The melting of heavy snow caused the Red River to reach flood levels in Winnipeg by April 22. A state of Emergency was declared and the Canadian army and Red Cross were brought in to help protect residents and property and help with evacuations. Over the course of the flood, 100,000 residents (one third of Winnipeg) were evacuated from their homes - the largest evacuation in Canadian history (until the 1979 Mississauga train derailment). Heavy snow during the previous winter and heavy spring rain contributed to flood conditions.
The flood in April and May, 1997, was the most severe in Manitoba's Red River valley since 1852. Flooding on the Red River also caused high running water on other Manitoba rivers and the Red River flood directly or indirectly affected communities in: Emerson, Rosenort, St.
A dry summer in 1996 was followed by heavy rain in the fall that greatly increased soil moisture, creating the possibility of flooding. In Canada, over 7,000 military personnel were employed for 36 days to help prevent flood damage and relocate 25,450 evacuees.
Flood forecasts in February and March 2009 indicated the likelihood of a spring flood between 2006 and 1979 levels with less than a 10-per-cent chance of a flood as large as that of 1997.
Flooding in the Red River watershed was worse due to unusual ice conditions which caused blocks in the drainage system and raised river levels beyond what would have occurred under normal conditions. The greatest success of the 2009 flood was the protection provided by operation of major flood controls.
In early April 2011, Manitoba declared a high flood risk for six rivers, including two that pass through Winnipeg. Once again, the Red River Floodway saved the day, along with some help from nature as there was no major rain or snow in the area during April, May or June.
Brandon was at the epicentre of the months-long flood battle, where the Assiniboine River reached its highest level since 1923 and continued to rise. The 2011 flood featured the highest water levels and flows in modern history across parts of Manitoba and Saskatchewan. Statistically, the flooding on the Assiniboine River in 2011 was estimated to be at levels experienced once in 330 years.
Epic snow melts occurred everywhere - from the Qu'Appelle Valley to eastern Manitoba and from The Pas south to the Canada-U.S. Due to unprecedented flooding in 2011, an emergency outlet channel was built to drain flood water from Lake St.
Flooding affected three million hectares of farmland, requiring ranchers to move thousands of livestock.
The massive flood fighting effort involved thousands of emergency measures officials and volunteers, including inmates from a local jail, and 1,800 members of the Canadian military. Of course, this finding completely contradicts any model according to which the pattern of deposition of fossil organisms was produced by their transportation in a single violent flood into their present positions. A further problem for the flood model is the abundance of trace fossils and tracks: there is no significant stratum in the Mesozoic (or even later in the Cenozoic) in which we cannot find either individual prints (ichnites) produced by terrestrial organisms or plentiful terrestrially-produced suites of trace fossils created by ecologically related organisms (ichnocoenoses). The implications of fundamental geologic and paleontologic observations for flood geology are profound.


In an attempt to solve this problem, flood model advocates quickly seized upon the fact that ecosystems naturally vary; as one travels from the seashore to the highlands or from the equator to the poles, the characteristic plants and animals that make up ecological communities will also vary.
Proponents of HS argue that organisms that can float, swim, or even outrun flood waters will be found higher in the geologic column that those that cannot. Flood model advocates embrace EZ to explain this succession, but with almost all of North America covered by epeiric seas prior to the onset of the Flood, as even Woodmorappe’s study (1999) shows, they are forced to accept that the only place where EZ could operate as envisioned for terrestrial organisms is in the area of the Canadian Shield, from where the organisms would be transported by the Flood waters over the rest of North America.
In order to construe the bulk of the geologic column as a result of a single global deluge, flood geologists must replace the current scientific explanation of the fossil record as a result of preservation of series of contemporaneous ecological associations of organisms with one that is consistent with the aftermath of a major geologic catastrophe.
Furthermore, contravening the expectations from a large flood, the fossil record records a succession in the history of life consistent with a theory that is based on the emergence of new species via descent with modification from common ancestors. With a controlled delivery system, White Flood Reborn will start acting quickly and continue it's effects throughout your intense training session. By contrast, the area known as the Canadian Shield — a large region of Proterozoic rock with little in the way of more recent fossil or sedimentary deposits — was apparently not covered by these shallow seas. In the past 60 years, the floods in 1950, 1997, 2009 and 2011 have caused substantial damage, especially along the Red River and Assiniboine River basins. Operation of the Red River Floodway, Portage Diversion and Shellmouth Reservoir reduced the crest in Winnipeg by 10 feet, preventing approximately $10 billion in damages. Thus, according to flood model proponents, marine organisms would be buried first, as sediments derived from the breakdown of rocks that formed the land flowed into the continental shelf and farther into the ocean basins. To make that journey, these animals had to survive long-distance water transport, touch down over a wide area on the North American continent, and somehow make tracks on the seabed before they all perished in the Flood.
Invoking this well-documented observation, flood model advocates applied the term "ecological zonation" (EZ) to the hypothesis they developed to account for the observed stratigraphic succession of organisms.
This means that the terrestrial organisms in the sediments throughout North America had to have been transported thousands of kilometers from their habitats on the Canadian Shield to their final deposition locations. At the same time, Manitoba's flood fighting efforts have improved greatly and have significantly reduced the number of evacuations and the amount of damage spring flooding can cause. Then came heavy spring precipitation, with rain and snow that added to an already bad flooding situation. Governments at all levels spent close to $1 billion on flood fighting and compensation (Environment Canada). I will review two significant flaws in the EZ hypothesis that also expose the fundamental explanatory failure of the flood model: its inability to explain the distribution of organisms (the biostratigraphic order) and the pattern of the layers of rocks (the lithostratigraphic order) of the geologic column.
EZ is one model that has been proposed to reconcile these observations with the flood model, but EZ only works if inappropriate ad hoc modifications are made to overcome problems such as those posed by the need to transport ecological communities over large distances and subsequently deposit them mostly intact.
Acknowledging that most present-day sediment cover is found on the cratons of the continents and that the surrounding ocean basins have very little sediment contained within them, Kurt Wise and others (1994) concede that, if the Flood had occurred, the continental rock should have been eroded and subsequently deposited as sediments in the ocean basins — which is clearly not the case.
EZ fails to explain how (younger) rocks of the Mesozoic and the Cenozoic eras have come to have fossil terrestrial organisms situated in their proper ecological context, rather than as mixed assemblages of fossil organisms whose ecological relationships with other organisms have been disrupted by the violent waters of the Flood.
The fact that the bulk of the fossil record does not show evidence of the sudden, catastrophic deposition expected from a massive flood means that most of the fossiliferous strata were laid down by some other geologic process. Even the work of John Woodmorappe (who is also known as Jan Peczkis; 1999) that attempts to discredit the geologic column as an artifice built up by loose deductive reasoning inadvertently confirms that the Canadian Shield constituted dry land during the Phanerozoic. For example, one would expect serious erosion and transport of sediment in the worldwide flood.


If, in fact, a global flood had covered the earth during the Mesozoic, terrestrial animals hardly could create trace fossils on the surface!
From the geological literature, it is clear that the ages of the upper and lower strata are not separated by a few months (as the flood model requires), but by millions of years. In essence, the flood model requires that the sediment and its component radioactive elements, after being transported quickly and forcefully over great distances, came to rest in a manner that would place radioactive materials that yield the oldest dates in the lowest strata with progressively higher strata showing younger dates by virtue of a smaller proportion of isotopic decay products. However, the response typical of YECs is to invent ad hoc modifications of their models in an attempt to make observations consistent with a short-term worldwide flood. About Us The Conference Board of Canada is the foremost independent, not-for-profit applied research organization in Canada. This means that at no time in the Mesozoic was the earth so completely flooded that terrestrial organisms could not walk upon the surface.
To accomplish this, somehow terrestrial vertebrates and plants had to have been uprooted from their original locations, floated into their present positions, and then settled out of the water carrying them to be deposited in a way that preserves the major components of the biocenosis (a natural assemblage of organisms or a living community). We are dedicated to building a better future for Canadians by making our economy and society more dynamic and competitive. Taken in conjunction with the earlier observations about geologic deposits in the North American epeiric seas, this means that all the sediments, as well as most of the terrestrial flora and fauna, must have been transported over great distances before being redeposited in an arrangement that resembles their original ecological relationships — and all within a very short time.
Especially since the publication of Henry Morris and John Whitcomb’s book The Genesis Flood (1961), young-earth creationists have claimed a scientific basis for their view that a historic, worldwide flood shaped the major geophysical features of the earth. Modern taphonomic studies clearly distinguish the patterns of deposition of organic remains after severe modern flooding from those produced by other processes.
A critical requirement of the flood model is to provide a reasonable explanation for this observed stratigraphic succession of both flora and fauna — a universal feature of the fossil record.
If you're looking for peak performance from a pre-workout formula that has no fillers, carbs, creatine or artificial colours, then FLOOD your system with White Flood Reborn. In brief, EZ postulates that, as the water of the Flood rose, organisms were buried according to the ecological zones in which they lived. Naturally, flood geologists have overlooked a few facts that demonstrate that EZ is untenable.
Except for the Canadian Shield, the oldest North American deposits in undisturbed strata always contain marine organisms; terrestrial organisms only occur in more recent strata. This observation is extremely damaging for young-earth creationists promoting EZ during Noah’s Flood to explain the distribution of rock layers and organisms in the geologic record. But on the flood model, the terrestrial animals responsible for these tracks must have been transported by water from terrestrial habitats far removed from the areas where the trackways were produced. So it is easy to see that flood geology is at odds with most of the observations of North American geology.
Since this determination of older ages in lower strata is based on a different relative proportion of isotopes of radioactive elements, it is fair to ask how the flood model accounts for this situation.



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