19 Sep. 1994|
Dark cherry wood stain on maple,octagon card table plans,wood pizza oven design - Within Minutes
Woods like cherry, pine and birch can become blotchy and unattractive when stained, unless you use a sealer before staining. After the test board dries, examine the results in different light and locations to see which amount of stain gives the most appealing results. If the cells deviate from the main axis of the tree as it grows, the result is “cross grained” wood.
Trees with an undulating cell structures result in irregular or “wild grained” wood.Texture also plays into appearance.
Strength is actually determined by density of the wood, which can be figured by driving a metal ball halfway into the wood’s surface.
A wood stain is a colorant that is suspended or dissolved into a vehicle such as water, alcohol, or a finishing agent (shellac, lacquer, varnish, polyurethane).
Pigments are large particles suspended in the vehicle while dyes are microscopic crystals that dissolve in the vehicle.Dye StainsOpaque StainsThe overall color and shade of the finished product is the result of a combination between the properties of the wood and the properties of the stain. Because every piece of wood is so unique, wood stained finishes will always have some sort of inherent variation. This is why selecting the right wood and the right product is critical in order to closely approximate the desired aesthetic. Dye stains, however, will easily color finely grained wood.Aged wood absorbs stain better than “green” lumber.
For example, a medium-dark stain tends to look blotchy on maple, but shows more consistent coloration on cherry.In addition, technique can have a major affect on the appearance of the finished product. Following proper methods of preparation, properly conditioning the surface when necessary, sanding evenly between coats, knowing how long to keep the product on the substrate, and proper application of a protective top coat are all important things to factor into the process.As you can see, the art of wood finishing is a complex thing.