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There are five important commands that every dog should know: sit, stay, lay down, come, and heel. As you enforce the 'sit' command, the dog will learn that when it wants something, or you are busy, sitting and waiting is the right thing to do. The goal is for the dog to learn that when you give the 'sit' command, it is time to pay attention or calm down. In order to see the treat, the dog will need to its head up, which will make its bum go down.
Teach your dog to "stay." There are some commands that can literally save your dog's life and the "stay" command is one of them. A pup has an instinctive understanding of how to stay when being threatened and the mother uses a very distinct "stay" command as well. Hold the dog's collar and say "[dog's name], stay!" You should do this while placing your open hand in front of, but not touching, your dog's face. You should also have a certain command to release your dog from the stay such as "okay!" or "come".
Like training other commands, if the dog does not follow the command or does something different, start again from the beginning. Gently pull the dog towards you while saying "[dog's name], come!" You should do this in a more encouraging voice than you use for other commands, as you want the dog to want to come to you.
Your dog will probably naturally want to jog at a canter and sniff and veer off in many directions. Tell your dog to "heel." Say "[dog's name], heel!" while stepping forward with your left foot. If things get a little to out of control, stop and place the dog in a sit position at your side once again, praise him or her, and start over. You should get your dog used to not feeling any tension on the lead unless you are making a correction, or the dog will get into the habit of pulling constantly. Alternate stepping off with the left and using the heel command and then stepping off with the right and using the stay command. Keep your early training sessions indoors or outdoors on a lead and in a quiet place to avoid distractions.
Do not ever let your dog off lead until she or he is performing these exercises correctly 100% of the time.

This version of How to Teach Your Dog Basic Commands was reviewed by Pippa Elliott, MRCVS on August 28, 2015.
These commands will help you communicate your wishes to your dog, essentially giving you a line of clear communication with your pet.
As your dog learns the verbal command, stop assisting the action and begin to use an accompanying hand signal.
When your dog is sitting, stand so that he or she is on your left side facing the same direction. When your dog learns this command well, you can start to increase the length of time while gradually moving away during the stay. As you say "[dog's name], down!," hold your left hand above your dog's head, palm toward the floor. Once you have shown your dog how to come and what command you will give, place a piece of dry dog food at your feet and point to it. When interacting with your pet, take opportunities to call it from across the room by using its name and saying "Come!" and praising it when it gets there. Teaching your canine companion to heel will save your back, your shoulders, your dog's neck, and dignity for both of you (although, dignity may be low on the priority list for your dog). Using the regular walking lead, put your dog in a "sit" position beside your left leg, facing the same direction as you. If he or she strays too far off to the side, pat your leg and say "Keep with me!" or "Over here!" or another short phrase. You may gently praise your dog while he or she is heeling well, but keep it toned down so as not to distract it. When you are ready to stop, you should stop on your left foot and say "[dog's name],sit." After a few repetitions you should no longer need to use the sit command. When your dog is consistently obeying the "heel" command properly, start unexpectedly starting of with the left foot and stopping without verbal commands or hand signals. For example, once your dog sits for the first time on his own, give him a treat, or rub his belly. After you have both learned the commands well, then start to have sessions in different places so your dog will learn to listen in spite of distractions. This will simply confuse and frighten your dog, making training sessions a negative experience for both of you.

Even if the dog was being disobedient before it came, the fact that it obeyed your last command will be the only thing it connects with the disciplinary action.
The dog only has to disobey once and get out of your reach, in order for you to understand that you can't enforce what you can't catch. If you give your dog a good training in the basic commands, you set the groundwork for future advanced training, as well as simply aiding in a conflict free relationship with your furry best friend. The goal is for the dog to connect the action, phrase, or word with the treat and the praise. Down actually stops whatever action was happening before the command, so it is useful in controlling behavior. With a treat in your right hand, lower your hand towards the floor slowly and relatively close to the dog's body. The goal is for your dog to follow your command no matter what it is doing when you give it. Once it is obeying the spoken commands consistently, remain silent and only use the spoken commands for correction.
Your dog will come to know that stopping on the left foot is the signal for him or her to stop and sit.
When you and your dog has learned this well, you will be able to function smoothly as a team no matter where you are.
If you become frustrated, move on or back to a command that your dog is better with and end your session on a positive note. You need to have your authority firmly in place before you can start working successfully off lead. While saying "Sit", pull your hand up into a loose fist, or lift it in a J motion to end with your palm facing up.
Your dog will want to start with you, so you use the "stay" command and walk around him back to the "place" position.

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Comments to «100 commands to teach your dog»

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