14.08.2015
Sleepiness during the day can be due to several reasons, such as hormone problems, depression, nutritional deficiencies, and due to side effects of some medications, like antidepressants, painkillers, and antihistamines. People who are chronically sleep deprived are often unaware of the increasing cognitive and performance deficits. Medications: Daytime sleepiness is most commonly associated with medications that affect the central nervous system. Illness or injury: Any illness if exist for short or long period may cause excessive daytime sleepiness and fatigue. Narcolepsy: It is a very specific medical disorder that can result in sleepiness during the day. Shift work: People who do shift works are at increased risk of sleepiness and health problems that come with insufficient sleep, such as heart problems and high blood pressure. Shift work is really challenging as it needs people to sleep and wake in a pattern that is out of sync with the body’s biological clock. Medical problems: There are some medical problems that can result in sleepiness during the day.
Periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD): PLMD is a disorder in which people kick and twitch during their sleep. Excessive daytime sleepiness or EDS is a condition where a person suffers from excessive sleepiness during his or her normal working hours and almost feels the inability to stay awake. Though it is popularly believed that, alcohol makes a person sleepy, but it does just the opposite.
If anyone still feels sleepy and feels the need for a nap, these naps should be strategically planned as they may prove to be helpful. Setting a proper sleeping habit and a schedule for waking up, can help a person to get rid of this excessive sleepiness condition during the daytime.


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Irregular sleep wake timing results in to insufficient sleep during night, which is as said earlier is one of the main causes of sleepiness during daytime.
There are various types of sleep disorders like narcolepsy, sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome and insomnia, which all can cause sleepiness. Narcolepsy: Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder that affects the control of sleep and wakefulness. Restless leg syndrome: Restless leg syndrome is caused when a person may experience unpleasant sensations in the legs which can lead to crawling, pulling, itching, tingling and pain. Some prescribed medications such as high blood pressure, asthma medication, rheumatoid arthritis and some heart medication, are also the most common causes of sleepiness.
Unexpectedly, various types of chronic insomnia are linked to daytime hyper-arousal instead of excessive sleepiness during the day.
Sometimes, stopping or changing the medications may not work and the person needs to take the medicines that help with sleepiness. This condition is the result of hypocretin deficiency, which is a neuropeptide in the brain. Sleeping on the irregular schedule means you are working against the biological clock and it may be difficult to sleep a full 7-9 hours. Leg jerks can cause more frequent and brief awakenings that disrupt your sleep and can lead to sleepiness during the day.
Many over-the-counter drugs or antidepressants are quite famous for the above-mentioned reason.


This disorder will occur based upon many factors such as sleep disorders, certain medicines, substance abuse, chronic pain, and altered sleep-wake cycles.
The human sleep-wake cycle is made to prepare the body and mind for sleep at night and wakefulness during the day. People who have narcolepsy may experience excessive sleepiness during the daytime, even after you sleep enough at night. These feelings often occur in the evening, it makes difficult for people to fall asleep and sleepiness during the day. In such a case, neurologists not only treat the symptoms that are neurological in nature, but will also look for some primary neurological disorders such as Parkinson diseases, or Alzheimer’s diseases.
Regardless of the reason, the cause of the EDS should be identified and the sleep apnea is to be excluded. People who have insomnia have trouble staying asleep, early wakening, falling asleep, waking frequently during the night and a combination of these.
Hypothyroidism is a common cause among the older people though sleep apnea is not that common.
Thus, if these medications cause excessive sleepiness that affects the patient’s daily life, the doctor should be immediately consulted. Thus, aged people suffering from EDS should not be given sedative-hypnotics for their treatment.



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Comments Chronic sleepiness during the day

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