Materials - Uses of nuclear materials in medical, industrial, and academic settings and facilities that produce nuclear fuel. Waste - Transportation, storage, and disposal of nuclear materials and waste, and decommissioning of nuclear facilities from service. Under its responsibility to protect public health and safety, NRC has three principal regulatory functions: (1) establish standards and regulations, (2) issue licenses for nuclear facilities and users of nuclear materials, and (3) inspect facilities and users of nuclear materials to ensure compliance with the requirements. The plan identifies the priorities of OIG and establishes a shared set of expectations regarding the goals OIG expects to achieve and the strategies that will be employed to do so. Each September, OIG issues an Annual Plan that summarizes the audits planned for the coming year. Failure by NRC to appropriately transact nuclear regulation publicly and candidly and to openly seek and consider the public’s input during the regulatory process. OIG also reviewed the draft Training and Development Strategic Plan, and found it was generally complete and well constructed. OIG reviewed the agency’s revised draft Travel Card Management Plan and found it was generally responsive to comments OIG provided to an earlier draft in November 2005.
The agency’s proposed rule on Secure Transfer of Nuclear Material (10 CFR Parts 30, 70, 73 and 110), was initiated to address requirements levied by Section 656 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, titled, Secure Transfer of Nuclear Materials. As a result, NRC risks diminished public confidence by producing an inappropriate video news release that, unmarked, could appear to promote nuclear power.
NRC provides oversight of licensee decommissioning funding assurance which is intended to provide reasonable assurance that there will be sufficient funds to safely decommission the nuclear reactors. NSIR’s mission is to prevent nuclear security incidents and to respond to security and safety events. NRC regulates medical, academic, and industrial uses of radioactive material generated by or from a nuclear reactor. NRC licenses, certifies, and inspects commercial facilities that convert uranium ore into fuel used in nuclear power plants. The agency’s regulation of nuclear fuel cycle facilities seeks to ensure that licensees adequately protect public health and safety, worker safety, the environment and promote the common defense and security when source or special nuclear material is used during the nuclear fuel production cycle.
The Atomic Energy Act provides for a license period of 40 years for commercial nuclear power plants, but includes provisions for extending the license beyond this initial period. The objective of this audit is to assess the effectiveness of the baseline security and safeguards inspection program, including whether the program has adequate resources to achieve its goals and ensure the physical protection of the Nation’s nuclear power reactor facilities. OIG completed a review of concerns that while Section 274 of the Atomic Energy Act mandated that the regulation of byproduct, source, or special nuclear material was the exclusive jurisdiction of the NRC, certain States have established radiation dose release limits for those materials that differ from the release standard set by NRC. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Office of the Inspector General (OIG) for the 6-month period ending March 31, 2006.


NRC’s oversight of licensee decommissioning funding assurance is intended to provide reasonable assurance that there will be sufficient funds to safely decommission the nuclear reactors. Because NRC is planning to use a proposed National Source Tracking System to track all phases of the life cycle of byproduct material, OIG conducted an audit that focused on the development of that system. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) was formed in 1975 to regulate the various commercial and institutional uses of nuclear energy, including power plants. These regulatory functions relate both to nuclear power plants and other uses of nuclear materials – like nuclear medicine programs at hospitals, academic activities at educational institutions, research work, and such industrial applications as gauges and testing equipment. Developing an effective planning strategy is a critical aspect of accomplishing this commitment. Unanticipated high priority issues may arise that generate audits not listed in the Annual Plan.
The first team was recognized for exceptional dedication, professionalism, and accomplishment in investigating and reporting failures in NRC’s billing and financial statement process for nuclear reactor plants licensed by the agency.
OIG’s investigation determined that an NRC nuclear reactor licensee advised DFM staff that there was a possible $500,000 error in a reactor inspection bill for FY 2003. There has been renewed focus upon the financial programs operated by NRC that impact nuclear power plants across the United States. NRC cannot verify that there is reasonable assurance that there will be adequate funds for decommissioning nuclear power plants consistent with prudent business practices.
As proposed, NSTS may be inadequate because the supporting analysis is based on unreliable data and does not consider options stated by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). These facilities include gaseous diffusion plants, highly enriched uranium fuel fabrication facilities, low enriched uranium fuel fabrication facilities, and one uranium hexafluoride production facility. The objective of this audit is to determine whether NRC’s regulation of nuclear fuel cycle facilities is effective and efficient. This original 40-year term for reactor licenses was based on economic and antitrust considerations—not on limitations of nuclear technology.
The TTC, with a budget of $3.6 million and 27 FTE, conducts training programs related to the regulation of nuclear materials and facilities, including nuclear power plant technology, radiation protection, risk assessment, and regulatory skills. The program reported that students were easily able to circumvent security measures and gain access to 12 of 13 university nuclear research and test reactor (RTR) facilities licensed by NRC. Specifically, NRC sent each RTR site-specific Interim Compensatory Measures (ICM) for physical security and requested RTRs to develop implementation plans. The agency succeeded the Atomic Energy Commission, which previously had responsibility for both developing and regulating nuclear activities.
OIG audit staff continually monitor specific issue areas to strengthen OIG’s internal coordination and overall planning process.


OIG comments were provided in the context of ongoing audit work in the area of nuclear materials.
OIG determined that two DFM managers subsequently became aware of the underbilling error for FY 2003 for the reactor plant licensee.
This topic is of particular importance to NRC because of its responsibility under the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974 to regulate, but not promote, the civilian use of nuclear materials.
Along with starting up a new organization, NSIR officials drafted and implemented numerous security orders, approved security plans, enhanced the force-on-force exercise program, and coordinated with the Department of Homeland Security on a wide variety of security initiatives. Operation of these plants beyond 40 years and upwards to 60 years introduces the potential that new aging phenomena could be observed in the next two decades. NRC continued this oversight by conducting inspections of RTRs’ implementation plans for the ICMs to ensure that required security measures have been implemented at each RTR site. To that end, OIG developed a Strategic Plan that includes the major challenges and critical risk areas facing NRC.
By conducting this review, the audit team demonstrated that NRC’s nuclear power plant incident response program was not as robust as the agency believed.
In September 1999, an apparent criticality accident occurred at a fuel conversion plant in Tokaimura, Japan, exposing workers at the plant and members of the public to radiation.
However, baseline security inspections were on hold during FY 2003 while the agency verified compliance with April 2003 orders limiting security force working hours, requiring additional security officer training and qualification, and improving protective plant strategies.
During a review of the application for Agreement State status, NRC staff became concerned about a 1992 State of Minnesota Public Utilities Commission order that required an annual radiation dose release limit for dry cask storage at a nuclear plant in the State which conflicted with the NRC dose limit.
The broad IAM areas address nuclear reactors, nuclear materials, nuclear waste, international programs, security, information management, and financial management and administrative programs.
NRC currently uses barium ferrite cards and readers, but plans to transition to a different technology within the next several years because of HSPD-12 requirements. In December 2003, there was an accidental release of uranium hexafluoride gas at a United States plant.
In the Atomic Energy Act, Congress intended that regulation of a licensee be exercised by either the NRC Commission or State, but not by both. OIG recommended that the NRC Commission direct the staff to review past NRC practices regarding preemption issues and to develop written policy for Commission approval concerning future actions by NRC in the area of State regulation of nuclear power plants.



72 hours emergency preparedness
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Comments

  1. 30.01.2014 at 11:30:27


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    Author: QaraBasma
  2. 30.01.2014 at 23:22:43


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    Author: ErroR