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Author: admin, 05.08.2014Itching is usually most noticeable with a yeast infection, though it may occur with any type of infection or irritation.
Your doctor will ask a variety of questions to help pinpoint the cause of your discharge, including questions about recent antibiotic use, whether you have a new sexual partner, menopausal symptoms, diabetes symptoms and other recent changes in your health or lifestyle. Vaginal discharge from bacterial or yeast infections responds to treatment within a few days to a week. If you are diabetic, controlling blood sugar levels may help to avoid recurrent infections, especially yeast infections. If you have recurrent yeast infections and recognize the symptoms, you may use over-the-counter antifungal creams without a prescription. Sexual partners do not have to be treated unless you are diagnosed with a sexually transmitted disease, or you experience recurrent infections and no other factor is making you prone to infection.
If you had a previous yeast infection, and you have repeat symptoms that are similar, you can start treatment with an over-the-counter antifungal medication. To firmly establish the diagnosis and to rule out any other causes of the what is a vaginal bacterial infection symptoms, your doctor may take a specimen scraped from the affected area for microscopic analysis or for culture in the laboratory. One telltale sign of a yeast infection are patches of creamy white lesions in the vagina or affected area. If you don’t have the signs of a yeast infection but do have a thin greyish vaginal discharge and have a foul fishy smelling vagina you likely have bacterial vaginosis. The chart below was taken from the study in Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology.
Another study shows us how difficult it can be to differentiate between three common types of vaginal infection: yeast infection (Candida species), Trichomoniasis (Trichomonas vaginalis), and bacterial vaginosis (Gardnerella vaginalis). If you want to try and self diagnose yourself, here are the symptoms of bacterial vaginosis.
If this is your first experience with what could be a yeast infection, it may be prudent to have a doctor perform some tests and come to a definite answer.
If you are one of the unfortunate victims of recurrent or chronic yeast infections, there are a lot of women just like you.
At one of her last visits to the doctor for another vaginal yeast infection her doctor informed her that her infection had become even worse than before. Your doctor also may ask if you have any other diseases, such as diabetes, or if you have used antibiotics recently. Your doctor can diagnose bacterial vaginosis based on the results of a gynecological examination and laboratory tests of your vaginal fluid. Your doctor may order other laboratory tests to look for other causes of vaginal discharge. Having bacterial vaginosis may make it easier for you to be infected with HIV if your sexual partner has HIV.
For most women, bacterial vaginosis is simply a nuisance, and the goal of treatment is to relieve symptoms.
Doctors do not recommend routine treatment for the male sex partners of women who have bacterial vaginosis. Bacterial growth is controlled and affected by many different factors, such as acid level (pH) and hormones.
A white, curdlike discharge that looks like cottage cheese is a classic sign of yeast infection.
If you use birth control pills, you may not need to stop using them to prevent recurrent infection. In fact, it is estimated that between 20%- 50% of healthy women normally carry yeast in the vaginal area. Risk factors that seem to increase the likelihood of bacterial vaginosis include a history of multiple sex partners, a sexual relationship with a new partner, cigarette smoking, vaginal douching and the use of the intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD). It may cause premature labor and delivery, premature rupture of membranes, and postpartum uterine infections. In others, it causes an unpleasant "fishy" vaginal odor and a yellow or white vaginal discharge. Because it occurs more commonly in people who are sexually active, bacterial vaginosis is considered by some to be sexually transmitted. If you already have HIV, then bacterial vaginosis may increase the chance that you will spread HIV to your sexual partner.
Doctors commonly treat bacterial vaginosis with metronidazole (Flagyl or MetroGel-Vaginal) or clindamycin (Cleocin). Some women also should be screened for bacterial vaginosis even if they don't have symptoms.
A change in the color or amount of discharge, accompanied by other symptoms, may indicate that you have an infection. Anything that upsets this balance may increase your risk of infection or overgrowth of any of the normal bacteria or by yeast. If the infection progresses to a pelvic inflammatory disease beyond the vaginal area, it may take longer to treat. Yeast is commonly present on normal human skin and in areas of moisture, such as the mouth and vagina.
Normally, bacteria belonging mostly to the Lactobacillus family live harmlessly in the vagina and produce chemicals that keep the vagina mildly acidic. Although most of these risk factors are related to sexual activity, women who have never had vaginal intercourse can also develop bacterial vaginosis. This is why pregnant women with a history of premature labor or other complications may be checked for bacterial vaginosis even when they don't have any symptoms.
However, bacterial vaginosis also occurs in people who either are not sexually active or have been in long-term relationships with just one person.
Pregnant women who are at high risk of preterm labor and delivery should be tested for bacterial vaginosis and considered for treatment if it is detected.
By looking at the discharge under a microscope in the office, your doctor can diagnose yeast infection, bacterial vaginosis or trichomonas infection right away and start treatment.
Your doctor may determine a more effective course of treatment, suggest ways to self-treat at home or help you eliminate potential causes of infection. William Crook; an expert on the topic of yeast and how it influences the health of individuals. In bacterial vaginosis, Lactobacillus bacteria are replaced by other types of bacteria that normally are present in smaller concentrations in the vagina. The discharge seen in bacterial vaginosis tends to be thinner than the "cheesy," thick discharge seen in vaginal yeast (Candida) infections. Some physicians also recommend that women undergoing certain gynecological procedures be tested for bacterial vaginosis, and treated even if symptoms are not present. If you are diagnosed with bacterial vaginosis or trichomoniasis, your doctor may prescribe an antibiotic called metronidazole (Flagyl). Bacterial vaginosis usually does not cause significant irritation of the vulva or pain during intercourse. This is because bacterial vaginosis has been associated with the development of pelvic inflammatory disease and other infections after endometrial biopsy, surgical abortion, hysterectomy, intrauterine device placement, Caesarean section and uterine curettage. An inflammation what is a vaginal bacterial infection of the vulva is referred to as vulvitis. Vaginal yeast infections can also occur as a result of injury to the inner vagina, such as after chemotherapy. Also, women with suppressed immune systems ( for example, those taking cortisone- related medications such as prednisone) develop vaginal yeast infections more frequently than women with normal immunity.
Other conditions that may predispose women vinegar for yeast infection to developing vaginal yeast infections include diabetes mellitus, pregnancy, and taking oral contraceptives.
Most experts do not recommend treating the sex partners of women with yeast vaginitis if they do not have symptoms themselves, although this has been a controversial issue.
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