Check that your home contains GFCIs (ground fault circuit interrupters) or AFCIs (Arc fault circuit interrupters), which prevent electrical shock and fire by shutting off faulty circuits. Incorrect use of portable heaters or appliances pose a fire threat, especially during winter mornings and evenings. Cover any outlets that are not in use with plastic safety covers if you have toddlers or young children in your home.
Keep newspapers, magazines, and fabrics from curtains, clothes, or bedding away from space heaters, radiators, and fireplaces. Always supervise kids while cooking and practice safe cooking habits such as turning all pot handles in so they can't be accidentally knocked over and not wearing loose-fitting clothing that could catch fire around the stove. If your home doesn't have smoke alarms, now is the time to install them on every level of your home and in each bedroom. If you're having a new home built or remodeling an older home, you may want to consider adding a home sprinkler system. If you live in an apartment building, make sure any safety bars on windows are removable in an emergency.
If your house is more than one story tall or if you live above the ground floor of an apartment building, an escape ladder is an important safety feature. Water (Colored red): Dangerous if used on flammable liquid, energized electrical equipment and cooking oil or fat fires. Rechargeable fire extinguisher: Designed for households in various sizes and different extinguisher mediums. Aerosol fire extinguisher: These are non-rechargeable and cover a wide range of fire classes. When using a powder extinguisher on burning cooking oil or fat it is recommend you stand two meters away from the fire and aim over the pan. For the best web experience, we strongly recommend upgrading to Firefox, Opera, Safari, Google Chrome, or a more recent version of Internet Explorer.
Studies have shown that many home fires are caused by improper installation of electrical devices.
Fires can destroy your most cherished personal items, your home and serious injury or death. Portable space heaters substantially contribute to the increase of house fires during winter.
Playing with matches is still the leading cause of fire-related deaths and injuries for kids younger than five years. Be prepared for any accidents by having fire extinguishers strategically placed around your houseā€”at least one on each floor and in the kitchen (this one should be an all-purpose extinguisher, meaning it can be used on grease and electrical fires), the basement, the garage, or workshop area.

Planned escape routes are a necessity, especially if a fire were to occur during the night. Be sure to know the locations of the closest stairwells or fire escapes and where they lead. You should have one escape ladder made of fire-safe material (aluminum, not rope) in each upper-story bedroom that is occupied by a person who is capable of using it. The ladder must be approved by an independent testing laboratory, its length must be appropriate for your home, and it must support the weight of the heaviest adult in the house. Designate a meeting place outside your house or apartment building that is a safe distance away (a mailbox, a fence, or even a distinctive-looking tree will do) where everyone can be accounted for after they escape. Use your finger to set off the smoke detector and let everyone know it's time for a fire drill. Check that the fire extinguisher you use complies with your countries safety standards and read the label carefully before you need to use it. Before you use the extinguisher to fight, make sure you have a clear view and can approach it safely. Do not aim the extinguishant directly into the pan that contains the oil or fat because it might spread the fire around the kitchen. Pets are generally curious and will investigate cooking appliances, candles or even a fire in your fireplace. Take a walk around your home and look for areas where pets might start fires inadvertently, such as loose wires and other potential hazards. Especially with young puppies, keep them confined away from potential fire-starting hazards when you are away from home, such as in crates or behind baby gates in secure areas.
Keep collars and leashes easily accessible in case you have to evacuate quickly with your pet or firefighters need to rescue your pet. Make sure you know the rules of fire prevention, stock your home with fire-safety items, and make sure your kids know what to do in a fire.
Avoid overloading plugs and check light fixtures in your home and use bulbs that are the correct wattage. Fires can start when food is left unsupervised on a stove or in an oven or microwave, grease spills, a dish towel too close to the burner, a toaster or toaster oven flare-up or a coffee pot accidentally left on. Only wood should be burned in the fireplace because paper and other materials can escape while burning and ignite nearby items. If you use a real Christmas tree in your home, make sure to water it daily and do not tie electric lights strung on a dried-out tree.
Almost 60% of all fatal residential fires occur in homes that don't have smoke alarms, so this may be the single most important thing you can do to keep your family safe from fires.

Both alarms are very effective, but photoelectric are more effective for detecting smouldering fires. You can use a fire blanket to cover a pan of burning cooking oil or burning clothes on a child. See if everyone can evacuate your home and gather outside within 3 minutes which is the time it can take for an entire house to go up in flames. Make sure you don't place yourself in danger by using one, be sure that before you attempt to put it out it is small enough to be managed by a fire extinguisher and that you aren't going to spread it. Ensure your pet is not left unattended around an open flame and make sure to thoroughly extinguish any open flame before leaving your home.
A stove or cook top is the number one piece of equipment involved in your pet starting a fire. When leaving pets home alone, keep them in areas or rooms near entrances where firefighters can easily find them. Never leave a fire burning unattended and make sure a fire is completely extinguished before leaving the house or going to bed. Store flammable materials such as gasoline, kerosene, and cleaning supplies outside of your home and away from kids. Fire extinguishers are best used when a fire is contained in a small area, like a wastebasket, and when the fire department has already been called. Many homes have the ionisation type installed, however fire fighters recommend that photoelectric type should be installed in bedrooms and adjacent hallways. You should have in your mind two escape routes from each room, in case one is blocked by fire. Some fires can be extremely dangerous to use on certain classes of fire and can increase the fire threatening your safety. Fire can block your escape when they become out of control so ensure your back is towards an exit and you have a clear path to escape. The best time to learn how to use the fire extinguisher is now, before you ever need it (if you have any questions, the local fire department can help). Fire extinguishers have gauges on them indicating when they need to be replaced and should be checked regularly to make sure they're still functional. After reading numerous essays, it is clear that bringing students to the City training site and exposing them to real life uses of science and math in the fire and emergency medical profession is making an impact.

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    Author: INKOGNITO
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  4. 18.12.2013 at 20:46:39

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