Insomnia, sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome, bruxism, narcolepsy and sleepwalking are all serious sleep disorders that possess negative--and sometimes fatal--health consequences.
Sleep is something we all do – mostly every day (except on all nighters reading Listverse or studying) and for most people it is one of the great pleasures in life. In this disorder, a person loses paralysis which is normal for the Rapid Eye Movement period, causing their body to freely act out their dreams.
A night terror is a parasomnia sleep disorder characterized by extreme terror and a temporary inability to regain full consciousness. While this disorder can effect a person who is awake, it is at its worst during sleep or periods of non-movemement.
This odd (and extremely rare) disorder consists of a person’s body not recognizing the 24 hour sleep cycle. Kleine-Levin syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by the need for excessive amounts of sleep, sometimes for up to 20 hours a day, and is normally accompanied with excessive food intake (compulsive hyperphagia) and an abnormally uninhibited sexual drive (hypersexuality). Narcolepsy is a neurological sleep disorder that is commonly associated with falling asleep at random times. Sexsomnia is a sleep disorder which causes people to commit sexual acts while they are asleep. Traditionally, dentists have treated these disorders with mechanical devices such as night guards. Now, several studies reveal these problems may be triggered by sleep apnea, a disorder characterized by frequent, brief breathing pauses during sleep.
Some disruption in sleep patterns is normal, but individuals with apnea may stop breathing hundreds of times a night. Although anyone, even children, can have sleep apnea, there are factors that increase your risk.
The most common and most reliable method of treating sleep apnea is with a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine.
You can help yourself, too, by quitting smoking, losing weight and abstaining from alcohol before sleep.
If you have bruxism, TMD or occlusion, this recent information correlating them with sleep apnea may suggest a new approach to your treatment. Many people grind their teeth in sleep but some of them grind their teeth in day time also. Your family members who sleep with you informs about your bruxism as they are disturbed with the sound caused by grinding the teeth.
You can identify bruxism if you have pain in the jaws, if you have damaged teeth, if you find broken teeth, headaches, if there is cosmetic damage of the teeth, if you have sore facial muscles, fractured teeth, earaches or damage to the temporomandibular joint. Some of the bruxism symptoms can be identified by you and if you get doubt that you have bruxism or your child is suffering from bruxism, you consult a dentist. Often undiagnosed and thus not treated, sleep disorders can not only take a toll on personal health but can also adverse effects on personal relationships and reduce worker productivity. These behaviours can be violent in nature and in some cases will result in injury to either the patient or their bed partner. The subject wakes abruptly from slow-wave sleep, with waking usually accompanied by gasping, moaning, or screaming. It is one of the most common sleep disorders with up to 40 million Americans suffering from it.

Each episode lasts long enough so that one or more breaths are missed, and occurs repeatedly throughout sleep. While some researchers speculate that Kleine-Levin syndrome is the cause of a hereditary predisposition, others believe the condition may be the result of an autoimmune disorder.
It can be quite loud, ranging from simple sounds to long speeches, and can occur many times during sleep. Narcoleptics tend to fall directly into REM sleep, when most dreaming occurs, and less commonly enter deeper and more restful stages of non-REM sleep.
These microarousals can be caused by medical issues such as an airway blockage or significant increase of acid in the esophagus (obstructive sleep apnea), the brain’s failure to signal the muscles to breathe (central sleep apnea) or both (mixed sleep apnea). They attribute the common symptoms – loud snoring, restless sleep and daytime fatigue – to other origins. The Sleep Apnea Association reports that more than 18 million Americans suffer from this disorder.
WebMD lists these seven possible consequences of untreated sleep apnea: high blood pressure, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, weight gain, adult asthma, acid reflux and car accidents caused by drowsiness. This device keeps your air passages open by delivering greater air pressure through a mask placed over your nose while you sleep. Lamberton was born in Corvallis, Oregon and raised in Thailand where his father practiced and taught dentistry. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. Grinding the teeth is not chewing something but applying pressure on your teeth especially back teeth and is associated with forceful jaw movements.
In examining the troubling increase in a variety of sleep disorders, this TriMark Publications report will analyze the causes and available treatments for sleep disorder sufferers. It is often impossible to fully awaken the person, and after the episode the subject normally settles back to sleep without waking. Clinically significant levels of sleep apnea are defined as five or more episodes per hour.
In some cases, sufferers are aware of their behavior for a long time before they seek help, often because they lack information that it is a medical disorder or for fear that others will judge it as willful behavior rather than a medical condition. Men, especially African American and Hispanic men, are more than twice as likely as women to be afflicted. It can feel cumbersome or uncomfortable at first, but most people do get used to it, and it does offer tremendous relief, as many testimonials reveal.
He now lectures and teaches other dentists about this exciting field of cosmetic Dentistry.
Adults also grind their teeth in sleep due to many physical, psychological and stressful conditions. When they go to sleep, they don’t forget about the stressful situations which they faced in the day time.
This is a particularly interesting time in the evolution of the sleep disorders market because the blockbuster drugs that have dominated this space are coming off patent protection. The standard therapy is the anti-convulsant drug clonazepam, and this is generally received very well. Individuals suffering from this sleep disorder are rarely aware of having difficulty breathing, even upon awakening.

Stimulants, including amphetamines, methylphenidate, imipramine and modafinil, administered orally, are used to treat sleepiness. Sleep-talking usually occurs during transitory arousals from non-REM sleep, which is when the body does not move smoothly from one stage in non-REM sleep to another, and they become partially aroused from sleep. Another symptom can include cataplexy, the sudden collapse of an individual into REM sleep upon experiencing strong emotions. However, the reality of sexsomnia has been confirmed by sleep disorder researchers who have made polygraphic and video recordings of patients with the condition while they are asleep and observed unusual brain wave activity during the episodes. Other treatment options include different airway pressure devices, surgery, jaw repositioning and supplemental oxygen. Lamberton is responsible for some of Napa Valley’s most beautiful smiles, his commitment to excellence in both the art and science of dentistry brings to his practice other dentists and patients from all over the world. Often adults and parents of children neglect bruxism and think that this is normal condition. Because of similarities between Kleine-Levin syndrome and certain mood disorders, lithium and carbamazepine may be prescribed.
Further it can also occur during REM sleep at which time it represents a motor breakthrough of dream speech, when words spoken in a dream are spoken out loud.
Sleep paralysis and hypnogogic hallucinations (hallucinations which accompany sleep paralysis) are also known to be symptoms. Treatments are similar to those of other non-REM parasomnias such as sleep walking, which may involve specific interventions.
In order to put sleep disorders in a proper context, the study begins with an examination of key characteristics of the overall sleep disorders market. Symptoms may be present for years, even decades without identification, during which time the sufferer may become conditioned to the daytime sleepiness and fatigue associated with significant levels of sleep disturbance. There are no medical treatments for this, but in order to prevent sleep-talking a mouthguard may be worn. By avoiding precipitating factors and ensuring for the safe environment, the condition could be brought to high level of control with a minimal effort.
The types of disorders, causes of insomnias, parasomnias and their treatments are analyzed, with the additional review of treatments including pharmaceuticals, devices (continuous positive airway pressure or CPAP machines) and others (nutraceuticals, etc.). The most common treatment treatment for sleep apnea is the use of a positive airway pressure (PAP) device.
Since that time he has continued to study cosmetics and graduated from many world renowned programs including The Las Vegas Institute of Cosmetic Dentistry. The report goes on to describe the primary product offerings of the major companies in this market space including major classes of prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) pharmaceuticals.
There is a great variety in both the frequency and levels to which people are affected by this disorder.
Finally, a review of companies developing treatments for insomnia, sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome, bruxism, narcolepsy and sleepwalking are examined.

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