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27.06.2014

Aspergers symptoms adults adhd, causes tinnitus both ears - Plans Download

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This is a non-official checklist created by an adult female with Asperger’s Syndrome who has a son with Asperger’s Syndrome.
To all my readers who don’t have Asperger’s and read my blog for other reasons than Aspergers, thanks for all of your support! This article focuses on the substantial overlap between cognitive and behavioral symptoms in ASD and ADHD, with an emphasis on psychosocial interventions which target these symptom domains across disorders. To date, targeted psychosocial treatments addressing motor coordination problems in ADHD and ASD, including physical therapy and sensory integration therapies (SIT), have received limited attention in the empirical literature. Executive functions are among the most well-studied neurocognitive deficit in the ASD and ADHD literature. Psychosocial treatments of executive function deficits are emerging in the ADHD literature and are not available to date in the ASD literature. In ADHD, a large pool of studies support the efficacy of behavioral parent training and behavioral classroom management in managing the core symptoms of inattention and behavioral regulation,37 although the additive value of behavioral interventions to the standard of care (ie, medication treatment) remains a contentious debate in the field.19 The behavioral interventions involve parent or teacher training in the use of effective reinforcement (eg, token systems) and punishment procedures (eg, time-out) for target behaviors (eg, following directions, completing homework).
Social dysfunction is the central, unifying feature of ASDs and may be among the most debilitating functional impairments in both ASD and ADHD.
While similar functional outcomes are associated with the social skills deficits across ASD and ADHD, it is important to note the considerable differences in socialization problems found between disorders.
In ADHD, social dysfunction appears in early childhood and adolescence, resulting in fewer friendships and high levels of peer rejection,27 with social dysfunction clearly exacerbated by comorbidity with aggression and conduct problems.28 Further, research has demonstrated behavioral and social differences between children and adolescents with different subtypes of ADHD as well as differences in treatment response. It has been hypothesized that the basis of social problems in children with ADHD is associated with performance rather than knowledge or skills deficits. Aside from social skills training, other commonly utilized psychosocial interventions for individuals with HFA and Asperger’s syndrome are inclusion with typically developing peers and peer-mediated social skills interventions. The Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD,58 the most comprehensive ADHD treatment study to date, suggests a limited role for social skills interventions in children with ADHD. Social problems in children with ADHD are heterogeneous; as a result, research outcomes may vary with subtype. The study of the overlap in symptom domains of motor coordination, executive functions, and socialization skills in ASD and ADHD is relatively recent, and few conclusions can be drawn. The present article highlights the need for ongoing research on these symptom domains, including iterative studies advancing the knowledge of efficacy of commonly used psychosocial interventions as well as investigations evaluating adapted therapies across these similar disorders. If each area has 75%-80% of the statements checked, or more, then you may want to consider that the female may have Asperger’s Syndrome. I am of the opinion that, if an instrument could be developed that was sensitive to the differences in how Asperger syndrome is apparent in females compared to males, we’d be going a long way to ending serious misery for a lot of spectrum females who have no explanation for why they are who they are.


The article inherently adopts a dimensional perspective since available psychological and psychiatric interventions, particularly in ASDs, have been most successful when aimed at treating specific symptom domains (eg, impulsivity, repetitive behaviors) rather than the broad syndrome.
Functional impairments associated with the executive function domains of attention and inhibition are cardinal features of ADHD and common associated symptoms of ASD.
Findings suggest clinically significant improvements in ADHD symptomology and organization skills, with maintenance seen 12 months post-intervention. A few recent studies38 evaluating the overlap in socialization impairments in ADHD and ASD suggest that individuals with clinically significant symptoms in both ASD and ADHD may be at greater risk for peer rejection and significant social dysfunction than individuals with ASD or ADHD alone.
In particular, children and adolescents with ADHD do not demonstrate social avoidance or deficits in social motivation; in fact, they often initiate social exchanges and often direct attention to peers during play activities. Thus, interventions in ADHD would emphasize determining when and where such skills would be useful rather than skills training, as is seen in social skills interventions in ASD.19 Further, as social impairment and peer acceptance are predictors of long-term outcome, including later peer acceptance, academic achievement, and mental health,39 these skills are also critical treatment targets for intervention in both disorders. Certain research demonstrates that behaviorally based psychosocial treatment, when specifically adapted for ADHD-Inattentive subtype (ADHD-I), may be effective in reducing symptoms and impairment associated with ADHD-I, especially when parents, teachers, and children are involved. Data on motor coordination difficulties suggests the presence of motor dysfunction across many developmental disorders, including ADHD and autism. Furthermore, increased focus on the subset of individuals exhibiting clinically significant or comorbid ADHD and ASD symptoms may prove useful in understanding the variability in treatment response associated with psychosocial interventions in both disorders. Movement preparation in high-functioning autism and asperger disorder: a serial choice reaction time task involving motor reprogramming. A cognitive remediation programme for adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Investigation of a direct intervention for improving attention in young children with ADHD. Bullying among children with autism and the influence of comorbidity with ADHD: A population based study. An exploration of causes of non-literal language problems in individuals with asperger syndrome. Autism and developmental receptive language disorder–a follow-up comparison in early adult life. Brief report: feasibility of social cognition and interaction training for adults with high functioning autism. A multi-method introduction for social skills deficits in children with ADHD and their parents. This article provides an overview of the available clinical research data on the shared cognitive and behavioral symptoms in ASD and ADHD, with a focus on implications for psychosocial treatments.


A review of shared phenotypic features in ASD and ADHD is complicated, and tempered, by the heterogeneity within ASDs and ADHD as well as the high rates of comorbidity between the disorders.6 Leyfer and colleagues,6 in a study piloting their Autism Comorbidity Interview-Present and Lifetime Version, found that ADHD was diagnosed with autism in 31% of their sample.
The failure to find ASD-specific deficits in studies utilizing controls for delay or disability may provide support to the intriguing, yet controversial concept of DAMP (deficits in attention, motor control, and perception),16 which proposes a syndrome characterized by deficits in motor coordination, inattentive symptoms, and deficits in visual-perceptual abililities, and which has a high co-occurance with ASDs. Executive function deficits are at the core of the neurocognitive profile in ADHD with findings supporting deficits in inattention, inhibition, and working memory. In ADHD, social perceptual deficits are highly specific (overly negative interpretation of social cues) and appear largely related to problems with performance, rather than knowledge, of appropriate social skills. She has a life-credential as a result of being a female with Asperger’s Syndrome and being a parent of a child with Asperger’s Syndrome. Evaluating the overlap between these common developmental disorders, as well as the subset of individuals exhibiting comorbid ADHD and ASD, has potential to advance conceptualizations of each disorder including factors influencing treatment response. Additional research on this symptom domain may have implications for motor skills as a shared endophenotype across disorders.
Subsequently, psychosocial interventions showing promise in ASD tend to be structured, skills-based interventions, while similar approaches have not been successful in the ADHD literature. She has created this list in an effort to assist mental health professionals in recognizing Asperger’s Syndrome in females.
The study also reported dissociation between ASD and ADHD in volumetric gray matter development; ASD (but not ADHD) individuals exhibited increased gray matter volume in the right temporo-parietal junction, a region which may be associated with perspective-taking abilities. Research on executive functions deficits is well established with regards to its central role in the neurocognitive profiles of individuals with ADHD. Furthermore, empirical literature providing joint evaluations of ASD and ADHD is in its early stages. The results also found age-related improvements in executive function in children with ASD, but not ADHD.
Available data suggest the nature of executive function impairments may be qualitatively different in ADHD and ASD.



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