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PODD (or Pragmatic Organisation Dynamic Display) communication books were developed in Australia by Gayle Porter, originally for children with cerebral palsy.
Hey, I’m reading this a bit late so hopefully somebody with some ideas will read this! How do you start encouraging a nine year old pupil with ASD and ADHD (whose parents do not want to allow him medication) to use PODD sheets for school activities, homes, sessions etc.
PrAACtical AAC supports a community of professionals and families who are determined to improve the communication and literacy abilities of people with significant communication difficulties.
Seated at the table Siobhan glances towards the schedule, sees car first up, and then begins to assemble her first sentence of the day. Mom also takes Siobhan’s Dynavox MT4 (discontinued) off the charger, turns it on, and places it on the table in front of Siobhan. Siobhan uses both the VOD and the communication book almost interchangeably, though she comments almost exclusively with the VOD. As their use becomes more widespread throughout the world, practitioners are considering the benefits of using them with other clinical populations. Like you we have experimented with using the books with children with ASD but the challenge schools face is keeping such a large book near enough to the most active children to be able to reach for it when they are engaging in an activity.
The pupil was born in Uganda, apparently went to school there but moved from school to school, came to England five years ago but never been to school in England.
It was founded in 2011 by two SLP professors, Carole Zangari and the late Robin Parker, around a shared passion for AAC.
Numerous examples, worked out in detail, have been included to help the reader develop an intuitive grasp of the theory.
Dad goes to Siobhan’s bedroom, just off the kitchen and adjacent to an accessible bathroom.
She’s always had an effective way of communicating with her eyes, and this compelling gaze usually makes us hop to it.
The communication book requires no batteries to run but is limited in the number of icons it can hold. Commenting on the VOD is enhanced by the use of Dynabooks – spring-loaded pictures that speak.


She previously worked in a primary school for children with ASD, where PODD and Aided Language Displays were introduced as part of a school wide approach in order to enhance the communication-friendly environment for all pupils.
Their structured organisation and emphasis on visual communication means that they are also a valuable tool for developing the communication of those with Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) (Porter & Cafiero, 2009). The pupil has English as a second language (but parents do not speak it at home), never been in an English school, is completely non verbal and does not understand English language, has no concept of numbers, letters or symbols or what they represent? Topics covered include the sampling process, digital modulation techniques, error-control coding, robust quantization for pulse-code modulation, coding speech at low bit radio, information theoretic concepts, coding and computer communication.
She attends Santa Monica High School, swims in the pool there nearly every day, and goes to occupational and physical therapy a few times a week.
The pages have Velcro strips, and on those strips are 1 inch size icons printed out from Boardmaker, glued to cardboard, overlaid with clear contact paper, and with a dot of Velcro on the back.
It requires a communicative partner who is willing to take the sentence strip and read the icons, which have both pictures and words printed on them.
In this post, she shares how they used PODD books and aided language input to build the students’ communication skills.
Because the book covers a broad range of topics in digital communications, it should satisfy a variety of backgrounds and interests. At the bottom of the schedule is a pocket for icons that are moved off the schedule as the activity is completed.
Also in the kitchen is a large binder with hundreds of 1 inch icons already made up for replacements or to swap in as needed for additional vocabulary. The MT4 is equipped with a touch screen, thousands of icons, powerful speakers, and a battery that lasts a good part of the day.
Siobhan is ataxic (loss of full control of bodily movements) and hypotonic (abnormally low body tone) and she is developmentally disabled.
Unlike the sentence strip that needs mediation, it gives Siobhan an immediately perceptible voice. Siobhan is rewarded, and we are rewarded by seeing her smile and she’s interacting with us a bit by commenting. It’s enough to drive one mad but the point is that she asked for it specifically with her own voice.


It is important that children are not forced to use, or even to look at the displays, but that any attempt to use the symbols in a communicative manner was responded to in a positive way. This reduces the number of page turns which are needed, and therefore increases the speed and efficiency of communication. The biggest challenge when introducing PODD books into classrooms within the school was ‘creating the habit’ among adults in the school. This included the necessity of a child having their PODD book with them at all times, and for staff to use Aided Language to support all of their messages, both when teaching and when talking informally to a child. As pupils became more familiar with, and dependent on their PODD books being their ‘voice,’ this difficulty lessened, as many children took responsibility for their own books (and often became upset if they were forgotten!) and staff saw the benefits of their efforts. To lessen the enormity of using a whole book, new users were recommended to focus on familiarising themselves with a different pathway each week, and to focus initially on using on the book consistently to communicate a handful of messages, rather than trying to navigate to the vocabulary for every single thing they wanted to say.
A year after Aided Language Displays and PODD books were introduced, wide ranging benefits were seen to the children beyond just supporting their expressive communication. Staff and parents fed back that their use had far reaching effects on pupils’ behaviour, engagement within classes and understanding of information. One parent reported that ‘I’ve definitely noticed an improvement in his speech [talking] and I didn’t think I’d see that.
He’s calmer now, not so frustrated and when he uses the book, when he points to the pictures to tell you, he smiles, ‘cos he knows he’s told you. He doesn’t get so anxious now, definitely.’  Staff also became more aware of pupils’ capabilities, as nonverbal children were given a structured way to participate and to show their understanding within lessons, such as through labelling shapes, answering questions in literacy and expressing their opinions. Staff were also made to rethink some of their lesson plans, as occasionally pupils used their new-found communication techniques to tell us, ‘I don’t like it, it’s boring’!



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