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Adoption of the 2010 Standards also establishes a revised reference point for Title II entities that choose to make structural changes to existing facilities to meet their program accessibility requirements; and it establishes a similar reference for Title III entities undertaking readily achievable barrier removal. Wheelchair ramps are typically built in order to improve home accessibility for people who can't use stairs or need a gentler, less stressful way to enter or leave their home.
There are critical elements that must be considered prior to hammering the first nail, such as the specific point of entry to your home, the available area for ramp creation, the slope of the ramp based on the height of the level that the wheelchair must get to and local building codes. The choice of the door to place the ramp on will be influenced by several issues including, ease of access from the points within the house to the doorway, the width of the doorways and if a ramp can easily be accommodated to any existing features of the doorway, such as stairs, platforms or porches.
Many aspects of the design of a ramp are limited by the space available and obstacles (such as trees, buildings and walkways) that affect where it can be located. The angle of the ramp surfaces and the length or run of the ramp is a critical project consideration. Explicit code requirements may be imposed by your homeowner’s association (HOA), city county or local municipality. If a ramp run has a rise greater than 6 inches or is longer than 72 inches, then it's recommended to have handrails on both sides of the ramp.
The actual material used for the ramp surface can be selected based on personal preference but should be stable, firm and slip-resistant in all weather circumstances.
Now that you know the total run distance, or ramp length needed, select a ramp configuration that will work for your house. Using the determined slope and run, and following the steps above, either construct another landing platform and continue the ramp or place the posts at the end of the ramp. At the end of the ramp, a landing should be constructed either of the same materials as the ramp, or you may choose to use concrete. Technidock manufactures a complete line of gangways and ramps which meet current ADA (American Disabilities Act) specifications. The 2010 Standards set minimum requirements – both scoping and technical -- for newly designed and constructed or altered State and local government facilities, public accommodations, and commercial facilities to be readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities. Departures from particular requirements of either standard by the use of other methods shall be permitted when it is clearly evident that equivalent access to the facility or part of the facility is thereby provided.
Housing at a place of education that is subject to this section shall comply with the provisions of the 2010 Standards applicable to transient lodging, including, but not limited to, the requirements for transient lodging guest rooms in sections 224 and 806 subject to the following exceptions.


In such programs, the covered entity must provide the units that comply with the requirements for accessible features to those pre-identified buyers with disabilities who have requested such a unit. For example, in a facility that houses a shopping center or shopping mall, or a professional office of a health care provider, the floors that are above or below an accessible ground floor and that do not house sales or rental establishments or a professional office of a health care provider, must meet the requirements of this section but for the elevator. Places of lodging subject to this part shall comply with the provisions of the 2010 Standards applicable to transient lodging, including, but not limited to, the requirements for transient lodging guest rooms in sections 224 and 806 of the 2010 Standards.
Housing at a place of education that is subject to this part shall comply with the provisions of the 2010 Standards applicable to transient lodging, including, but not limited to, the requirements for transient lodging guest rooms in sections 224 and 806, subject to the following exceptions. A successful home accessibility project requires careful planning in order to be certain that the ramp meets the home occupant's needs, complies with local building requirements, is safe and sturdy, and is safe for use in all types of weather.
By constructing a U-shaped ramp, more ramp distance can be accommodated in a smaller space.
The ramp slope will impact the layout requirements, the expense involved and the ramp's ultimate usefulness. After rising 30 inches in elevation, a flat rest platform should be provided before the ramp continues. Also, although these aren't legal requirements for homeowners, the ADA Standards for Accessible Design establishes practices for commercial ramps that may be useful for you to review and may be applicable or expected for home construction.
Talk to your local municipality to determine if a building permit, inspections and any other relevant information are needed to build a safe wheelchair ramp.
You can use Google Earth to get an overhead view of your property and to precisely position your ramp plan around obstacles. This distance, and assuming a 1:12 slope, will provide you with the information needed to determine the total ramp length needed to safely construct the ramp and provide safe home access. If the finished height of your porch is 24 inches from ground level, you'll need 24 feet of ramp. The cord should intersect the marks you made for the proposed ramp width on each of the first two cords. The corner posts will be used as structural support for the ramp surface as well as the railing post. The landing platform size should be at least as wide as the ramp and a minimum of 60 inches long.A well-constructed ramp will make your home more wheelchair-accessible and greatly enhance the quality of life for those who need it.


Unless specifically stated otherwise, the advisory notes, appendix notes, and figures contained in the 1991 Standards and the 2010 Standards explain or illustrate the requirements of the rule; they do not establish enforceable requirements. Unless specifically stated otherwise, advisory notes, appendix notes, and figures contained in the 1991 Standards and 2010 Standards explain or illustrate the requirements of the rule; they do not establish enforceable requirements. Slope is the angle relationship of vertical height (rise) to the horizontal length or projection (run). A flat landing must be at the top and bottom of all ramps, and landings should always be at least as wide as the ramp itself and a minimum of 60 inches in length.
The steps outlined below will guide you through the general process for building a wooden ramp for a private home.
This can be best accommodated by an L-shaped ramp with a landing or a U-shaped ramp with a landing. If the run of any single ramp exceeds 8 feet, additional support posts or larger dimensional wood may be needed.
The ADA requirements for railings detail the overall railing height, hand-hold specifications, spindle placement and other safety issues associated with railing construction.
Those who depend on a wheelchair ramp to preserve an independent lifestyle often don't have the mobility or strength to strip and refinish the ramp on a regular basis.
The specific configuration and ramp lengths are a function of what will best accommodate your home. Check your municipal building codes for specific local requirements and any necessary permits. This means that if your porch height is 24 inches off the ground, you'll need a 24-foot ramp to safely accommodate wheelchair access. And a curb or crutch stop should be placed along both sides of the ramp to prevent wheels from leaving the ramp.


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