyal.
To be well-behaved around other canines, they need early socialization: positive, supervised exposure to other dogs that begins in early puppyhood and continues throughout life. A weekly brushing and occasional wipe-down with a damp cloth is usually all it takes to keeps them clean, although they must be brushed more frequently during twice-yearly shedding periods. Look for a reputable breeder who tests her breeding dogs to make sure they're free of genetic diseases that they might pass onto the puppies and who breeds for sound temperaments.
These "bull and terrier" dogs were later crossed with Spanish Pointers to increase their size. The striking animals became fashionable companions for gentlemen and were nicknamed "White Cavalier" because of their courage in the dog-fighting ring and their courtliness toward people. Rocky Top's Sundance Kid (Rufus to his friends) became the first colored Bull Terrier to win Best in Show at the Westminster Kennel Club dog show. These are good traits, but they can veer into the disagreeable category if the Bull Terrier is allowed to become possessive or jealous. On the downside, they can be chewers, barkers, and tail chasers, and are often difficult to housetrain.
It's caused by small and undeveloped kidneys or a malfunction of the kidney's filters, resulting in high levels of protein in the urine.
All Bull Terrier puppies should undergo BAER (brainstem auditory evoked response) testing to ensure that their hearing is normal. Some cases are more serious than others and usually are indicated by the presence of a heart murmur. They may also be prone to contact or inhalant allergies, caused by a reaction to substances such as detergents or other chemicals or airborne allergens such as pollen, dust, and mildew. Leaving a Bull Terrier to entertain himself is about as smart as leaving a creative and intelligent child unsupervised in a room full of explosives. High-impact exercise can damage growing bones, so until your puppy's full grown, at 12 to 18 months of age, beware of bone-jarring activities such as jumping on and off the furniture, playing Frisbee, or running on slick wood or tile floors. Take him to puppy socialization classes as early as possible, as well as to dog-friendly public places so he can get used to many different situations, people, and dogs. Brush your Bull Terrier's teeth at least two or three times a week to remove tartar buildup and the accompanying bacteria. Clean them as needed with a cotton ball and a cleanser recommended by your dog's breeder or your veterinarian.
The Staffordshire Bull Terrier dog breed of today is a fine companion known for his courage, intelligence and love of children.
Many are interested in the breed because it looks like a tough dog but are surprised to learn that the Stafford is a sensitive and loving companion who enjoys playing more than being tough.
With his short, broad head and muscular body, he resembles the other bull breeds such as American Staffordshire Terriers and American Pit Bull Terriers, but he is a breed unto himself with distinct physical characteristics that set him apart, including size and ear shape. He has been described as "a sort of everybody's Man Friday," and his greatest desire is to spend time with his people, whether that means vegging out on the sofa and watching football, running errands in the car, going for walks, or participating in activities such as agility, flyball, obedience, and therapy work. It is important to understand that some Staffordshire Bull Terriers will never do well with other animals and may need to live in single animal homes. It is important to research your city's dog by-laws to avoid the unnecessary seizure and destruction of your dog. It was created in the early nineteenth century to be smaller and faster in the fighting ring, yet gentle and friendly toward people.
They are excellent dogs who truly embody the description "man's best friend," and many enthusiasts know that they own one of the best kept secrets of the dog world.


He is energetic and enthusiastic in everything he does and remains on alert, even in repose. Puppies with nice temperaments are curious and playful, willing to approach people and be held by them. Health clearances prove that a dog's been tested for and cleared of a particular condition. It then builds up in cerebrospinal fluid and plasma, causing such signs as lack of coordination, muscle tremors, poor learning ability, and seizures. The mites live in hair follicles and usually don't cause any problems, but dogs with weakened or compromised immune systems can develop a condition called demodectic mange.
Some Staffords enjoy playing in water and will appreciate having a kiddie pool to lounge in on hot days, but others prefer to avoid the wet stuff.
This breed will entertain you with his snorts, snores, grunts, and groans, as well as his singing voice, often described as a yodel. Crate training assists in this process and prevents your SBT puppy from chewing on things he shouldn't or otherwise getting into trouble when you aren't around to supervise.
Good leash manners are essential to the state of your muscles, your own happiness, and your Stafford's safety.
To avoid gastric dilatation volvulus, also known as bloat, withhold food and water for at least an hour after vigorous exercise. Brush your Stafford's teeth at least two or three times a week to remove tartar buildup and the accompanying bacteria.
Clean the ears as needed with a cotton ball and a cleanser recommended by your dog's breeder or your veterinarian.
Handle his paws frequently — dogs are touchy about their feet--and look inside his mouth and ears.
Teach your child never to approach any dog while he's sleeping or eating and not to try to take the dog's food away. Their tenacity, gameness, and courage make them popular competitors in the sports of weight pulling, agility, and obedience competition. If you want a heat-sensitive breed, the dog will need to stay indoors with you on warm or humid days, and you'll need to be extra cautious about exercising your dog in the heat.
Dogs from any breed can be good with children based on their past experiences, training on how to get along with kids, and personality. Breed isn't the only factor; dogs who lived with their littermates and mother until at least 6 to 8 weeks of age, and who spent lots of time playing with other dogs during puppyhood, are more likely to have good canine social skills. If you're buying a puppy, it's a good idea to find out which genetic illnesses are common to the breed you're interested in, so you can ask the breeder about the physical health of your potential pup's parents and other relatives. If you pick a breed that's prone to packing on pounds, you'll need to limit treats, make sure he gets enough exercise, and measure out his daily kibble in regular meals rather than leaving food out all the time.
Obedience training and interactive dog toys are good ways to give a dog a brain workout, as are dog sports and careers, such as agility and search and rescue.
Mouthy breeds tend to really enjoy a game of fetch, as well as a good chew on a chew toy that's been stuffed with kibble and treats. Dogs that like to chase need to be leashed or kept in a fenced area when outdoors, and you'll need a high, secure fence in your yard. And many hounds simply must follow their noses, or that bunny that just ran across the path, even if it means leaving you behind.
They need a significant amount of exercise and mental stimulation, and they're more likely to spend time jumping, playing, and investigating any new sights and smells.
Without enough exercise, these breeds may put on weight and vent their pent-up energy in ways you don't like, such as barking, chewing, and digging.
American Pit Bull Terriers are devoted and loyal to their family and will, if necessary, defend them to the death. They maintain a puppyish demeanor well into adulthood, and that vitality makes them a joy to live with. While they might not start a fight, they'll never back down from one, and they fight to the finish. Quite soon the breed developed a reputation as a strong, protective dog, but one also known for being gentle and family-friendly. Intending to separate it from its pit-fighting past, the AKC named it the American Staffordshire Terrier. They form strong attachments to their families and will suffer if left alone for long periods. Dog toenails have blood vessels in them, and if you cut too far you can cause bleeding — and your dog may not cooperate the next time he sees the nail clippers come out. With guidance from its handlers, American Pit Bull Terriers are obedient and show a high desire to please. He also comes in a smaller version — the Miniature Bull Terrier — who shares the same attributes. The Bull Terrier isn't content to spend long periods alone day after day; he wants to be with his people, doing what they're doing.
Successfully training a Bull Terrier calls for patience, confident leadership, and consistency. While they're no longer used for fighting, white Bull Terriers still go by that sobriquet to this day, a tribute to their sweet disposition (which of course is shared by colored Bull Terriers).
The colored Bull Terrier was made a separate variety in 1936, and the Miniature Bull Terrier became a separate breed in 1992. One well-known Bull Terrier is Patsy Ann, who greeted each ship that docked in Juneau, Alaska during the 1930s.
Without early training and socialization — exposure to dogs and other animals — they can be potentially aggressive toward other animals. Bull Terriers with this disease usually die before they're three years old, although some live to be 6 or 8 years old before succumbing to kidney failure. Spinning may be a type of seizure and is sometimes successfully treated with medications such as phenobarbitol, anafranil or Prozac.
For one thing, they'll eat just about anything, and many die from gastrointestinal blockages that aren't discovered until it's too late.
A Bull Terrier isn't the easiest breed to train, and you'll be most successful if you appeal to his love of play with positive reinforcement techniques while still remaining firm and consistent in what you expect. A crate will also prevent your Bull Terrier from destroying your belongings or otherwise getting into trouble. White Bull Terriers are solid white, with or without colored markings on the head but nowhere else on the body. Unless they've rolled in something stinky, Bull Terriers don't need frequent bathing and can be washed with a dry shampoo or dusted off with a damp cloth.
Wipe around the outer edge of the ear canal, and don't stick the cotton ball any deeper than the first knuckle of your finger.
Always supervise play; as with any dog, never leave a dog alone with a child, and teach children how to approach and touch dogs.
Expect to give this athletic and energetic dog a vigorous walk every day, as well as plenty of attention during downtime. For the person who has an understanding of his sensitive nature and can give him patient, firm leadership, the Stafford is one of the finest dog companions around. It was probably developed by crossing the Bulldog with an ancestor of the Manchester Terrier.
This breed's temperament is described as tough, courageous, tenacious (read: stubborn), and curious.
Like all terriers, Staffords are diggers, so it is important to reinforce fences by embedding them in concrete or burying chicken wire at the bottom to prevent escapes. If you're interested in adopting an adult Stafford who's already gone through the destructive puppy stage and may already be trained, a rescue group is a good place to start.
No matter what the breed or breed type, all dogs have strong jaws, sharp pointy teeth, and may bite in stressful circumstances. Once you have met and gotten to know this breed you will wonder how you ever lived without one. Allergies can cause intense itching and discomfort, which means dogs will dig and chew sometimes till they bleed.
The quality of dog food you buy also makes a difference — the better the dog food, the further it will go toward nourishing your dog and the less of it you'll need to shake into your dog's bowl. Beloved by tourists, she was photographed more often than Rin Tin Tin, and in 1934 she was named the official greeter of Juneau.
Bull Terriers who are deaf in one ear can lead relatively normal lives, but puppies that are deaf in both ears require special training techniques and handling.
Some Bull Terriers outgrow their murmurs, some live with them for years with no problem, and others develop heart failure. Inviting visitors over regularly, and taking him to busy parks, stores that allow dogs, and on leisurely strolls to meet neighbors will also help him polish his social skills.
There are four grades of patellar luxation, ranging from grade I, an occasional luxation causing temporary lameness in the joint, to grade IV, in which the turning of the tibia is severe and the patella cannot be realigned manually. In the localized form, patches of red, scaly skin with hair loss appears on the head, neck and forelegs. For best results, be patient, firm, and consistent to develop the strongest bond with your Stafford. The quality of dog food you buy also makes a difference--the better the dog food, the further it will go toward nourishing your dog and the less of it you'll need to shake into your dog's bowl. Young children and dogs of any breed should always be supervised by an adult and never left alone together, period.
When picking a breed, consider your own activity level and lifestyle, and think about whether you'll find a frisky, energetic dog invigorating or annoying. If your veterinarian hears a heart murmur, a chest x-ray and electrocardiogram can confirm the diagnosis.
Today, Patsy Ann's spirit lives on in a bronze statue that was commissioned and placed on the Juneau wharf in 1992. Bull Terriers with an abnormal UP:UC ratio, meaning there's too much protein in the urine, should not be bred.
Depending on the condition and the stage at which it's diagnosed, treatment may range from medication to surgery. Bull Terriers can also develop a milder form of tail chasing that's easily dealt with by eliminating the dog's boredom. Staffordshire Bull Terriers are not a breed that can be left outside alone or at home for long periods of time without human companionship. Because he's so attentive and interested in people, however, he'll always alert you to the presence of visitors, wanted or unwanted. A Stafford will ignore the shock if he sees another dog approaching his territory, and the lack of a solid barrier means that other dogs can enter the yard, which can lead to a serious fight.
To treat allergies, the cause must be identified and removed from the dog's environment if possible. Bull Terriers can also suffer from renal dysplasia, a congenital disease (meaning the dog is born with it) in which the kidneys don't mature properly, hindering their ability to perform properly. Other Bull Terriers need long-term treatment with antibiotics or steroids to keep skin problems under control. Generalized demodectic mange covers the entire body and affects older puppies and young adult dogs.
Regular training practice and social interaction will help ensure that you live together happily.



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