29.03.2015
The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) is proposing a new set of diagnostic criteria for fibromyalgia that includes common symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, and cognitive problems, as well as pain.
To meet the previous diagnostic criteria, which were established in 1990, patients must have widespread pain in all four quadrants of their body for a minimum duration of three months and experience moderate pain and tenderness at a minimum of 11 of the 18 specified tender points. To meet the criteria for a diagnosis of fibromyalgia a patient would have seven or more pain areas and a symptom severity score of five or more; or three to six pain areas and a symptom severity score of nine or more. To develop and test the new criteria, researchers performed a multicenter study of 829 previously diagnosed fibromyalgia patients and a control group of rheumatic patients with non-inflammatory disorders using physician physical and interview examinations.
The intensity of the manifestations is very variable, so some light forms that appear as unease or difficulty to reconcile sleep, for example, may go unnoticed, as the symptoms are attributed to other circumstances of the patient. The initial care of a patient with delirium should include the identification and treatment of the triggering causes, with special attention to the consumption of certain drugs (opioids); appropriate information to relations and carers and the evaluation of the need for pharmacological symptomatic treatment.
It is advisable to reserve the use of atypical antipsychotics for selected cases where haloperidol is contraindicated or is not tolerated.
Insomnia is a heterogeneous disorder that includes the difficulty in initiating sleep (initial insomnia), maintaining sleep (intermediate insomnia) awaking too early (late insomnia) and non-restorative sleep. Insomnia can appear as a reflection of the complex psychological reactions that take place in people who are in the EOLP, due to a deficient control of the symptoms, and as a result of treatments.
The main problem with detecting insomnia lies in not asking patients and, when they complain, overlooking it due to therapeutic nihilism or ignorance of the professional. The treatment of insomnia is multifactoral, due to the numerous causes that contribute to its appearance. Attempt to correct the predisposing factors to insomnia or those trigger it, when possible.


An initial approach is recommended via a cognitive-behavioural strategy in all patients with insomnia.
The prescription of benzodiazepine or a benzodiazepine receiver agonist is recommended for patients who do not respond well to non-pharmacological treatment or who cannot wait for its application. In cases of associated depression or lack of response to benzodiazepines, anti-depressants with sedative action can be used to treat insomnia. The following are risk factors for the development of an anxiety disorder during palliative treatment: having previously suffered an anxiety disorder, the presence of anxiety when cancer was diagnosed, intense pain, functional limitation, age (more risk in young people), poor social support network and worsening of the illness.
C) The anxiety and worry are associated with three (or more) of the following six symptoms (some of which have persisted for more than six months). The psychological support measures for the patient and family are the first thing that must be provided after the individual assessment. With respect to non-pharmacological therapy, the review of the AHRQ is based on three previous SRs; some of them include patients with cancer, but without a depression diagnosis (the appearance of this is one of the result variables assessed). The Rodin review (207) was based on four individual studies that included patients with depression diagnosis. Establishing a therapeutic relationship is the basis for working with patients with a suicide risk. The new criteria are published in the May issue of the ACR journal Arthritis Care & Research. Instead, the diagnosis has been made by a tender point test, a physical exam that focuses on 18 points throughout the body. Fibromyalgia may be under-diagnosed in both men and women because of the reliance on 11 tender points, and also due to failing to account for the other central features of the illness,” said Katz.


An additional three points can be added to account for the extent of additional symptoms such as numbness, dizziness, nausea, irritable bowel syndrome or depression. The symptoms must have been present for at least three months, and the patient does not have a disorder that would otherwise explain the pain. All material provided on this website is provided for informational or educational purposes only. This may be one of the reasons for the lack of randomised studies on the assessment of any treatment for delirium in PC.
It is necessary to resort to non-experimental studies or to expert opinions and extrapolate the data from other populations to prepare recommendations on the treatment of insomnia.
Casarett DJ, Inouye SK, for the American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine End-of-Life Care Consensus Panel*. The new criteria will standardize a symptom-based diagnosis so that all doctors are using the same process. Evaluating CAM treatment at the end of life: a review of clinical trials for massage and meditation. Psychosocial interventions for depression, anxiety, and quality of life in cancer survivors: meta-analyses. The repercussion of the patient’s insomnia on family members and carers is important.




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