SAFER, an European Commission FP7 research programme, started in January 2009 with the aim to provide a pre-operational GMES Emergency Response service and to prepare the field for a fully operational EO based segment to support disaster management. The institutional and policy mechanisms for carrying out response, relief and rehabilitation after disasters in India had been well-established since Independence. The Disaster Management Act 2005 has provided the legal and institutional framework for disaster management in India at the national, state and district levels.
In the Central Government there are existing institutions and mechanisms for disaster management while new dedicated institutions have been created under the Disaster Management Act of 2005.
In the federal polity of India the primary responsibility of disaster management vests with the State Governments.
DDMA is the planning, coordinating and implementing body for disaster management at district level. The Disaster Management Act, 2005 has created new institutions at the national, state, district and local levels.


However, the impact of major disasters cannot be mitigated by the provision of immediate relief alone, which is the primary focus of calamity relief efforts. This comprehensive policy document lays down policies on every aspect of holistic management of disasters in the country. Disasters can have devastating effects on the economy; they cause huge human and economic losses, and can significantly set back development efforts of a region or a State.
With the kind of economic losses and developmental setbacks that the country has been suffering year after year, the development process needs to be sensitive towards disaster prevention and mitigation aspects. A wide-set of consolidated thematic products covering both the Civil Protection and the Humanitarian Aid domains has been delivered during the whole crisis management cycle, while new thematic domains have been addressed and innovative solutions developed. With this national Policy in place in India, a holistic and integrated approach will be evolved towards disaster management with emphasis on building strategic partnerships at various levels. The general superintendence, direction and control of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) are vested in and will be exercised by the NDMA.


It will, inter alia prepare the District Disaster Management Plan and monitor the implementation of the National and State Policies and the National, State and the District Plans. This framework also links the issues of poverty alleviation, capacity building, community empowerment and other structural and non-structural issues of prevention and preparedness, response and recovery for effective disaster risk mitigation and management.
The act also provides guidelines for creation of National Disaster Response Fund, National Mitigation Fund, Establishment of funds by State Government and Allocation of funds by Ministries and Departments for Emergency procurement.



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Comments

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