Massive earthquakes in recent years have drawn attention to the need to be prepared for this type of natural disaster. Determine safe spaces in each room of your home, away from windows, to go to in case of an earthquake. If you are in bed, stay where you are and cover your head with a pillow to protect yourself from falling objects.
If you are outside, drop to the ground in a clear spot away from buildings, trees, and power lines.
While you never can completely guarantee that your family and home will be absolutely safe during an earthquake, there are ways to prepare before an earthquake occurs. And, because earthquakes are nearly impossible to predict and therefore most often occur without any warning, people must prepare ahead of time in order to survive. FEMA advises that you prepare three things before the next earthquake: your home, your family, and your community.
The most important thing you can do to prepare your home is to make it more resistant to earthquake damage by assessing its structure and contents. As for your home’s contents, you want to secure all objects that could move, break, or fall as a result of an earthquake. Another way to prepare prior to an earthquake is to keep a current emergency supply kit in your home and to make sure that all family members know its location. You may also have to care for the people, pets, and property associated with your family during an earthquake. Because your community will have to work together after an earthquake hits, you should become involved in your local volunteer programs that work toward your community’s disaster resilience efforts. The tips for keeping your family safe while the earthquake occurs are better split into the two categories: inside and outside. If you are just inside, drop, cover, and hold on – Drop to the floor on your hands and knees so the earthquake cannot knock you down, take cover under a sturdy desk or table, and hold on to it firmly. If you are in a stadium or theater – Stay at your seat and protect your head and neck with your arms.
Experts and rescuers also recommend what you and your family should not do during an earthquake.
One of the most important things to keep in mind about the time after an earthquake is there could be aftershocks. Another possible outcome in the aftermath of an earthquake is being ordered to evacuate a damaged area. Finally, people in all communities can prepare their families and themselves for an earthquake by participating in the Great ShakeOut Earthquake Drills that occur a few times each year. Earthquakes happen when the earth's crust shifts, causing seismic waves to quake and crash up against one another.

Big earthquakes occur without much, if any, warning, so it's recommended that you drop to the floor as soon as it hits.
Second, scientific studies tell us that most deaths in earthquakes are linked to falling debris and objects, not falling structures.[8] The triangle of life is predominantly based on earthquakes that cause structures, not objects, to fall.
Many scientists believe that it's also more likely to sustain injuries trying to move somewhere instead of staying put.[9] The triangle of life theory advocates moving to safe areas over staying put. If you are driving in a mountainous area, you may need to know How to Get out of a Car That's Hanging over a Cliff and How to Escape from a Sinking Car. When an earthquake hits, stop worrying about saving electronics like cameras, phones, and computers or other material objects because your lives are more important. Be aware that some earthquakes are actually foreshocks and a larger earthquake might occur. The ShakeOut is a great chance to test emergency plans and procedures, update disaster supply kits, and secure any items that may fall or cause injury during an earthquake.
Visit the Central US Earthquake Consortium (CUSEC) for an extensive library of earthquake safety publications online. The greatest danger exists directly outside buildings, at exits and alongside exterior walls.
Estimates indicate that between 800,000 to more than one million earthquakes occur each year, but many are so small in magnitude that they go unnoticed.
In 2004, an earthquake in the Indian Ocean created a tsunami that struck the coast of Indonesia, leading to more than 230,000 deaths spanning 14 countries along the coast of the Indian Ocean.
This provides an organized opportunity for families, schools, organizations, and individuals to practice how to protect ourselves and how to become prepared for the next earthquake.
Unlike hurricanes or floods, earthquakes come without warning and are usually followed by similar aftershocks, although the aftershocks are usually less powerful than the quake. A small earthquake could turn into a big earthquake in a split-second; it's better to be safe than sorry. Hiding under a doorway is a myth.[3] You're safer under a table than you are under a doorway, especially in modern houses. Doug Copp, the main proponent and proponent of the triangle of life theory, says that this safety technique is natural for dogs and cats and can work for you, too. If you can't find a safe place to duck nearby, cover your head and get into the fetal position wherever you are. People under doorways are commonly crushed to death if the door jamb falls under the weight of the earthquake's impact. These are the main risks of being outdoors when an earthquake or one of its aftershocks is in progress.
A tsunami happens when an earthquake causes an extreme underwater disturbance, sending powerful waves towards shores and human habitation.

The ShakeOut is a great opportunity to practice earthquake safety, and for everyone to become prepared. ShakeOut is coordinated by the Central US Earthquake Consortium (CUSEC) and its Member and Associate States, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the U.S. The United States Geological Survey (USGS) also maintains a wide selection of earthquake-related publications online. Many of the 120 fatalities from the magnitude 6.4 Long Beach, California earthquake back in 1933 occurred when people ran outside of buildings only to be killed by falling debris from collapsing walls. Most earthquake-related casualties are from falling objects, flying glass, and collapsing buildings.
Earthquakes of magnitude greater than 8.0 occur, on average, every eight to 10 years—and these stronger earthquakes are capable of producing mass destruction. If you find yourself in the middle of an earthquake, there's often only a split-second to decide what to do.
If possible, stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls, and anything that could fall, such as lighting fixtures or furniture. Although this method is disputed[5][6][7] by many of the world's leading earthquake safety officials, it could save your life in the event that a building you're in collapses. If you find yourself with several options about how to proceed during an earthquake indoors, attempt the drop, cover, and hold technique. If there's just been an earthquake and its epicenter is in the ocean, there's a good chance you'll have to be on the lookout for tsunamis. His favorite article he’s worked on is How to Watch Star Wars on Command Prompt, but the first edit he ever made was a spelling correction on How to Test for Diabetes in Cats. You may only have seconds to protect yourself in an earthquake before strong shaking knocks you down or something falls on you. Devotees of this theory suggest that sheltering in this void is the safest bet for earthquake survivors.
The greatest danger exists directly outside buildings, at exits, and alongside exterior walls. In an earthquake, a car may jiggle violently on its springs, but it is a good place to stay until the shaking stops. People and organizations in other states are also encouraged to participate, especially if you are in an earthquake prone area.

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