Ejiao was exported to foreign countries through the ancient Silk Road that connected China with the old Roman Empire, becoming the earliest Chinese health and beauty product to enter international markets.
Traditional ejiao production methods have extremely high requirements for water, time, skills and quality of the donkey hide.
Qin said the product has been listed as a national-class innovative medicine and is among the first choices for the TCM to go global. In 1915, Dong'e ejiao won the only gold prize for tonics at the Panama Pacific International Exposition held in San Francisco. Officials from the Changchun National High-tech Industrial Development Zone discuss progress made on the Changchun Talent Management, Reform and Experiment Zone on Monday. The Changchun National High-tech Industrial Development Zone in Jilin province is taking measures to attract global talent to the region. Local authorities said a favorable labor policy and programs to attract talent from around the world are among the top priorities for the development zone.
The development zone provided 81 million yuan ($12.5 million) to attract more creative talent this year. Yao Hongtao, a senior engineer who has worked at a high-tech firm in California's Silicon Valley, partnered with the development zone to form Jilin Pixelbay Microelectronics Technology Co Ltd. This year, the development zone established a number of programs to attract high-caliber professionals to the region. The authorities of the development zone said it is important to open more channels to attract top professionals. This year, the development zone hosted 43 recruitment fairs and attracted over 4,800 people with at least a bachelor's degree. The development zone has also attracted over 150 senior management professionals through 50 newly established projects this year.
A local innovation park for overseas returned professionals, as well as several other incubators for tech startups, introduced 197 projects and more than 500 high-tech professionals. In an attempt to strengthen communication with global talent, the development zone organized several seminars this year to give overseas Chinese more information about the region. Local authorities are also paying a great deal of attention to establishing platforms such as innovation centers, incubators and financial service platforms in the zone.
Authorities also said the Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry's five technological platforms are nearly ready to open their doors to companies. The development zone also partnered with banks to provide financial support to local companies. The development zone also provides consulting services so that professionals can have a better understanding about the government subsidies.
This year, companies in the zone applied for 550 national- and provincial-level patent projects and received 420 million yuan in financial support. Technicians work on a production line using state-of-the-art technology in the Nanchang National High-tech Industrial Development Zone. The Jiangxi provincial authorities have formally decided to build a Nanchang Optics Valley to establish an LED industry cluster and accelerate the sector's development in the province.
The valley, mostly located in the Nanchang National High-tech Industrial Development Zone and part of the city's State-level economic development zone, will focus on building an electronic information industrial chain that is centered on the optoelectronics information industry, covering all upstream, midstream and downstream links of chip design, packaging tests and LEDs (light-emitting diodes). The optics valley is attempting to form an industry cluster with more than 100 billion yuan ($15.4 billion) in the next three to five years. The Nanchang National High-tech Industrial Development Zone in eastern Nanchang has set a goal of "expanding the scale, improving the quality, and raising the profile" of its optoelectronics industry. The high-profile decision by the provincial government to build an optics valley will help upgrade the city's LED industry and further promote the development of the industry. They are stepping up their efforts to acquire international lighting companies to serve as a catalyst for faster growth of the province's LED industry. The Ministry of Science and Technology has vowed to support Jiangxi's efforts to build Nanchang Optics Valley in the next two years, which will bring new opportunities for the development of environmentally friendly optoelectronics industries, such as the LED sector.
Chen Yan, deputy director of the Nanchang National High-tech Industrial Development Zone, said Shenzhen-based Yiruier Electronics has invested 1 billion yuan in the zone on an integrated circuit project, which is a landmark event for the province in terms of the making of integrated circuit chips. The project is crucial for the building of Nanchang Optics Valley and the development of the integrated circuit industry in Jiangxi, Chen said.
The Shenzhen company spent a year looking for an ideal location in many provinces to accommodate its integrated circuit project before finally investing in Jiangxi.
Nanchang has made great efforts to develop the optoelectronics industry in recent years and formed an optoelectronics industry cluster ranging from telecommunications and LEDs to touch screens and microelectronics.
The optoelectronics companies in the Nanchang high-tech industry development zone earned revenue of 21.78 billion yuan last year, accounting for more than 20 percent of revenue earned by all businesses in the zone. Optoelectronics companies in the zone, such as Lattice Power Corp, have had patents registered for key technologies. At the end of March, GSR Ventures, a shareholder in Lattice Power, announced it had formed a consortium with other investors, including China Investment Corp and Nanchang Industrial Holdings Group to acquire 80.1 percent of Philips Lumileds shares. Huichang authorities offer advice to farmers who want to apply for government loans that require them to use their homes as collateral. It used to be very difficult for farmers - even more so for poor farmers - to secure bank loans because they often lack property to use as collateral.
In one program, poor farmers can apply for a loan from banks if they offer their house as collateral. The county has also built new homes for more than 600 households to move from areas with disadvantaged natural conditions. The Nanchang National High-tech Industrial Development Zone in Jiangxi is surrounded in well-maintained parks and wetlands.
The Nanchang National High-tech Industrial Development Zone in Jiangxi province is finding success wooing investors with its sound ecology.
Twenty years ago, a 200-hectare tract was constructed to the east of Anxi Lake and opened for development by real estate companies.
After weighing the pros and cons, the zone walked away from the industrial projects and built a wetland park, which has now become a "green lung" of the city and home to more than 100 species of birds, including wild geese, swans and great crested grebes, which are under State protection.
The peripheral area is home to a number of major domestic and international companies, including Fortune Global 500 companies.
In the Yaohu Lake area, farmers used to raise fish and ducks, leading to discharge of sewage into the lake. To restore the area's environment, the local government strictly raised standards for raising fish and ducks in the lake, banned the discharge of sewage and cleaned up water channels into the lake to improve the quality of the water in the lake. Located in the geographic center of the booming Pearl River Delta region in South China's Guangdong province, the Nansha New Zone, which is evolving from the State-level Nansha Economic and Technological Development Zone founded in 1993, became part of the Guangdong Pilot Free Trade Zone in April.
Seven pieces of land covering an area of 60 square kilometers were set aside for the free trade zone to focus on the development of shipping and logistics, finance, international trade, advanced manufacturing and professional services.
According to Ding, Nansha has completed a three-year plan for developing the seven pieces of land for the free trade zone and its implementation is underway. Ding said the zone has made much headway in integrating international practices for investment and trade as well as in streamlining its administrative functions in the past few months. The zone has agreed on a three-year plan for growing into an international shipping center, has completed the third phase of the Nansha Harbor and is experimenting with innovative businesses such as delay in transfer, importing finished vehicles and parallel importing of vehicles. Meanwhile, Ding said, 38 key infrastructure projects involving total investment of 156.1 billion yuan in the pipeline are related to harbors, rail transit, the expressway network and urban roads. As its next step, Ding said, Nansha will actively get involved in the nation's Belt and Road Initiative, and take advantage of its role as a State-level new zone, free trade zone, economic and technological development zone and a model zone for independent innovation to grow into a key platform for the opening-up of Guangdong. The Nansha area of the Guangdong Pilot Free Trade Zone is speeding up its development into an international shipping center, seeking to close the gap with Hong Kong in terms of cargo throughput and convenience of customs clearance. Nansha Port is estimated to have handled 256 million metric tons of cargo between January and November this year with year-on-year growth of 11.96 percent, Li Zigen, deputy chief of the Nansha area of the Guangdong FTZ, said at a forum held in Guangzhou on Tuesday.
Hong Kong also has a better developed system for customs clearance than Guangzhou, Wang added. To facilitate trade, Nansha Port has launched an online platform for cargo declarations that runs around the clock, increasing the efficiency of customs clearance by more than 50 percent, according to Li. Located in Guangzhou, which has been ranked first on the Forbes chart of the best commercial cities on the Chinese mainland for the past three years, Nansha has a tempting business environment, according to Caesar Wong, a partner at Deloitte China and a professional adviser for China's free trade zones. Altogether, 550 cross-border e-commerce companies have registered with Nansha customs and the trade volume for cross-border e-commerce in Nansha this year is expected to surpass 2 billion yuan ($309 million), according to Li. At a forum in Guangzhou on Tuesday, industry insiders called for new rules in the Nansha free trade zone to adapt to the current global and local economic environments. Mao Yanhua, deputy director of the institute for free trade zone research at the local Sun Yat-Sen University, noted some features of current international trade after the global economic crisis.
To cope with such challenges, he suggested that a theory system for fair market competition be established, and systematic reforms be taken in Nansha in sectors including farm produce trading, government purchasing, intellectual property, environmental protection and labor issues. In addition, he called for a business standard system that reduces operational costs and focuses on the markets along the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road.
Recent financial guidelines for the Guangdong Free Trade Zone, unveiled by China's central bank, also bring about opportunities for the development of Nansha, said Li Simin, deputy chief of the Guangzhou branch of the People's Bank of China.
To help Nansha with its financial reforms and innovations, Li said her bank would promote headquarters financing in the area, seeking to attract financial institutions to set up offices and regional headquarters. It would also develop innovative financing services, such as those for the shipping industry.
It will also make efforts to create a credit environment that agrees with the area's financial reforms. Ni Guangnan, a professor at the Institute of Computing Technology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, speaks at Samsung Electronics' Solve for Tomorrow Campus Forum. Yang Weixin, a junior from Ludong University in East China's Shandong province, said he learned much from taking part in the 2015 Solve for Tomorrow contest and especially improved his manual dexterity.
The Solve for Tomorrow National Youth Scientific Innovation and Experiment Contest, sponsored by Samsung Electronics, aims to inspire high school and college students across China to participate in scientific and technological activities and become more capable of innovating, the contest's organizing committee said.
According to the organizing committee, the potential for commercialization is among the criteria of the creative work segment final.
Samsung Electronics said sponsoring the contest shows that the company pays attention to the scientific growth of young people and the development of science and technology. Access to high-tech products showcased at the forum is intended to arouse students' interest in science and spur them to pay more attention to scientific and technological developments.
The multinational company has diversified business areas, including the manufacturing of televisions, smartphones, wearable devices, cameras, medical equipment and semiconductors.
The Dream Incubator of Overseas Chinese, which is being officially inaugurated on Tuesday, will be a base for overseas Chinese entrepreneurs and professionals. The State-level Zengcheng Economic and Technological Development Zone in Guangzhou, Guangdong province, is pinning high hopes on a new incubation park, expecting it to become a model zone for industrial and technical innovation and a new base for Sino-foreign cooperation. Local authorities plan to build it into a destination for a growing number of talented people from around the world to settle and start businesses, especially overseas Chinese and those who have studied abroad.
The plan involves incentives in financing and taxation, education for employee's children, medical care, housing and employment.
The Zengcheng Economic and Technological Development Zone in the eastern part of Guangzhou lies in a "golden corridor" that links Guangzhou, Dongguan, Shenzhen and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The zone has grown into a base for advanced manufacturing and high-tech industries and a major engine for economic growth in Guangzhou, with an excellent ecological environment and good air quality year round. Sino-foreign cooperation projects for innovation in the Dream Incubator of Overseas Chinese are expected to lay a solid foundation for the industrial park's development. To be launched on Tuesday, as the DIOC is being oficially opened, these include a Sino-German project for the modern manufacturing industry, a Sino-Australian scientific innovation project, a Sino-British cooperative zone for emerging industries and a Sino-Israeli industrial park for the healthcare industry.
The Sino-Australian project highlights the development of new materials with grapheme as a breakthrough product.
The project with the Australia Technology and Investment Committee is planned as a model zone for Sino-Australian technological cooperation, attracting high-tech projects, research and development teams and skilled professionals from Australia and organizing bilateral exchanges in science and technology, trade, education and culture. The Sino-British cooperative project, planned for emerging industries, is intended to provide a platform for scientists and experts from both countries to conduct research and development, knowledge transfers and other exchanges; while the Sino-Israeli industrial park will focus on the healthcare industry. In addition, a healthcare industrial park will be developed for cooperation between US and Chinese companies.
The park will be jointly built by the China Council for International Investment Promotion, Genesis Rehab Service from the US, the Smart City Council and the Zengcheng Economic and Technological Development Zone.
A group of six suspects from Southeast Asia stand on trial for a murder on the Mekong River in a Kunming intermediate court in Yunnan province in 2012. Under Chinese law, a person arrested smuggling no less than 1 kilogram of heroin faces the death penalty.
Kourtidis was one of 800 foreign suspected criminals who received free legal aid in China last year after an amendment to the criminal procedural law took effect in January 2013.
According to the amended criminal procedure law, free legal services to foreigners suspected of committing a crime will expand to those who are short on funds and can't afford a lawyer rather than only applying to suspects of major crimes. He said many of the foreign suspects were from Africa, the Middle East, Southeast Asia and European countries. According to the Ministry of Public Security, the number of foreigners currently staying in China for more than six months has exceeded 680,000, including those who have obtained Chinese "green cards". The Ministry of Justice said it has set up a database of 20,000 qualified volunteer lawyers who can provide free legal aid to foreign clients.
Sang said the ministry will focus on sending more volunteer lawyers to offer legal aid assistance in the nation's border areas such as Yunnan and Guangxi, where a large number of foreigners have been arrested committing cross-border crimes, including drug smuggling and trafficking or human trafficking. Fortunately, foreigners in China, according to the law, can hire a lawyer to deal with these disputes.
In the case of a foreign defendant who has not entrusted anyone to be his defender, the people's court may inform the legal aid agency to appoint a lawyer. If legal aid is required for a case but the defendant refuses the appointed lawyer, the people's court shall ascertain a reason from the defendant.
According to the Criminal Procedure Law, the Regulation on Legal Aid and judicial interpretations of the Supreme People's Court, foreigners involved in criminal proceedings in China can obtain legal aid. Foreigners can also apply for legal aid in criminal proceedings by applying to a legal aid organization in China for legal aid according to the international treaties signed by their home countries and China, the multilateral or bilateral judicial assistance treaties signed by the home countries and China, or according to the principal of reciprocity.
In addition to criminal litigation, there are also laws and regulations governing civil and commercial disputes.
Z hangye in Northwest China's Gansu province is known for its glorious past, rich historical relics and beautiful natural scenery.
Zhangye is home to about 1.3 million people of 38 nationalities in an area of 42,000 square meters. With developed networks of expressways, high-speed trains and planes, the city is a key transportation hub in Northwest China and also a strategic channel through which to deliver electricity, natural gas, coal, vegetables and grains from China's western areas to the eastern region.
A 34.5-meter-long sleeping Buddha and the first printed edition of the Tripitaka - the earliest collection of Buddhist writings - are the two most valuable treasures in the temple. It is home to 1,200 cultural sites and over 30,000 historical relics are preserved in local museums and temples. The city is also a tourism destination recommended by the National Tourism Administration of China, with famous tourist spots including Zhangye National Wetland Park, Dahuwan Cultural Tourism Scenic Area, Binggou Danxia Geological Park and Pingshanhu Grand Canyon. It serves as an important base for the country of corn seed and organic farm products, and is also a large provider of mushrooms, traditional Chinese medicines, potatoes and fruit. In the city's Linze county, the corn production area covers about 20,000 hectares, accounting for 70 percent of the total farmland area. In addition, the park has built 10 corn seed centers, which are equipped with 36 drying and processing lines, with a combined annual production capacity of 250,000 metric tons. It has 33 kinds of proven minerals, including coal, tungsten, molybdenum, iron, gypsum and potash, which play a crucial role in the local economic and social development.
In recent years, the city government has focused on the development of an ecological economy, which is considered a way to transform the local economic development model. Zhangye has three international skiing resorts - the Qilian Mountain Ski Area, Wenshu Mountain Ski Area and Biandukou Ski Area.
The Danxia scenic area in Zhangye is a popular destination known as "Rainbow Mountains" for its multicolored cliffs and special rock formations. Zhangye National Wetland Park, as a natural ecological park, plays the role of a "humidifier" for the city. An annual international tourism forum in Guilin in the Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region is helping promote the city as a tourist destination both in China and abroad. The forum was organized by the United Nations World Tourism Organization, the Pacific Asia Travel Association, the Guilin city government and Hong Kong Polytechnic University.
Diplomats from 51 countries, including Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States attended the forum's opening ceremony.
Zhao Leqin, the top political official in Guilin, said the forum has helped promote the innovative development of the city's tourism industry and enhanced the city's reputation. The UNWTO said Guilin is the right choice as China has become one of the world's largest tourist destinations and Guilin has been a weathervane for China's tourism development.
Since 2007, the organization has released an annual report on world tourism trends at the forum and many experts and industry insiders say the forum is one of the most important events for them. Guilin's tourism has been frequently discussed at the forum and some suggestions have been included into the city's tourism development plan. Wu Wenxue, deputy head of the China National Tourism Administration, said Guilin has benefited from the forum as it has helped it gain a better understanding of the tourism industry worldwide. The Guilin Mountain and Water Festival, held during the forum, attracted a record number of people this year.


Organizers of the forum said the event also helps the world to learn more about Guilin, one of the most popular tourist destinations in China. With the introduction of visa-free stays for visitors from many countries, Guilin is expecting its tourism industry to boom.
Since July 2014, visitors from 51 countries, including Argentina, Germany, New Zealand, Russia, South Korea, the United Kingdom and the United States, have been allowed to visit the city in the Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region visa-free for 72 hours if they have valid visas and onward flight tickets to a third country. Guilin is among the first cities in China to introduce the policy and experts believe the move will attract more visitors to the city, which is known for the beauty of the scenery along the Lijiang River. On a cruise along the Lijiang River, Dimitrios Lianos, deputy mayor of Naxos in Greece, said the policy is good for Greek visitors and means there is much room for cooperation between the two cities.
Meanwhile, Guilin introduced a policy in May that allows tour groups from the member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Singapore, Brunei and the Philippines - to stay in the city for six days without visas.
Xiling Snow Mountain, about 95 kilometers to the west of Chengdu, offers a new option for tourists with a Nordic-style ski resort. Ctrip, a major Chinese online travel agency, is inviting five veteran travelers from Hong Kong, Singapore, the United Kingdom, the United States and Australia - the top five sources of tourists for Chengdu - to visit the city on different routes.
This will be the first time that overseas travelers will be invited to take part in the China Travelers' Forum, which will enhance its influence as a well-known tourism festival with global outreach, according to Ctrip.
The forum in March, which is created by Ctrip and co-hosted by the Chengdu Tourism Bureau and the Chengdu Culture and Tourism Development Group, will arrange activities and offer diverse tourism products to travel enthusiasts from around the world, according to the organizers of the event.
Chengdu, known as the "Capital of Leisure" and one of the best tourism cities of China, is expected to attract more overseas tourists as the forum is drawing wide attention from domestic and foreign media, said an official from the Chengdu Tourism Bureau. Early this year, the Sichuan provincial government put forward the goal of building Chengdu into a global tourism destination. Ctrip has also launched a poll for the best tourist destinations in the world as another warmup for the forum. The poll will be based on the more than 50 million tourism comments contributed by Ctrip's 250 million users, and the results will be decided by nearly 4 million netizens who can vote for the event. Other activities, including a summit on big data and social marketing, an experience-sharing seminar attended by tourism celebrities and awards ceremonies will be held during the forum. Gu Yue, a high-profile long-distance hitchhiker, said he has high expectations for the forum. The forum should help tourists from around the world gain a better knowledge of Chengdu's unique natural resources, rich historical heritage and unparalleled cuisine, a netizen said.
The company picked Chengdu as the venue for the forum because it is a dynamic tourist destination that epitomizes the harmonious combination of natural landscape and urbanization, said the manager. Chengdu, with a sophisticated air transportation network, advanced exhibition facilities and booming tourism, has won the recognition of consumers and tourists worldwide, and its goal of building a global tourism destination conforms to the global outreach strategy of the China Travelers' Forum, said the manager. With a complete system of startup services, the Xi'an High-Tech Industrial Development Zone is a major base in Shaanxi province for mass innovation and entrepreneurship. Xi'an Pioneering Park, one of China's top technology entrepreneurship service parks in the Xi'an High-Tech Industrial Development Zone in the capital of Shaanxi province, has been encouraging mass innovation and entrepreneurship by focusing on hackerspaces. On Oct 19, the zone's development, reform and commerce bureau issued a document for managing local hackerspaces and identified a first batch of 11 such incubators. The zone's authorities have also made efforts to improve its funding system for local science and high-tech enterprises, especially small and medium-sized companies. To support the development of a financing platform for small and micro enterprises, the park is in preparations to establish its first small-loans company for science and high-tech firms in Shaanxi province.
The move is expected to further broaden financing channels for small and micro enterprises and open a path for the development of similar loans companies in the province.
Performance Appraisals For Professional StaffExpectations clearly, provide periodic feedback on achievements and problem areas and coach and provide training for professional development and improved performance.
Performance Appraisal And Development Program (PDP) Self ReviewPerformance Development Program (PDP) Employee Self Review Worksheet . PERFORMANCE APPRAISALAn effective performance appraisal contributes to the development of personal goals for future performance and professional development.
Performance Appraisal HandbookPerformance Appraisal Handbook Appendix 4 areas where you may need to focus more effort, etc. Employee Performance Self – Assessment FormPerformance Review Guidelines for Self-Appraisal of the performance management process, including the performance review form. PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL: A KEY TO HR ASSESSMENT AND DEVELOPMENTFinally the boss can suggest the areas in which training can be imparted to the employee. Tips For Writing Performance Appraisals – The RCTaylor GroupReview period, explain the appraisal process, rating system, and appraisal form to your employees.
This entry was posted in Employee Evaluations and tagged columbia theological seminary, effective performance appraisals, performance appraisal form, performance development program. The stronger groups tended to settle in the more desirable areas where there was an abundance of water, natural resources (wood, clay, iron ore, coal), and natural protection (hills, sea coast, rivers, lakes).
For these reasons while civilizations were forming in Mesopotamia, India, China, and North Africa, groups that had roamed as far as North and South America and islands in the Pacific developed little further in cultural organization than the tribal unit and possessed a technology that was far less developed than in the larger civilizations. Other innovations of the Sumerians were the wooden wheel, the wooden plow, and the wooden oar for their ships. The Sumerians developed (or recovered from their spiritual memory derived from Noah) an elaborate belief system that included many gods who possessed human characteristics, a concept of personal sin, that they had been created to serve the gods, a class system of sorts between major and minor gods, and an elaborate flood story.
During their centuries of development, God raised up among the Hebrews the ancient prophets, who were raised up by God to give warnings to both Israel as well as to their pagan neighbors. The Philistines were descendants of a sea people who originated from around the Aegean Sea area to the east of Greece. The Philistines were a literate people who originally spoke the language of people living in Crete, Cyprus, and the Aegean area. Rameses ruled for over 60 years and died at the age of 93, an age far exceeding the average 35-year life span of Egyptians who were his contemporaries. They were the first to develop the skills necessary to build large stone columns for their many massive palaces, monuments, and temples.
They hosted the descendants of Abraham for over 450 years, first as guests and family members of the house of Moses, and later as slaves.
Together with the Hittites after the Battle of Kadesh, the Egyptians pioneered a format for developing a long-lasting treaty between two powerful nations that numerous other subsequent civilizations followed.
At the apex of its development, the Harappa population was about 10% of the known world’s population, making it comparable to the Nile River civilization in Egypt and probably larger than that in Mesopotamia. The Longshan Culture built large fortified towns along the Yellow River, fortified by large earthen walls and ramparts. There are indications that the early Chinese who settled along the Yellow River believed in the same God as the Hebrews, the God who was revealed to them in creation and in the stories received from Noah and his sons. The Sumerians, Amorites, Egyptians, Longshan, and Harappa were some of the earliest groups that formed civilizations. The Indo-European language group spread from the Black Sea area into the Indus River Valley and into Euro-Asia. Civilizations emerged early and quickly after the Flood throughout the four major population areas of Europe, Euro-Asia, and Asia. Identify on a blank map the four major areas of civilization along the four river valleys and the items below. From Moses was received the Pentateuch, or the Five Books of Moses.  He also established the first representative government, a system of government, People’s Law, that was carried across Europe into England by the Anglo-Saxons, and became foundational for the United States of America. Rameses ruled for over 60 years and died at the age of 93, an age far exceeding the average 35-year life span of Egyptians who were his contemporaries.  He was so revered by the nation (for three generations of Egyptians knew no other Pharaoh) that for generations after his death he was referred to as the Great Ancestor of the nation. At the apex of its development, the Harappa population was about 10% of the known world’s  population, making it comparable to the Nile River civilization in Egypt and probably larger than that in Mesopotamia.
According to the traditional Chinese medicine principles, dongzhi is the best time for eating tonics, such as ejiao, which is a type of TCM made from donkey hide. According to historical records, Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty (AD 618-907) loved ejiao so much that he sealed up a well in Dong'e and ordered it opened only during the winter solstice to collect the water for ejiao production.
We are dedicated to the protection and inheritance of the traditional methods of making ejiao, renovating ejiao history and gathering and improving recipes," Qin said. After they get the loan, they can either invest the money in local major enterprises and rural cooperatives for dividends; or local financial institutions can lend to major enterprises and rural cooperatives, who then provide dividends to poor farmers. A large amount of money has been subsidized for cash crops, the raising of pigs and traditional Chinese medicines.
It has also ushered in environmentally friendly enterprises to strike a balance between industries, urban development and nature.
The time for transfers of cargo has also been reduced from one or two days to between three and five hours. A widely accepted credit rating agency will be introduced for cross-border financing services, she added. The event consists of keynote speeches by professionals in scientific and technological fields and hands-on experience with high-tech products.
Guangzhou Baiyun and Shenzhen Baoan international airports are two major aviation hubs in South China.
The suspected crimes mainly occurred in China's border areas, such as Yunnan province and the Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region, or in developed coastal regions, including Zhejiang, Guangdong and Fujian provinces. A suspect who is from a foreign country and is involved in a civil or commercial case but who also faces financial difficulties can obtain legal aid if his or her home country has signed a relevant treaty or agreement with China. Best known for its colorful rock formations, it has been voted by Chinese media as one of the most beautiful landforms in China, Mayor Huang Zeyuan said. The Zhangye National Corn Seed Industrial Park is located in the county's Dashahe River development area, and has investment of 3.8 billion yuan ($586 million). Zhangye also has a modern agricultural pilot and demonstration zone in Ganzhou district, which was included on the list of national modern agricultural demonstration areas in 2010. Its beauty is enhanced after snow, as the colorful stone and white snow form a strong contrast, which is hard to express in words. Citizens from the 51 countries are allowed to visit Guilin and stay for 72 hours without a visa if they have valid visas and onward flights to a third country.
When the airport's first and second terminals are finished in 2017, it will be able to receive 12 million passengers. Netizens can vote for the winner of the event, who will be awarded at the China Travelers' Forum. It has also developed an incubator cluster that can provide more than 20 kinds of services for small and medium-sized enterprises, such as business consultation and guidance, investment promotion and financing, training, technology transfer and project planning. According to local statistics, the total floor area of hackerspaces is more than 30,000 square meters and more than 30,000 people who wanted to create their own businesses took part in more than 800 various entrepreneurship promotional activities held by hackerspaces in the first 10 months of this year.
The performance appraisal focuses on three main areas: professionalism, programming and professional development.
At the end of the exercise, the next higher supervisor makes an overall observation and gives his own specific development plans. Agree on performance objectives Use performance appraisals to summarize the year's performance and your discussions with your employees, not to introduce development areas for the first time. The program of performance appraisal in the University Library at the University of North This session will also be the supervisor’s opportunity to offer suggestions for development in job-related areas. Because they settled in these areas and because they settled first, they had more time and resources to develop civilizations. One thing that is usually required for a culture to develop is interaction with other culture groups.
The Sumerians were a people who perhaps migrated from the Caspian Sea area into the Fertile Crescent, the fertile area lying between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Little is known about this period or people, but there are written records that indicate that there were kings who ruled Sumer during the antedeluvian period (period of time between Creation and the Flood).
They utilized and brought to greater development a writing system on clay tablets, called cuneiform, borrowed from earlier groups in the area. People in the area became known as “Mesopotamians” rather than Amorites, Sumerian, Assyrians, or Babylonians.
For one brief period, however, one of the Pharaohs, Akhenaten, promoted a form of monotheism.
When Ashkenaten became Pharaoh he banished the gods of Egypt, banished their priests, emptied their temples, and forbade their worship or sacrifices made to them. It is probable that they moved into the Yellow River area after the Tower of Babel event and retained the knowledge of God received from Noah and his offspring.
They utilized and brought to greater development a writing system on clay tablets, called cuneiform, borrowed from earlier groups in the area.  Cuneiform (from the Latin cuneus, three-sided wedge) used wedge-shaped markings made with bamboo pens on soft clay. Modern excavations of skeletal remains suggest that the people were tall, with elongated faces and dark hair, similar to people in the Mediterranean area (Greece, Italy, Crete).They spoke a language belonging to the Indo-European family of languages.
This year, universities and research institutions established 36 companies in the development zone. If farmers are willing to transfer their land to local enterprises, they can work for the enterprises to make a living. The land value in the wetland area has risen by more than 10 times from 20 years ago and a number of major companies, such as Bertelsmann, ABB, China Energy Conservation and Environmental Protection Group, the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation), the Greenland Group, and have set up branches around the lake. Samsung Electronics said the forum offers opportunities to meet and communicate with scientific and technological heavyweights. In China, a foreigner suspected of a crime can be offered free legal services, including the appointment of a defense lawyer.
Dahuwan Cultural Tourism Scenic Area is an important migration stop for birds in Northeast Asia, with about 300,000 migratory birds of over 20 species.
A variety of causes have been suggested for his early death, and for many years it was suspected that he was murdered. He was also the most prolific builder of monuments honoring his rule, as well as pyramids for the burial of his many children. This period is also credited with the development of the Chinese five-tone music scale, the five-stringed zither, and pan-pipes. Persia is supplying rockets to Hezbollah, American troops are in Babylonia, and Assyria questions whether it wants to be part of the new Iraq.
Two of the consequences were (1) a confusion of languages, and (2) a huge flood that lasted for seven days and seven nights.
Central avenues were 30 feet wide with narrow streets running through the residential areas. The vast area of fertile soil and extensive forests was fueled by tremendous amounts of soil that annually washed down from the Himalayas to the Indian Ocean. It merges with the Yangtze River as it nears the Pacific Ocean to form a vast and fertile plain. Oracle bones were simply that: bones on which cracks in the bones were deciphered by oracles who added written pictographs for interpretation. Central avenues were 30 feet wide with narrow streets running through the residential areas.  Large granaries were built to hold surplus wheat and barley. They practiced taxation, conquest of neighboring peoples, slavery, and developed an early monarchial form of government. There they were eventually enslaved by the Egyptians, and they remained slave for over 400 years.
Because only 10% of the Chinese land is productive for food, the Yellow River basin was crucial in the development and survival of the Chinese people.
But the Hebrews for the most part lived under a series of male and female Hebrews judges, and then a series of kings. In addition to the rich alluvial soil, water was plentiful from typhoons that annually dumped immense amounts of rainfall on the area. Their argument is supported by the human body itself, which radiates infrared energy for the benefits of warmth and tissue repair. 3.
Far infrared saunas are recognized by health practitioners worldwide as perhaps the most effective method of removing both chemical and heavy metal toxins from the body.
Far infrared saunas are thought to be 7 times more effective at detoxifying heavy metals such as mercury, aluminium, and other environmental toxins than conventional heat or steam saunas. For many chronically ill patients as well as people who are well and wish to stay that way by reducing their toxic burden, the far infrared sauna is the detox method of choice. 6. Generally speaking, far infrared saunas are less expensive, easier to install, and require less maintenance than traditional saunas. They come in many sizes and are often quite portable, making them a great choice when limited space is available. 11. Far infrared saunas are more cleansing than conventional saunas because they are designed to generate more than two to three times the amount of perspiration. This allows a person to perspire faster and to tolerate a longer period of time inside the sauna. The lower heat range of far infrared saunas is safer for people with cardiovascular risk factors or fragile health because lower temperatures don’t dramatically elevate heart rate and blood pressure. 16. People who work with chemicals, as well as home gardeners who frequently use fertilizers and pesticides, are advised to use far infrared saunas on a regular basis. 18. Far infrared radiant heat is a form of naturally occurring energy that heats objects by direct light conversion. Far infrared sauna use can help promote rebuilding of injured tissue by having a positive effect on the fibroblasts, the connective tissue cells necessary for the repair of injury.
Wavelengths of between 6 and 14 microns are believed to be the most beneficial to humans and other living things on Earth.  The human palm emits far infrared wavelengths of between 8 and 12 microns.


There are some definite advantages to using far infrared sauna thermal heaters, such as no high heat claustrophobic reaction and better air circulation. Far infrared saunas require 90 percent less electrical energy than conventional saunas, and no plumbing is required for a far infrared sauna. 26. Far infrared saunas are now used in health facilities for a range of health problems such as menopause, ulcers, insomnia, asthma, bronchitis, ear infections, and allergies. 28. Unlike a traditional sauna, which requires a closed atmosphere to maintain heat levels required for therapeutic results, a far infrared sauna can be used with its door or window completely open if far infrared penetration is the only objective. 30.
In addition to hemlock, wood choices for far infrared sauna construction include basswood, birch, oak, poplar, spruce and western red cedar. It is also abundantly available, which means the end cost to the consumer is less than it might be for another wood type. 38.
NASA has utilized far infrared therapy to help maintain fitness levels of astronauts in weightless environments. Enjoy Youthful Health - Minimize the Effects of Aging by Pertti Olavi Jalasjaa There’s no escaping the truth that we are all aging. And weight gain, muscle loss, decreased libido, wrinkles in our skin, and a growing number of aches and pains are probably other distressing concerns. Some people try to defy nature by undergoing cosmetic surgery, utilizing every “anti-aging” skin care product available, taking stress management or meditation courses, or relocating to less polluted areas.
We start aging even before we are born, and the process does not stop until the day we die. While our efforts may not influence time itself, they can, however, affect how our bodies respond to and endure it. Qualified health professionals agree, for example, that regular exercise and good nutrition can have a long-term positive impact on a person’s quality of life. And let’s not forget how quitting smoking has been shown to improve respiratory health and reduce the risk of cancer in many vital bodily organs. Among the types of invisible light or electromagnetic radiation that reside outside of the optical spectrum are infrared radiation (IR) and ultraviolet (UV) radiation.
A key attribute of far infrared light is its ability to heat an object directly without elevating the temperature of the air surrounding the object. Their assertion is supported by the human body itself, which emits infrared energy for purposes of warmth and tissue repair. Saunas have long been a tried, tested and true source of health benefits.
For centuries, traditional saunas have helped to improve cardiovascular function, promote body detoxification, maintain general health, and foster greater relaxation in sauna bathers around the world. For many sauna enthusiasts, the traditional hot sauna – the Finnish sauna – remains the preferred route to renewed health and a rejuvenated spirit. Sometimes called radiant heat saunas, soft heat saunas or heat therapy rooms, far infrared saunas offer most of the same benefits that traditional Finnish saunas do, but they do so at lower, more tolerable temperatures. While the air temperature in a typical Finnish sauna bath ranges from 170 to 200 degrees Fahrenheit (77 to 93 degrees Celsius), such temperatures aren’t required in a far infrared sauna to induce optimal bather perspiration. By penetrating the bather’s body and effecting a deep, satisfying heat of just 100 to 130 degrees Fahrenheit (38 to 55 degrees Celsius), the far infrared rays can create an enjoyably cleansing, detoxifying and revitalizing experience for the bather. The higher volume of sweat means a faster, more thorough, and thus more beneficial flushing of toxic chemicals and harmful heavy metals from the body. Far infrared rays are a fundamental, indispensable part of life on Earth. And now, with far infrared heat therapy rooms and other infrared applications becoming increasingly common, we humans are wisely taking action to benefit from those rays and improve the quality of our own lives. Benefits of Far Infrared Sauna UseThere are many benefits to be derived from proper and regular use of a far infrared sauna. Far infrared sauna bathing can improve autonomic functions of the nervous system.Further Applications of Far Infrared EnergyFar infrared saunas are just one example of the application of infrared energy in contemporary society. Other uses of infrared energy have resulted in infrared hair dryers, infrared foot massagers, infrared pillows, infrared underwear, and even infrared leg wraps for horses. There are far infrared ray-emitting paints and wallpaper that combat mold as well as fast-cooking far infrared ovens that reportedly kill E. Far infrared rays are being utilized to purify polluted air, promote growth in plants, keep newborn babies warm in hospitals, treat injured athletes, and even encourage new hair growth.Far Infrared Is Essential to LifeFar infrared rays are a fundamental, indispensable part of life on Earth. And now, with far infrared saunas and other infrared applications becoming increasingly common, we humans are astutely taking steps to benefit from those remarkable rays and improve the quality of our own lives. Even in our local neighborhoods, many of us worry about rising crime rates and growing threats to our personal safety. And, as if those problems were not enough for us to worry about, many of us have major health issues with which we have no choice but to contend. Not helping matters are all the poisons and contaminants that have found their way into our environment and into our bodies. Fortunately, though, we are not powerless against these mighty and malicious microscopic menaces. In fact, we can start doing something about them right now - we can start fighting back with far infrared sauna detoxification therapy. Far infrared saunas are revered by scientists and health professionals around the world for their ability to help flush out many of the toxic chemicals, heavy metals and other destructive agents that have accumulated deep within the bloodstream, skin and other vital organs of people from all walks of life. For individuals affected by mercury toxicity, lead poisoning, and other life-threatening exposures, the far infrared sauna is often viewed as an essential component of detoxification therapy. If you think that only people in high-risk occupations qualify for far infrared sauna detoxification therapy, you’re wrong. Exogenous toxins, which can be absorbed through the skin, respiratory tract and gastrointestinal tract, are those not produced by the body itself, and examples include mercury, lead, zinc and cadmium.
Nenah Sylver writes in her book The Holistic Handbook of Sauna Therapy, “The list is endless… (and) the problems caused by these poisonous chemicals are virtually unlimited.”     Endogenous toxins are biological materials, indigenous to the human body. In other words, you may find yourself talking about detoxification and far infrared saunas sooner than you ever thought you would.  Chronic Fatique Syndrome By Pertti Jalasjaa Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) has been enfeebling patients and confounding medical professionals for years.
National Institutes of Health claim that, for some people, chronic fatigue syndrome can first appear after a cold, bronchitis, hepatitis or an intestinal bug; for others, it can follow a bout of glandular fever.
The affected person’s detoxification system is clogged up or destroyed, they get a backlog of chemicals, and their immune system goes down.” Dr. These symptoms are reduced, as regular sauna therapy induces normal autonomic functioning. “Through extensive research, it has been shown that saunas greatly assist in the elimination of accumulated toxins,” Lyon adds.
Rogers declares in her book Detoxify or Die, “The bottom line is that sweat is the only proven method for getting the most dangerous toxins out of the body.” In their studies of far infrared saunas, researchers in Japan have concluded that perspiration induced by far infrared sauna use contains as much as three times the amount of toxins contained in sweat expelled during exercise.
While many people use saunas primarily for relaxation and stress reduction, the other health benefits are increasing the popularity of saunas. An often agonizing muscle disorder in which the thin film or tissue holding muscle together becomes thickened or tightened, fibromyalgia is characterized by widespread musculoskeletal aches, pains and stiffness, soft tissue tenderness, mild to incapacitating fatigue, and disturbed sleep. The pain of fibromyalgia is typically felt in the neck, back, shoulders and hands, but it is not exclusive to those areas.
Based on criteria set in 1990 by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), a diagnosis of fibromyalgia requires a patient to have experienced widespread pain for a minimum of three months in 11 of 18 tender muscle sites. Among those 18 sites are the hips, knees and rib cage. Other symptoms of fibromyalgia include allergies, anxiety, carpal tunnel syndrome, depression, dizziness, headaches, irritable bowel symptoms, numbness, and tender skin. Most sufferers of fibromyalgia are women of childbearing age, but it has also been known to strike men, children and the elderly.As for what causes fibromyalgia, many theories exist.
Nenah Sylver extols the sauna for its ability to increase cardiovascular activity and white blood cell, enzyme, and norepinephrine, beta-endorphin and possibly thyroxin production.
As they, in turn, help to enhance circulation, increase waste removal and nutrient absorption, raise metabolism, and promote the elimination of toxins, foreign proteins and microbes, Dr.
She notes “there are actually very few health problems that cannot be helped (or would become worse) with sauna therapy” but advises patients nevertheless to consult with their health providers before beginning sauna therapy. Dr. Rogers calls the far infrared sauna “infinitely more tolerable,” particularly for people with fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome or multiple sclerosis, because it can function effectively at a much lower temperature than a conventional Finnish sauna. “I’m convinced that the far infrared sauna is something that everyone should do to restore health,” declares Dr. Like so many other heavy metals, cadmium can be found in air, water, soil and food. Noting that the highest contributor to cadmium toxicity is cigarette smoke, the Center for Environmental and Integrative Medicine (CEIM) in Knoxville, TN, states that “cadmium can weaken the immune system and allow bacteria, viruses, yeast and parasites to proliferate.
Department of Health and Human Services’ Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) have all classified inorganic arsenic as a known human carcinogen. Since arsenic is found naturally in the environment, humans risk exposure to it when they eat food, drink water, breathe air, or come in contact with contaminated soil or water. The same can be said for aluminium compounds. People may also be exposing themselves to aluminium compounds when they ingest medicinal products like certain antacids, laxatives and buffered aspirin or have skin contact with aluminium metal, antiperspirants, or other substances that contain aluminium or aluminium compounds. In these children, the bone damage is caused by aluminium in the stomach preventing the absorption of phosphate, (which is) required for healthy bones.”Lead, mercury, cadmium, arsenic and aluminium are just five of an intimidating number of toxins capable of severely compromising your health. Among the other heavy metals most often found at unacceptable levels in the body, according to Edelson and Mitchell, are nickel and tin.
Sherry Rogers writes, “The lungs, urine, stool and sweat are the main vehicles the body has for getting rid of nasty chemicals, but by far sweat is the most efficacious.
As well, far infrared saunas can produce up to three times the sweat volume of a conventional hot air sauna while operating at a considerably cooler air temperature range of 110 to 130 degrees versus 180 to 235 degrees for hot air saunas.
Fortunately for these people, far infrared sauna therapy can greatly help to restore the skin’s eliminative powers. It’s just one more way far infrared saunas work to heal bodies compromised by harmful chemicals. If you are concerned about how harmful chemicals and heavy metals can affect your health, consider the many benefits of owning a far infrared sauna. For if contemporary society placed more of an emphasis on the pernicious effects of mercury exposure, perhaps fewer people would be victimized by related illnesses and diseases. Mercury is the most toxic non-radioactive element on Earth, and the World Health Organization (WHO) has proclaimed that no level of mercury can be regarded as being safe. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced in a 2001 study that one in every 10 American women of childbearing age is at risk for having a baby born with neurological problems due to mercury exposure. There are three principal types of mercury, and each type presents a serious health hazard to humans. Many inorganic mercury compounds are irritating or corrosive to the skin, eyes and mucus membranes. The third type of mercury, organic mercury compounds, can enter the body by way of all three routes – lungs, skin and stomach.
Exposure to any form of mercury on a repeated basis, or even a very high single dose, can lead to chronic mercury poisoning. People with chronic mercury poisoning frequently experience wide mood swings, becoming irritable, frightened, excited or depressed very quickly for no apparent reason. A person with chronic mercury poisoning may also experience difficulty balancing and walking. In What Your Doctor May Not Be Telling You About Autoimmune Disorders, authors Dr. Environmental Protection Agency declared scrap dental amalgam a hazardous waste… Evidence now shows that mercury amalgams are the major source of mercury exposure for the general public, at rates six times higher than mercury from fish and seafood.” The guide further states, “Since mercury vapors are continuously released from amalgam fillings, as long as you have mercury dental fillings, you inhale mercury vapor 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. As well, some dental patients are demanding that their existing amalgam fillings be removed and replaced with composite fillings. In her book Detoxify or Die, Dr. And, he notes, “You will derive immediate benefits from sauna detoxification, such as mental alertness, a sense of inner cleanliness, and enhanced well-being.” The sauna of choice for many health professionals who routinely prescribe sauna detoxification or sauna therapy is the far infrared sauna.
The findings of this study make a strong case that far infrared saunas are simply better detoxification devices than conventional hot saunas. Before you begin a sauna detoxification program, or if you suspect that you suffer from mercury poisoning, you should discuss your plans or share your suspicions with a qualified health professional. And if you decide to purchase a far infrared sauna for any of its many therapeutic properties, be sure to research your choices thoroughly, as satisfied sauna buyers are typically well-informed sauna buyers. Opening the Sauna Door to Better Healthby Pertti Olavi Jalasjaa You may think of a home sauna as being little more than a luxury, an object that offers pleasure and comfort but is ultimately inessential to your well-being. However, the results of decades of research may just convince you of what sauna enthusiasts have believed for centuries – that regular sauna bathing offers significant, perhaps even life-saving, health benefits. A chief objective of any sauna bath is to make you perspire, and perspiration is a natural, necessary function of the human body. Rogers notes in her book, Detoxify or Die, “The bottom line is that sweat is the only proven method for getting the most dangerous toxins out of the body.” Researchers in Japan have concluded that perspiration induced by far infrared sauna use contains as much as 300 percent more toxins than sweat expelled during exercise. Included among these toxins are mercury, lead, cadmium and aluminium. The health benefits of sauna bathing, however, go beyond aiding detoxification. A letter in a 1981 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association asserted that “a moderately conditioned person can easily ‘sweat off’ 500 grams in a sauna, consuming nearly 300 calories, the equivalent of running two to three miles. A heat-conditioned person can easily sweat off 600 to 800 calories with no adverse effects. While the weight of the water lost can be regained by rehydration with water, the calories consumed will not be.” Most irrefutable are the claims that regular sauna bathing helps to relieve stress and promote relaxation. Indeed, especially for people burdened by toxic build-up, heart disease, stress and anxiety disorders, and weight problems, it seems the home sauna is now regarded much less as a luxury item and much more as a necessity for healthy living.     Raynaud's Disease and Sauna Bathing News Worth Circulating by Pertti Olavi Jalasjaa As numerous online and print articles declare, sauna bathing has helped countless people who suffer from asthma, bronchitis, chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, and many other physical ailments.
And while the condition known as Raynaud’s disease has perhaps not received as much attention as those previously mentioned, credible sources suggest that sauna bathing can benefit its sufferers as well. Raynaud’s disease is a condition that causes some areas of your body, such as your fingers, toes, ears, cheeks, tongue, and the tip of your nose, to feel numb and cool in response to cold temperatures or stress. During a Raynaud’s attack, these arteries narrow, limiting blood flow to affected areas. Accurately discussing Raynaud’s can be challenging for some people, as two types of it exist, and each type has two names. What most laymen generically call Raynaud’s disease could be either primary Raynaud’s or secondary Raynaud’s. Primary Raynaud’s, the most common form of the disorder, is what physicians and medical textbooks correctly refer to as Raynaud’s disease. For some people, however, cold is not even necessary; emotional stress is enough to instigate an episode. During an attack, which can last from less than a minute to several hours, affected areas of your skin usually first turn white. As your blood circulation improves, the affected areas may turn red, throb, tingle or swell. Raynaud’s attacks may grow more severe over time. If the condition becomes severe, blood circulation to your extremities could permanently diminish, resulting in deformities in affected areas like your fingers or toes.
Also, skin ulcers or gangrene could develop if an artery to an affected area becomes completely blocked. Depending on the cause and severity of symptoms, treatment can take many forms. For example, during a session in either type of sauna, the bather’s heart responds to the sauna heat by increasing blood flow and perspiration production to cool the bather’s body.
In this way, sauna bathing is a form of cardiovascular exercise. Perspiring in a sauna, especially a far infrared sauna, also helps the body rid itself of harmful toxins that have built up over time. To those Raynaud’s sufferers whose attacks are caused by emotional stress, as well as to the innumerable Raynaud’s sufferers whose emotional stress is understandably caused by their attacks, this news is likely very welcome. If you think you may be suffering from Raynaud’s disease or Raynaud’s phenomenon, be sure to discuss your concerns with a qualified health professional.
And by helping to alleviate any existing physical pain like headaches, muscle strain or joint stiffness, a sauna bath can effectively disarm many of the aggravations that might have impeded truly restful sleep. Home saunas are available in many styles and sizes. Whether it’s a do-it-yourself sauna kit, a modular sauna unit, a traditional Finnish sauna or a far infrared heat therapy room, the sauna you purchase should have a noticeably positive impact on the quality of your sleep as well as on your physical and mental well-being.     Global studies on Far Infrared Sauna Benefits by Pertti Olavi JalasjaaThe citizens of Finland aren’t the only folks who know about the terrific benefits of sauna therapy. Chuwa Tei, professor of medicine and chair of the department of internal medicine at Japan’s Kagoshima University, and his colleagues have demonstrated saunas’ usefulness in treating heart patients. In one study, Tei and his colleagues compared 25 men with at least one risk factor for heart disease, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol or smoking, with a group of 10 healthy men. Each study participant spent 15 minutes in a 140-degree Fahrenheit (60-degree Celsius) dry sauna, followed by 30 minutes in a bed covered with blankets, once a day for two weeks. Both groups were followed for 18 months and closely monitored for any occurrence of ear infections, colds, or upper respiratory problems. Countless studies concur that you can feel better and heal better in the soothing warmth of a sauna.    Seasonal Affective Disorder, Light Therapy and Far Infrared Saunas by Pertti Olavi JalasjaaSpend a winter in Finland, and you’ll likely gain a profound appreciation for daylight. Throughout all of Finland, winter days are remarkably short, with the sun low on the horizon even at midday.
For others, it is a mild but debilitating condition that causes discomfort but not severe suffering.
This milder form of SAD, called Subsyndromal Seasonal Affective Disorder, is what most people perceive to be the aforementioned winter blues. Yet another form of SAD is Reverse Seasonal Affective Disorder (RSAD), and it typically strikes during the late spring or early summer and lasts throughout the warmer months. Because treatment options can differ for SAD and RSAD, it’s important to note that the information in the following paragraphs pertains specifically to SAD – in other words, winter depression. According to the American Academy of Family Physicians, treatments for Seasonal Affective Disorder include monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOs), psychotherapy, and light therapy.
Certain sources claim that, in addition to being used to treat SAD, insomnia and jet lag, light therapy can also be beneficial for people suffering from skin conditions such as acne, eczema, psoriasis and vitiglio. For treating Seasonal Affective Disorder, the most commonly used phototherapy equipment is a portable lighting device known as a light box. The patient sits in front of the box for a prescribed period of time that can be as brief as 15 minutes or as long as several hours. As one might surmise, light therapy sessions for SAD typically begin in the autumn months and continue throughout the winter, sometimes even into the early spring. The light box may be mounted upright to a wall or slanted downwards and set on a table. As for the brightness of the light utilized, the light sources in these light boxes typically range from 2,500 to 10,000 lux (units of illumination). In comparison, average indoor lighting typically ranges from 300 to 500 lux, and a sunny summer day is roughly 100,000 lux. Before undergoing any light therapy treatments for Seasonal Affective Disorder, be sure to discuss your concerns and options with a qualified health professional. As well, certain risks (like potential eye strain, hypomania and headache, among others) are associated with phototherapy, especially for people who are photosensitive, so consulting with your doctor and an ophthalmologist could prevent additional problems from arising during or after your treatments. It is a logical development since far infrared sauna therapy has repeatedly been proven to be an effective form of light therapy. Little did the early sauna bathers of Finland realize centuries ago that their beloved heat baths might someday become a source of hope and healing, not just for the people of their own country but for everyone who finds the dark days of winter hard to weather. Sweat and Far Infrared Saunas- Here's the Skinnyby Pertti Olavi Jalasjaa For whatever reason, most people feel uncomfortable talking about perspiration. For example, it’s not unusual to hear someone remark that he or she “sweated” over an academic assignment, “worked up a sweat” on the tennis courts, or “lost a pint of sweat” while awaiting an important decision. But these are simply colloquial expressions that many of us utilize to make a point about our mental or physical stress or exertion related to a particular undertaking or event. As well, by intensely sweating in a far infrared sauna we benefit our hearts, lungs, kidneys and other organs that are essential to our survival. Dead skin cells are also effectively flushed away by a good sweat in a far infrared sauna. Increased blood flow and decreased toxins and foreign material in our skin mean more natural nutrients and fewer reasons for irritations and disease. These benefits are available even if your skin has suffered harsh damage from excessive exposure to the sun. You don’t have to talk about perspiration if you don’t want to. If you live a mostly sedentary lifestyle and therefore don’t perspire much on a regular basis, you must take action for the sake of the health of your heart, lungs, skin and other vital organs.
Countless experts agree that it’s your best setting for healthy sweating.  Sweat out Stress in a Sauna by Pertti Olavi JalasjaaJust like everybody knows how it feels to be happy or sad, everybody knows how it feels to be stressed.
These hormones are not harmful in moderate amounts, but cortisol is secreted excessively in response to chronic stress and is extremely toxic in these larger amounts. “Cortisol actually kills and disables your brain cells,” says Dr. Chronic exposure to cortisol causes the mental haziness, forgetfulness and confusion that is associated with aging.” People under stress may also be at higher risk of developing coronary heart disease. As well, people who regularly experience sudden increases in blood pressure caused by stress may, over time, develop injuries in the inner lining of their blood vessels. Studies suggest that chronic stress may increase a person’s chances for developing infections, having strokes, experiencing flare ups of multiple sclerosis, and suffering gastrointestinal problems like peptic ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, and inflammatory bowel disease.
Chronic stress has also been linked to the development of insulin resistance, a key factor in diabetes. And ask anybody who has ever suffered from headaches, insomnia, skin disorders or sexual dysfunction if they believe that stress was at least partly to blame for their woes, and then construct your own conclusions about how damaging stress can be to one’s health and well being. If you think you have a serious condition that has been caused or made worse by certain stressors in your life, you should discuss your concerns with a qualified physician.
In their quests for greater relaxation, some people choose biofeedback while others opt for massage therapy. Sauna bathing can also increase blood circulation, relaxing tight, tired or aching muscles by providing them with more oxygen. If you’re searching for a healthy way to alleviate the stress in your life, consider purchasing a home sauna. Residential saunas are available in a range of styles and sizes, from pre-cut Finnish sauna kits to outdoor barrel saunas and far infrared heat therapy rooms. Seemingly ubiquitous advertisements and TV commercials for antiperspirants continue to convince generations of consumers that perspiration is an undesirable, offensive bodily function. Skin is sometimes called “the third kidney” for this very reason. Your body eliminates various toxins through a variety of metabolic processes, one being urination and another being perspiration.
The two types of sauna operate differently, but, at their respective temperature ranges, working up a sufficient sweat in either type should be achievable for even the most inexperienced sauna bather. Using high heat to induce perspiration has a great number of benefits.
That’s why sauna bathing is being increasingly included in high-intensity treatment programs for skin ailments like acne, eczema and psoriasis.
As well, be sure to discuss your plans and expectations with your personal physician before you take to the sauna for the first time, as he or she should know of any existing conditions or limitations that pertain specifically to your health and might impact your sauna use. As for all those advertisements and TV commercials that say sweating is bad, forget about them, and start doing what you know is best for your health.



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