Print out the instructions for the shelter you want to make and cross out each step when completed. When you are absolutely positive that there is no way for the dirt to get into the living space, place the soil you dug out on the logs, so that the layer of earth is at least 18 inches high. Build a toilet of some kind on a space separated from the rest of the shelter with at least a blanket or a cloth of some kind. Since no one likes to be trapped inside a fallout shelter if a fire happens, make sure you have at least two different exits in your fallout shelter.
Unless you are aware of soil conditions in your area it is wise to consider that before you consider the type of shelter you plan to build some soil conditions are as thick as a gumbo in the wet season and as thin as fluff in the dry season. The idea is to figure out exactly where in your yard or home basement to put your planned fallout shelter. If YOU think that somewhere, sometime soon there will be another bombing, possible larger, than you should consider making a shelter for you and your loved ones in or near your home. IMPORTANT THOUGHT Sources for actual designs of fallout shelters: FEMA, Association of Civil Defense, books, online plans, EBay, etc. Current Federal government thought on community shelters are to instead replace their use with various forms and methods of CRISIS RELOCATION, or moving mass populations out of cities into rural areas, where there would be less loss of life, at least as direct result of nuclear detonations.
These days, you can actually order a PREFABRICATED nuclear shelter, and have it delivered to your back yard, and even installed by contractors in a weekend. For EXCELLENT information that would assist you even further in FALLOUT SHELTER preparedness, read THESE pages available here in Civil Defense Now! If this shelter does not satisfy your needs, there are instructions for many more out there. This will provide you with a decent shelter which is theoretically very simple although it will take several days of labor intensive digging. This report is concerned mostly with PERSONAL FALLOUT SHELTERS, but also covers other types of shelter. Most fallout shelters have a masonry area covered at least by some earth to help slow down the path of gamma rays. If done this way, you can literally build a house or garage right on top of your BIG fallout shelter, and the stuff on the lower level will last for decades, while giving you many levels of protection from ANYTHING.The other idea that most intrigues me is a full blown earth sheltered home, buried in a southern facing hillside, with full off grid support systems, and very highly efficient in all system areas. If you don't have a choice, at least buy a fire extinguisher and clear the area around your shelter to the best of your abilities.

Small towns across America still have these most highly visible, and recent trips thru such states as Utah and other conservative states displayed these old fallout shelter signs on many street corners.These community shelters can be, and sometimes are, used for other kinds of disasters, such as floods, tornadoes, hurricanes, chemical spills, and the like. However, if you have a proper shelter when the world is sent a thousand years back, you may, and probably will survive.
Costs on these shelters can run from $6000 up to $50,000 and more, if EVERY option is ordered.There are also a couple of prefab plastic, fiberglass, or steel shelters that are primarily storm shelters, but in a real fallout situation, would be much better than open ground.
Call it anything but a shelter when asked, such as a root cellar, wine cellar, tornado shelter, a cistern for water storage, or many other things. Please note that this shelter is not just for protection from nuclear weapons, it can also be used as protection against, for example, an asteroid hitting earth. Areas where the soil is softer and more dangerous to work call for an above ground shelter if you do not have the room to angle dig your hole.
Your best choice for shelter these days, if money, low visibility, and multiple use are considered high priority, is to build your own shelter, on your own land. Another problem in small places when working with very soft soil is if you dig too near the neighbors property his house can settle and crack and you may be liable. There are many things to be considered, however, if you REALLY want to build a fallout shelter. A below ground masonry or concrete reinforced shelter is a big project and calculating the cost of materials and finding reliable plans is important. Details like actual radiation exposure, claustrophobia, amount of damage, blast waves, food and water, sanitation, and fresh air ALL must be considered in the ACTUAL USE of a fallout shelter. This report seems to be one of the LAST full blown reports, however, in the area of shelters. Protection from radioactive fallout would require taking shelter in an underground area or in the middle of a large building. The government spent millions designing plans during the cold war and tested them at bomb sites so those are first choice. The printing date of 1987 makes the report seem dated, but understand that little has occurred in nuclear weapon progress that would make data on shelter obsolete since this time frame.Now, regarding the specifics of a personal shelter, if you think times and political climates truly require YOU to build one, then you have many alternatives. In the past couple of years, several NEW options have appeared on the horizon for potential shelter customers. There have always been BUILD IT YOURSELF shelters around, dug into the backyard, built into the corner of the basement, or planned into the creation of a brand new home from the beginning.

Be careful where you dig, learning where power lines, gas lines, septic and sewer system lines, water lines, and so forth are BEFORE you remove one spadeful of dirt. Your local utilities will help you figure out where such lines are and mark them for you for safety before you start. This could be a very useful way to blend in your shelter while making access to it very quick and easy in emergencies. A more powerful bomb will produce more distant effects.Height above the ground the device was detonated. I have also seen plans where the shelter was used as an underground maintenance room for a swimming pool, with water pump, filters, and heating equipment for the pool all in the underground room.
If you have a few acres, whether in town or in rural areas, consider purchasing one of more CARGO CONTAINERS. When a blast occurs near the earth’s surface, millions of vaporized dirt particles also are drawn into the cloud.
If none have been designated, make your own list of potential shelters near your home, workplace and school. The following describes the two kinds of shelters:Blast shelters are specifically constructed to offer some protection against blast pressure, initial radiation, heat and fire. But even a blast shelter cannot withstand a direct hit from a nuclear explosion.Fallout shelters do not need to be specially constructed for protecting against fallout.
The goal is to put as many walls and as much concrete, brick and soil between you and the radioactive material outside.Stay where you are, even if you are separated from your family. If the explosion is some distance away, it could take 30 seconds or more for the blast wave to hit.Take shelter as soon as you can, even if you are many miles from ground zero where the attack occurred - radioactive fallout can be carried by the winds for hundreds of miles. Therefore, it might be necessary for those in the areas with highest radiation levels to shelter for up to a month.The heaviest fallout would be limited to the area at or downwind from the explosion and 80 percent of the fallout would occur during the first 24 hours.

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