Flooding is a natural process,which only becomes a hazard when it has a direct or indirect effect upon the lives of people.
Land use zoning is designed to prevent development in areas most prone to flooding and developments is only allowed in 'safe' areas. We can provide a one day flood fight methods course at your site, or a two day, flood fight training for trainers course which includes techniques, leadership, and presentation style. An integrated approach to flood risk managementIntroductionFlood risk management is the process of assessing, organising and implementing actions to deal with flood risk. The Act sets out a flood risk management planning process that will ensure that long-term and nationally-focused objectives are balanced with local knowledge and priorities.
Strategic Approach: Sustainable flood management should reflect a strategic approach both nationally (across Scotland) and locally with links to the River Basin Management Plan Process and with phasing where appropriate. Flood risk management plans will allow for targeted investments and better decisions to be made about actions to reduce flood risk.The principal outcome of the planning process should be a set of sustainable actions to manage flood risk across Scotland.
This information should then be drawn upon by local authorities when preparing and presenting their local flood risk management plans.In urban areas, the coordination of actions to tackle surface water flooding in urban areas presents a unique set of challenges. Local authorities will be expected to lead on the coordination of actions to deal with surface water flooding. Areas where consistency will be particularly important include methods adopted to assess flood risk, approaches to considering climate change, and techniques adopted to appraise management options (Table 2). This will require close collaboration and a structured planning process that creates the space and time needed to consider any competing needs and reach informed decisions.Flood management plans should establish the overall strategies, for instance identify the need for particular combinations of actions or management response.
In turn the findings from flood management plans should influence other planning initiatives in an interactive and iterative cycle.

The FRM Act requires consistency and coordination between River Basin Planning and flood management.
Areas of particular importance to flood management include the operation of reservoirs, CAR licensing of flood protection schemes, land drainage and the maintenance of watercourses and flood defences.BOX 1 Ecosystem servicesOur natural environment contains stocks of natural capital that underpin our economic activity, our well being and the earth's life support systems. Hard management basically means the 'building of something'; where as soft management is to do with 'natural choices'. The main outcome of the flood risk management planning process should be a set of sustainable actions to reduce overall flood risk across Scotland.Multiple organisations are involved in managing flood risk. Once in place, the plans will be reviewed and updated every six years.Table 1 Key steps in preparing flood risk management plans(National) Flood risk assessment - by 22 nd December 2011The national flood risk assessment will create a broad-scale picture of the causes and impacts of flooding across Scotland. It should take account of the 2003 Act principles of co-ordinated management to achieve relevant objectives for all water bodies, and the planning policy contained in Scottish Planning Policy 7.
A top down approach that disengages local authorities and local communities from decision making must be avoided.National consistencyAdoption of consistent principles, approaches and methods at each step in the process of managing flood risk will ensure a nationally comparable risk-based approach informs management and investment decisions. This means that in some cases the overall development of a flood risk management project would be different in design and in scope to a traditional engineering solution.
Where these actions, for instance a flood protection scheme require significant public expenditure, more detailed design and appraisal work will be required to ensure that the best option and design is selected and tailored to local suit local needs.Joint ownership of plans and actionsThe identification of sustainable flood management actions will require close collaboration between SEPA, local authorities, Scottish Water, and other stakeholders. Ultimately, SEPA and the responsible authorities should be accountable for the decisions they take.Opportunities for stakeholder participation should be incorporated at all stage of flood risk management, from the preparation of flood risk management plans through to schemes and projects. The maps will include information on all sources of flooding, including rivers, the sea, groundwater and surface water run-off. Responsibilities: All stakeholders should be actively engaged in and share responsibility for achieving sustainable flood management.

Importantly, the process of preparing flood risk management plans should speed-up the process of taking forward and implementing a flood protection scheme.
The groups, which must include representation from a wide range of interests, will provide an important forum for discussing flood management and engaging with the stakeholder community.
This information will improve our understanding of flooding problems and inform the selection of actions to manage flood risk.Flood risk management plans - by 22 nd December 2015Building on flood risk assessment and mapping exercises, plans will be prepared to coordinate actions across catchments. They are expected to collaborate constructively to meet sustainable flood management objectives, with the lead taken by the appropriate party(ies) according to their statutory, legal, common law or commercial roles.3.
Natural flood management promotes a subset of flood alleviation techniques that aim to work with natural process to reduce flood risk.
The options considered for flood management should include, through to full evaluation, at least one option that represents a 'most sustainable benchmark', addressing all four 'A's: Awareness, Avoidance, Alleviation and Assistance, even if regulatory or legal barriers appear to block implementation. This concept is set out in Scottish Planning Policy, which states that development which would have a significant probability of being affected by flooding or would increase the probability of flooding elsewhere should not be permitted. Close ties between Scottish emergency planning and flood risk management planning will need to be established so as to coordinate actions to reduce flood risk with existing work to manage the effects of flooding.Integrated land and water managementAs far as is practicable, an integrated approach to land and water management should be pursued.
When developing flood management plans, early links must be made with other relevant aspects of water and land management.

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