In understanding the complex interface of different factors of a disaster event, we need to remember that a natural disaster is the consequence of a hazard i.e. All the environment and disaster related activities should be targeted at safety and sustainability of human lives and property.
In order to raise awareness and take action on interlinking and integrating environmental concerns in disaster management, we need to ask and address a number of critical questions. The capacities of vulnerable communities (to prepare for disaster, and recover from a disaster) increases after every disaster, through collective efforts in the reconstruction process. While waste management is treated as an environmental issue in many cases, disaster causes significant amount of waste, which are often not considered in the waste management plans.
This is considered as one of the key tool for local actions, and should be closely linked to disaster initiatives.
Different stakeholders have important roles to play in the waste management process, and this should be linked to resource conservation, environmental protection, and sustainable development, heath and sanitation issues and disaster preparedness. The target audiences of the course are development practitioners, and disaster and environment managers at different levels.
While the disaster management issues in Japan were more concerned on early warning, evacuation etc., the root cause of the damages was a very typical environmental problem, which is forest management.

For a sustainable environment and disaster management in the coastal region, it is required to make a balance between the livelihood security and costal resource management. Thus, there is a strong need for synergy among different agencies working for environment and disaster management activities, and synergy of policy and action at different levels.
Coastal zone management is very much interlinked to disaster preparedness, as evidenced in the Indian Ocean Tsunami of 2004. MDGs are very much related to the disaster impacts, since disasters can affect sustainable development, and can also affect environmental conditions of natural and built areas.
The typhoon damages pointed out the crucial need to link environment and disaster management practices, even in the developed country like Japan. Different stakeholders play important roles in the development and disaster cycle: government, NGO, academicians and international organizations.
However, the most important stakeholder is the people and community, and should be the central role player in any disaster prevention or development activity. Disasters can have different natural and human dimensions: conflict, natural disasters, population increase and migration from rural to urban areas.
Debris flows are a natural phenomenon, but when a debris flow results in casualties, damage to buildings, bridges or infrastructures, or causes loss of life or property, it is called a debris flow disaster.

Through the presentation, the relation of environment and disaster management are pointed out, and exemplified with specific issues of typhoon, tsunami, waste management and climate change. However, so long it does not directly or indirectly affect the human population or built environment, it is not considered as disaster. It plays a critical role in developing environmental management policies and strategies that are also focused on disaster risk mitigation. Disaster cycle consists of response, rehabilitation, reconstruction, prevention, mitigation and preparedness in a cyclic pattern.
Among these, response, rehabilitation and reconstruction are steps to be undertaken after the disaster, while prevention, mitigation and preparedness are preparedness for the next disaster. This is a new concept developed over last 4-5 years, and is concerned with development, environment and disaster issues.

Community plan for emergency preparedness
Safety measures for a tornado
Texas wildfires information
Onsite emergency plan format


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