Also like IndiaTV's official Facebook page and follow us on Twitter to stay tuned to latest news. Landslides occur in the hilly regions such as the Himalayas, North-East India, the Nilgiris, and Eastern and Western Ghats. The Disaster Management Act, 2005 has created new institutions at the national, state, district and local levels. With the exception of storms, the decreasing rates of climatological and geophysical disasters is of greater importance. In 2013, the 156 disaster occurrence in Asia was similar to its 2003 - 2012 annual average 155. On a more detailed note, hydrological disasters caused, proportionally, more victims in 2013 in Africa, the Americas, Europe and Oceania.
According to The National Disaster Management Authority, more than 30,000 families, an estimated 200,000 people, in the Awaran district, 400 miles southwest of the provincial capital of Quetta, have been homeless since the temblor.
DDMA is the planning, coordinating and implementing body for disaster management at district level.
October 20, 2015Solar-powered coaches: IISc team projects annual savings of 7,200 units September 29, 2015Astrosat: India Eyeing Deep Space !! The country was affected by a variety of disaster types, including 17 floods and landslides, 15 storms, 7 earthquakes and one mass movement of geological origin, one drought and one period of extreme temperature.
Victims from these three cyclones accounted for 38.7 per cent of all natural disaster victims of 2013. The Tsunami which radiated on 26 December 2004 from the epicenter near the West coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra, slammed into the coastline of 11 Indian Ocean countries, demolishing everything which came in its path.
During the last 20 years, India has experienced 10 major earthquakes that have resulted in more than 35,000 deaths. Disasters can have devastating effects on the economy; they cause huge human and economic losses, and can significantly set back development efforts of a region or a State. Governments and aid organizations credited improved disaster preparedness and the early evacuation of about 1 million of the most vulnerable residents along the coast.
Major economic losses in the region are predominantly due to earthquakes and tsunamis, the region’s most destructive disasters which ironically also occur frequently.
The most vulnerable areas, according to the present seismic zone map of India include the Himalayan and sub-Himalayan regions, Kutch and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. With the kind of economic losses and developmental setbacks that the country has been suffering year after year, the development process needs to be sensitive towards disaster prevention and mitigation aspects. To put the financial losses for one year in perspective, in 2012 alone Asia lost US$15 billion due to natural disasters, according to data released by the Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED). Besides devastating parts of Indonesia, the tsunami wreaked havoc in Sri Lanka, India and Thailand and in many other countries. It is worth mentioning that in India 90 per cent of the forest fires are man­-made (intentionally or unintentionally).
The above suggestions, you ought investing in the following: Sugar is a natural in india disasters types of really kit in a handy. The institutional and policy mechanisms for carrying out response, relief and rehabilitation after disasters in India had been well-established since Independence.
For  the last decade, China, the United States, Indonesia, the Philippines and India constitute together the top 5 countries that are most frequently hit by natural disasters. The costliest climatological disaster in 2013 was a drought in New Zealand with US$ 823 million.
More precisely, costs of climatological disasters were above their 2003-2012 average in Oceania and near their average in Africa. On October 15, 2015, Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) released the first images taken by Astrosat, its recently launched Multi-wavelength Space Observatory.

This comprehensive policy document lays down policies on every aspect of holistic management of disasters in the country. This is less than the average annual disaster frequency observed from 2003 to 2012 which is 388, and represents a decrease in associated human impacts of disasters which were, in 2013, at their lowest level in last 16 years. Conversely, the number of victims from meteorological disasters of 49.2 million was, in 2013, 60% above its 2003-2012 average. Rainfall is poor in nine meteorological subdivisions out of 36 subdivision (each meteorological sub division covers a geographic area of more than ten revenue districts in India).
NDMA has the power to approve the National Plans and the Plans of the respective Ministries and Departments of Government of India. According to data collected by the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED), human toll from natural disasters in the last 100 years has been staggering. In India annually 33% area receive rainfall less than 750 mm (low rainfall area) and 35 % area receive between 750 to 1125 mm rainfall Medium rainfall) and only 32percent falls in the high rainfall (>1126 mm) zone. The general superintendence, direction and control of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) are vested in and will be exercised by the NDMA.
Nine Asian Development Bank member countries including China, India and Pakistan, have large land areas within the arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid zones and therefore, as the table shows, these countries remain most vulnerable to desertification.
India with a total of 1,649,557 square kilometers of areas is topping the list of extremely vulnerable countries to desertification. India has a coastline running 7600 km long; as a result is repeatedly threatened by cyclones. The traditional perception relating to the management and mitigation of natural disasters has been limited to the idea of “calamity relief,” which is seen essentially as a non-plan item of expenditure.
For the top 10 countries in terms of disaster mortality in 2013, five countries are classified as low income or lower-middle income economies. Hydrological disasters contributed most to the increased damages in Europe, mainly due to the flood in South and East Germany. Statistics provide hunting reminder that no country is without risk of being hit by natural disasters.
With this national Policy in place in India, a holistic and integrated approach will be evolved towards disaster management with emphasis on building strategic partnerships at various levels.
This regional distribution of disaster occurrence resembles the profile observed from 2003 to 2012. It will, inter alia prepare the District Disaster Management Plan and monitor the implementation of the National and State Policies and the National, State and the District Plans. The region occupies 30% of the world's land mass, but 40% of the world's disasters occurred in the region in the past decade, resulting in a disproportionate 80% of the world's disaster deaths. As the graph indicates, draughtshave claimed more lives than any other natural disaster in Asia. This framework also links the issues of poverty alleviation, capacity building, community empowerment and other structural and non-structural issues of prevention and preparedness, response and recovery for effective disaster risk mitigation and management.
India has also become much more vulnerable to tsunamis since the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. The future blue-print for disaster management in India rests on the premise that in today’s society while hazards, both natural or otherwise, are inevitable, the disasters that follow need not be so and the society can be prepared to cope with them effectively whenever they occur.
The low number of reported natural disasters in 2013, when compared to the annual average occurrence from 2003 to 2012, was mostly due to a smaller number of hydrological and climatological disasters, 18% and 45% below their 2003 - 2012 annual average, respectively. In June, a multi-day cloudburst hit the North Indian state of Uttarakhand, causing landslides and floods that resulted in more than 5 700 people missing. The Indian Ocean Tsunami in 2004 killed over 220,000 people according to the United Nations and made millions homeless, making it one of the deadliest natural disasters in human history. Climatological disasters also created more victims in the Americas, Asia and Oceania; meteorological disasters in Asia and Europe and geophysical disasters in Asia.

The act also provides guidelines for creation of National Disaster Response Fund, National Mitigation Fund, Establishment of funds by State Government and Allocation of funds by Ministries and Departments for Emergency procurement.
During the last 10 years, according to the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, majority of deaths in Asia were caused by earthquakes. The region remains exposed to more natural disasters and according to the Asian Development Bank, the region’s economic progress will be undermined by the rising number of floods, landslides and other disasters. The Disaster Management Act 2005 has provided the legal and institutional framework for disaster management in India at the national, state and district levels.
Super Typhoon Haiyan over the Philippines on November 9, 2013 as imaged from Earth orbit by NASA Astronaut Karen Nyberg aboard the International Space Station.Category 5 killer storm Haiyan stretches across the entire photo from about 250 miles (400 kilometer) altitude. Other parts of India were affected but roughly 95% of the casualties occurred in Uttarakhand. From floods to earthquake to other natural disasters, the past century has seen devastating disasters. Damages from hydrological disasters were above their decade’s average in the Americas, Asia and Europe and damages from meteorological disasters in Asia, Europe and Oceania. As the graph shows, earthquakes have led to massive loss of human lives in China, Pakistan, Indonesia and India.
In the Central Government there are existing institutions and mechanisms for disaster management while new dedicated institutions have been created under the Disaster Management Act of 2005. Year 2013 percentage of victims to disaster: 51% of victims were from storms, 33% from floods, 8% from droughts and 7% from earthquakes. The Indian government originally estimated the death toll at 600 but repeatedly stressed that it would be significantly higher.
More than 58 per cent of India’s land area is under threat of moderate to severe seismic hazard. The unprecedented geographical scope and the number of people killed made the Tsunami one of the worst natural disasters in Asia.
The Flooding in the South and East Germany was the most costly natural disaster in 2013 with estimated economic damages of US$12.9 billion. Of these, the majority has their initial genesis over the Bay of Bengal and strike the east coast of India. If you look at the larger picture, disasters have taken a heavy toll on the region’s economy in the last 100 years.
As per Forest Survey of India report, 50 per cent of the forest cover of the country is fire prone, out of which 6.17 per cent is prone to severe fire damage causing extensive loss to forest vegetation and environment.
The increase in the use of high-technology equipment and tools in manufacturing and service industries have also made them susceptible to disruption due to relatively moderate ground shaking.
However, the impact of major disasters cannot be mitigated by the provision of immediate relief alone, which is the primary focus of calamity relief efforts.
That provides a stark reminder that Asia’s many densely populated and expanding coastal cities will in particular remain vulnerable to weather-related disasters such as storms and floods. In the federal polity of India the primary responsibility of disaster management vests with the State Governments. The graph demonstrates that Indonesia was the hardest-hit country by the Tsunami, followed by Sri Lanka, India, Thailand and others. The Western region of the country is represented by the Thar Desert and the central India by the Deccan Plateau face recurring droughts due to acute shortage of rainfall.

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