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If you are serious about backcountry hiking, you are encouraged to carry a defensive firearm.
If you only have a branch or empty hands, strike down onto the bridge of the animal’s snout. Superficially similar to the Blue and Gold Macaw but with a blue, rather than black, throat, a fully blue head (rather than greeny-blue) and pinkish skin near the beak. I’ve made no secret of my feelings surrounding rhino poaching and most of you who read regularly will be very aware of why that is but with the illegal wildlife trade growing year by year, I want to take this opportunity to tell you about some of the other animals being threatened by poaching.
It is important to note that the trade is now being run by large wealthy crime syndicates, driven by high profit margins but the actual act is still often carried out by poorer locals. The wildlife trade is split into two general categories: the exotic pet trade, which consists of live wildlife for game farms, zoos and safari parks, and wildlife parts and products such as fur, exotic leathers, feathers, ornaments, food and traditional medicine. Despite being primates ourselves it seems some people have no problems focusing their attention towards their trade and it is estimated that almost 30,000 wild caught primates are sold into the international market each year, with at least 25% of these being illegal.
The orang-utan, meaning ‘man of the forest’ is the largest arboreal mammal and shares 96.4% of our DNA. In just over a century we have lost 97% of wild tigers with there now being as few as 3,200 in the wild today! Take a Cue Worst Dads!In the sea-horse species, it is the male that gets pregnant and gives birth to its young. Where on one hand, sea horses, emperor penguins, rheas, monkeys, and toads are amongst the best animal dads who care for their young ones, feed them, nourish them, and bring them up with tremendous protection and love; on the other hand, polar bears, lions, bass, and assassin bugs are known to feed on their young ones, making them the worst dads out there in the wild. Read about other paternal behavioral patterns that categorize these animal-fathers as 'not ideal', in no particular order.Daddy LionA combination of laziness, pride, revenge, greed, and anger makes the lion one of the most fearsome and worst dads of the animal kingdom. The appearance and behaviour of this species are among the best studied of any prehistoric animal because of the discovery of frozen carcasses in Siberia and Alaska, as well as skeletons, teeth, stomach contents, dung, and depiction from life in prehistoric cave paintings. The woolly mammoth coexisted with early humans, who used its bones and tusks for making art, tools, and dwellings, and the species was also hunted for food. One of the last known groups of woolly mammoths died out because of a lack of drinking water, scientists believe. When Science journal earlier this year highlighted an ancient woolly mammoth with suspected spear wounds it provoked media interest around the world.
A group of researchers might have successfully isolated what makes a mammoth so different from an elephant. A new analysis of European archaeological sites containing large numbers of dead mammoths and dwellings built with mammoth bones has led to a new interpretation of these sites -- that their abrupt appearance may have been due to early modern humans working with the earliest domesticated dogs to kill the now-extinct mammoth. Mammals, even the long-necked giraffes and the short-necked dolphins, almost always have seven neck vertebrae (exceptions being sloths, manatees and dugongs), and these vertebrae do not normally possess a rib.
The smallest mammoth ever known to have existed roamed the island of Crete millions of years ago, researchers say. New research from The University of Western Ontario leads investigators to believe that woolly mammoths living north of the Arctic Circle during the Pleistocene Epoch (approx. Mighty swings in climate played a major role in causing mass extinctions of mammals, such as woolly mammoths and saber-toothed cats, in the last 50,000 years, researchers now suggest. The lumbering, shaggy-haired woolly mammoth once thrived in the frigid Arctic plains despite having originally migrated from a more tropical climate.
Scientists have discovered genetic mutations that allowed woolly mammoths to survive freezing temperatures. Woolly mammoths and other large beasts in North America may not have gone extinct as long ago as previously thought. The new view that pockets of beasts survived to as recently as 7,600 years ago, rather than the previous end times mark of 12,000 years ago is supported by DNA evidence found in a few pinches of dirt. Before humans arrived, the Americas were home to woolly mammoths, saber-toothed cats, giant ground sloths and other behemoths, an array of megafauna more impressive than even Africa boasts today. Mammoth dung has proved to be a source of prehistoric information, helping scientists unravel the mystery of what caused the great mammals to die out. Europe's southern-most skeletal remains of a mammoth were unearthed in a moor on the 37 degree N latitude.
A baby woolly mammoth which spent 40,000 years frozen in the Siberian permafrost, has provided scientists with clues about how the species survived during the Ice Age. Woolly mammoths lived in Britain as recently as 14,000 years ago, according to new radiocarbon dating evidence.
The woolly mammoth died out several thousand years ago, but the genetic material they left behind is yielding new clues about the evolution of mammals.
Central Europe's prehistoric people would likely have been amused by today's hand-sized hamburgers and hot dogs, since archaeologists have just uncovered a 29,000 B.C.
The skull and other remains from an adult mammoth, a mega-mammal that went extinct in the last Ice Age, were unearthed this week at a construction site in downtown San Diego. Using hairs from woolly mammoths, scientists have sequenced an extensive genome of these elephant cousins, a new report says.
The development brings researchers a step closer to "resurrecting" the extinct species via cloning, though so many technical obstacles stand in the way that some experts doubt it could ever happen.
A US-Russian team of researchers has pieced together most of the genome of a woolly mammoth, Nature journal reports.
The experts extracted DNA from samples of mammoth hair to reconstruct the genetic sequence of this Ice Age beast.
Though some stretches are missing, the researchers estimate that the genome is roughly 80% complete.
Siberia's last woolly mammoths descended from North American not exclusively Eurasian stock, according to new research. Scientists studying DNA from the remains of 160 of the animals found the ancient beasts migrated back and forth between Eurasia and Alaska several times over hundreds of thousands of years. Woolly mammoths' last stand before extinction in Siberia wasn't made by natives - rather, the beasts had American roots, researchers have discovered. Scientists have discovered that the last Siberian woolly mammoths may have originated in North America. The "extremely rare" fossilized skull of a steppe mammoth has been unearthed in southern France. A large genetic study of the extinct woolly mammoth has revealed that the species was not one large homogenous group, as scientists previously had assumed, and that it did not have much genetic diversity. Ancient climate change cornered the woolly mammoth into a shrinking habitat, but humans delivered the final blow by hunting the species into extinction, a new study suggests. A rapid technique for isolating DNA in hair has yielded a mass of new information about woolly mammoths. An international research team says the process should work on other extinct animals, allowing their genetics to be studied in detail for the first time. But the group tells Science magazine that the shaft's keratin material slows degradation and limits contamination. The coat color of mammoths that roamed the Earth thousands of years ago has been determined by scientists.
Fishermen in Siberia have discovered the complete skeleton of a mammoth - a find which Russian experts have described as very rare. Scientists have completed the oldest mitochondrial genome sequence from the 33,000-year-old remains of a woolly mammoth; results show mammoths and Asian elephants are a sister species that diverged soon a fter their common ancestor split from the lineage of the African elephant. A team of Japanese genetic scientists aims to bring woolly mammoths back to life and create a Jurassic Park-style refuge for resurrected species.
A complete mammoth skull has been unearthed in southern England, only the second to be found in Britain.
A clash of the mammoths could have taken place in what is now southern England thousands of years ago.
Fossils found in Buckinghamshire and Norfolk suggest that two types of mammoth lived side-by-side in prehistoric times. Scientists believe herds of more advanced mammoths moving south from Siberia encountered primitive European ones.
The newcomers were better adapted to a cold climate and eventually outbred their contemporaries. Their remains have been found as far as 300 kilometers offshore in the northeastern United States, in areas that were dry land during the low sea level stand of the last ice age. While mastodons were furry like woolly mammoths, and similar in height at roughly three meters at the shoulder, the resemblance was superficial. Examination of fossilized tusks revealed a series of regularly spaced shallow pits on the underside of the tusks. Elephant Butte Lake State Park in New Mexico is named for an elephant-shaped hill on the north side of the park, but now the name seems even more appropriate after a bachelor party hiking there discovered a 3-million-year-old stegomastodon skull - the prehistoric ancestor of mammoths and elephants. The remains of a prehistoric mastodon - a mammoth-like animal - have been found in northern Greece, including intact long tusks. A Dutch scientist at the site, Dick Mol, says the find near Grevena should help explain why mastodons died out in Europe two to three million years ago.
FirepowerPhoto by GlockIf you are serious about backcountry hiking, you are encouraged to carry a defensive firearm.
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Most macaws are suffering population decline through habitat destruction and trapping for the pet trade.
I’m going to focus on a selection of animals, all of whom are endangered or worse, but these are by no means the only creatures being threatened by the illegal wildlife trade, in fact they are only really the wider known species. Not all wildlife trade is illegal but between 2005 and 2009, the EU enforcement authorities made over 12,000 seizures of illegal wildlife products in the EU. Wondering across 37 countries they are loved by many and the highlight of most safaris and yet they are actually classed as Vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) meaning they are likely to become Endangered unless the circumstances threatening its survival and reproduction improve. They too are poached for ivory but their situation comes with an added complication – unlike African elephants, only male Indian elephants have tusks.
It’s a harrowing statistic but 10 chimpanzees die for each baby that is captured successfully. 100 years ago there were 230,000 orang-utans in total but it is now estimated that there are only 58,500 left, 41000 Bornean orange-tans and 7500 Sumatran orang-utans.
Every part of the tiger is considered valuable as their parts are used for traditional medicine, folk remedies, and increasingly as a status symbol among wealthy Asians. In recent years they have struggled to maintain their population due to people hunting them for their meat and collecting the eggs from their buried nests. But when hard times call, animal fathers can be really cruel and a danger to their own kids. No prizes for guessing who gets the award for the 'Best Dad'!Son: Hey Dad, Can I ask you a question? Fathers can be like that sometimes - trolling their sons, teasing their daughters, and playing naughty. When not taking a prideful stride across the jungle, the father lion just lazes around under the sun, or waits by the den for one of its lioness partners to bring back food. The woolly mammoth was one of the last in a line of mammoth species, beginning with Mammuthus subplanifrons in the early Pliocene.
Mammoth remains had long been known in Asia before they became known to Europeans in the 17th century.
It disappeared from its mainland range at the end of the Pleistocene 10,000 years ago, most likely through climate change and consequent shrinkage of its habitat, hunting by humans, or a combination of the two. The Ice Age beasts were living on a remote island off the coast of Alaska, and scientists have dated their demise to about 5,600 years ago. Until now, the pictures of the remarkable prehistoric 'injuries' were not widely seen outside academic circles. Therefore, the presence of a 'cervical rib' (a rib attached to a cervical vertebra) is an unusual event, and is cause for further investigation.
Adults were roughly the size of a modern baby elephant, standing over a metre tall at the shoulders.
150,000 to 40,000 years ago) began weaning infants up to three years later than modern day African elephants due to prolonged hours of darkness. Between 50,000 and 3,000 years ago, 65 percent of mammal species weighing over 97 pounds (44 kg) went extinct, together with a lesser fraction of small mammals.
A new study has found tiny genetic mutations that changed the way oxygen was delivered by its blood could be responsible for its tolerance to the cold climate. Nature Genetics reports that scientists "resurrected" a mammoth blood protein to come to their finding. After plucking ancient DNA from frozen soil in central Alaska, researchers uncovered "genetic fossils" of both mammoths and horses locked in permafrost samples dated to between 10,500 and 7,600 years ago. Researchers have advanced several theories to explain what did them in and when the event occurred. An examination of a fungus that is found in the ancient dung and preserved in lake sediments has helped build a picture of what happened to the beasts.
This is considerably south of the inhospitable habitat than one usually imagines for mammoths, and for the characteristically dry and cold climate that prevailed during the ice ages in the north of Eurasia.
Dr Adrian Lister obtained new dates for mammoth bones unearthed in the English county of Shropshire in 1986.
In a study published online in Genome Research, scientists have analyzed the mammoth genome looking for mobile DNA elements, revealing new insights into how some of these elements arose in mammals and shaped the genome of an animal headed for extinction. A finely preserved skeleton of a mammoth, believed to be one million years old, was uncovered near an archaeological site in eastern Serbia.
The bones, including a tusk, skull and foot bones, belonged to an adult Columbian mammoth (Mammuthus columbi), according to The San Diego Union-Tribune.
The work could provide insights into the extinction of the mammoth and also resurrects questions about the viability of cloning long-dead species. Cousins of present-day elephants (learn more), woolly mammoths are believed to have descended from African mammoths that traveled north through Eurasia and grew "woolly" long hair to survive the harsh climate of Siberia.
Their research in the journal Current Biology represents the largest study of ancient woolly mammoth DNA. The discovery in the Auvergne region could shed much needed light on the evolution of these mighty beasts. The discovery is particularly interesting because it rules out human hunting as a contributing factor, leaving climate change and disease as the most probable causes of extinction.
Some of the curly tusked animals would have sported dark brown coats, while others had pale ginger or blond hair.
The effort has garnered new attention as a frozen mammoth is drawing crowds at the 2005 World Exposition in Aichi, Japan. The specimen was discovered in a gravel pit in the Cotswolds and is estimated to be about 50,000 years old. It's been immortalized in Stone Age cave paintings and carvings and in museum displays as the quintessential Ice Age animal. But the European mammoths might have interbred with the Siberian invaders, leaving their mark in the gene pool. Mastodons are thought to have first appeared almost four million years ago and became extinct about 10,000 years ago, at the same time as most other Pleistocene megafauna.
There have been, however, findings of mastodon fossils in South America and also on the Olympic Peninsula of Washington state. They differed from mammoths primarily in the blunt, conical shape of their teeth, which were more suited to chewing leaves than the high-crowned teeth mammoths used for grazing; the name mastodon means mastoid teeth, and is also an obsolete name for their genus. The tusks of the mastodon sometimes exceeded five meters in length, and were nearly horizontal, in contrast with the more curved mammoth tusks.
Archaeologists are still trying to determine what role, if any, the early human settlers of North America played in the extinction of the mastodon. Members of the bachelor party noticed a bone sticking a couple inches out of the sand by the Rio Grande River earlier this month, the Telegraph reported.
Last Minute ToolsPhoto by AMC NetworkYou can attack the eyes of a predator with sticks, dirt, rocks or anything possible. In 2009, the estimated value of global imports of illegal wildlife products was over $323 billion with the illegal trade of wildlife products into the EU alone being worth nearly 100 billion euro! In 1990 CITES put a global ban on international sales of ivory and yet 2011 saw the highest volume of illegal ivory seized since global records began, also in 1990. This means that on top of the mass slaughter occurring, the deaths are massively skewing the sex ratio.
The massive decrease in numbers is due to them being killed for food or in retaliation when they move to agricultural areas and destroy crops. To make things worse they eat jellyfish which makes them susceptible to eating plastic bags. In this Buzzle post, find out what makes some animals the worst dads in the animal kingdom.
Once the lioness gets home the kill, the lion gobbles up most of it, and leaves little or nothing at all for the cubs.
The origin of these remains was long a matter of debate, and often explained as being remains of legendary creatures. A cervical rib itself is relatively harmless, but its development often follows genetic or environmental disturbances during early embryonic development.
Remains were discovered more than a century ago, but scientists had debated whether the animal was a mammoth or an ancient elephant. This adapted nursing pattern could have contributed to the prehistoric elephant's eventual extinction. The woolly mammoth was an elephantid species and most closely related to today's Asian elephants. This protein, known as haemoglobin, is found in red blood cells, where it binds to and carries oxygen. A series of discoveries announced in the past four weeks, at first glance apparently contradictory, adds fresh details to the mystery of this mass extinction.
The study sheds light on the ecological consequences of the extinction and the role that humans may have played in it. His study in the Geological Journal shows the great beasts remained part of Britain's wildlife for much longer than had previously been supposed. The site, called Pavlov VI in the Czech Republic near the Austrian and Slovak Republic borders, provides a homespun look at the rich culture of some of Europe's first anatomically modern humans.

The skeleton was uncovered during ongoing excavations of the site at Viminacium, a Roman military settlement on the Danube river, said archaeologist Miomir Korac. The scientists were aided in their task by the fact that several deep-frozen carcasses of woolly mammoths have been dug out of the permafrost in Siberia. The scientists also question the direct role of climate change in the eventual demise of these large beasts.
Many isolated teeth of steppe mammoth have been found, but only a handful of skeletons exist; and in these surviving specimens, the skull is rarely intact. The information was extracted from a 43,000-year-old woolly mammoth bone from Siberia using the latest genetic techniques.
Though their habitat spanned a large territory, mastodons were most common in the Ice age spruce forests of the eastern United States, as well as in warmer lowland environments. Mastodon fossils have been found in Stewiack, Nova Scotia, Canada, and also were discovered north of Fort Wayne, Indiana, resulting in the "Mastodons" being chosen as the mascot for athletic teams at Indiana-Purdue University at Fort Wayne (IPFW) by the students.
Their skulls were larger and flatter than those of mammoths, while their skeleton was stockier and more robust. It is theorized that the damage was caused when the males were fighting over mating rights. Recent studies by scientists in Ohio and New York concluded that tuberculosis may have been partly responsible for the extinction of the Mastodon 10,000 years ago.
The men dug up what turned out to be an enormous skull and sent photos to the New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science. One seen on the belts of serious backpackers as well as military members is the SOG SEAL Pup Elite. Be conscious of wind direction, as the spray will be just as effective on you as it will be on attacking animals. Then Robinson Crusoe, a marooned human, arrives in the midst of a furious storm, and their lives are forever changed by this bewildering new “creature.” No matter their differences, castaway human and quirky animals embark on an hilarious new adventure, building the island’s first tree-house and surviving together. It’s Keanu Reeves In This New Trailer!Check Out These DRUNK STONED BRILLIANT DEAD Official Green Band Trailer And New Poster! On top of this, they are also a popular choice for pets and a trade even exists for their skulls in Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo). They have lost 93% of their historic range due to factors such as habitat being destroyed, degraded and fragmented.
The father doesn't even train the cubs for hunting and surviving, it is the lioness who teaches them how to fend for themselves.
The biggest difference - aside from all that hair - is that today's elephants tend to live in hot climates and the mammoths survived in the extreme cold. As a result, cervical ribs in most mammals are strongly associated with stillbirths and multiple congenital abnormalities that negatively impact the lifespan of an individual.
The team found that mammoths possessed a genetic adaptation allowing their haemoglobin to release oxygen into the body even at low temperatures.
Mammoths may finally have died out when forests encroached on the grassland habitats they favored for grazing. While contemporaneous populations near this region seemed to prefer reindeer meat, the Gravettian residents of this living complex, described in the latest issue of the journal Antiquity, appeared to seek out more super-sized fare. These conditions are ideal for the preservation of hair, which is a preferred source for the extraction of ancient DNA. They believe that woolly mammoths survived through the period when the ice sheets were at their maximum, while other Ice Age mammals "crashed out".
Palaeontologists Frederic Lacombat and Dick Mol describe this skull specimen as being well preserved. Writing in the journal Science, the researchers said a gene called Mc1r was controlling the beasts' coat colors.
The tusks were probably used to break branches and twigs although some evidence suggests males may have used them in mating challenges; one tusk is often shorter than the other, suggesting that, like humans, mastodons may have had laterality. The curved shape of the tusks would have forced them downward with each blow, causing damage to the newly forming ivory at the base of the tusk. The Glock G20 Gen4 in 10mm is a solid choice because it is lightweight, easy to use and provides exceptional power. But when two conniving members of the animal kingdom — the savage cats Mal & May – pounce into a battle for control of the island, Crusoe and his animal posse must uncover the true power of friendship against all odds (even savage cats). This, coupled with a lack of resources, make them very difficult to monitor and poaching very difficult to police. After its extinction, humans continued using its ivory as a raw material, a tradition that continues today. The ability of haemoglobin to release oxygen to the body's tissues is generally inhibited by the cold. The radiocarbon results from the adult male and four juvenile mammoths from Condover, Shropshire, reveal that the great beasts were in Britain more than 6,000 years longer than had previously been thought. The iconic Ice Age woolly mammoth - Mammuthus primigenius - roamed through mainland Eurasia and North America until about 10,000 years ago. Mr Lacombat, from Crozatier Museum in nearby Le Puy-en-Velay, and Mr Mol, from the Museum of Natural History in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, said the fossil belongs to a male steppe mammoth (Mammuthus trogontherii) that stood about 3.7m (12ft) tall and lived about 400,000 years ago, during Middle Pleistocene times.
The regularity of the damage in the growth patterns of the tusks indicates that this was an annual occurrence, probably occurring during the spring and early summer.
This Glock also allows for a much higher magazine capacity (15 rounds) than most other revolvers. Elephant poaching is the worst it has been in 10 years and in 2011 an estimated 25,000 elephants were killed!
This, coupled with the fact females only give birth 3.5 years, means their number decrease quickly with no opportunity to recover. These dads from the animal kingdom show you just how possible it is, and show no signs of regret at all!
Once the lion becomes the head of the pride, it will eat up all the cubs of the former head, making it a bad step-father.
It has been proposed the species could be recreated through cloning, but this method is as yet infeasible because of the degraded state of the remaining genetic material. Previous studies had hinted that the last mammoths left in Siberia were not natives - but immigrants from North America. In humans, reduced activity of the Mc1r gene causes red hair, while in dogs, mice and horses it results in yellow hair. However, when its pride is in danger, the lion will leave no stone unturned to ensure complete protection of its family, cubs, and the pride as well, making it a not-so-bad fatherPapa BearIt is hard enough being a mother; it is tougher being a mother bear! However, more evidence was required to strengthen the case for this "out of America" theory.
The male grizzly refrains from building nesting sites, caring for its young ones, or feeding them. It had long, curved tusks and four molars, which were replaced six times during the lifetime of an individual. It is extremely protective of its home turf, and never entertains any kind of encroachment upon it, not even if it is its own cubs. Its behavior was similar to that of modern elephants, and it used its tusks and trunk for manipulating objects, fighting, and foraging.
Moreover, if the male grizzly is annoyed or hungry, it will prey on its own cubs for revenge or food.
Its habitat was the mammoth steppe, which stretched across northern Eurasia and North America.
They don't take part in the upbringing of the young ones, they won't take up the responsibility of feeding them, they won't take care of them like a father ideally should. What makes them the worst is that they would have no qualms about feeding on their young ones if they are hungry and fall short of food!The Assassin BugSize matters, you say? This little bug, though not little in spirit and cruelty, would eat its own eggs to stay strong and fulfill its hunger needs. The male assassin bug is actually responsible for guarding the eggs laid by its partner from predators. The male bug eats the weaker eggs of the brood, since they tend to be the easiest victims for wasps and other larger predators. The father might as well eat them than let others feast on his kids, right?Daddy BassUsually, water calms you down.
It guards the spawn laid by its female partner, and protects them from predators and other dangers lurking around.
However, when hungry and unable to hunt for its own food, the father won't think twice before feasting on the eggs.And you thought your father was strict and dangerous. After reading this article, I'm sure you think your dad is the best in the whole wide world for not eating you up!

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