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Author: admin, 05.12.2013If at all possible, the horse should be trained to allow a person seated on a rolling mechanic's stool to work with the upturned hoof placed in a towel–draped lap (Fig. Hopefully by now you can appreciate how important a thorough examination of the frog and caudal hoof is in order to detect, treat and prevent deep infection with subsequent horn loss and invasion of sensitive tissues.
Too often traditional hoof care literature presents images as examples of healthy, disease free feet, but to the educated eye the frog is unhealthy. Additionally, there is little support in the realm of traditional hoof care for the kind of meticulous work of frog therapy that we describe in this article. Learning the skills needed to detect and treat occult frog disease is not particularly difficult, and the rewards in terms of true soundness, improved gait, overall hoof health and function and prevention of disease are well worth the time and effort required.
Daily thorough hoof cleaning must be done in good light (NOT in a dark stall) so that the depths of the collateral grooves and the central sulcus can be clearly seen. White Lightning states that their product releases gas that is the main active agent and needs to be trapped around the hoof, and it is usually used mixed half and half with white vinegar.
Clean Trax is quite effective, but very expensive and impractical due to the long soaking time and the fact that the hoof needs to be totally submerged.
Washing the hooves with a good brush, with some dish soap if desired, or putting them in soaking boots for a while will achieve a clean hoof surface. Josephine Trott, PhD, Assistant Project Scientist, Department of Animal Science at the University of California, Davis, has been experimenting with and documenting her treatment procedure which included several different agents, amongst others No Thrush and Oxine AH. I had been battling chronic multi-year central sulcus thrush in 8 hooves for 8 months, using twice daily hoof picking along with once or twice daily treatments.
Four hooves on two horses (A and B) were treated every morning with No Thrush for 5 days, with two applications 10 hours apart on the first day only.
Helping prevent thrush is pretty easy, If it is impossible to keep dry conditions in your stall (like in the spring when the snow is melting) thrush can be kept at bay by simply picking your horses twice a day and to give him plenty of room to walk around to air out his hooves. Im sure that there are thrush and fungus treatments on the market that you can use that will come with directions for you. I have used a strong Iodine to treat mild thrush or thrush that has only penetrated the first layer of the hoof and does not go down too deep, you only need %7 Iodine, and you can keep it in your first aid kit. There are also more natural remedies for fungal infections like tea tree oil or oregano oil directly onto the (CLEANED) hoof by putting 1 parts oil to 10 parts water into a spray bottle and spraying it onto the bottom of the hoof, you can increase the parts of oil the more severe the thrush.
Another natural alternative is soaking your horses hoof in a mix of 1 part apple cider vinegar and 8 parts water.
Spring is high time for thrush because the snow is melting and the ground is soggy, keep a lookout during this time of year and pick your horses hooves often. Hoof picks and ordinary hoof knives are too large and coarse to do an adequate job of detecting small pockets or slits. Routine treatment with hoof disinfectants may be an inevitable and permanent component of hoof care for those who want optimal foot health for their horses.
The progress of each individual case depends on numerous factors, including time of year, overall health, diet, environment, exercise level, and hoof type, as well as the level of care that a caregiver can manage. 52 Thrush Stop is applied with a small paint brush to distribute evenly across the frog and white line.
Then drying the hoof with a clean towel with particular attention to deep crevices will facilitate viewing and debriding.
Then I stumbled upon No Thrush, thought it sounded good, so I bought a large bottle and started dusting. The hooves were picked clean using a hoof pick, hoof knife, stiff bristle brush and a tooth scraper to remove all loose debris in the lateral sulci and central sulci. 59 Left front hoof of Horse B treated with alternating Oxine AH soaks and No Thrush for 21 days following 5 days of No Thrush. Early signs of a fungal infection in the hoof will be easy to recognize because you will pick your horses hooves and a very strong rotten odor suddenly appear, sometimes the odor is just barley there, and sometimes it pretty much slaps you in the face because of how bad it is, when you smell thrush for the first time you will never forget it.
Some people will also line some places in the paddock with pea gravel because it helps to create a barrier between the hoof and the moisture underneath the gravel.
Constantly keep your horses hooves picked and clean, (which is easier with a hoof pick with a built in brush by the way) if the frog is overgrown and you are due for a trim then have your farrier trim up the hooves, this makes less area for the fungus to cover. To apply you need to only pick your horses hooves as clean as you can, then clean them further by running water over the hoof any way you can, hose, bucket, does not matter so long as the hoof is squeaky clean, hopefully you can stand your horse on some grass or a rubber mat so if you drop the hoof you don’t need to clean the dirt out again.
Most often, frog infections are so pervasive and longstanding that it can take months for the diseased tissue to completely grow out, discouraging the hoof care provider into thinking that the treatment does not work.
In Europe, this is quite often standard but for some reason in the US (perhaps because of the dry conditions in the West becoming the model for the rest of the country) a casual swipe of the hoof pick to remove big chunks of manure is considered adequate maintenance.
Five days later there were some signs of healing but no miracles so I started an experiment on eight hooves, comparing daily dusting with No Thrush to daily soaking in Oxine AH or a combination of the two.
When necessary, cotton wool was inserted into the central sulci and a hoofpick used to scrape the cotton wool through the gap to further clean out dirt and manure. Once you have all the dirt picked off you notice that the horses sol and the frog is softer than usual and white where you had scraped your hoof pick, this is a milder version, when it is an ongoing problem there will be black discharge, and the frog will look pruny. Now get a cap full of Iodine and pour it all over the bottom of the hoof, soul, and in the crack of the frog, hopefully if you have a brush on your hoof pick (if not just a tooth brush will work maybe even a rag) gently scrub the iodine around the bottom of the hoof getting it into every nook and cranny, after you are finished rinse the iodine off the hoof. You can even make an oil bath out of the same measurement and just soak each hoof for about five minutes.
For the smaller hooves it is really easy, you just cut off the end with the valves and shape the boot with the hoof in your lap. The central sulci were filled with No Thrush, the lateral sulci were dusted with No Thrush, along with any other areas of the frog that were decaying or had a white crumbling appearance.
The two front hooves of Horse B were assigned to receive both Oxine AH soaks in Clean Trax soaking boots and No Thrush treatment on alternate days. This is the first type of thrush, the second type of thrush is a little harder to recognize because there is no odor and it only appears on the frog. By comparison, the two Oxine AH soaked frogs were still sensitive to pressure, still had deep central sulci and significant surface thrush. The Iodine treatment should not be done too often because it will dry out the hoof too much.
During this time, the No Thrush treated hooves were allowed to air dry and then further cleaned of any minor debris before application of No Thrush as described above. In many cases, including this one, eliminating inner hoof wall disease was not possible until the frog disease was controlled.
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