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04 Sep. 1979

Diy wood stove insert installation,cabin plans loft,studio furniture rack - Review

This article discusses the safety questions that arise if you are installing a wood burning stove - a woodstove - where there is an existing fireplace or an existing zero-clearance fireplace - a case giving rise to special fire clearance worries.
SAFETY: be sure to obtain required permits and approvals for the new wood-stove installation.
CHIMNEY USABILITY or ACCESS - is there a usable chimney to which the new woodstove can be connected and if so where can and should the connection be made. FIRE CLEARANCE DISTANCES - from the wood stove to nearby combustibles will be different than for an existing, built-in fireplace. FUEL - if the existing fireplace was a zero-clearance unti that burned gas fuel it is unlikely that the fireplace enclosure nor its chimney can be used with a wood burning stove.
WOOD STOVE CHOICE - choose a model that is not over-sized for the space to be heated, and consider the wood stove dimensions versus where it has to fit.
Above next to your question I have included a sketch of a typical zero-clearance fireplace installation to show how framing surrounds the fireplace. The studs are wood or in some installations the manufacturer requires that metal studs be used. These features do not immediately fit a conventional woodstove installation in the same location without substantial modifications. I'd be very careful about trying to make any use of the existing zero clearance fireplace to support a woodstove - the temperatures, fire clearances, other safety variables are just too unknown.
It would be more straightforward to remove the existing fireplace, inspect the chimney for type and condition so as to determine if it's usable for a different heating appliance, and consider also modifications to permit safe fire clearance distances around any connections to the new chimney - as well of course as fire clearance distances and heat shielding for the new woodstove itself. You can probably install a woodstove with adequate heat shielding and provided it is connected to a properly-sized chimney approved for that appliance. Start by choosing the woodstove by size and type and by noting where you think it might fit. Companies who sell wood and coal stoves often provide installation services, as do some certified chimney sweeps (Chimney Sweeps Guild Members). Hire a wood stove installer based in part by how receptive the installer is to obtaining a building permit - as is required in most jurisdictions. One fireplace guy told us we could probably do the hearth thing if we found a stove that had a flue hole out the back, and another told us it should be removed, but really didn't want to do it. Basically a zero clearance fireplace insert is a metal fireplace inserted into a wood-framed opening and connected usually to a metal chimney that passes to above the roof in a wood-framed chimney chase. And for zero clearance fireplaces that vent horizontally out through a building wall there is in essence no chimney that would be useful for a conventional woodstove in that location, though the wall opening might be used to pass a properly-rated metal chimney out through the wall to connect to a new vertical metal chimney.
The fireplace guy you spoke with about a woodstove with a flue hole in the back is on track.

That is, all of the heat and fire safety of the insert depended on its own construction and on clearances from combustible framing in the insert opening. Typically a woodstove will not fit within the original opening for a zero-clearance fireplace and still meet safe fire clearance distances unless it is quite small and unless adequate heat shielding can be installed. More likely you'd remove the fireplace and then either close off the opening and install the woodstove out into the room or you'd have to re-frame the opening to make it much larger. Continue reading at FIRE CLEARANCES, WOOD & COAL STOVE FLUES or select a topic from the More Reading links shown below. Or see WOOD STOVE INSPECTION CHECKLIST [Document Image] for a safety checklist provided by State Farm® Insurance.
Travis Industries, "36 Elite Installation Manual, Wood-Burning Zero-Clearance Fireplace", Travis Industries House of Fire, 4800 Harbour Pointe Blvd. Fireplace blowers are commonly called names such as (fireplace fan, fireplace heater, fireplace circulator, fireplace heater blower, heater fan, fireplace blower fan, squirrel cage blower, fireplace blower insert, forced air blower, fireplace insert blower, tangential blower, forced air fan). Fireplace blowers and fans will work in wood burning fireplaces, gas fireplaces and electric fireplaces. If you previously have had a fireplace blower installed in your fireplace insert and need to replace just the blower or fan, click on the Replacement Fireplace Blower and Fan Section link on Left side. This article on woodstoves and mobile home safety provides tips and information on how to use woodstoves safely in more heat-conductive manufactured housing.
The image is adapted from an installation manual provided by Travis Industries and cited at REFERENCES.
The typical fireplace hearth will be too small to carry a conventional woodstove, as you'll see in our photograph at left. There is little in that structure that would be useful for a woodstove installation except possibly making use of the chimney. The wood stove height and the routing of its flue vent connector between stove and chimney are key in determining how to connect a new wood stove to an existing chimney.
In particular it would be difficult to meet the overhead fire clearance distances for a woodstove it were stuck into the insert opening. Fireplace inserts with blower can dramatically improve the efficiency of the warm air circulating into the living space and will save energy. Both wood burning fireplace insert and gas fireplace insert have multiple types of ventilation structures. We might be able to make use of an existing fireplace chimney if the existing fireplace burned the same fuel as the new stove: wood. This wood burning zero clearance fireplace was tested and listed by Omni Test Laboratories, Beaverton OR, Report # 028-F-60-4, meeting U.L.

There are 3 main types of fireplace inserts; Direct Vent Fireplaces, B-Vent Fireplaces (Natural vent) and Vent Free Fireplaces (Ventless Fireplace). Underneath the fireplace in a Gas fireplace or Wood fireplace is the space typically where the installation of the blower fan is. Wood combustion efficiencies are on the rise, solid fuel prices remain low, and woodstove aesthetics are as pleasing as ever.Mobile home owners, however, should harbor a special respect for wood-burning heaters . First, the stove model must have been tested by a HUD-approved laboratory and listed for use in mobile homes. A metal tag permanently fastened to the rear of the appliance indicates the name of the testing facility and the stove's compliance with HUD Standard UM-84.
Second, a tested and listed prefabricated chimney system—connected directly to the stove and installed properly—must be used. Third, a hard ducting system for bringing outside combustion air directly to the stove's air inlet is required. Most manufacturers either make stoves specifically for use in mobile homes or have adapter kits available to bring standard models into compliance with the established regulations. In general, HUD-approved units burn wood rather than coal, have a moderate Btu output, and incorporate a top-exiting flue collar.Since the stove models are tested individually, the manufacturer provides minimum clearance information specific to each model, based on its laboratory performance. In any case, the hearth protection should extend at least 12 inches beyond the sides and back of the stove, and 18 inches beyond the front.Because of the way they're constructed, mobile homes demand that you plan a woodstove installation carefully.
Contact your local building inspector prior to installation to determine whether a permit is required, and notify your insurance representative that you plan on installing a wood-burning appliance. You'll have to give a good deal of thought to placement, and it's important not only to position the stove away from combustibles, but to locate it as centrally as possible to permit some degree of convection heating. Never install a wood heater in a mobile home's sleeping quarters or in a constricted area or hallway.It's equally critical to consider the structural members within the home's ceiling and floor. Several chimney manufacturers market installation kits and accessories specifically designed for mobile homes, so ask before you purchase . Although the method of installing this fresh-air feed duct depends upon the stove manufacturer's design, it must pass through the structure at some point, usually at the floor .
You might even want to seek approval—preferably in writing—from both the building inspector and the insurance agent, after allowing them to inspect your installation.

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