According to the Guinness Book of Records, the deadliest flood ever killed 900,000 people around the Hwang-ho River in October 1887.
The Yellow River flows in braided streams, a network of smaller channels that weave in and out of each other.
In a tactic intended to halt the southward movement of Japanese soldiers from Manchuria before World War II, Chiang Kai-shek ordered his soldiers to breach the levees of the Yellow River and purposely divert its flow. The Yangtze River frequently overflows its banks and fills huge plains with large amounts of water, causing catastrophic flooding. The Three Gorges Dam has reduced flood risks in the middle stretch of the river but the risks of flooding remains high on the lower stretches.
Heavy Rain and Floods in Guizhou In June 2007, severe floods struck parts of southern China. Around the same time as the 1998 Yangtze floods, there were also catastrophic floods on the Nen River around the city of Qiqhar near the Mongolian border.
In the summer 1999, monsoon floods caused by the overflowing upper and middle Yangtze, left at least 400 dead and 1.84 million homeless. The floods submerged 21 million acres of land, affected 53 million acres and destroyed 11 million acres of crops. Severe rainfall was the main cause of the floods but man-induced factors included deforestation of erosion-subverting forests in the Yangtze river basin and other areas also contributed to the disaster.
After the 1998 floods, dikes were reinforced at considerable expense and hundreds of thousands of people that lived near the banks were forced to relocate. During the 2001 summer flood season around 1,100 people were killed across China by the flooding and 1.3 million were left homeless.
In May 2003, landslides caused by heavy rains and floods in Fujian, Guangdong and Hunan Provinces, in southern and central China killed 45 people. In July 2003, landslides caused by heavy rains and floods in the Sichuan regions of central China killed 21 people. In September 2003, torrential rains and floods in central China destroyed more than 17,000 homes in Henan Province and forced more than 200,000 to flee from their homes in Henan and in neighboring Shaanxi Province.
Summer floods in China in 2004 killed more than 1,000 people and forced more than 2 million people to evacuate their homes. In July 2004, floods, mudslides, caved in roads and landslides in southern China killed more than 400 people and destroyed nearly 200,000 homes.
In September 2004, once-a-century rains caused massive floods and mudslides in Sichuan, leaving 174 dead, scores missing and destroying hundreds of thousands of homes.
In September 2004, floods caused by heavy rains in Sichuan Province, killed at least 120 people and cause authorities to put the Three Gorges dam on alert. In March 2005, rapid melting of heavy winter snows in Xinjiang caused flooding and landslides that destroyed about 10,000 homes and 100 bridges. Torrential downpours from the heaviest rains in a century in July 2005 around the city of Dazhou in Sichuan in southwest China caused severe flooding, resulting in 29 deaths and the evacuation of 150,000 people. In June 2006, 53 people were killed after flash floods ripped through Guizhou Province in southwestern China.
In May, June and July 2007, more than 700 people were killed and 119 million people---10 percent of China’s population---were affected by floods, lightning strikes and landslides, mostly in southern and central China.
Some of the worst flood occurred along 1) the Huai River in Anhui, Henan and Jiangsu Provinces; 2) and the Jiangsu River, a tributary of the Yangtze in Sichuan.
While southern China was experiencing floods northern China was enduring droughts that left 11 million people short of drinking water.
In the summer of 2007, the combination of a long drought followed by floods produced an infestation of mice around Dongting Lake in Hunan Province that destroyed thousands of acres of crops and damaging important dikes by burrowing through them to reach crops. The were reports of houses in Hunan being inundated with mice driven from their holes by flood waters.
The worst flooding nearly half a century Hainan Island in October 2010 forced the evacuation of 130,000 people.

More than 460 people have died or gone missing in China since June, after extreme summer weather triggered huge floods and deadly landslides, government authorities said. In June 2011 severe floods caused by relentless heavy rains struck central and southern China. Xinhua reported: “ Rain-triggered flooding and landslides in south China have left 105 people dead and 63 more missing over the past 10 days, the Ministry of Civil Affairs said Monday. AP reported: “China says more than 2 million people have been displaced or otherwise affected by flooding in the eastern province of Zhejiang.
Dan Martin of AFP wrote, ‘state television broadcast footage of the flooded streets of Wuhan, the capital of Hubei province in the centre of the country.
China suffers flooding and dozens of storm-related deaths every summer rainy season, but such a heavy downpour in relatively dry Beijing is unusual. A flash flood in Fangshan stranded 104 primary school students and nine teachers at a military training site, Xinhua said. CCTV reported: “The top of an irrigation water duct at the Quting Reservoir in Hongtong County in Shanxi Province has caved in, leading to the partial collapse of its dam walls and flooding. Flooding in Sichuan has affected 360,000 people, damaging or destroying 300 homes, and forcing at least 6,100 emergency evacuations, state media reported. He is successful, but his actions were extremely risky–most flash flood deaths occur when cars with people inside get swept away. Since the storm hit in the middle of the night, and affected an unprepared population that had no flood warning system in place, the death toll was tragically high.
The speculation is as you the other fire starters we attempted may missile interceptors facing south. The river normally carries an enormous amount of silt and the amount increases when it floods.
A Yangtze River flood in 1954 killed 30,000 people outright and perhaps an additional 200,000 through starvation and disease. Rain water absorbed by forests and vegetation flows more slowly to rivers and streams, preventing flooding. Large sums of flood prevention money was stolen, much of it by contractors who took money and then gave the work to other contractors who took money without doing any work.
More than 10,000 people were evacuated along the Huaihe River in Anhui Province, where dikes were blown up with explosives to keep flood waters way from populated areas. Yuenyang, a city of 600,000 on the northeastern bank of the lake, was severely flooded as was Changas, a city on one of the rivers flowing into the lake.
Roads to Dazhou were cut off by floods and water levels reached the third floor of some buildings.
When the gates of the sluice on Three Gorges Dam were opened to relieve flooding water from the Yangtze poured into the lake, causing the mice to flee for high ground. A month later Tropical Storm Fung-wong produced floods that killed at least 11 people in eastern China.
Floods, heavy rains and landslides left more than 4,300 people dead or missing, affected 230 million people, caused 15 million to evacuate their homes, caused of billions of dollars in damage, disrupted transportation lines, and toppled hundreds of thousands of houses.
Torrential downpours have pummelled large swathes of China since the beginning of last month, wreaking havoc in some areas where mudslides and flash floods have torn through towns, killing and trapping countless people.
More than 1.6 million people in 13 provinces, regions and municipalities had been evacuated from their homes from June 3-20 due to flooding, the civil affairs ministry said. Newspapers carried photos of crowded boats evacuating stranded villagers and numerous flooded roads.
More than a third of the fatalities were in the flood-ravaged capital, where some residents questioned whether the city's rapid push for modernization came at the expense of basic infrastructure such as drainage networks.
It says Guangdong province has been hit the hardest, with 36 deaths and 10 missing people, followed by Jiangxi province, where six people are reported dead and four more missing.Guangdong's weather service forecasts more heavy rain along with thunder, strong wind gusts and hail in the coming days and warns of flooding and mudslides.
Flooding in the western province of Sichuan was the worst in 50 years for some areas, with more than 100,000 people forced to evacuate.

Fast-running rivers quickly overflowed their banks, flooding scores of towns and parts of the provincial capital of Chengdu, where the waters rose to the second floor and covered the tops of cars.
Heavy rains during the July through September monsoon season triggered devastating flooding that killed 456 and did $2 billion in damage (1.1% of GDP) in Pakistan. A note to the wise: Two minutes into the video, we see a man enter the flash flood to save his car.
Other belongings floated away; buckets and stools, pails of anyu and bamboo holsters for scythes. Soldiers and police were called in to evacuate a half million people, keep order, prevent looting and stop the flooding. Henan and Jiangsu fled a deadly flood zone along the swollen Huai River caused by continuous rains through much of June and July. Premier Wen Jiabao visited rescue workers and people evacuated from flooded homes in Guangxi. Authorities in Beijing were still trying to pump water from sections of flooded highway after the torrential downpour, the city's heaviest rain in six decades.
Heavy monsoon and tropical cyclone rains from July through October, enhanced by La Nina conditions, led to unprecedented flooding that killed 657 people and caused Thailand’s most expensive natural disaster in history. 2) Heavy rains in September and October in Cambodia triggered flooding that killed 250 and did $521 million in damage–by far the most expensive natural disaster in Cambodian history. Washi’s rains fell on regions where the natural forest had been illegally logged or converted to pineapple plantations, and the heavy rains were able to run off quickly on the relatively barren soils and create devastating flash floods. Without trees, plants and bushes to absorb the water and hold the earth in place, water runs off quickly and causes flash floods and saturates slopes, causing landslides.
There were worries that the dikes would be breached, causing extensive flooding in lowlands inhabited by millions. The Ministry of Water Resources has sent a work team to the scene to deal with the flooding. Heavy rains from December 2010 through January 2011, enhanced by La Nina conditions and record-warm ocean temperatures, led to unprecedented rains and flooding that killed 35 people and did $30 billion in damage. Southern Thailand has been hit with damaging floods following extreme rainfall topping 20 inches within two days.
Beijing residents shared photos online of submerged cars stranded on flooded streets, city buses with water up to commuters' knees and cascades of water rushing down the steps of overpasses. In nearby Beichuan county, flooding destroyed buildings and wrecked exhibits at a memorial for earthquake victims. He added that most primary insurers have started imposing flood coverage sublimits, with some covering a mere 20% of the amount insured, and rate hikes of up to 30%. The flooding has disrupted transportation in the area, with many trains being delayed or cancelled at Linfen station.
The flooding also caused the collapse of an almost 50-year-old bridge in a neighboring county, sending six vehicles into the raging waters and leaving 12 people missing. And just in the wake of the floods, leading French reinsurer the CCR Group informed its partners in New Zealand, Australia and Thailand to stop underwriting in those countries, citing the high frequency of severe natural disaster losses in the past 12 months. Flood coverage used to be practically free for clients who bought fire insurance to protect property such as homes, townhouses and commercial buildings. An SH-60F Sea Hawk helicopter assigned to Helicopter Anti-Submarine Squadron (HS) 14, flies around the Bangkok area with members of the humanitarian assessment survey team and the Royal Thai Armed Forces to assess the damage caused by the 2011 floods. Still frame from a remarkable 6-minute YouTube video showing the sad fate of a row of parked cars when a flash flood in Toowoomba, Queensland sweeps away dozens of the cars. Flash floods and mudslides from the heavy rains have claimed 902 lives, including at least 357 in Nova Friburgo and 323 in Teresopolis.

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