Cervical cancer yeast infections,candidiasis rash code,treating candida overgrowth naturally - PDF 2016
Author: admin, 17.08.2015My doctor told me that some types of HPV cause cervical cancer, as well as other types of cancer, even some throat cancers. HPVs are a group of related viruses, some of which are spread through sexual contact and can cause cancer, including cervical cancer. Most HPV infections, even with high-risk types, go away on their own without causing problems. Smoking may increase the risk that an HPV infection will persist and develop into cervical cancer.
The Pap test (also called a Pap smear) finds cervical cell changes that may turn into cervical cancer. The human papillomavirus (HPV) test can find infection with the types of HPV that can cause cancer. The sample of cervical cells is sent to the lab and checked for any abnormal cervical cells. Talk with your health care provider to find out how often to have cervical cancer screening.
It is recommended that women in this age group get both a Pap test and an HPV test (called cotesting) every 5 years or a Pap test alone every 3 years.
Normal Pap test results: Your health care provider will usually recommend another screening exam in 3 to 5 years. These images show how cervical cells that have long-lasting infections with high-risk HPV can change over time and become abnormal.
If both your Pap test and your HPV test results are normal, your health care provider will probably tell you that you can wait 5 years before your next cotest (Pap and HPV test).
For abnormal Pap test result of ASC-US: Most women are advised to get another Pap and HPV test in 3-5 years.
Recent research findings indicate that the HPV test alone is highly effective for cervical cancer screening. Keep in mind that most women with abnormal cervical screening test results do not have cancer.
Use this information to help you talk with your doctor after an abnormal cervical cancer screening result. Most people who are sexually active will have an HPV infection at some point and never know it. They can also infect certain other cells to cause anal cancer, penile cancer, vaginal cancer, vulvar cancer, and oropharyngeal cancer (cancer in the middle of the throat, including the tonsils and the back of the tongue). Women in this age group should not have routine HPV testing because HPV infections at these ages tend to last only a short time before going away by themselves. However, if your hysterectomy was related to cervical cancer, talk with your health care provider to learn what follow-up care you need. These cervical cell changes are listed in the table below in order from less serious to more serious. It means that some cells don't look completely normal, but it's not clear if the changes are caused by HPV infection.
However, for women who are screened at regular intervals, it is very rare for cancer cells to be found on a Pap test.
Abnormal cervical cells may also return to normal even without treatment, especially in younger women. Your health care provider will probably recommend that you come back for repeat cotesting in 12 months or have a different HPV test that checks for the two high-risk HPV types that cause most cervical cancers. If you have additional questions about cervical cancer screening, you may contact the National Cancer Institute. HPV infections can be spread through skin-to-skin contact, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex.
A Pap test also sometimes finds conditions, such as infection or inflammation that are not cancer.
It means they may only need to be screened every 5 years, as long as their test results are normal. Other things can cause cells to look abnormal, such as irritation, some infections, such as a yeast infection, growths, such as polyps or cysts that are benign (not cancer), and changes in hormones that occur during pregnancy or menopause.
You can learn more about cervical cancer, including staging and treatment options in the Cervical Cancer Treatment (PDQ ®). CIN is usually caused by certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV) and is found when a cervical biopsy is done.
A colposcopy is an exam that allows your health care provider to take a closer look at your cervix and to remove a sample of cervical cells for a pathologist to examine (biopsy). In addition to removing a sample for further testing, some types of biopsies may be used as treatment, to remove abnormal cervical tissue or lesions.
When a high-risk HPV infection of cervical cells lasts many years, the cells can become abnormal.
Although condoms can lower the risk of an HPV infection, they do not protect against them completely. Screening can help find changes in cervical cells, so you can receive the proper follow-up and treatment you may need, to stay healthy. Although these things may make cervical cells look abnormal, they are not related to cancer. CIN is not cancer, but may become cancer and spread to nearby normal tissue if not treated. When you talk with your health care provider, you may also ask to be tested for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). It is graded on a scale of 1 to 3, based on how abnormal the cells look under a microscope and how much of the cervical tissue is affected. Although there is currently no way to treat an HPV infection, cervical cancer can be prevented by detecting and removing abnormal cervical cells before they become cancer. For example, CIN 1 has slightly abnormal cells and is less likely to become cancer than CIN 2 or CIN 3.
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