Tactical risk is risk concerned with hazards that exist because of the presence of either the enemy or an adversary, thus involving the considerations of force protection. Risk management assists commanders in complying with environmental regulatory and legal requirements, and operating within the higher commander's intent. Develop controls to eliminate or reduce the probability or severity of each hazard, to lower the overall risk. Many environmental risk controls are simply extensions of good management, housekeeping, operations security (OPSEC), and leadership practices. Unit leaders use risk assessment to estimate the impact of their unit activities on the natural environment and to identify environmentally-related safety issues for their soldiers or Marines.
The commander may choose to accept a high level of environmental-related accident risk to reduce the overall tactical risk.
Every COA must clearly identify the level of risk that the commander is willing to accept to include those associated with environmental considerations.
Risk management and assessment of training and operations will be performed in accordance with requirements of AR 385-10, TRADOC Reg 385-2, FM 25-100, FM 25-101, FM 100-14, and this manual.
Review the risk management worksheet for operations and training determined to have high or extremely high residual risk. Develop, in writing, and implement a comprehensive risk management program that meets the requirements of this manual. Train all leaders in risk management concepts, the requirements of this manual, and the organizational risk management program. Ensure a formal, documented risk management worksheet is completed for each training activity and each operation using the procedures and form described in this manual.
Ensure worksheets are reviewed by, and the risk accepted in writing by, the leader at the appropriate level as designated in this manual. Maintain copies of all worksheets in the appropriate organizational files, and at the training or operation site. Develop a comprehensive daily risk assessment checklist, which addresses those factors that may change from day to day or iteration to iteration, and identifies new hazards not addressed in the risk management worksheet. Ensure a daily risk assessment checklist is completed before beginning the training or operation.

Require the leader conducting the operation or training to consult with and receive approval from the individual who accepted the risk on the risk management worksheet when the daily risk assessment checklist indicates the overall rating for the operation or training is high or extremely high, when any factor is rated as extreme risk, or when more than one factor is rated as high risk. Ensure daily risk assessment checklists are maintained at the operation or training site until the event is completed. Ensure risk management worksheets are reevaluated before each operation or training event in coordination with the daily risk assessment checklist by the individual(s) responsible for the operation or training.
Ensure the worksheet and daily risk assessment checklists are used as the basis for preoperational or training safety briefings of involved personnel.
The commander and his staff identify accident risk hazards and make an initial assessment of the risk level for each hazard. Probability and severity are estimates that require individual judgment and a working knowledge of the risk management process and its terminology. With this knowledge, leaders quantify risks, detect problem areas, reduce risk of injury or death, reduce property damage, and ensure compliance with environmental laws and regulations. It neither justifies ignoring regulatory restrictions and applicable standards nor bypassing risk controls required by law.
The initial worksheet is sufficient unless changes have been made to the training scenario or operation plan that would affect the safety of personnel, equipment, or the environment, or new hazards are identified on the daily risk assessment checklist that are not on the initial risk management worksheet.
Leaders must understand that risk-taking is a decision-making process that balances mission benefits and costs.
Leaders are expected to weigh the risk against the benefits of conducting training or performing an operation. Risk management worksheets that have been assigned a residual overall risk level of medium or lower will be signed by the appropriate individual authorized to accept the risk.
The using organization may tailor the factors and the point totals for categorizing the operation or training as extreme, high, medium, or low risk to fit the mission of the particular organization.
As soon as time and conditions permit, service real estate personnel may complete a more formal (or updated) EBS and site assessment.
FM 101-5 describes risk management as the process of detecting, assessing, and controlling risk arising from operational factors and balancing risk with mission benefits. Risk management does not convey authority to deliberately disobey local, state, national, or HN laws and regulations.

Using the defined degrees of probability and severity, an individual can determine the overall environmental-related risk level from the intersection of the two in the risk assessment matrix shown in Figure 2-12. Risk management will be integrated into every operation and training event conducted on the installation or by installation organizations at other locations. The process of risk management is a complete cycle that feeds back to its start point in a logical manner. Initial risk levels, controls, and residual risk levels should be considered when making a risk acceptance decision.
The initial probability of an accident occurring from each hazard will be noted in column two of the form, initial effect will be noted in column three of the form, and the initial risk level of extremely high, high, medium, or low for each hazard will be noted in column four of the form.
The residual probability of an accident occurring from each hazard will be noted in column six of the form, residual effect will be noted in column seven of the form, and the residual risk level of extremely high, high, medium, or low for each hazard will be noted in column eight of the form. The residual risk level determines who may accept the risk and sign the risk management worksheet.
Requests for risk acceptance decisions at the installation or MACOM level must be properly staffed through the Safety Office, the Directorate of Public Safety (DPS), and the Directorate of Operations and Training at least 30 days before the event.
The purpose of this document is to evaluate those conditions that may have changed since the worksheet was completed, to identify any new hazards not addressed on the worksheet, and to serve as a final check to ensure the safety of the operation. The leader who has authority to accept a risk is responsible for protecting his personnel from unnecessary risk. A key consideration in managing risk is to match the process to the extent of the risk probability. The risk level for each hazard and the overall operation will be determined before implementation of control measures (initial) and after controls are implemented (residual). An unnecessary risk is one that could be reduced or eliminated without hindering mission accomplishment.
Steps will be documented on the risk management worksheet and the daily risk assessment checklist.

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