Emergency Preparedness And First Responder Equipment And ServicesSPI provides a diverse array of homeland security and national preparedness policy, planning, and program development support that includes research and analysis, process and exercise design, and performance tracking services. Preparedness for commercial nuclear power plants includes a system for notifying the public if a problem occurs at a plant.
Notification of Unusual Event is the lowest classification, and means that a minor plant event, either an operational event or security threat. Alert is declared when an actual or potential reduction in the plant's safety level or a security event that could threaten site personnel or damage plant equipment.
Site Area Emergency is declared when major safety equipment either has failed or is deemed likely to fail. Federal, State and local officials work together to develop site-specific emergency response plans for nuclear power plant accidents.
The plans also delineate evacuation routes, reception centers for radiological monitoring and location of congregate care centers for temporary lodging. Residents within the 10-mile emergency planning zone are regularly disseminated emergency information materials (via brochures, the phone book, calendars, utility bills, etc.). The EAS stations will provide information and emergency instructions for the public to follow. The following brochure provides emergency information for the agricultural community within approximately a 50-mile radius of a commercial nuclear power station. The Genesee County Health Department wants you to have a plan to protect your employees, lessen the impact of the emergency on your business and remain open or re-open quickly.

Similarly, in biological and biomedical research, they are used to test new drugs and to study cellular functions and bone formation in mammals. Used and stored properly, a knife can help us prepare and eat food; misused, it can cause injury and possibly death. These plans are tested through exercises that include protective actions for the general public and special populations. These materials contain educational information on radiation, instructions for evacuation and sheltering, special arrangements for special needs populations, contacts for additional information, etc. If needed, this prompt Alert and Notification System will be activated quickly to inform the public of any potential threat from natural or man-made events. If you are alerted, tune to your local EAS station which includes radio stations, television stations, NOAA weather radio, and the cable TV system. If you or someone you know lives within 10 miles of a nuclear facility, and would need help in an emergency, please notify and register with your local emergency management agency. It contains information about how you will be notified and what procedures you should follow in the event of a radiological emergency at the power station. Nuclear Regulatory Commission to support local and state preparedness activity and are required to hold full-scale exercises that involve state agencies every other year. The REP program in Iowa ensures that emergency preparedness, planning, and exercise activities associated with the commercial nuclear power facilities in or around Iowa meet or exceed standards and regulations set by the federal government for the protection of the citizens of Iowa.
Atoms are made up of various parts; the nucleus contains minute particles called protons and neutrons, and the atom's outer shell contains other particles called electrons.

In addition, radioactive materials are used in various industrial applications to protect food and blood supplies, increase the safety of roads and buildings, locate new energy sources, light emergency exits, warn of fires, and more.
Similarly, when handled correctly, radioactive materials have many beneficial medical, industrial, and academic uses. For additional and more in-depth answers to frequently-asked-questions about radiation, visit their website. State and local authorities will take action to protect the residents living near the plant. In that process, unstable nuclei may emit a quantity of energy, and this spontaneous emission is what we call radiation. The sun and stars send a constant stream of cosmic radiation to Earth, much like a steady drizzle of rain. Radioactive materials (including uranium, thorium, and radium) exist naturally in soil and rock.
Essentially all air contains radon, water contains small amounts of dissolved uranium and thorium, and all organic matter (both plant and animal) contains radioactive carbon and potassium.
In addition, all people have internal radiation, mainly from radioactive potassium-40 and carbon-14 inside their bodies from birth and, therefore, are sources of exposure to others.

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