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Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The Victorian Trained Nurses’ Association was primarily concerned with the training and registration of nurses. In 1924, a national body, called the Australian Nursing Federation, was established to unite the state and territory nursing organisations. In 1934 the Royal Victorian Trained Nurses’ Association was replaced with a new organisation called the Royal Victorian College of Nursing.
In the 1950s the state branch of the Australian United Nurses Association became the Australian Nursing Federation Employees Section Victorian Branch, becoming the 'employees’ section' of the Royal Victorian College of Nursing, which was the professional organisation. During the early 1970s the Australian Nursing Federation Employees Section Victorian Branch changed its name to the Royal Australian Nursing Federation (Victorian Branch).
Also in the early 1970s, the organisation ran a series of successful Wage Board cases arguing that nurses deserved wage rises to reflect increased workloads.
The Australian Nursing Federation Employees Section took the matter to the Industrial Appeals Court and won a further nine per cent increase. In October 1986, Victorian nurses began their longest strike after the failure of repeated talks with the health minister David White who was committed to reducing the classification and pay of almost half of Victoria's nurses. Despite repeated attempts by conservative state and federal governments during the 1990s to downsize and privatise the health sector, the Australian Nursing Federation remained one of the few unions to maintain a steady increase in membership.
A financially strong union proved to be vital following the 1992 election of the Liberal Kennett Government when nurses faced mass redundancies and critical staff shortages. Other successes in this period included a progressive program to reduce the high number of nurses' back injuries caused by lifting patients.

The introduction of ratios in 2000 resulted in a need to employ additional nurses to fill 1300 vacancies. Despite the proven success of ratios, Victorian nurses had to fight to keep them in 2001 and 2004 when the Labor Bracks Government tried to replace mandated minimum staffing with a computerised patient dependency system.
Current State Secretary Lisa Fitzpatrick was elected to the position in 2001, the same year as the Victorian nurses’ union celebrated its centenary. In 2013 the Australian Nursing Federation changed its name to the Australian Nursing & Midwifery Federation to recognise the specialist skills and knowledge of midwife members. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), In the United States, patients in the healthcare setting get nearly 2 million infections each year.
After removing gloves (wearing gloves is not enough to prevent the transmission of pathogens in healthcare settings).
Melbourne's first nursing school opened in 1926, offering a six to eight week program teaching trainees basic tasks such as how to make up poultices, give enemas, apply leeches and how to make a bed.
Initially formed from a desire for improved nurse education, the college’s activities became increasingly like those of other trade unions, such as pursuing minimum wages for nurses and trainees. The employees’ section began making regular applications to the Victorian Wages Board for increased pay, allowing the college to preserve its role as a professional body and keep industrial issues at arm's length.
Professional and industrial nursing bodies in other states had already merged but it wasn’t until 1975 that the Royal Victorian College of Nursing and the Victorian branch of the federation merged to become a combined professional and industrial organisation. Despite significant wage gains, at the end of the 70s student nurses were responsible for entire hospital wards, experienced nurses were paid the same wages as cleaners and, with an acute shortage of 1300 nurses across the state, patient workloads were unsafe.
This dramatic reform paved the way under Royal Australian Nursing Federation (Victorian Branch) Secretary Barbara Carson for a series of bans on non-nursing duties, uniforms and agency staff.

Skeleton staff were left in the wards while picket lines, tents and caravans were set up outside hospitals in both metropolitan and regional Victoria. In the decade after the 1986 strike, Australian Nursing Federation (Victorian Branch) Secretary Belinda Morieson implemented strategies to build membership.
ANMF (Victorian Branch) membership has increased from 43,000 in 2005 to 70,000 in 2014, further consolidating the Victorian branch of the ANMF as an effective industrial and professional voice for Victorian nurses, midwives and personal carers.
The trainee nurses were also taught manners and etiquette and not to have intercourse (friendly conversation) with doctors. In 1974, a claim for a 50 per cent wage increase was submitted – 22,000 nurses implemented uniform bans and 4000 nurses marched on Parliament House. The Labor Cain Government threatened to bring in the police and the Industrial Relations Commission threatened to arbitrate without the nurses' union. After more talks failed, Royal Australian Nursing Federation (Victorian Branch) Secretary Irene Bolger announced the strike would escalate and nurses walked out of hospital emergency departments. Finally, in December, after 50 days, the Industrial Relations Commission handed down a decision giving nurses much of the pay rises and conditions they had originally sought. There were no uniform training standards, no certification, no central means of sharing ideas and information and no central body to represent nursing.

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