The posting of emergency evacuation plans and evacuation maps allow for greater building occupant safety. The Ontario Mass Evacuation Plan is a supporting plan to the Provincial Emergency Response Plan (PERP). This plan supports the agreement between the Governments of Ontario and Canada (through the Department of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada) to provide emergency response support to First Nation communities in the province. An EMO planning team in consultation with non-governmental organizations, provincial and federal partners developed the plan. This plan is meant to be used to respond to a request for a partial or complete evacuation from one or more communities to one or more host communities.
Provincial coordination will involve the evacuating community, host communities, relevant Ontario ministries, federal departments, non-governmental organizations, and others, as required. This plan is for Ontario’s far north, encompassing municipalities, unorganized territories2 and First Nation communities.
This is an overarching plan for carrying out mass evacuations and as such, many aspects are general in nature4. The geography of the far north may complicate evacuations or efforts to manage or suppress the hazard.
Potential threats to the communities and emergency responders are critical in determining the urgency of the evacuation and for planning resource mobilization. An OIC ministry or the PEOC may recommend evacuation, or that it is safe to return, based on a real-time threat assessment. The availability, duration, type, and location of host community facilities affect planning for the evacuation. Evacuating communities should identify Community Evacuation Liaisons for each host community.
When planning for the return of evacuees, the number and location of host communities, and the distance to evacuated communities are key planning considerations.
Roles and responsibilities may pertain to transportation hubs, host communities, support from ministries or the federal government, or responsibilities of evacuating communities. Determine the financial and legislative roles and responsibilities for the evacuation and comply with applicable policies, agreements, procedures, etc.
Once it has been decided that a community needs complete or partial evacuation, the parties involved must establish who the evacuees are, where the host locations are, and what the means of evacuation will be.
Following the judgement of the authorized entity that it is safe for evacuees to return, the order of return and the methods of transportation must be established using an inclusive planning process that involves affected communities, provincial and federal partners, and other partners (i.e. Real-time threat assessment is a critical component of evacuation operations and should be ongoing. All responders involved in managing the hazard or participating in the evacuation must regularly communicate situational awareness information to those conducting real-time threat assessments and must report a changing situation as soon as feasible. Emergency managers must understand the makeup of the population who are to be evacuated before they can make key decisions about transportation modes, route selections, hosting destinations, and the many other elements of an evacuation.
Medevac is used for those individuals receiving home care or residing in a health-care facility in the evacuating community that qualify for medical transfer as per the Ambulance Act (evacuation by emergency medical services (EMS) or Ornge). Among these, some require attendant care, which means both the caregiver and the Stage 1 evacuee they care for should be on the Stage 1 evacuation list.
For First Nations communities, AANDC and PS approve federal assistance to support an evacuation. The urgency of an evacuation is determined based on the immediacy of the threat to the community (life, safety, health, and welfare), the resilience of the community, and (depending on the nature of the threat) the availability of resources for evacuation or shelter-in-place10. Evacuations may take place prior to (pre-emptive), during, or after an incident has occurred. Given adequate warning about a hazard, adequate resources, and the likelihood of the threat actually impacting a community, it is advisable to conduct pre-emptive evacuations.
If adequate resources are not available to conduct a pre-emptive evacuation, it may still be possible and necessary to carry out an evacuation even while a threat is already affecting a community.
If recommending enhanced monitoring or activation of the PEOC, consider what positions must be staffed to conduct the evacuation.


Alert PS of the situation and advise them if Government of Canada support may be required to assist. Establish a regular information cycle and contact for evacuating communities, host communities, and other parties assisting with the evacuation. Initiating media contacts or directing the appropriate position to do this according to established plans and procedures (e.g. Emergency information is primarily the community’s responsibility, but may be supplemented by the province according to the provisions of the Provincial Emergency Information Plan. Where the scale of the incident, evacuation timeline, or availability of staff prevents the physical deployment of staff, relevant incident management functions may be performed remotely using available technology. The priorities for evacuation will be determined by the Chief and Council (for a First Nation), the Head of Council (for a municipality), or an authorized entity. Transportation planning for the evacuation will be undertaken by a joint planning team as described in Annex 7.
The evacuating community should identify community evacuation liaisons at each of the host community sites to support evacuees. If an evacuation involves a First Nation community, the JEMS Service Level Evacuation Standards provides a sample flight manifest.
Service Level Evacuation Standards11 are in place for hosting First Nations community members in the event of an evacuation. Through the PEOC, EMO works with the evacuating First Nation to identify a host community or communities for its evacuees. The PEOC should begin contingency planning with partners for longer-term evacuations if it appears likely that evacuees will be displaced from their community for longer than the period discussed below. Communities considering acting as a host community during an evacuation should identify emergency shelter facilities.
Planning for hosting evacuees builds on information already available (typically from the manifest). Once approval has been given for all or a part of the population to return home, community leaders, working with community evacuation liaisons, will develop priorities and manifests for the return flights.
Following a regional evacuation, multiple communities may decide at the same time that they are ready to return evacuees.
The Quick Reference Guide is a condensed version of the Ontario Mass Evacuation Plan Part 1: Far North. In addition, this plan references the Service Level Evacuation Standards1 developed by the Joint Emergency Management Steering (JEMS) Committee. Updates to the plan will be undertaken as required based on lessons learned from exercises and incident responses.
It is a provincial coordination plan outlining how Ontario would coordinate its response and collaborate with federal and municipal governments, First Nations, non-governmental organizations, and ministry partners.
It is not intended for internal evacuations of one part of a community to another part of the same community. This plan does not replace a community’s own emergency response plans, which should contain provisions for evacuations if they consider evacuations likely. A detailed action plan that addresses the specific scenario, hazard, and threat will still be required. Evacuations are most frequently caused by forest fires and flooding (most often from spring break-up along the James Bay coast).
Damage to property or the environment may also trigger an evacuation if it poses a risk to the safety, health, and welfare of people. It also dictates what level of activation, and how many and what type of resources will be required for the evacuation. If the evacuation is for one or a few communities, planning may be restricted to movements within the same general geographic area. Therefore, planning should include post-hosting needs, such as financial reconciliation, demobilization support, and reports on issues to be resolved before hosting evacuees in the future. If an authorized entity decides on a partial or complete community evacuation, the community should declare an emergency.


A pre-emptive evacuation may be undertaken when it is clear that if delayed, conditions (weather or other hazard) would impede evacuation.
Evacuations of this nature are done when life safety is at extreme risk and a rescue becomes essential. For example, evacuations of large populations to one or more host communities may require logistics support to secure modes of transportation from a receiving aerodrome or transportation hub to the host community. In widespread evacuations, emergency information may need to be coordinated amongst all involved partners. Evacuation liaisons represent the needs of evacuees when attending meetings with the host community and other agencies. It is generally understood that time of year may affect the host community’s ability to provide accommodations during an evacuation.
It is critical that at the end of an evacuation, there is a full accounting of the operation in the form of after-action and financial reports. However, the evacuation of multiple communities due to an area-wide emergency is likely to require out-of-area movements for hosting, particularly when the goal is to keep families and communities together.
The size and demographics of the population are significant factors in determining how to conduct an evacuation.
Alternate technologies that may be utilized in an evacuation include satellite phones and amateur radio.
Evacuation liaisons also assist with creating manifests and determining the order of the return of evacuees in consultation with the Chief, Head of Council, or appointed person from the home community. In this situation, evacuations may need to be prioritized and contingency plans implemented. While the Standards provide guidance on hosting First Nations, they may also be applied to municipal or unorganized territory evacuations as they pertain to hosting arrangements. While agreements may exist between EMO and a host community, the community retains the option of not hosting during a particular evacuation.
Emergency planners should assess proposed facilities based on location, capabilities, capacity, accessibility, and resources, as well as how they would route evacuee traffic. Municipal departments involved in the development of the host facility plan may be able to provide resources to support the set-up and operation of a host facility.
As with the initial evacuation, numerous resources, especially personnel and transportation related resources will be required to return evacuees to their home community.
It also shows the various partners likely to be involved in an evacuation, broadly reflecting the actions that fall within their jurisdiction.
This plan supports the activities being undertaken related to mass evacuation planning for ministry and community emergency management programs. This is facilitated through liaison that may be in place between OIC ministries and federal departments - for example, between the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Health Canada and Local Health Integration Networks (LHIN). Alternatively, the Chief of the First Nation, Head of Council, or an appointed person may decide to conduct a complete or partial evacuation based on an assessment of the threat to area residents. This approach minimizes potentially having people in harm’s way and enables a more controlled evacuation and optimization of resources.
In the event that the list of potential host communities is insufficient for the size of evacuation pending, the PEOC will solicit additional host communities. Details on the set-up and operation of the shelter should be provided in the community’s emergency response plan. It draws linkages to various hazard management plans and procedures developed by ministries.
Unorganized territories, fly-in lodges and camps, and mining operations also fall into the plan area. The seasonal roads cannot be relied on for evacuation operations given the short and sometimes unpredictable length of time that they are available.



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Comments

  1. 25.03.2014 at 19:43:29


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    Author: ABD_MALIK
  2. 25.03.2014 at 21:38:16


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    Author: 10_Uj_040