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admin | Multivitamin Benefits | 27.10.2014
The pituitary gland is about the size of a pea and is located at the base of the brain, behind the nose.
Symptoms of pituitary tumors vary depending on whether they are caused by the tumor mass or hormonal changes (either too much or too little hormone).
After evaluating your symptoms, your doctor will order blood tests to measure hormone levels.
Treatment depends on the type of tumor, how large it is, what your symptoms it is causing, and your age and overall health. If you think you might have a problem with your pituitary gland, you should see a specialist.
The Hormone Health Network partners with other organizations to further patient education on hormone related issues. A monthly email newsletter covering important issues related to hormones and hormone health. Hormones are chemical mediators that control and regulate the entire mechanism of the body throughout an individual's lifespan.
Structurally, it can be distinguished into three distinct parts, namely, anterior lobe, the intermediate lobe and posterior lobe. Measuring about the size of a pea, this pink-colored hormone secreting organ measures 5 grams in weight, and is located in the folds of brain.
The height, shape and size of an individual is greatly influenced by the activity of pituitary gland. Pituitary gland is called the king of all glands (or master gland) as it controls them all and is in-turn controlled by the Hypothalamus.
Though many other parts of the body are actively involved in sexual processes, this gland enjoys a prominent position because it initiates all such processes. Do you know around 30 to 40% percent of population suffers from sexual dysfunction at some time in life? A connection is built between endocrine and nervous systems through hypophysis (an alternative term to denote hypothalamus).
The very reason why humans remain hale and healthy with fast healing and recovery phases in the first 50 years of their lifespan is that pituitary gland functions very best for about 50 years. The gland hangs from a part of the brain called the hypothalamus and is connected with the same through a small stalk called the infundibulum.
The hypophysis generates and releases nine hormones, in total, into the blood stream which mainly serve to maintain homeostasis in the body. Having its origin in the pituitary gland, the Cushing’s disease is a deadly condition that is very difficult to diagnose and treat.
The pituitary and the thyroid gland are interconnected, rather dependent on each other, for their normal functioning.
This master gland also serves as a place for the origin and regulation of lots of mental and emotional processes, including mood and behavior. The regulation of menstrual cycles, opening of the birth canal as well as the secretion of breast milk are the functions to be accomplished by this gland.
Various pituitary hormones are responsible for a number of vital processes in the body, like maintenance of homeostasis, growth, metabolism, sexuality, reproduction, mood, behavior and so on.
Characterized by the hyper-secretion of GH (Growth Hormone), this rare condition results in the excessive growth of bone and organ. A short form for Growth Hormone Deficiency, GHD is characterized by the hypo-secretion of the growth hormone. This disease is caused by the hypo-secretion of vasopressin, a pituitary hormone responsible for the control and regulation of kidney function.
Hyper-secretion of adrenocorticotropic hormone or cortisol in the body results in the onset of Cushing’s disease. If less-than-normal secretion of vasopressin or antidiuretic hormone is the cause of diabetes insipidus, the abnormally high production of this biologically important substance is also problematic. A type of hypopituitarism, Sheehan’s syndrome is characterized by the permanent underproduction of essential hormones of the pituitary.
While Sheehan’s syndrome involved the underproduction of pituitary hormones, hyperpituitarism is characterized by hyper-secretion of any pituitary hormone.
The pituitary gland is small – about the size of a pea – it plays a major role in your body’s ability to regulate functions and your overall well-being. Your pituitary gland is attached to the bottom of your hypothalamus responsible for controlling activity, which is at the base of your skull under your brain and behind your nose bridge. The anterior part of your pituitary gland is made of gland cells that connect to the brain by way of short blood vessels.

The pituitary gland earned the name ‘master gland’ because it controls so many of the body’s processes.
Adrenocorticotropic hormone – stimulates your adrenal glands to secrete steroid hormones such as cortisol. Luteinising hormone – follicle stimulating hormone, which stimulates sex hormone production as well as sperm and egg maturity. Oxytocin – stimulates uterine contractions during labor and milk secretion when breastfeeding.
Because the pituitary gland is so important to your body, there are a number of conditions that can develop if your pituitary gland is not working correctly.
Conditions where your pituitary gland size or shape is altered.  For example, empty sella syndrome.
Human growth hormone is a peptide hormone that has many qualities including regenerative properties. I too was told my pituitary gland was not working, but I am taking 150mg Synthroid and now within 2 months I lost 20 lbs. Such tumors are almost always benign (not cancerous), but can cause hormonal imbalances and interfere with the normal function of the pituitary gland. Secretory tumors can cause various problems depending on the hormone that the tumor produces. Your doctor will also order an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan to look at the pituitary and other structures around it.
An endocrinologist is an expert in hormone-related conditions who can diagnose and treat your condition. These hormones are secreted by specific ductless glands spread across various organs of the body. The excessive secretion of growth hormone leads to increased height and its decreased secretion results in dwarfism. In other words, the secretions of the posterior lobe of the pituitary are responsible for child birth and sexual life of an individual. This important fact is often overlooked by the doctors while dealing with hormonal diseases. Major diseases of the pituitary gland are characterized by either hypersecretion (overproduction) or hypo-secretion (underproduction) of hormones. As a result of this condition, the affected person has to face excessive thirst and excrete severely dilute urine. Individuals making overuse of corticosteroid medications are more likely to suffer from it. The condition is associated with childbirth and affects the women who lose excessive amount of blood while giving birth to a baby. This condition occurs specifically when the pituitary gland produces too much amount of growth hormone. When your pituitary gland is not working properly, the HGH releasers can’t work for you because they are unable to make your pituitary gland produce more HGH. It is often referred to as the master gland of the body because it controls almost all of the activity of your hormone secreting glands. It looks like one gland but it does have two very distinct parts – the anterior pituitary gland and posterior pituitary gland.
The pituitary gland senses the needs of your body’s and sends out signals to the various glands and organs to regulate their function. These are like little messengers that carry information from the pituitary to the cells activity it is regulating.
In turn, each hormone sends signals to other glands or organs in the body to do a specific job.
Non-secretory tumors, if they become large, can cause problems by pressing against the pituitary gland or the brain. Symptoms of low pituitary hormones include fatigue, dizziness, dry skin, irregular periods in women, and sexual dysfunction in men.
If a pituitary tumor is found, more blood tests will be done to find out what type of tumor it is. Some types of tumors can be treated with medication alone or can be observed over time for any changes. The pituitary gland or hypophysis regulates the hormonal secretions and controls the growth, development, secretions and functioning of other endocrine glands, for example, adrenal glands. The regulation of growth, reproduction, lactation and stress falls under the domain of the anterior pituitary.

It may result from a number of underlying factors including tumor development and impaired blood supply to the gland. Such a condition gives rise to the deficiency or over production of any one or all of the Pituitary Hormones.
As there are further different types of DI (diabetes insipidus), the suggestion of appropriate treatment measure depends upon the kind and severity of the disorder. Upper body weight gain, easy bruising of skin, obesity, fatigue and round shaped skin are some of the symptoms which can be relieved by the use of medications or surgery. Though rare in the industrialized countries, this condition is still a great threat to women in the less developed nations. In adults, it is known as acromegaly while in children hyperpituitarism is termed as gigantism.
It is responsible for secreting hormones directly into your bloodstream when the brain commands it to do so. For example, they affect growth, metabolism, bone health, production of sex hormones, and more.
Other types of tumors require surgery, or a combination of treatments, including radiation therapy. This small endocrine gland has got a pea-sized body and is found at the base of brain in the skull cavity lying below the controlling organ, called hypothalamus.
The intermediate lobe is concerned with the synthesis and secretion of melanocyte-stimulating hormone. Some of the major disorders of pituitary gland are listed here along with their relation to specific hormones. As the hormones secreted by this pea-sized organ are used to regulate very critical body organs and glands, their under- or overproduction is sure to affect dozens of vital bodily functions and processes. If a child is not meeting the standards of height and weight, it should be a point of concern for the parents.
The treatment involves the use of medications that can reduce the fluid retention to avoid further buildup. The hormone replacement therapy has proved to be effective in the treatment of this disorder.
Different treatment measures include radiation, hormone replacement therapy, medication and surgical removal of the underlying tumor. It also secretes hormones that act on your thyroid, adrenal glands, testes, and ovaries, which then produce other hormones. When the pituitary gland is not working at all, often the only solution is HGH injections administered by a physician. Tumors less than 1 centimeter (cm) in size are called microadenomas, which rarely cause problems. Sometimes, it may also happen that even after the development of a tumor the affected gland continues working normally. Its timely treatment, on the other hand, enables the victim lead a normal and healthy life. The condition is easily treatable, but if left untreated, this disorder results in delayed puberty and shorter-than-average height.
Metabolism sexual maturation, growth, blood pressure, reproduction, and a number of other key physical functions.
For others with only a sluggish pituitary taking an HGH supplement like Genf20 Plus may help your body produce more HGH to combat the signs of aging along with many other benefits. Macroadenomas (1 cm or larger) are more likely to press on the pituitary or nearby structures. According to the findings of the American Cancer Society, pituitary cancer is very rare and mostly older people fall victim to it. After its diagnosis through blood tests and imaging studies, your healthcare provider may choose from among medication, surgery and radiation as a treatment measure as deemed appropriate.
Various psychological symptoms, like poor memory, depression, lack of concentration and bouts of anxiety has also been found associated with GHD. The choice of and appropriate treatment measure depends on the size, stage and nature of the tumor.
Synthetic growth hormones have been used to successfully treat this condition since the mid-1980s.

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