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Because a dual-clutch transmission is similar to an automatic, you might think that it requires a torque converter, which is how an automatic transfers engine torque from the engine to the transmission.
Like torque converters, wet multi-plate clutches use hydraulic pressure to drive the gears. VW's direct shift gearbox (DSG) is a 6 speed dual clutch manual-like transmission that automatically shifts. The DSG was first introduced to the US in 2003 with the model year 2004 New Beetle TDI and Audi TT. Steering wheel paddle shifters for TDI with DSG were introduced in 2010 but you can retrofit them to earlier 5th generation cars and new 6th generation cars, see 1000q: paddle shifter steering wheel retrofit for more details.
Some have said that the DSG transmission learns your driving style but this is technically incorrect. This article focuses on the 6 speed DSG found in North America but there are also 7 speed DSG for front wheel drive (transverse layout) and longitudinal DSG for rear wheel drive..
Here is a video showing how the Porsche PDK (Porsche Doppel Kupplungen, Porsche double klutch) dual clutch transmission works. A DSG is also good for drivers with knee problems or family members who don't want a manual (or you can't stand their shifting)! Despite these advantages, I still feel that a manual transmission is better for a skilled driver who doesn't mind shifting. Some other disadvantages of a DSG are potentially lower reliability, higher replacement costs, and heavier weight compared to a manual. The new 7 speed DSG used on the Audi S5 can hold up to 406 lb-ft but it's used with a longitudinal engine, not the transaxle used on the 4 cylinder TDI. A DSG transmission is a great piece of technology but it's still relatively new compare to a manual transmission. The National highway transportation safety administration (NHTSA) recently opened an investigation on power loss and jerky power delivery of the DSG.
While some DSG have a small delay in clutch engagement and power delivery from a full stop, this is considered normal and can be expected and compensated for by the driver.
A low battery (also check voltage regulator or alternator) can cause flashing PRND or PRNDS lights and DSG shifting problems. Mechatronics houses all but 2 sensors in the DSG transmission and all external input signals for controlling the transmission go to it.
Please continue to page 2 of the DSG - S-tronic FAQ for more technical pictures, details, and reviews. On the outside the new A3 gets a refreshed front bumper and hood, new headlights with LED daytime running lights, a single frame radiator grille, new door handles and side mirrors with integrated turn signals, a modified rear bumper and taillights.
The Audi A3 and A3 Sportback, the premium compact models from Audi, are raising their sporty profile with a raft of improvements and an accentuated design. The Audi A3 created the entirely new market segment of the premium compact car when the first-generation model made its debut in 1996. New visual details for the three-door A3 and A3 Sportback bring its stretched, sporty profile into the foreground. At the tail end, the modified bumper and the lights help this car make a grand exit; the A3 Sportback now has innovative fiber optic rods arranged in a flat, continuous strip that creates an impressive optical effect in the dark. New inlays for the Attraction and Ambition, new colors and a wide selection of upholstery fabrics enhance the interior through their sportiness, impressive material quality and meticulous crafting. As before, Audi is bringing the A3 and A3 Sportback onto the market with eight different engines a€“ five gasoline and three diesel versions. The 1.6-liter gasoline engine can also be supplied in conjunction with manual transmission for low-cost running on ethanol E 85 fuel.
The quattro versions, which put the A3 in a different league to the other players in the premium compact class, likewise have even more to offer. The standard-fit dynamic suspension, too, provides safety, dynamic handling and comfort all rolled into one. There is another new feature that puts the A3 and A3 Sportback streets ahead of their challengers: The adaptive-action shock absorber control system by the name of Audi magnetic ride.
For an even more customized specification there are the S line, comprising an exterior package and a sport package, the deluxe Audi exclusive line, and the choice items available within the Audi exclusive range. The array of other new options demonstrates the high technological standard of the A3 car line. A six-speed manual transmission handles the business of getting the power from the engine to the standard quattro driveline; 18-inch wheels provide a firm grip with the road. Like the A3, the S3 has been optically modified and is clearly distinguished by a number of striking lines, for example on the radiator grille, on the bumpers and on the roof spoiler, as well as by the aluminum-look exterior mirrors.
The further optimized Audi A3, A3 Sportback and the two S3 versions are about to go on the market; shipping of the new models will begin in the summer. Pre-delivery inspection (PDI) Installation drawings Operating instructions List of lubrication Spare parts proposal Repair manual Installation and Assembly Guidelines Special tools? Pre-delivery inspection (PDI) Installation drawings Operating instructions List of lubrication Spare parts proposal Repair manual Special tools ?

Technical manual Repair manual Special tools Fitting and Removal of Heat Exchanger Transmission Actuator and Clutch Actuator Installation manual and PDI Spare parts proposal Setting up and Updating Servicing for ZF-AS Tronic List of lubrication?
Guidelines for the Installation of Manual Transmissions Guidelines on auxiliary transmission cooling in mechanical and automated trans missions in truck and bus applications Operating instructions Installation drawings Repair manual Spare parts proposal List of lubrication Special tools ?
Technical Manual for Installatio and Initial Start-Up Installation drawings Operating instructions Spare parts proposal Repair manual Special tools ZF Diagnostics System MOBiDIG 200 List of lubrication? Unlike a conventional manual gearbox, which houses all of its gears on a single input shaft, the DCT splits up odd and even gears on two input shafts. Notice that one clutch controls second and fourth gears, while another, independent clutch controls first, third and fifth gears. This allows the piston springs to relax, which eases pressure on the clutch pack and pressure plate.
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The DSG transmission shift behavior adapts to variables like internal wear, D or S mode, and other input factors like throttle position and rate of change, uphill or downhill, and applies these variables over an existing shift map.
While a conventional manual transmission clutch can be changed without too much difficulty, there aren't too many places to find and install DSG clutches. Innovative technologies such as the S tronic dual-clutch transmission with seven speeds and Audi magnetic ride, the suspension control system, makes for even greater driving pleasure.
The brand with the four rings has been notably successful in that market segment and has since built 1.9 million units of the Audi A3. The front lid and fenders are more expressively styled, and the bumper and large single-frame radiator grille have been modified. Aluminum-look elements on the air vents, light switches and center console accentuate the premium character of the Audi A3 and A3 Sportback. On quattro versions the trunk floor is a few centimeters higher, to accommodate the special rear axle. The captivating precision with which the Audi A3 and A3 Sportback handle and their well-balanced character owe a great deal to elaborate concepts such as the four-link rear suspension and the efficient electromechanical power steering. On all equipment lines and engine versions for the German market, the chorus radio system with four speakers is now standard. These include deluxe automatic air conditioning, adaptive light a€“ the dynamic cornering light system a€“ and the Audi parking system for front and rear, displaying the distance from an obstruction via the frequency of the signal emitted. There is now a second top model on the market, with the S3 Sportback joining the three-door Audi S3.
The sport suspension holds the body 25 millimeters (0.98 in) lower and integrates lightweight aluminum components. In conclusion, the comprehensively improved A3 comes with an extended range of standard equipment, including the chorus radio system a€“ all at a starting price of a‚¬ 20,350. That's the trick that allows lightning-fast gear changes and keeps power delivery constant.
When the clutch is engaged, hydraulic pressure inside the piston forces a set of coil springs part, which pushes a series of stacked clutch plates and friction discs against a fixed pressure plate.
Series A3 offers the most versatile of the drive system in the compact segment with the Audi A3 Sportback Audi e-tron and A3 Sportback g-tron. Learning is the wrong term since it means new knowledge that wasn't there before- the transmission cannot learn anything new, it just applies variables to existing maps.
The biggest difference in the 7 speed is the extra gear and the dry clutch vs a wet clutch. After four successive record-breaking years, the one millionth specimen of the second-generation A3 a€“ which went into production in 2003 a€“ left the assembly line just a few days ago. A curved trim element in the headlamps known as the "wing" accentuates their technical perfection. A particularly ingenious feature is available for the front-wheel-drive versions a€“ a sturdy, reversible loadliner that is a practical, easy-to-clean tray e.g. Their abbreviations TFSI and TDI encapsulate the strengths of Audi's engine technology a€“ performance, high torque, dynamism, refinement and efficiency. Both two-liter diesel engines have been extensively reengineered a€“ a new common rail injection system now assures ultra-refined running. This means that they do not need a separate oil supply, further adding to their already impressive efficiency. In its latest technical form the central hydraulic multi-plate clutch responds even faster when the engine's power needs to be redistributed between the front and rear wheels.
Attraction is the version with compelling character; the dynamic-looking Ambition for instance includes sport seats, sport suspension and 17-inch wheels, and the luxurious Ambiente equipment line features such items as cruise control, a light and rain sensor, an interior lighting package and the new addition of a windshield with acoustic glass. There are also modern infotainment systems available, including the Bose Sound System; the Audi exclusive range includes a connection socket for an iPod. Both versions are equipped with the same engine, the reengineered 2.0 TFSI with an output of 195 kW (265 hp). Aluminum pedals, three different styles of inlay and a black or silver headlining create an exclusively sporty look.

A standard manual transmission can't do this because it must use one clutch for all odd and even gears. The friction discs have internal teeth that are sized and shaped to mesh with splines on the clutch drum. Some engineer has already determined and tested how the shift maps and variables will react.
Additional equipment features, such as the Audi parking system at front and rear, the parking assistant and the reversible loadliner, also add to the appeal of these models. Daytime running lights are standard features, and the optional bi-xenon headlamps incorporate LEDs. The instruments have black dials and red needles to reinforce the impression of precision and advanced technology, and a shift indicator displays the recommended gear in any given circumstances in the driver information system.
The seven gears are closely spaced for a sporty response, though the top gear is sufficiently high-geared to reduce the engine speed, cutting fuel consumption as a result. The option of acoustic glass for the windshield (standard on Ambiente) enhances occupant comfort and improves the car's acoustic behavior. A magneto-rheological fluid circulating in the shock absorbers changes its flow properties within milliseconds when a voltage is applied; this affects the damping characteristic, which can be varied from comfortably supple to crisply firm.
Its pioneering ultrasound sensors scan the parking spaces by the roadside as the car is driven slowly past; the driver is informed in the instrument cluster if one of them is sufficiently large to back into. Deluxe automatic air conditioning, an anti-theft alarm and xenon plus headlamps with LED daytime running light extend the range of standard features. The outer hollow shaft feeds second and fourth gears, while the inner shaft feeds first, third and fifth. Several manufacturers are developing DCTs that use dry clutches, like those usually associated with manual transmissions, but all production vehicles equipped with DCTs today use the wet version. This car has twelve paint colors available to choose from, including five new color blue Fig, blue cosmic, Nano grey, Tango Red and yellow. Premium trim cars equipped with slushboxes had a rolling change to DSG across the VW model line over the years.
The Audi S3 developing 195 kW (265 hp) is now also available as a Sportback version, a new top model that rounds off the range. Down the sides, the highlight features are exterior mirrors with integral turn indicators, new door handles and attractive wheels.
The driver information system's display and the time, date and distance display a€“ standard with the Ambiente and Ambition equipment lines a€“ shows the information in high-resolution white type. Audi can also supply the options of roof rails and a panoramic sunroof for the versatile A3 Sportback. Audi can supply the electronic damping control system as an option for the gasoline versions from 118 kW (160 hp) upwards, as well as for both two-liter TDI versions. If the reverse gear is engaged and the accelerator pressed, the system manipulates the electromechanical steering to guide the car automatically into the space. It reacts spontaneously to steering movements and its handling remains stable, precise and almost neutral right up to its physical limits. Audi's dual-clutch transmission has both a small coil spring and a large diaphragm spring in its wet multi-plate clutches.
The perception of a reaction to driving style is the result of the change in a number of variables applied to the shift maps. The leather sport steering wheel for the Ambition line has new aluminum trim clips, and Audi can supply a flat-bottomed leather sport steering wheel for the Ambition as an option. When coming out of a bend it veritably seems to dig its claws into the tarmac, enabling the driver to start accelerating again at the earliest possible moment. Audi offers a three-cylinder models in the Audi A3 series for the first time with the 2.0 TFSI. 1.4 TFSI COD ultra cylinder features-on-demand efficiency technology, turn off two cylinders when the output is not required.
Compact machine output 85 kW (115 hp) and delivers 200 Nm (147.5 lb-ft) of torque at 2,000 to 3500 revolutions per minute.
The version of the sporty Audi S3 comes with a variety of innovations and has further increases the potential of the dynamic. Audi offers a four-cylinder TDI engine with a displacement of ccm 1.968 in two performance levels in A3.
Available in combination with a six-speed manual transmission or the transmission seven-speed S tronic dual clutch.
The new entry-level petrol engine efficiently without sacrificing anything in terms of driving pleasure.

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