Once the earthquake is over, we will have to live with the risk of fire, the potential lack of utilities and basic services, and the certainty of aftershocks.
Check with your city or county to see if there is a Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) in your area. Find out if your home or business is at risk for earthquakes, tsunamis, and related hazards. 183 earthquakes of magnitude 3 or higher were reported in Oklahoma between October of 2013 and mid-April 0f 2014.  Up to 2008, the long term average was just 2 a year. Scientists are studying a possible correlation between the increasing use of deep injection wastewater wells used in connection with hydraulic fracturing in the oil and gas industry  and the increase in the frequency of earthquakes in Oklahoma and elsewhere.
A consortium of organizations from earthquake prone California has a seven step preparedness guide. The Illinois Emergency Management Agency has a downloadable game that can help families learn about earthquakes together. Earthquakes can and do occur in every one of the 50 states so the current situation in Oklahoma provides an opportunity to review our personal, family, institutional and business plans.
Partner with EMA (select your state and drill down to find the local office) or Public Safety department to host an earthquake drill. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is working in support of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) who is the lead federal agency when responding to international disasters. The first Catastrophic Events Team meeting was held in Memphis, TN January 26-28, 2011.  The team, supported by a special needs grant, began its work with a well-timed focus on earthquakes.
The first afternoon of the team’s face-to-face meeting featured a trip to the Center for Earthquake Research and Information (CERI). There will not be enough resources for the entire event, which will put pressure on local communities to respond and recover. A more complete vision of the 15 ESFs will help Extension communicate with emergency responders.


Hat’s off to the emergency managers from the eight states* who recently put together a Resource Allocation Workshop to plan for a New Madrid Seismic Zone (NMSZ) event.
As a part of the Indiana Department of Homeland Security team, we rolled up our sleeves for two-and-a-half days and met with the experts and examined the state’s resources for each of the 15 Emergency Support Functions (ESFs).
While Extension could play a role in all Emergency Support Functions that would be spreading already thin resources too thin.
Observing the state, regional and national experts while they examined all 15 Emergency Support Functions showed that they have a mindset of 1) response and 2) “things.”  Maybe it was the nature of the scenario, but most of the discussions concentrated on response requirements for a major earthquake along the New Madrid fault line. Tim Prather, Tennessee Point of Contact and several other EDEN delegates are also interested in earthquakes. An earthquake struck on Wednesday close to Padang, the capital of West Sumatra province, bringing scores of buildings crashing to the ground. CHF’s Emergency Response Team (CERT) will provide immediate shelter assistance to families whose homes have been destroyed, using CHF’s proven transitional shelter model.
In 2006, CHF International responded to the Yogyakarta earthquake in Indonesia that left up to 1.5 million people homeless, constructing 5,000 durable and attractive shelters out of bamboo and material salvaged from ruined houses in a model that is now replicated worldwide.
At the same time CHF will assess how best to support affected families to rebuild and recover from these earthquakes. Before the next earthquake, get together with your family or housemates to plan now what each person will do before, during and after. Earthquakes can occur everywhere in California which means all Californians live with an earthquake risk. When I checked the USGS site this week, there were 935 earthquakes recorded for the past eight days in the 48 conterminous states, Alaska, Hawaii and Puerto Rico.
Youth groups can focus on science (what causes earthquakes) and staying safe during an earthquake. The most devastating of these was the Magnitude 8.9 earthquake off the east coast of Japan on March 11.


Gary Patterson, CERI Director, Education and Outreach and Brian Blake, Earthquake Program Director for the Central United States Earthquake Consortium (CUSEC) talked to us about the New Madrid Seismic Zone and the potential impact of a large earthquake or series of earthquakes along this fault line. That become apparent at this workshop that I mentioned in the previous EDENblog.  That change in emergency management looks at the whole community as a resource.
Such response includes pre-scripted mission assignments for the federal and national partners. Leaders from the eight states said they are not prepared for a 7.7 magnitude earthquake in the New Madrid area. The Catastrophic Team meets late January in Memphis to begin the work of producing material for Extension educators.If you are interested in contributing ideas or content on earthquakes, please contact Tim.
CHF’s existing teams across Indonesia, experienced at emergency response and shelter construction since the 2004 tsunami, will enable us to ensure that needs are met swiftly and smoothly, with an understanding of the needs of the local people. In addition to the shaking caused by earthquakes, other things can occur such as landslides, surface fault ruptures and liquefaction - all of which may cause injury or property damage. Those earthquakes in the conterminous (great word!) states occurred from California to Massachusetts. Adults can be shown how to taking steps to protect property and homes from an earthquake can actually be good practice for normal times. In rural areas, many thousands more buildings have been destroyed and whole villages flattened by the 7.6 magnitude earthquake.
In addition, some areas within California are vulnerable to tsunamis should an earthquake occur off the coast.



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