An act of Congress established this elite force in 1866. Their legacy changed the course of history.
On 28 July 1866, the 39th Congress of the United States passed an act to improve the peace establishment of the nation. This act authorized the formation of additional regiments in the US Army, 2 cavalry and 4 infantry. For the first time in the nation’s history, these Regular Army regiments were to consist of black enlisted Soldiers. This is their story through the early 1900s.