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Foods to improve sex drive in males

What are hormones anyway?  Hormones are molecular messengers that regulate your body’s energy production, temperature, growth, immune system, reproductive capabilities and brain activity.
Estradiol is the most abundant and powerful estrogen, produced mainly in the ovaries of pre-menopausal women. About Alternity HealthcareAlternity Healthcare, LLC is an innovative medical practice emphasizing proactive, preventive care designed to help patients avoid degenerative diseases, regain lost vitality and achieve optimal health. Bioidentical Hormone Therapy is a way of replenishing the hormones that your body needs to function. Women suffering from hot flashes, night sweats, memory loss, mood swings, weight gain, and low libido may find solutions through Bioidentical Hormone Therapy. Men experiencing lost libido, fatigue, stress, lack of energy, loss of muscle mass, weight gain, and increase in body fat can be successfully treated using the therapy.
The professionals at Philadelphia’s Rossi Wellness Center will be able to review your symptoms and determine whether or not hormone replacement therapy is right for you. Estradiol is a form of estrogen, and most researchers consider it the most important sex hormone in the female body. Progesterone is another sex hormone, essential to healthy ovulation and menstruation in females, and present in males in smaller amounts.
Cortisol, another steroid hormone, is essential in our ability to appropriately respond to stresses, both everyday tension and life-threatening situations. DHEA, or Dehydroepiandrosterone, is a hormone secreted primarily by the adrenal glands, little buds on the top of each kidney that produce sex hormones and cortisol, too.
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Original Editors - Amanda Mattingly from Bellarmine University's Pathophysiology of Complex Patient Problems project.
When in proper alignment, the uterus and the adjacent structures are suspended in the proper position by the uterosacral, round, broad, and cardinal ligaments. The uterus and the vaginal vault, which is the apex of the vagina, make up the organs that constitute the middle portion descent into the vagina. Each source presents with a different prevalence depending on the researcher and the population used. Obesity is a co-morbidity that often leads to progression and complication with uterine prolapse. Observation is often the first means of diagnosis.[2] Physical examination is the primary means for diagnosis.
Women most at risk for this condition are those who have had multiple pregnancies and deliveries in combination with obesity.
Corrective surgery was a once popular first step for uterine prolapse but has fallen second choice to rehabilitation.
Pelvic floor muscles are seventy percent slow-twitch muscle fibers, which assist in muscle endurance with generation of slow and sustained contractions. One important observation with success of Kegel exercise is the identification of the correct musculature contraction by a specialized Physical Therapist. Kegel exercises are performed to strengthen the muscles of the pelvic floor to help increase support of the bladder and the urethra. The woman should be able to hold this contraction for 5 to 10 seconds, but may need to work up to that. Current research prescribes a frequency of 30 contraction per day with an emphasis on increasing the strength and intensity of the contraction. Biofeedback is used to detect and amplify internal physiological events and conditions using a monitoring instrument. This technique is used to bring attention to the possible interactions between the patient's symptoms and their environment and provide techniques for behavioral modification.
Electrical stimulation is used to inhibit the micturition reflex and contract pelvic floor muscles. In a study by Jarvis et al., preoperative and postoperative physical therapy was found to improve outcomes (quality of life questionnaire, urinary symptoms, and maximum pelvic floor muscle squeeze on mamometry) compared to a surgical group without per-operative physical therapy. AbstractA large number of hysterectomies are carried out for uterine prolapse, menorrhagia and other symptomatic but benign gynaecological conditions, which has increased interest in new approaches to treat these disorders.
AbstractObjective: To determine the outcome of sacrocervicopexy and combined operations in the treatment of uterovaginal prolapse in women with desire to preserving both uterus and fertility. AbstractWe present a case of a 66-year-old woman who visited our hospital on account of acute renal failure combined with vesical stones and ureteral stone due to uterine prolapse.
An international area of research and advocacy for women with uterine prolapse occurs through the women of Nepal. Learn about the shoulder in this month's Physiopedia Plus learn topic with 5 chapters from textbooks such as Magee's Orthopedic Physical Assessment, 2014 & Donatelli's Physical therapy of the shoulder 2012. When a woman has little, normal, or high levels of estrogen, and has little or no progesterone to maintain a good balance in the body she has a condition known as estrogen dominance, or estrogen dominant syndrome. Keep in mind, you don’t have to have high estrogen levels to be diagnosed with estrogen dominance. You need the right amount of both progesterone and estrogen in your body at all times, as these are our 2 primary sex hormones. As you can see, you need the ideal ratio of estrogen and progesterone in order to remain free of estrogen dominance, which is a condition that affects more than half of women who are over the age of 35.
By the time you hit menopause your body can’t produce a sufficient amount of progesterone, while estrogen is still produced in decent amounts. As I stated earlier, too much estrogen can actually sabotage your breast enlargement goals. In order to successfully grow your breasts we need both these hormones working together in harmony. We’re (and this goes for men, women, and children) all exposed to way too much estrogen on a daily basis. These harmful estrogens block up our estrogen receptors, which leads to a build up of estrogen. This exposure to xenoestrogens eventually leads to various health problems like headaches, sinus problems, asthma, arthritis, symptoms of premenopause, and in some cases a direct cause of cancer.
The most common source of xeneoestrogens that we’re always exposed to are pesticides. Most chicken, beef, and pork that’s commercially raised contain pesticides, as they are given growth hormone and estrogen-like hormones to feed on. These meats have a high amount of pesticides stored in their fat cells making them very estrogenic. The best way to avoid these estrogenic chemicals is to eat less (or completely stop eating) commercially raised animals (pork, beef, chicken). The same goes for dairy products like cheese, ice cream, butter, and milk – look for organic products when you go shopping at your grocery store.
Your liver is responsible for metabolizing hormones and removing excess amounts of hormones from the body. Eating less than good quality food, lack of sleep, lack of exercise, and drinking too much alcohol or cafeine all contribute to high stress levels, which releases cortisol into your body. Other things that can cause estrogen dominance include - Birth Control Pills, Obesity, Not Getting Enough Exercise or Physical Activity (30 minutes of exercise per day has shown to reduce stress levels), Lack of B Vitamins, Improper Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT), and of course Diet. Foods such as fennel, fenugreek, sunflower seeds, lavender oil, licorice, soybeans, and herbs like alfalfa and fennel have been known to reduce dangerous levels of estrogen and protect the estrogen cell receptors from more damage from xenoestrogens. DIM – DIM or diindolylmethane is a phytochemical that is made using certain vegetables like broccoli. Milk Thistle – Helps detox the liver so that estrogen can be metabolized more efficiently. NAC – NAC or N-acetyl-cysteine will help your liver break down estrogen, which will decrease the total amount of estrogen in your body.
It’s always important to get your estrogen, progesterone, and stress hormone levels checked so you can learn if you have a hormonal imbalance, and if you do, how severe it is. Estrogen dominance is a major cause of various health conditions like cystic breast disease, fibroids, breast cancer, PMS, and many more.
Hormone therapy is carried out to treat the symptoms of hot flashes, vaginal dryness, insomnia and night perspiration.
The age-reversal premise we are espousing is the subject of three books written by highly respected medical doctors.
As men age past year 40, hormonal changes occur that perceptibly inhibit physical, sexual, and cognitive function. A remarkable amount of data has been compiled indicating that many of the diseases that middle-aged men begin experiencing, including depression, fatigue, abdominal weight gain, alterations in mood and cognition, decreased libido, erectile dysfunction, prostate disease, and heart disease, are directly related to hormone imbalances that are correctable with currently available drug and nutrient therapies.
To the patient’s detriment, conventional doctors are increasingly prescribing drugs to treat depression, elevated cholesterol, angina, and a host of other diseases that might be caused by an underlying hormone imbalance. If doctors checked their male patients’ blood levels of estrogen, testosterone, thyroid, and DHEA (instead of prescribing drugs to treat symptoms), they might be surprised to learn that many problems could be eliminated by adjusting hormone levels to fit the profile of a healthy 21-year-old male. Few physicians are familiar with the hormone blood tests that should be ordered for men, nor do they have the experience required to properly adjust hormones to reverse the degenerative changes that begin in mid-life. The most significant hormone imbalance in aging men is a decrease in free testosterone, while estrogen levels remain the same or increase precipitously. One cause of hormone imbalance in men is that their testosterone is increasingly converted to estrogen. Estrogen is an essential hormone for men, but too much of it causes a wide range of health problems. When there is too little testosterone present, estrogen attaches to testosterone cell receptor sites throughout the body and creates many problems in aging men. High serum levels of estrogen also trick the brain into thinking that enough testosterone is being produced, further slowing the natural production of testosterone. One further complication of excess estrogen is that it increases the body’s production of sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) (280). Based on the multiple deleterious effects of excess estrogen in men, aggressive action should be taken to reduce estrogen to a safe range if a blood test reveals elevated levels.
Of critical concern to psychiatrists are studies showing that men with depression have lower levels of testosterone than do control subjects (94-98).
Conventional doctors have not recommended testosterone replacement therapy because of an erroneous concern that testosterone causes prostate cancer. Another concern that skeptical physicians have about prescribing testosterone replacement therapy is that some poorly conducted studies showed it to be ineffective in the long-term treatment of aging.
In some men, the testes lose their ability to produce testosterone, no matter how much LH is being produced.
As indicated earlier, a major problem that aging men face is not low production of testosterone, but excessive conversion of testosterone to estrogen. Sexual stimulation and erection begin in the brain when neuronal testosterone-receptor sites are prompted to ignite a cascade of biochemical events that involve testosterone-receptor sites in the nerves, blood vessels, and muscles. Without adequate levels of free testosterone, the quality of a man’s sex life is adversely affected and the genitals atrophy.
The genital-pelvic region is packed with testosterone receptors that are ultra-sensitive to free testosterone-induced sexual stimulation. Restoring youthful hormone balance can have a significant impact on male sexuality (99-102). Normal aging results in the gradual weakening of the heart, even in the absence of significant coronary artery disease. Testosterone is a muscle-building hormone, and there are many testosterone-receptor sites in the heart (57). There are an ever-increasing number of studies indicating an association between high testosterone and low cardiovascular disease rates in men (81). Those with cardiovascular disease should have their blood tested for free testosterone and estrogen. As readers of Life Extension Magazine learned in late 1997, estrogen has been identified as a primary culprit in the development of benign prostate hypertrophy (prostate enlargement) (117-119).
The major concern that has kept men from restoring their testosterone to youthful levels is fear of prostate cancer. Since there is such a strong perception that any augmentation of testosterone can increase the risk of prostate cancer, we did a MEDLINE search on all the published studies relating to serum testosterone and prostate cancer.
Before starting a testosterone replacement program, men should have a serum PSA test and a digital rectal exam to rule out prostate cancer. Please remember that testosterone does not cause acute prostate cancer, but if you have existing prostate cancer and do not know it, testosterone administration is likely to boost PSA sharply and provide your doctor with a quick diagnosis of prostate cancer (and an opportunity for very early treatment). As stated above, the MEDLINE score was 21 to 5 against the theory that testosterone plays a role in the development of prostate cancer.
We eagerly await the results of more studies, but the fear of developing prostate cancer in the future should not be a reason to deprive your body today of the life-saving and life-enhancing benefits of restoring a youthful hormone balance. Once a man has prostate cancer, testosterone therapy cannot be recommended because most prostate cancer cells use testosterone as a growth promoter. Its blocking of alpha-adrenergic receptor sites on the sphincter muscle surrounding the urethra. It is unfortunate that many people still think that restoring testosterone to youthful levels will increase the risk of prostate disease. While it is clear that excess estrogen causes benign prostate enlargement, the evidence for excess estrogen’s role in the development of prostate cancer is uncertain (8, 41, 117-134, 182-217, 236). A male hormone imbalance can be detected through use of the proper blood tests and can be corrected using available drugs and nutrients. The Life Extension Foundation would like to point out that there is disagreement between clinicians and laboratories on the best method for measuring testosterone status. The latter three test methods are older, more complicated methods that are technically demanding. Consequently, if your doctor tests your free testosterone, be sure you know the analytical method used.
If these levels are high, it is an indication of testicular testosterone production deficiency.
The fact that most aging men have too much estrogen does not mean it is acceptable for a man to have low estrogen. Too much free testosterone is being bound by SHBG (sex hormone-binding globulin) (281-284). The pituitary gland fails to secrete adequate amounts of luteinizing hormone (LH) to stimulate testicular production of testosterone. The testes have lost their ability to produce testosterone, despite adequate amounts of the testicular-stimulating luteinizing hormone.
Take combination supplement providing a flavonoid called chrysin (1000 mg) along with piperine (10 mg) to enable the chrysin to be absorbed into the blood stream. If all of the above fail to increase free testosterone and lower excess estradiol, ask your doctor to prescribe the potent aromatase inhibiting drug Arimidex (anastrozole) in the very low dose of one-half milligram (0.5 mg), twice a week. Consider following some of the recommendations in the previous section to inhibit aromatase, since many of the same factors are involved in excess SHBG activity.Take 320 mg a day of the super-critical extract of saw palmetto and 240 mg a day of the methanolic extract of nettle (Urtica dioica). After 1 month on chorionic gonadotropic hormone, a blood test can determine whether total testosterone levels are significantly increasing.
If total testosterone remains low in spite of several months of chorionic gonadotropic hormone therapy, this indicates that your testicles are not capable of producing testosterone.
Before initiating testosterone replacement therapy, have a PSA blood test and a digital rectal exam to rule out detectable prostate cancer.
Excess estrogen (estradiol) blocks the production and effect of testosterone throughout the body, dampens sexuality, and increases the risk of prostate and cardiovascular disease. An oncologist affiliated with the Life Extension Foundation reports that some men on the testosterone patch will show an elevated PSA that then drops upon cessation of the exogenously administered testosterone. Therapies have been discussed that can prevent testosterone from cascading into estrogen and DHT. Both synthetic and natural testosterone drugs require a prescription, and a prescription should only be written after blood or saliva tests reveal a testosterone deficiency. Alternative physicians usually prescribe testosterone creams and other types made at compounding pharmacies, whereas conventional doctors are more likely to prescribe a box of ready-made, FDA-approved testosterone patches. Men with existing prostate cancer should follow an opposite approach as it relates to testosterone.
In a study published in the Journal of Steroid Biochemical Molecular Biology (1993), chrysin and 10 other flavonoids were compared to an aromatase-inhibiting drug (aminoglutethimide) (298). Since chrysin is not a patentable drug, do not expect to see a lot of human research documenting its effects. An advantage to using plant extracts to boost testosterone in lieu of drugs is that the plant extracts have ancillary health benefits. Increasing free testosteroneDecreasing excess estrogenProducing a safe anti-anxiety effect. Chrysin is being sold to body builders by commercial supplement companies that do not know if their product is favorably modulating testosterone and estrogen levels in men. About 90% of testosterone is produced by the testes; the remainder is produced by the adrenal glands. As discussed already, a hormone that controls levels of free testosterone is called sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG). Some studies show that the decline in sexual interest with advancing age is not always due to the amount of testosterone produced, but rather to the increased binding of testosterone to globulin by SHBG. Logically, one way of increasing libido in older men would be to block the testosterone-binding effects of SHBG. A highly concentrated extract from the nettle root provides a unique mechanism for increasing levels of free testosterone. Nettle extracts also inhibit enzymes such as 5 alpha reductase that cause testosterone to convert to DHT.
French scientists have identified an herbal extract that has shown libido-enhancing effects in two human clinical studies. Treatment with muira puama was much more effective in cases with the least psychosomatic involvement. The latter finding confirms that broad tonic action of muira puama on conditions of fatigue and stress-related sexual dysfunction. One of the earliest scientific studies of muira puama was conducted by another French doctor, Dr. In order to ascertain the safety and efficacy of nutrients that are purported to modulate male hormone levels, The Life Extension Foundation sponsored clinical studies to assess the effects of specific supplements on blood levels of testosterone, estrogen, SHBG, etc. The results from the first pilot study showed that nine out of ten men experienced a significant reduction in serum estradiol (estrogen) levels after only 30 days, compared to baseline. A more comprehensive study incorporating a different combination of nutrients resulted in eight out of eight men experiencing increases in free testosterone while levels of the undesirable SHBG declined in seven out of eight men, compared to baseline.
Based on the results of these studies, a formula called Super MiraForte was developed that contains the combination of chrysin, nettle root, muira puama, piperine, and other nutrients that showed the most potent effects in boosting free testosterone and suppressing estrogen in aging men. There are now natural dietary supplements in development that boost free testosterone levels and suppress excess estrogen. The best source for actual case histories of men who successfully used hormone modulation is Dr. Before beginning testosterone replacement, comprehensive blood testing is necessary to determine liver-kidney function, and levels of glucose, minerals, lipids, thyroid, free and total testosterone, estadiol, DHT, DHEA, PSA, homocysteine, LH (optional), and SHBG (optional). Your individual hormone balance is influenced by genetics, the environment, your lifestyle, eating habits and the function of your endocrine (hormone producing) system.  Aging is associated with declining hormones, as well as reduced quality of life and increasing risk of chronic diseases. Cardiovascular effects of medroxyprogesterone acetate and progesterone: a case of mistaken identity?  Nat Clin Pract Cardiovasc Med.
Secreted by the testicles in males and ovaries in females, testosterone promotes muscle growth, bone strength, and a healthy libido. Healthy levels of estrogen regulate ovulation, support a healthy sex drive, improve lung functioning, and are essential in maintaining mental health. Estradiol maintains the health of unfertilized eggs while they are stored in the ovaries and initiates the process that leads to ovulation. They assist with completion of paperwork, and John thoroughly describes any procedures or treatment you will be getting. This pain is due to stretching of the ligamentous supports and secondarily to abrasion of the prolapsed tissues.[1] If the prolapse has progressed into a grade three or third degree prolapse, the person may feel as though they have a lump at the vaginal opening and have irritation and abrasion of the exposed mucous membrane of the cervix and vagina. Vaginal tissue and supporting structures depend on estrogen for their strength and elasticity.

A bimanual test is performed with a speculum while the person is at rest and when the person is straining.
When surgery is indicated, it is a management tool for second, third, and fourth-degree uterine prolapse.[2] Pelvic organ prolapse surgery has a success rate of 65% to 90% and has a repeated rate of operation at 30%. There is a supportive type for milder prolapse and a space-occupying type for more serious prolapse.
Tissue damaged during childbirth that has caused an associated prolapse, often begins to improve when undergoing tissue healing. These muscles are designed to have a less intense contraction, whereas the other thirty percent, which are fast twitch, are designed for quick and forceful contraction.
Approximately 19% to 31% of women who believe they perform Kegels actually perform them correctly. They also can be used postpartum to facilitate circulation to the perineum, which promotes faster healing and increases pelvic floor muscle tone. The patient inserts weighted cones into the vagina and is instructed to maintain the position of the weighted cone. It provides dual benefits for the management of pelvic organ prolapse and improvement of pelvic floor muscle weakness.
Using a vaginal or anal probe, the electrical stimulation produces a contraction of the levator ani muscle. Most physical therapist who treat pelvic organ prolapse use pelvic floor muscle training defined as explanation of the anatomy and physiology, verbal explanation of pelvic floor muscle training technique in combination with educational material, biofeedback and electrical stimulation. Clinical Presentation and Intervention: Sacrocervicopexy with Prolene mesh and combined operations were performed in 3 women with total uterine prolapse because of the patient’s desire to retain fertility in 2 cases and refusal of hysterectomy in the 3rd patient. An emergency percutaneous nephrostomy was performed, and supportive treatment was administered. Currently they have the highest rate of uterine prolapse in the world and the poorest conditions for women based on position in society. Prediction model and prognositc index to estimate clinically relevant pelvic organ prolapse ina general female population.
The prevalence of pelvic organ prolapse symptoms and signs and their relation with bladder and bowel disorders in a general female population. Laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy and myomectomy for uterine prolapse: a case report and review of the literature. Peri-operative physiotherapy improves outcomes for women undergoing incontinence and or prolapse surgery: results of a randomised controlled trial. Physiopedia is not a substitute for professional advice or expert medical services from a qualified healthcare provider.
With the amount of athletes that get in trouble for shooting up with performance enhancing drugs and taking testosterone supplements (some legal, some not), it’s hard to not think there has to be something magical about it.
However, too much estrogen can actually sabotage your breast enlargement goals and leave you vulnerable to a host of health problems. There are some women out there who have a deficient amount of estrogen in their body, but they still show symptoms of estrogen dominance because they don’t have any progesterone at all. During the first half of our menstrual cycle estrogen rises to stimulate ovulation, while during the second half of our menstrual cycle progesterone kicks in and rises if we’re pregnant, or our progesterone levels will drop to stimulate menstruation (period). This might have something to do with the fact that your body begins producing less and less progesterone once we reach age 35. Breast cancer is the number 1 cancer in women and it can be attributed to too much estrogen and extremely low or no progesterone. Estrogen dominant syndrome is when the progesterone levels in your body are too low, while your estrogen levels remain dominant and high. Too little or too much estrogen can prevent a woman from getting bigger boobs, as it’s the hormone responsible for enlarging your breast tissues. Moreover, progesterone has cancer preventive properties that are needed as we try to increase the activity of estrogen in our bodies for breast development. The human body can’t tell the difference between xenoestrogens and our own estrogen, because xenoestrogens mimic the shape of our natural estrogen, which our estrogen receptors in our cells recognizes and opens up for.
A lot of men and women these days are suffering from one or more health problem due to they’re exposure to these estrogenic chemicals. Pesticides have a chemical structure that resembles estrogen and most of the traditionally cultivated vegetables and fruits on the market these days have some degree of pesticides.
Over a pound of these dangerous estrogenic chemicals are ingested by the average person each year according to some studies.
Also, do your best to stay away from commercially grown vegetables and fruits, as they most likely have residue of pesticide on them.
Laundry detergent – contains high amounts of estrogenic chemicals that get absorbed through our skin.
The best thing you can do is keep your body in great condition so that it can effectively fight off the sea of xenoestrogens around you effectively. This is why it is very important to keep your liver functioning properly in order to maintain proper hormone balance and avoid estrogen dominance.
Stress not only decreases our progesterone levels, it also causes adrenal gland exhaustion. In order to feed this spike in cortisol level your body will begin to utilize reserves that would have originally been used to produce other hormones such as progesterone. You need a strategy that helps bring all 3 of your sex hormones back into balance and these include: testosterone, estrogen, and progesterone. Just consult your naturopathic physician so you know the right dosage you need to take daily, and he or she will make sure you have a plan you can follow. Remember, estrogen dominance is caused by not only a deficiency in progesterone, but also a high level of estrogen. Most phytoestrogens are not only great for natural breast enlargement, but also great at decreasing the amount of harmful estrogen in the body.
Good phytoestrogens can help your body’s ability in balancing out all of your hormones and preventing estrogen dominance, while promoting natural breast growth. Always go for a combination of supplements, diet, and lifestyle changes to address estrogen dominance. The breast enlargement methods covered on this site will not only stimulate estrogen activity (which is vital to promote natural breast development), but also improve your progesterone levels promoting a healthy hormonal balance, and protect your body from many of the harmful chemical estrogens that are everywhere around us. These are the common conditions that several women encounter during their menopausal years. These books provide a persuasive compilation of research findings and clinical experience to document the safety and efficacy of using this approach to treat aging.
The outward appearance of a typical middle-aged male shows increased abdominal fat and shrinkage of muscle mass, a hallmark effect of hormone imbalance. These symptoms usually onset around age 40-50, although with smokers the onset is significantly earlier (290-293).
This protocol will provide the patient and physician with the information necessary to safely modulate hormone levels for the purpose of preventing and treating many of the common diseases associated with growing older. As men grow older, they experience a variety of mechanisms from the dual effects of having too little testosterone and excess estrogen. One report showed that estrogen levels of the average 54-year-old man are higher than those of the average 59-year-old woman (1, 5, 13-18, 48). While there are studies showing that testosterone replacement therapy does not increase estrogen beyond normal reference ranges, we will show later how the standard laboratory reference ranges do not adequately address the issue of estrogen overload (4, 8, 9, 17, 22-25, 27, 29-32). The most dangerous acute effect of excess estrogen and too little testosterone is an increased risk of heart attack or stroke (39-43, 261-270). In youth, low amounts of estrogen are used to turn off the powerful cell-stimulating effects of testosterone. This happens when estrogen saturates testosterone receptors in the hypothalamus region of the brain. SHBG binds free testosterone in the blood and makes it unavailable to cell receptor sites (51, 52, 55, 56). We will discuss the appropriate blood tests and steps that can be taken to lower estrogen levels later in this protocol. There are testosterone receptor sites in cells throughout the body, most notably in the brain and heart (60, 180). For some men, elevating free testosterone levels could prove to be an effective antidepressant therapy.
Body builders tarnished the reputation of testosterone by putting large amounts of synthetic testosterone drugs into their young bodies. As we will later show, fear of prostate cancer is not a scientifically valid reason to avoid testosterone modulation therapy. These studies indicate anti-aging benefits when testosterone is given, but the effects often wear off. When the hypothalamus detects a deficiency of testosterone in the blood, it secretes a hormone called gonadotrophin-releasing hormone to the pituitary gland.
This type of testosterone deficiency is diagnosed when blood tests show high levels of LH and low levels of testosterone.
Specific therapies to suppress excess estrogen and boost free testosterone back to youthful physiological levels will be discussed later.
Free testosterone promotes sexual desire and then facilitates performance, sensation, and the ultimate degree of fulfillment.
When free testosterone is restored, positive changes can be expected in the structure and function of the sex organs. Clinical studies using testosterone injections, creams, or patches have often failed to provide a long-lasting, libido-enhancing effect in aging men (98). The weakening of the heart muscle can sometimes be attributed to testosterone deficiency (103-108). In the majority of patients, symptoms and EKG measurements improve when low testosterone levels are corrected. Some men (with full cooperation from their physicians) may be able to stop taking expensive drugs to stimulate cardiac output, lower cholesterol, and keep blood pressure under control, if they correct a testosterone deficit or a testosterone-estrogen imbalance. Estrogen has been shown to bind to SHBG in the prostate gland and cause the proliferation of epithelial cells in the prostate (124, 182-184). The theory is that since most prostate cancer cell lines need testosterone to proliferate, it is better not to replace the testosterone that is lost with aging. The abstracts at the end of this protocol provide quotations from the published literature as it relates to the issue of whether testosterone causes prostate disease.
None of these studies took into account the prostate cancer prevention effects for men who take lycopene, selenium, and vitamins A and E (135-144), nor did they factor in possible prostate disease preventives such as saw palmetto, nettle, soy, and pygeum (42-44, 145-170, 172).
Regrettably, this denies prostate cancer patients the wonderful benefits of testosterone therapy.
Estrogen can worsen prostate enlargement and supplemental testosterone can elevate estrogen if an aromatase-inhibiting drug such as Arimidex is not used. This misconception has kept many men from availing themselves of this life-enhancing and life-saving hormone. Some studies show that elevated estrogen is associated with increased prostate cancer risk, while other studies contradict this finding. There are different schools of thought as to which form of testosterone should be measured and which analytical procedure provides the most accurate assessment of metabolic activity. The direct RIA test has a number of commercial test kits available, and they are better used in today’s automated equipment, making this test less tedious and requiring a smaller (less) sample.
If estradiol levels are in the upper one-third of the normal reference range, or above the normal reference range, this excessive level of estrogen should be reduced. DHT is 10 times more androgenic than testosterone and has been implicated in prostate problems and hair loss. Estrogen is used by men to maintain bone density, and abnormally low estrogen levels may increase the risk for prostate cancer and osteoporosis (37, 117, 132, 184, 249). This would be especially apparent if total testosterone levels were in the high normal range, while free testosterone was below the upper one-third range. In this case, LH would be above normal, and total testosterone would in very low normal or below normal ranges. Nettle may specifically inhibit SHGB (42-44, 251, 252), while saw palmetto may reduce the effects of excess estrogen by blocking the nuclear estrogen receptor sites in prostate cells, which in turn activate the cell-stimulating effects of testosterone and dihydrotestosterone. If LH is low, your doctor can prescribe an individual dose of chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) hormone for injection.
Once total testosterone levels are restored to a high-normal range, monitor blood levels of estradiol, free testosterone, and PSA every 30 to 45 days for the first 6 months to make sure the exogenous testosterone you are using is following a healthy metabolic pathway and not causing a flare up of an underlying prostate cancer.
Once you have established the proper ratio of free testosterone (upper one third of the highest number in the reference range) and estradiol (not more than 30), make sure your blood is tested every 30 to 45 days for the first 5 months. This oncologist noted that prostate cancer patients with low testosterone levels have a more aggressive disease, most likely related to the development of tumor cells that are androgen independent and thus more resistant to therapy. Some of the synthetic testosterone drugs to avoid using on a long-term basis are Methyltestosterone, Danazol, Oxandrolone, Testosterone propionate, cypionate, or enanthate. Scientists learned decades ago how to make the identical testosterone that your body produces, but since natural testosterone could not be patented, drug companies developed all kinds of synthetic testosterone analogs that could be patented and approved by the FDA as new drugs. All forms of natural testosterone are the same and all will markedly increase free testosterone in the blood or saliva. There is a report of a young male child going through premature puberty after the child made contact with the testosterone cream on his father’s body and on weightlifting equipment in the home.
Prostate cancer patients are normally prescribed testosterone ablation therapy (using a drug that blocks the pituitary release of LH and another drug that blocks testosterone-receptor sites on the cells). The study tested the aromatase-inhibiting effects of these natural flavonoids (such as genistein, rutin, tea catechins, etc.) in human fat cell cultures.
There are many FDA-approved drugs that inhibit aromatase (such as Arimidex), and there is not much economic interest in finding natural ways of replacing these drugs.
Chrysin, for example, is a potent antioxidant that possesses vitamin-like effects in the body. In a study published in Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior (1997), chrysin displayed potent anti-anxiety effects in rats, but did not interfere with cognitive performance.
The Life Extension Foundation, on the other hand, has conducted studies to evaluate the effects of chrysin (combined with piperine to facilitate absorption) on aging men. Testosterone functions as an aphrodisiac hormone in brain cells and as an anabolic hormone in the development of bone and skeletal muscle.
This explains why some older men who are on testosterone replacement therapy do not report a long-term aphrodisiac effect. This liver-induced binding of testosterone is worsened by the use of sedatives, anti-hypertensives, tranquilizers, and alcoholic beverages. Recent European research has identified constituents of nettle root that bind to SHBG in place of testosterone, thus reducing SHBG’s binding of free testosterone (309-313). In Germany, nettle root has been used as a treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (enlargement of the prostate gland) for decades. It is the DHT metabolite of testosterone that is known to cause benign prostate enlargement, excess facial hair, and hair loss at the top of the head. Muira puama comes from the stems and roots of the Ptychopetalum olacoides plant and is widely used in the Amazon region of South America as an aphrodisiac, tonic, and cure for rheumatism and muscle paralysis. Of the 26 men diagnosed with common sexual asthenia without noticeable sign of psychosomatic disorder, the treatment was effective for asthenia in 100% of cases, the lack of libido in 85% of cases, and for inability of coital erection in 90% of cases. Since muira puama is not an artificial stimulant, it fortifies the system over a period of time.
Waynberg notes that his toxicology studies and observations corroborate the conclusions of the scientific literature on the absence of toxicity of muira puama, which is well tolerated by men in general good health. In this brief study, total testosterone increased in seven out of ten men, but free testosterone increased in only four of the ten men studied. It revealed that after 30 days, 12 out of 17 men experienced an increase in total testosterone and 11 out of 17 showed an increase in free testosterone, compared to baseline.
For those who would prefer to avoid testosterone boosting and estrogen suppressing drugs, four capsules a day of Super MiraForte may be considered.
Even when these supplements become available, PSA testing is still mandatory, since any substance that increases testosterone should be avoided by most prostate cancer patients. Some animal studies have linked the increase in estrone production after menopause with an increase in breast tumors. Bioidentical hormones produce the same physiologic responses as those of the body’s natural hormones. Hormones are arguably the most important things in our bodies, chemical messengers that motivate and monitor almost every process that makes us who we are. Plus, normal levels of the hormone, which is technically a naturally-occurring steroid, act to regulate physical and mental energy. The hormone is also active in males, helping sperm mature properly and supporting a healthy sex drive.
Low levels of the hormone can lead to metabolic syndrome, a precursor to diabetes characterized by insulin resistance, unhealthy levels of cholesterol, and increased weight gain. Looking specifically at uterine prolapse, when comparing participants with healthy BMI’s to overweight and obese persons, the risk of prolapse increased by 43% and 69%, respectively. If prolapse is not apparent with the first method, the person repeats the test while standing with one foot on a chair.
The disorder has been attributed to prolonged labor, bearing down before full dilation, and forceful delivery of the placenta.
Patients who have more than one compartment involved may need a combination of surgeries and surgery can often predispose patients to prolapse in another compartment. The Colpexin Sphere is available only by prescription."[24] This is especially helpful for those who have urinary incontinence in association with uterine prolapse. The objectives are to assist patients in gaining greater awareness and voluntary control over muscular control and contraction. Bladder training is used for patients with associated incontinence for bladder prompted training, bladder drills, bladder habit training, and bladder retraining. Electrical stimulation is also used based on the theory that low-level electrical currents might re-innervate the pelvic floor and change the ratio of slow-to-fast-twitch muscle fibers.[20] Electrostimulation is used in treatment of stress incontinence, enhancing the periurethral sphincter and urge incontinence, inhibiting the overactive detruser muscle. Patients also be instructed to squeeze or perform a Kegel contraction when they are lifting or straining. Most outcome measures are patient-reported symptoms, pelvic floor muscle strength and quality of life.
Sacrohysteropexy can be carried out instead of vaginal hysterectomy in the treatment of uterine prolapse. The 1st case was a 38-year-old woman, gravida 2, parity 1; the 2nd case a 42-year-old woman, gravida 3, parity 2, and the 3rd a 39-year-old woman, gravida 1, parity 1. On the 5th day post-hospitalization, the renal function of the patient had recovered to a normal range. You can’t even turn on a TV or go to a movie without an actor who magically got into superhero shape just months after being as small as a twig. In fact, If you’re a premenopausal woman you are 5 times more likely to develop breast cancer if your progesterone is too low. Check out some of the most common xenoestrogens that you need to do your best to stay away from, as they trigger estrogen dominance. Adapting to a healthy lifestyle that involves eating nutritious foods daily and staying active will go a long way. I recommend detoxing your body a couple times each year to help keep your liver functioning at its optimum level.
So if your progesterone levels are normal you just need to focus on reducing your estrogen levels. Apparently this is performed to prevent disorders of old age like heart problems and osteoporosis.During menopause, these signs usually last for about three to five years. Loss of a feeling of well-being, sometimes manifesting as depression, is a common psychological complication of hormone imbalance (94-97, 271). The result is a testosterone-estrogen imbalance that directly causes many of the debilitating health problems associated with normal aging (1-12, 28). High levels of estrogen have been implicated as a cause of benign prostatic hypertrophy (prostate enlargement) (35-44, 46, 47). The saturated hypothalamus then stops sending out a hormone to the pituitary gland to stimulate secretion of luteinizing hormone that the gonads require to produce testosterone. Youthful protein synthesis for maintaining muscle mass and bone formation requires testosterone (57, 59, 61-74, 87-90, 261- 264, 287). There is a basis for free testosterone levels being measured in men with depression and for replacement therapy being initiated if free testosterone levels are low normal or below normal. Synthetic testosterone abuse can produce detrimental effects (34), but this has nothing to do with the benefits a man over age 40 can enjoy by properly restoring his natural testosterone to a youthful level.

What physicians fail to appreciate is that exogenously administered testosterone can convert to estrogen in the body. This prompts the pituitary to secrete luteinizing hormone (LH), which then prompts the Leydig cells in the testes to produce testosterone. In other words, the pituitary gland is telling the testes (by secreting LH) to produce testosterone, but the testes have lost their functional ability. It is also necessary to suppress excess estrogen because this hormone can compete for testosterone receptor sites in the sex centers of the brain and the genitals. Testosterone is not only responsible for maintaining heart muscle protein synthesis, it is also a promoter of coronary artery dilation (109-113) and helps to maintain healthy cholesterol levels (81, 114). One study showed that blood flow to the heart improved 68.8% in those receiving testosterone therapy (9). This is corroborated by the fact that as men develop benign prostate enlargement, their levels of free testosterone plummet, while their estrogen levels remain the same or are rising. The problem with this theory is that most men who develop prostate cancer have low levels of testosterone, and the majority of published studies show that serum testosterone levels do not affect one’s risk for contracting prostate cancer.
Of the 27 MEDLINE studies found, 5 studies indicated that men with higher testosterone levels had a greater incidence of prostate cancer, whereas 21 studies showed that testosterone was not a risk factor and 1 study was considered neutral. A small minority of men with low testosterone and prostate cancer will not have an elevated PSA or palpable lesion detectable by digital rectal exam.
Men with severe benign prostatic hyperplasia (prostate enlargement) should approach testosterone replacement cautiously. For more information on testosterone, estrogen, and the prostate gland, refer to the February 1999 issue of Life Extension Magazine (182-217, 306). Under no circumstances should free or total testosterone be above the high end of the normal range. We believe that direct testing for free testosterone is the best way to test for testosterone activity, as free testosterone is active testosterone and consists of only 1-2% of total testosterone. These advantages have convinced many laboratories and clinics to prefer direct RIA testing for Free Testosterone. If there is too little testosterone present, then pituitary gland secretes more LH in a futile effort to stimulate testicular testosterone production.
The objective is to achieve hormone balance, not to create sky-high testosterone levels without enough estrogen. Remember, aromatase converts testosterone into estradiol, which can cause estrogen overload and testosterone deficiency.
Saw palmetto also has the effect of blocking the oxidation of testosterone to androstenedione, a potent androgen that has been implicated in the development of prostate disease (253). Chorionic gonadotropic hormone functions similarly to LH and can re-start testicular production of testosterone.
The objective is to raise your levels of free testosterone to the upper third of the reference range, but to not increase estradiol levels beyond 30. Elevation of PSA could be caused by the conversion of exogenous testosterone to estrogen or DHT. This observation is substantiated by the published literature (185, 186, 201, 205, 224-229, 254-256, 286, 288). A study in the Journal of the American Medical Association (1999) reported on an 8-week study showing that androstenedione supplements increased estrogen levels in 30 men (258). This unique case is a testament to the powerful effects that testosterone exerts in the body.
Early-stage prostate cancer cells can often be controlled by totally suppressing testosterone in the body. Body builders have used it as a testosterone boosting supplement since by inhibiting the aromatase enzyme, less testosterone is converted into estrogen.
Chrysin was the most potent aromatase-inhibitor, and was shown to be similar in potency and effectiveness to the aromatase-inhibiting drug. While prescription aromatase-inhibiting drugs are relatively free of side effects, aging men who are seeking to gain control over their sex hormone levels sometimes prefer natural sources, rather than trying to convince a physician to prescribe a drug (such as Arimidex) that is not yet approved by the FDA as an anti-aging therapy. It has been shown to induce an antiinflammatory effect, possibly through inhibition of the enzymes 5-lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase inflammation pathways.
In this study, diazepam was shown to inhibit neurological function, but chrysin (and other anti-anxiety flavonoids) had no effect on training or test session performance. But testosterone that becomes bound to serum globulin is not available to cell receptor sites and fails to induce a libido effect. That is, the artificially administered testosterone becomes bound by SHBG and is not bioavailable to cellular receptor sites where it would normally produce a libido-enhancing effect. The overuse of drugs and alcohol could explain why some men do not experience a libido-enhancing effect when consuming drugs and plant-based aphrodisiacs.
A metabolite of testosterone called dihydrotestosterone (DHT) stimulates prostate growth, leading to enlargement. The first study, conducted at the Institute of Sexology in Paris under Waynberg’s supervision, was reported in the November 1994 issue of The American Journal of Natural Medicine. The study population consisted of 100 men over 18 years of age who complained of impotence or loss of libido or both. Some men report increased vitality within 2 weeks, while the full effects build over several weeks. The nutrients tested included various combinations of chrysin, nettle root, maca, ginger root, muira puama, and zinc along with piperine to enhance the absorption of the chrysin. Then free testosterone and estradiol tests are needed to make sure that too much testosterone is not being converted into estradiol (estrogen).
Do not assume that a certain test number means guaranteed results or you may end up with performance anxiety over that. The Life Extension Foundation highly recommends natural testosterone over synthetic types that have a different chemical structure than the testosterone produced in the body. The person may report that the symptoms are relieved by lying down and exacerbated with prolonged standing, walking, coughing or straining.
Surgery can be either open or laparoscopic of the abdomen or can be in the vagina using fasciae, mesh, tape or sutures to suspend the organs.
Improvement tends to occur after discontinuation of nursing and the return of normal hormone levels.
These exercises improve urethral resistance and pelvic visceral support by increasing the voluntary periurethral muscles. In bladder retraining the patient is to keep a record of voiding activity over seven days and gradually increase increments between urination toward a normal three hour interval. It involves using a synthetic mesh to suspend the uterus to the sacrum; this maintains durable anatomic restoration, normal vaginal axis and sexual function. Then cystoscopy, ureteroscopy, and electrohydraulic lithotripsy were performed to remove the vesical stones and ureteral stone. The truth is steroids will help you get the increased testosterone levels you desire very quickly. Head on over to the next page to learn how to change your life and increase your testosterone without the use of steroids. The environmental estrogen we’re most commonly exposed to at a high level are known as xenoestrogens. Hormone therapy is recommended for women who do not have breast cancer or blood clotting problems.
One mechanism by which nettle root extract works is to block the binding of growth-stimulating estrogen to prostate cells (42-44, 48-50). High estrogen can thus shut down the normal testicular production of testosterone (1, 53, 54, 271-277). Testosterone improves oxygen uptake throughout the body, helps control blood sugar (68, 75-80), regulates cholesterol (67, 69, 81), and maintains immune surveillance (82, 83).
The higher estrogen levels may negate the benefits of the exogenously administered testosterone. So the pituitary gland vainly continues to secrete LH because there is not enough testosterone in the blood to provide a feedback mechanism that would tell the pituitary to shut down.
In China, doctors are successfully treating angina with testosterone therapy (9, 115, 116). If these men use supplemental testosterone, they risk an acute flare-up in their disease state. Wright also points out that natural therapies such as saw palmetto, nettle, and pygeum provide a considerable degree of protection against the alleged negative effects that higher levels of testosterone might have on the prostate gland. It would be prudent for those with prostate enlargement who are taking testosterone replacement therapy to also use the drug Proscar (finasteride) to inhibit 5-alpha-reductase levels, thereby suppressing the formation of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) (171-182).
The Life Extension Foundation agrees with this assessment, and therefore uses and recommends the Direct, Free Testosterone test with the above-mentioned reference levels. The problem is that, if we do nothing, most men will have too much estrogen and far too little testosterone. In the minute dose of 0.5 mg twice a week, a man will see an immediate drop in estradiol levels and should experience a rise in free testosterone to the optimal range. Your doctor can instruct you about how to use tiny 30-gauge needles to give yourself injections two to three times a week. For men in their 40s to 50s, correcting the excess level of estradiol is often all that has to be done.
Late-stage prostate cancer patients are sometimes put on drugs that produce estrogenic effects to suppress prostate cancer cells that no longer depend on testosterone for growth. The problem with chrysin is that because of its poor absorption into the bloodstream, it has not produced the testosterone enhancing effects users expect.
The scientists conducting the study concluded by stating that the aromatase-inhibiting effects of certain flavonoids may contribute to the cancer preventive effects of plant-based diets (298). Aging is being increasingly viewed as a proinflammatory process, and agents that inhibit chronic inflammation may protect against diseases as diverse as atherosclerosis, senility and aortic valve stenosis. In a study published in Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior (1994), mice were injected with diazepam (Valium), chrysin, or placebo to evaluate the effects these substances had on anxiety and performance levels. The scientists conducting this study pointed out that chrysin selectively inhibits anxiety in the brain but, unlike diazepam, does not induce the cognitive impairment (302). The study population consisted of 262 men complaining of lack of sexual desire or inability to attain or maintain erection.
If estrogen levels are too high, the use of aromatase inhibitors can keep testosterone from converting (aromatizing) into estrogen in the body. If you have genuine symptoms, definitely try this protocol, it is well thought out and proven. Shippen provides many interesting details too numerous to be covered in this concise protocol.
Nutritional supplements may be added to the diet depending upon test results that can enhance libido and prevent testosterone from cascading into estrogen and DHT. This technique uses a color video screen connected to a computerized unit which monitors different channels using intravaginal probe or surface electrodes depending on the muscles being selected.[21] The identification of the levator ani is important with contraction during the Kegel exercises. A laparoscopic approach has major advantages over the abdominal route including shorter recovery time and less adhesion formation.
Finally we consulted a gynecologist to perform a vaginal hysterectomy together with anterior and posterior colporraphy, and culdoplasty to treat the uterine prolapse.
Xenoestrogens belong to a family of chemicals and are considered endocrine disruptors with the ability to throw off our hormonal balance or harm our immune system.
They are provided with hormone therapy for three to five years and then for six to nine months more so as to make sure that the abrupt change does not bring back the symptoms.In ladies who have had breast cancer, it is best to explore alternate methods to reduce menopausal symptoms. The body requires testosterone to maintain youthful cardiac output and neurological function (58, 65). The solution to the estrogen-overload problem is to block the conversion of testosterone to estrogen in the body. In other cases, the hypothalamus, or pituitary gland, fails to produce sufficient amounts of LH, thus preventing healthy testes from secreting testosterone. The published evidence shows that serum levels of testosterone are not a risk factor for developing benign prostate disease (8, 36, 41, 117-137). That is why PSA monitoring is so important every 30 to 45 days during the first 6 months of any type of testosterone augmentation therapy. DHT is ten times more potent than testosterone in promoting prostate growth, and suppressing DHT is a proven therapy in treating benign prostate enlargement. Low LH can also be a sign of estrogen overload, since too much estrogen can suppress LH activity. Men over 60 sometimes need the chorionic gonadotropin injection and may need to use a testosterone patch, cream, or pellet later in life (20). Meanwhile, home run-hitter Mark McGwire, who made androstenedione a media sensation, says he stopped taking the supplement in April 1999. Regrettably, prostate cancer patients on testosterone ablation therapy often temporarily have many of the unpleasant effects of low testosterone that have been described in this article.
In a study published in Biochemical Pharmacology (1999), the specific mechanisms of chrysin’s absorption impairment were identified, which infers that the addition of a pepper extract (piperine) could significantly enhance the bioavailability of chrysin (304).
Two recent studies have identified specific mechanisms by which chrysin inhibits aromatase in human cells.
Chrysin is one of many flavonoids being studied as a phyto-extract that may prevent some forms of cancer. Chrysin was shown to produce anti-anxiety effects comparable with diazepam, but without sedation and muscle relaxation (301).
After 2 weeks, 62% of patients with loss of libido rated the treatment as having a dynamic effect, while 52% of patients with erectile dysfunction rated the treatment as beneficial. Muira puama treatment led to significantly increased frequency of intercourse for 66% of couples. Follow-up testing for testosterone, estrogen, and PSA are needed to rule out occult prostate cancer and to fine tune your program. But remember to include all the other stressors and factors in your lifestyle into the equation.
A thorough assessment of pelvic floor function is necessary to determine the muscular strength and endurance by manual muscle test.
We describe a laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy in a 55-year-old Caucasian British woman that was technically difficult.
The repair of a paravaginal defect and prophylactic Burch urethropexy were accomplished through entering Retzius’ space. Even if they did, the costs are usually out of this world and you never know exactly what you are getting.
This is because researchers have found that there is a strong link between breast cancer and oestrogen.
Testosterone is also a critical hormone in the maintenance of healthy bone density (59, 66, 67, 84-86), muscle mass (65-67, 87-90, 287), and red blood cell production (67, 69, 91-93, 98). Blood testing can determine whether sufficient amounts of LH are being secreted by the pituitary gland and help determine the appropriate therapeutic approach. When an estrogen molecule occupies a testosterone receptor site on a cell membrane, it blocks the ability of serum testosterone to induce a healthy hormonal signal.
If an underlying prostate cancer is detected because of testosterone therapy, it is usually treatable by non-surgical means. This could mean using an estrogen blocker like Arimidex could solve a testosterone deficiency problem. It is interesting to note that drugs being prescribed to treat the symptoms of testosterone deficiency such as the statins and certain antidepressants may actually aggravate a testosterone deficit, thus making the cholesterol problem or depression worse.Lose weight. Perhaps combining androstenedione with an aromatase inhibitor that would prevent it from converting to estrogen would make this precursor hormone work better in men. Before initiating a therapy that boosts your free testosterone level, a blood PSA (prostate specific antigen) test and digital rectal exam are recommended for men over age 40. Pilot studies have found that when chrysin is combined with piperine, reductions in serum estrogen (estradiol) and increases in total and free testosterone result in 30 days. These studies demonstrate that chrysin is a more potent inhibitor of the aromatase enzyme than phytoestrogens and other flavonoids that are known to have aromatase-inhibiting properties (299, 300).
If chrysin can boost free testosterone in the aging male by inhibiting the aromatase enzyme, this would provide men with a low cost natural supplement that could provide the dual anti-aging benefits of testosterone replacement and aromatase-inhibiting drug therapy. In other words, chrysin produced a relaxing effect in the brain, but with no impairment of motor activity. It is possible that testosterone patches and creams can increase testosterone levels too much. Jonathan Wright also contains historical and more technical data about the benefits of testosterone that are, again, too numerous to include in this protocol (305). An intramural uterine fibroid was encroaching just above the uterosacral ligament making mesh positioning impossible. Luckily for you, there are ways to boost your testosterone levels with natural testosterone supplements and rules to abide by. But why would you want to? Obesity in postmenopausal women, which is connected to higher degrees of oestrogen, creates a greater risk of breast cancer.In hormone therapy, both oestrogen and progesterone hormones are used. A study in Drugs and Aging (1999) suggested that androgen therapy can result in polycythemia (increased numbers of red blood cells) causing an increase in blood viscosity and risk of clotting (303). If serum (blood) testosterone levels are very low, it is important to diagnose the cause, but no matter what the underlying problem, therapies exist today to safely restore testosterone to youthful levels in any man (who does not already have prostate cancer). It does not matter how much serum free testosterone is available if excess estrogen is competing for the same cellular receptor sites. Fat cells, especially in the abdominal region, produce aromatase enzyme, which converts testosterone into estrogen (242). In the meantime, we suggest avoiding androstenedione until more definitive research is published. The purpose of these studies was to ascertain which fruits and vegetables should be included in the diet of postmenopausal Women to reduce the incidence of breast cancer. Pilot studies indicate that chrysin increases total and free testosterone levels in the majority of men who take it with piperine. The mechanism of action of chrysin was compared to diazepam, and it was shown that unlike diazepam, chrysin can reduce anxiety without inducing the common side-effects associated with benzodiazepine drugs. The stability of erection during intercourse was restored in 55% of patients and 66% of men reported a reduction in fatigue.
In that case, blood or saliva testing could save you money by allowing you to use less of the testosterone drug.
No serious intraoperative complications occurred and no recurrence was detected during the follow-up period. For many aging men, however, borderline anemia is a greater concern than red blood cell overproduction.
The rationale for this therapy is that estrogen is produced by fat cells via a process known as aromatization. Excess levels of mutagenic forms of estrogen have been linked to a greater risk of breast cancer, and scientists are studying dietary means of naturally reducing levels of these dangerous estrogens.
There was no postoperative complication except for some degree of pain in the 1st postoperative month in 1 case. When men are deprived of testosterone during prostate cancer therapy, anemia frequently manifests. Flavonoids such as chrysin are of considerable interest because they suppress excess estrogen via their aromatase-inhibiting properties. This procedure has increasingly become an effective treatment of uterine prolapse in women who have no indication for hysterectomy. So in order to prevent uterine cancer, both the hormones should be taken together so that you get the maximum benefit and avoid side effects.Contrary to popular belief, hormone therapy does not increase the risk of heart attack and breast cancer. Life Extension has not seen cases of polycythemia in men replacing testosterone to physiological youthful ranges. While this cancer preventing effect is most important for Women, inhibiting aromatase in aging men has tremendous potential for naturally suppressing excess estrogen while boosting low levels of testosterone to a youthful state. In other words, too much testosterone could cause problems, but replacing testosterone to that of a healthy 21-year-old should not produce the side effects that some doctors are unduly concerned about.
Go for the therapy as soon as menopause kicks in.One should go for hormone therapy after weighing the pros and cons carefully. Also those who have a history of breast and uterine cancer, should state this to their doctors clearly.

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