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Part-cutaway view of the Volkswagen Group 6-speed dual clutch transmission, the Direct-Shift Gearbox (DSG). A dual clutch transmission, commonly abbreviated to DCT[1] (sometimes informally referred to as a twin-clutch gearbox, double clutch transmission, or similar variations thereof), is a differing type of semi-automatic or automated manual automotive transmission.
This type of transmission was invented by Frenchman Adolphe Kegresse just prior to World War II,[4] but he never developed a working model. As of 2009[update], the largest number of sales of DCTs in Western Europe are by various marques of the German Volkswagen Group,[9] though this is anticipated to lessen as other transmission makers and vehicle manufacturers make DCTs available in series production automobiles.[1][10] In 2010, on BMW Canada's website for the 3 Series Coupe, it is described both as a 7-speed double clutch transmission and as a 7-speed automatic transmission. The second implementation utilised two single-plate dry clutches which are side-by-side from the perpendicular view, but again sharing the centre line of the crankshaft. A latest variation uses two separate but identical sized clutches; these are arranged side-by-side when viewed head-on (along the length of the input shaft and crankshaft centre line), and also share the same plane when viewed perpendicularly. On 14 January 2009, BorgWarner announced the establishment a joint venture with the China Automobile Development United Investment Co., Ltd.
Fiat Powertrain Technologies has developed a dual clutch transmission with Magneti Marelli and BorgWarner.
Need to include Audi, who both co-invented the production-worthy technology with Porsche, but also introduced the first volume-production units in 2003 in the VR6 TT, along with the similarly powered VW Golf mentioned.
In January 2008, BMW introduced a dual clutch transmission for their M3 model, manufactured by GETRAG, embedding a DualTronic dual clutch module from BorgWarner, and dubbed M Dual Clutch Transmission (M DCT). Ford Motor Company has released a wet clutch "PowerShift"[1][4] transmission on the 2008 Ford Focus (international)[4][50] and Ford C-MAX.
Lotus Cars has submitted a patent application for a lighter, simpler and more compact dual-clutch transmission system. McLaren Automotive introduced a seven speed dual clutch on MP4-12C made in Italy by Graziano. The Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation presented a world first with a double-clutch transmission for commercial vehicles.
The Nissan GT-R's rear transaxle six-speed dual clutch transmission also contains the differential for the car's all-wheel drive (AWD) system. PSA has dual clutch transmission in Peugeot 4007 and Citroen C-Crosser CUVs, produced by Mitsubishi motors.
Porsche AG offers a series production[39] of two new longitudinally installed, ZF Friedrichshafen AG designed and built with Porsche[40][43] '7DT' wet-clutch versions[39] of its previously race-only[5][43] Porsche Doppelkupplungsgetriebe[43] (PDK) transmission. A second variant of the Direct-Shift Gearbox went into series production in 2008[8] – the DQ200. Lamborghini, although owned by Volkswagen Group subsidiary Audi AG, does not use a dual clutch transmission; it has a robotised single clutch electrohydraulic manual transmission called "E gear", which is identical to the Audi R8 "R tronic" transmission.


Hi everyone, I'm having an issue with my 1993 E350 5.8l van I hope someone here can help me with.
Well, unless your transmission has VAPORIZED its probably an electrical issue ;D Your ECU also thinks the brake switch has vanished, the coolant temp sensor is out of range, and that the Transmission Fluid Temperature Circuit is shorted. The electrical diagrams show connector 212 and 121 as the location where almost all of those systems join. I went out right after you posted the first time and pulled those two connectors and a third one.
We are advised to NOT judge ALL Muslims by the actions of a few lunatics, but we are encouraged to judge ALL gun owners by the actions of a few lunatics. Tacked on onto the finish of your presentation of the new Transit and Transit Connect business vans in the Detroit auto show, Ford additional a surprise exhibiting of the Atlas full-size pickup concept. The look in the Atlas is unmistakable up to date Built Ford Tough, along with bulging wheel arches, a drop-down beltline in the front doors, and a number of biggest snarling grille nostrils at any time viewed on an F-150. It is expected that new  2015 Ford Atlas will use light materials in order to lose some weight. The concentric multi-plate clutches have been sectioned, along with the mechatronics module. The original design used a concentric arrangement, where both clutches shared the same plane when viewed perpendicularly from the transmission input shaft, along the same centre line as the engine crankshaft; when viewed head-on along the length of the input shaft, this makes one clutch noticeably larger than the other.
This latter clutch arrangement (unlike the other two variations) is driven via a gear from the engine crankshaft.
This wet clutch[4] DCT was designed with gearbox specialist Getrag[4] under the GETRAG FORD Transmissions joint venture, founded in 2001,[51][52] and is expected to feature in other Ford and Volvo[50] models.
The PowerShift gearbox will be introduced on the second generation Volvo S60,[53] and then on to the V50[50] and C30[50] models. The transmission alone will provide upward of 10 percent improvement in fuel economy over today’s conventional six-speed automatic transmissions. The teaser notes the date of reveal to be 10 January 2011, when it will be shown at the North American International Auto show. The gearbox shown in the application is an eight-speed unit, with seven forward gears and reverse. The new six-speed M038S6 "Duonic transmission" features wet clutches and incorporates the ability to creep in traffic for smoother operation. This will initially be made available on the New Megane with the dCi 110 DPF engine.[77] The DCT system was built by Getrag. This consists of seven forward ratios,[8] but the notable difference over the original DQ250 is the change from wet- to dry-clutches.[1][8] This variant uses two single-plate dry clutches, arranged in a tandem design (instead of concentrically) and are therefore similar in size.


The two clutches are placed one on the gearbox input shaft and the other on the gearbox output shaft.
The Atlas is really a thinly veiled inspect what Ford has in your mind for that production-spec 2015 F-150.
This also shows the additional power take-off unit for distributing torque to the rear axle for four-wheel drive applications.
It can fundamentally be described as two separate manual transmissions (with their respective clutches) contained within one housing, and working as one unit.[1][3] They are usually operated in a fully automatic mode, and many also have the ability to allow the driver to manually shift gears,[2] albeit still carried out by the transmission's electro-hydraulics. Ford has announced the US-market version of the Mark VI Ford Fiesta coming in 2011 will feature a dry clutch[4] PowerShift transmission. The XC60 is expected to get this Ford PowerShift gearbox along with other new models to make more sporty cars. The co-developed transmission between GM and SAIC will feature dry, dual-clutch technology. When a gearchange is to be made, both clutches are disengaged simultaneously and a brake is applied inside the gearbox. As Ford is happy to inform any individual who can pay attention, the actual F-series pickup has also been the actual bestselling pickup inside the U.
There is great possibility we will have tailgate step that doubles as a cargo cradle and a roof-carrying system for carrying longer objects.
Also, many aerodynamic enhancements will be done, such as active grille shutters and industry-first active wheel shutters. Also, there are some interesting features, such as Dynamic Hitch Assist, which uses the rear camera and trajectory lines as kind of a targeting system to enable the driver to successfully align ball and hitch. The front air dam lowers at freeway speeds to improve underbody airflow and is raised at lower speeds to clear off-road and around-town obstacles. There would be a significant break in transmission so this system would be unsuitable for shunting locomotives.
That’s vital stuff, particularly considering GM merely unveiled the all-new full-size pickups, the actual 2014 Chevrolet Silverado and GMC Sierra, that contend within the same group of buyers.
Then,  2015 Ford Atlas has Trailer Backup Assist that helps novices to back a trailer in parking spot. According to Ford, the actual Atlas is an exploration of fuel-efficiency improvements, prospective technologies, and capability advancements.



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