A recent study found that approximately 40 percent of Auckland University students had sleep problems. Sleep or night terrors are episodes of intense fear, flailing and screaming while a person is still asleep.
Sleep terrors can be caused by stress, fever, drugs that have an effect on your brain or central nervous system, and inadequate sleep (sleep deprivation). If all else fails, we recommend you visit a sleep doctor (yes, there is such a thing) for more support around this issue.
While most people might not recognize the name somnambulism, they most likely have heard of sleepwalking. While these can be the long term causes of this condition, even having a lack of sleep and some stress in your life can trigger the occasional occurrence. Sleepwalking disorder, also called somnambulism, is characterize by repeating episodes of motor activity during sleep such as sitting up in bed, rising, and walking around, among others.
There is also a higher incidence of psychiatric disorders in adults who sleepwalk than in the general public. Treatment for sleepwalking is often unnecessary, especially if episodes are infrequent and pose no hazard to the sleepwalker or others. The causes of sleep problems included anxiety, depression, alcoholism, sleep-talking, sleepwalking and teeth-grinding (bruxism). It’s a sleep disorder that happens when people walk or do other activities while they’re still asleep.

The better the quality of your sleep, the less likely it is for someone to experience sleepwalking or sleep terrors. This condition occurs within the first couple of hours of sleeping and can last up to a half an hour.
The person appears to be awake because their eyes are usually open and they can maneuver around objects, but is considered asleep. This is not to say that sleepwalking is a psychiatric disorder; more research is needed to document the concurrence of sleepwalking and mental illness.
If sleepwalking is recurrent, or daytime fatigue is suspected to result from disturbed sleep patterns, polysomnography may be recommended to determine whether some form of treatment may be helpful.
Benzodiazepines—anti-anxiety drugs— such as diazepam(Valium) or alprazolam(Xanax) can be used to help relax muscles, although these may not result in fewer episodes of sleepwalking.
On the other hand, a person or child who experiences a sleep terror remains asleep all throughout the episode. In most cases, people do not have any memory of sleepwalking or any activities and interactions that have taken place during this time.
To prepare for a visit to your doctor, keep a sleep journal that records the times and durations that these sleepwalking events occur. This is where you record the time that the affected individual is seen sleepwalking to pinpoint a pattern. As with any condition, only a qualified doctor will be able to provide an accurate diagnosis.

The hormonal changes that take place during puberty, pregnancy, and menstruation can precipitate sleepwalking as well. If stress appears to trigger sleepwalking events in adults, stress management, biofeedback training, or relaxation techniques can be beneficial. Refer to the infographic below which will guide you on the number of sleep hours your body requires for your age.
It seems that when the body is enduring physiological or psychological stress, sleepwalking is more likely to occur, perhaps coinciding with the body’s inability to rest.
Psychotherapy may help individuals who have underlying psychological issues that could be contributing to sleep problems. Sleepwalkers can perform complex (and dangerous) actions ranging from cooking and driving to exhibiting violent behavior.
You don’t have to fully wake up the person, instead just gently stir them out of sleep.

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