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Types of wood used for carving,woodturning projects on youtube,music box designs plans - PDF 2016>

Virtually any wood can be used for carving, though some are favored for particular qualities.
A few types of wood are especially popular for their softness and beauty, and also for their relative affordability. Wood carving can be an incredibly rewarding and positive hobby, and it eventually can even become a career. Black walnut itself is a very popular choice, although it is much more expensive than the other three woods mentioned. Oak is probably one of the most popular woods for carving, with a range of features that make it almost ideal. Although it might be tempted to buy carving wood, as well as carving tools, at hobby shops, the quality of that wood is nearly always less than that of would found in nature, or at hardware or nursery stores. Wood is one of the most available resources throughout West Africa, and as such it has been a part of African mask making and carving since ancient times.
It's stronger than basswood but is still quite soft, so it is fairly easy to use for carving. It is an incredibly strong and sturdy wood, and is almost impervious to most rots and insects.
Wood found from more natural sources is also usually nicer and more interesting looking as well. Only in recent years, however, have many ecologists and biologists begun to catalogue with detail the amazing species and types of wood native and introduced to West Africa. Most kinds of woods used in furniture, African mask and craft production are West African hardwoods.


Nearly every wood on earth can be used for carving, which gives the craft a huge abundance to choose from, and at times that can be overwhelming. This is a white wood that grows throughout Europe and the Americas, and it has been used in woodworking for centuries. This wood is also sometimes referred to as white walnut, because it is still much paler than the deep hue of black walnut. Walnut is used in all sorts of things, from furniture to gunstocks to coffins, and because of the relatively rarity of the trees, it can be extremely expensive. The grain of oak is considered very beautiful, and it is one of the favorite woods used for making furniture. Basswood has almost no grain and is very soft, making it ideal for new woodworkers, and one sees it often used for small model parts. Generally, hardwoods are more durable and valuable, while softwoods are more abundant and sustainable. Although wood is one of the most available resources, it is most heavily used locally for firewood and construction rather than craft and mask production. These woods are usually chosen for their softness and beauty, and also for their relative affordability. It is also popular in cheaper musical instruments, making up the bodies of some woodwinds, and electric basses and guitars.
Several types of West African hardwoods are exported in significant amounts (as raw wood) to China, Europe and the Americas. Basswood blanks can be found at most hobby supply shops and are a great wood to start learning to carve on, since it is malleable and cheap.


At the same time, it is a much softer wood, so beginners will find it much easier to work with. The medium-colored wood features grainy highlights and some varieties are two-toned with light and dark hues. Due to some exploitation of this wood, the species is listed as endangered in some parts of West Africa and several West African organizations are now taking measures to limit harvesting while encouraging replanting efforts. African Mahogany wood Scientifically known as Khaya ivorensis, mahogany is an abundant throughout West Africa. In some places, mahogany wood is so readily available that it is burned as firewood for cooking. Most ebony wood is contrasted with shades of bright gold or white alongside the identifying black color. Some West Africans believe that ebony wood brings good luck or prosperity, and mask makers will carve mini-masks (harjares) from ebony wood to wear around their necks. Mango wood is of the most sustainable species, but is used sparingly in mask and craft production because it is not as strong. Rather, mango wood is suitable for percussion instruments such as West African djembe drums. In the rainy season, raw mango wood retains much water and is more susceptible to insect infestation, making it less desirable for export. Other Known West African Woods There are dozens more species of commonly harvested woods throughout West Africa also used to make African masks, furniture, sculpture and crafts.



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04.12.2013 | Author: admin



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