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Author: admin, 16.10.2014Onychomycosis is a fungal infection usually caused by a special type of fungus known as a dermatophyte.
If you’re in the market for a nail fungus treatment, it is important that you consider the range of options you have before you make your decision.
Bear in mind that while the infection may appear dormant for periods of time, for example in the summer months where increased light and exposure can slow the progression of the fungus across the nail, the fungus will generally start growing again once conditions allow. There are three distinct manifestations of the disease. (Four, if you include a rare nail disorder caused by the Candida yeast species which, to confuse matters further, is also a type of fungus.
By far the most common fungal nail infection is Distal Lateral Subungal Onychomycosis, where the fungus invades from the distal edge of the nail (the tip) and spreads laterally down the side of the nail in the direction of the cuticle. The fungus resides in a subungal position between the nail plate and the nail bed. Mild discomfort or itchiness of the flesh around the nails, especially when walking (for toenail fungus) or using your hands (for fingernails). In severe cases of nail fungus the discoloration becomes quite dark and the nail can begin to detach from the surrounding skin (or cuticle) and nail bed, crumble away and even fall off completely. Not to be confused with Athlete’s foot or foot fungus, where the skin surrounding the nails and between the toes is infected (rather than the nails).
Onychomycosis is a very common nail disorder accounting for as much as 50% of all nail problems.
You have a pre-existing injury to the skin or nail such as a cut (even if very small), scar, burn, rash or other trauma. You are suffering from Athlete’s foot, a condition affecting the skin between the toes that is caused by the same fungus. You suffer from other skin fungus infections (known by the generic terms ringworm or tinea) – see these skin fungus pictures for more details. You do not change out of sweaty shoes and socks immediately after exercising. Wearing non-ventilating shoes and socks made from synthetic fibers that don’t absorb perspiration can provide the right environment for fungi to breed and grow.
The effectiveness of different nail fungus treatment options will depend on the severity of your fungal infection, the part of the nail that is affected, the number of nails affected and the rate of growth of the infection. Generally speaking, you have more options for the treatment of nail fungus if the affected area is confined to the tip and sides of the toenail than when the cuticle area or the proximal fold become infected. The most popular nail fungus cure is to apply a topical antifungal nail lacquer externally to the affected nail(s). This video provides a best best practice guide to applying a topical nail fungus treatment product.
Our nail fungus treatment reviews highlight the pros and cons of the different products available on the market and our information articles are designed to equip you with the knowledge to move forward with confidence.
My name is Mary Glen and I have suffered from fungal and yeast infections since I was a child. Nail fungus infections are difficult to treat and some advertised treatments are ineffective and make false claims. The disorder is relentlessly progressive which means it is very unlikely to clear up on its own without treatment, and eventually may cause the complete loss of the nail. For more information we have a whole section of this website dedicated to Candida, how to get rid of a yeast infection and options for yeast infection treatment). Unfortunately this can be hard to spot, particularly if you are using nail polish or if the fungus has begun on the underside of the nail.
Incidence rates are not even across the population and certain risk factors have been identified. Fungal infections are transmitted by direct contact with an infected host or indirectly by contact with exfoliated skin, nails and fungal debris.
Like all fungi, the dermatophyte group of fungus responsible for nail fungus infections thrives in warm, dark and moist environments. Public gyms and locker rooms are common places where toe nail fungus infections are passed from person to person. Any kind of nail trauma, including from picking or biting at the nails, can provide an easy entry point for fungi to invade the nails as well as weaken the local immune response. Cross infections from the skin to the nails are common if Athlete’s foot is not cleared up quickly. Nail fungus is a progressive disease, so whatever the severity, it is important to take action as early as possible. As the table below indicates, we recommend using home remedies for nail fungus only if you have a mild infection, or for prevention. This is because the medication contained in the treatment (the most common topical antifungals are Undecylenic acid, Tea tree oil, Amorolfine, Ciclopirox or Benzalkonium Chloride) will only work when in direct contact with the fungus. Ultimately, our goal is to assist you in making a better decision for the treatment of fungus nail disorders. When deciding on a treatment approach it is important to understand whether it addresses the root cause of the infection or only masks its symptoms over the short term.
Infected particles may be present in clothing, towels, shoes, on nail files or on shower floors for example.
Mild infections do not cover the entire nail, but typically affect only the tip or the side of one toenail. But they do require a disciplined approach to treatment. While laser treatment for nail fungus appears promising, longer term clinical trials are still needed to determine its effectiveness.
To avoid this, try to clean solutions, and don't soak the nails in water.Whitish or yellowish nails can occur due to onycholysis.
Moderate to severe infections can cover the entire nail, including the crescent shaped lighter area at the base of the nail, causing considerable brittleness, flakiness and discoloration. It is also important to continue to treat the nail until a new, healthy nail has completely grown in order to be sure you have completely eliminated the fungus and to reduce the risk of re-infection. If the nail is becoming detached from the nail bed, parts of it are crumbing away, and you have more than one nail that is infected, your condition will usually be considered a severe one. The best nail fungus treatment lacquers such as Funginix and Zetaclear combine the antifungals with thin carrier oils in special formulations designed for rapid penetration.
The treatment is to trim the nail short, don't clean under it, polish if you want to hide the color, and wait two to three months. Red or black nails due to a hematoma, or blood under the nail, usually occur from trauma (like whacking yourself on the thumb with a hammer). If you have a black spot under your nail that was not caused by trauma, you may want to see a dermatologist to make sure it is not melanoma.Green nails can be caused by Pseudomonas bacteria, which grow under a nail that has partially separated from the nail bed. It is similar to the distal type, but it starts at the cuticle (base of the nail) and slowly spreads toward the nail tip. The treatment is to trim the nail short every four weeks, don't clean it, polish if you want to hide the color, and wait two to three months. It is also advised to avoid soaking the nail in any sort of water (even if inside gloves) and to thoroughly dry the nail after bathing.
If the problem continues, there are prescription treatments that your doctor may try.Pitted nails may be associated with psoriasis or other skin problems that affect the nail matrix, the area under the skin just behind the nail. Nails affected by psoriasis can also be tan in color.Swelling and redness of the skin around the nail is called paronychia. If the problem continues, a physician should be consulted.Chronic nail trauma, such as repeatedly starting and stopping, kicking, and other athletic endeavors, can cause damage to the nails that can look a lot like fungal nails.
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