Following Hurricane Floyd, North Carolina determined that the existing flood maps were out of date and inaccurate. For the complete Flood Insurance Study for Pasquotank County which explains the different categories CLICK HERE. In order to provide ongoing flood risk assessments for individual communities, FEMA has been constantly updating and maintaining its Flood Hazard Mapping Program. The problem, however, is that the unfinished flood maps are causing all sorts of new problems for homeowners needing to rebuild. Another issue with FEMA’s flood maps is that they are continually being redone so that residents are getting mixed messages.
GIS is a technological field that incorporates geographical features with tabular data in order to map, analyze, and assess real-world problems.
Getting Started with GISStart by reading What is GIS for an introduction to Geographic Information Systems. Building a Career in GIS which provides an introduction to the building blocks of GIS employment .
GIS Book Pick The Look of Maps: An Examination of Cartographic Design is a cartographic classic by Arthur H.
The State of North Carolina and FEMA worked together to create the new flood maps which will be effective in Pasquotank County on October 1, 2004.

The storm hit the entire eastern seaboard from Maine all the way down to Florida and did the most severe damage to New York and New Jersey. The maps take about three to five years to finish, and during that time, homeowners are left wondering what will happen to their homes in terms of flood risks and insurances rates. Residents in Vermont have suffered severe flooding in recent years, not only from fast-rising rivers and streams but from storms like Tropical Storm Irene that hit back in 2011.
After Sandy, FEMA decided to release advisory maps, or rough drafts of sorts, to give people an idea of what they can expect. However, FEMA cannot update the old flood maps due to other priorities and a lack of funding.
Other criticisms are being directed at FEMA from those who think the agency is not doing enough to prepare for rising sea levels because of global warming. A little known tool in older versions of Microsoft’s Excel is the ability to create simple maps from tabular data. These flood maps are compiled using data for such things as river flow, rainfall, topography, and storm surges. Those homes that are in V zones are not only seeing their flood insurance rates skyrocket but are having to make costly repairs in order to meet building codes. However, when the finished flood maps were released in June 2013, they showed that FEMA had actually scaled back a large amount of V zones and included others not previously designated as such.

Consequently, residents in those areas of Vermont cannot apply for FEMA programs in which flood-damaged property is bought because they are not designated as flood hazards areas on the maps. While it seems that FEMA is trying to do the best to reduce the impact of flood damage in the future, many believe that are only making the situation worse in the process. You can create simple chloropeth, chart and dot density maps using data organized by country, state or region.
The ultimate purpose of these maps is to help states take preventative actions that will hopefully reduce damage done to homes in the event of major flooding like that caused by Hurricane Sandy.  In the aftermath of Sandy, FEMA set out to update these maps which hadn’t been done since the 1980s.
In response to these flood maps, George Kasimos, a New Jersey resident, has had to elevate his home four feet with expensive pilings and see his flood insurance go from $1,000 to $15,000 per year.
This time it comes in the forms of flood maps from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). While being in the process of being redone, these flood maps are creating all sorts of difficulties for homeowners.

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