Check out ReadyKids for kid-friendly explanations and encouragement to plan and be prepared for any emergency. Because we live in Florida and our biggest natural disaster threat are hurricanes, we always have 3+ weeks of food and water + supplies for no electicity for our family. In other parts of the world, earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, and flooding have wreaked havoc on the inhabitants there. I had never considered us at risk of tsunami, but I feel better prepared to know the signs of one and to think through an emergency plan. Seek out resources that are designed for kids to teach them signs of a natural disaster and what to do.
The fact that a large number of Los Angeles (LA) County adults have failed to prepare themselves and their households for emergencies or disasters will have serious consequences for families and the metropolitan region’s resiliency after a large-scale mass-casualty event. The county is also home to many different sites of significance, including major entertainment venues, film and television producing companies, world-renowned amusement parks, large universities, and centers for world trade and transport such as the Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach and three airports. In one real, plausible scenario researched and conducted by the Great Southern California ShakeOut exercise of 2008, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake would occur along the south San Andreas Fault 50 miles from downtown LA.
The exercise earthquake would potentially collapse downtown high-rise buildings constructed of older reinforced concrete or steel frames with brittle welds, 16 and cause long-term regional problems, both economic and otherwise17 (see Table 218). It has been shown that those children who are given training or education are less vulnerable after a disaster and are at a lesser risk for death or injury than their peers. The second factor, information observed, relies on “the impact of ‘seeing’ others prepare and mitigate,” an impact which “is generally stronger than passively receiving information.” 72 For children and families, seeing others preparing, however, might require attendance at an event. If all the elementary schools in Table 580 are K-8 (an overestimate), would each need three different sets of curricula, a total of 4,175 sets would be needed to initially equip all of the appropriate schools in the county. Find out if your home or business is at risk for earthquakes, tsunamis, and related hazards. Open For Business ®Disaster planning toolkit for small to mid-sized business owners from the Insurance Institute for Business and Home Safety. Community Action Plan for Seismic SafetyThe purpose of the Community Action Plan for Seismic Safety (CAPSS) project is to provide the Department of Building Inspection a plan of action, or policy road map, to reduce earthquake risks. The Bay Area Earthquake Alliance, which is composed of 183 member groups and organizations, coordinates earthquake awareness and preparedness activities throughout the San Francisco Bay Area.
She spent a year as a Capital Fellow at the California Emergency Management Agency in 2011 and is now pursuing her MPA and Homeland Security and Public Policy Certificate while doing research at the National Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Events. It is known for organizing the first annual and largest-ever earthquake drill at the time, the Great Southern California ShakeOut in 2008. By focusing the lessons on younger students, the burden on schools and teachers would be minimized without losing sight of the program’s need to teach children while they are most impressionable.
The same can be said for uniformed adults who see other adults (whose children have informed them) taking steps to prepare. Furthermore, they predict a 46% chance that at least one earthquake with a 7.5 magnitude or larger will happen in the same time period.
Alquist Seismic Safety Commission publishes earthquake safety information and the California Department of Public Health runs the “Be Prepared California” program.
For example, if the children only hear these messages in school and nowhere else, then the program may not be as efficient or effective as it could be. While it is possible that some schools in the district may emphasize the curriculum more, every student would be exposed at the same minimal level with the same material.
STEP is free to most users and requires just one initial hour of instruction time, either by teachers or outside volunteers such as school safety officers.
The county is affected by several active fault systems, including the San Andreas, which caused the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake in northern California10 as well as the Pico thrust fault, which caused the 6.7-magnitude Northridge quake in 1994. 14 For both probabilities, they predict that such an event is most likely to occur in Southern California. 48 In addition, while the United States operates ad hoc education programs, other countries have incorporated emergency preparedness in their national curricula.
This curriculum is taught by teachers and school visitors (such as public safety representatives) and is currently implemented in FEMA regions I, II, V, and IX. It is important to note here that the K-8 public school students of LA County are diverse in background, socioeconomic status, race, ethnicity, and family situation. In turn, districts would have to monitor implementation at the school-level, probably relying on principals to enforce and report on the program. LA County should explore the practical solution of incorporating emergency preparedness and response curricula uniformly in K-8 public schools, possibly using one or more of the curricula outlined here. They are knowledgeable and resourceful when it comes to their surroundings, and quick to come up with interesting and practical ideas…” 40 Barlett uses children affected by the 2001 El Salvador earthquake as an example, showing that they served their communities in various ways. The STEP program has been evaluated for satisfaction via surveys given to teachers during its pilot phase in 2008-2009.
Although the Red Cross curriculum may be more comprehensive, the STEP program may be a good alternative if the teacher time commitment and cost of the former prove to be prohibitive.
The curriculum is also non-sequential, allowing organizers to pick and choose lessons according to locality or school preference. For the duration of an emergency might perform sweeping inspections of companies to make sure. San Diego County offers an exceptional website, called Ready San Diego, which explains the possible natural disasters and other emergencies that one can be prepared for in this particular vicinity.
I want to get the irreplacable things (family pictures, videos, etc.) better organized so that they could be grabbed quickly if we needed to evacuate for any reason.
Don’t forget to check back everyday for all sorts of fun giveaways and ideas to enjoy the changing of the seasons.


I know that if there were an emergency at his workplace, he knows what to do and is responsible for helping others. Such an earthquake [would] cause unprecedented damage to Southern California—greatly dwarfing the massive damage that occurred in Northridge’s 6.7-magnitude earthquake in 1994. Fundamental preparedness steps include: 1) Identify your risk, 2) Make a plan, 3) Build a kit, and 4) Get involved (see Table 3). In the 2010-2011 school year, the county educated a total of 1,065,939 public school students in grades K-8. In terms of values, this would be an equitable solution, at least among students and families in public schools in the county.
Furthermore, “the curriculum is non-sequential, allowing organizers to choose the lesson plans that best fit into their topics of interest.” 84 This means that where specialized state and district curricula differ from national general standards, catering to the more specific standards will not disrupt students’ learning.
This handbook provides information about the threat posed by earthquakes in the San Francisco Bay region and explains how you can prepare for, survive, and recover from these inevitable events. Marin County Schools Emergency Preparedness ServicesOnline resources for school disaster planners to improve emergency response procedures in local schools.
Guadalupe Emergency ProceduresGuadalupe has a clearly defined Emergency Plan that focuses on proper planning and action before, during, and after a severe earthquake or school-wide emergency.
The ability for residents to prepare, respond on their own to reasonable problems, and take care of their families for the first few days or week after the event is necessary. In an ideal world, programs would be judged on cost effectiveness for no other reason than to save public dollars for a disaster “rainy day fund” meant to help Angelenos recover when needed. This means that taking steps to prepare for an earthquake would also increase preparedness for other types of emergencies. The curriculum meets national educational standards and is specifically tailored for lower elementary (K–2), upper elementary (3–5) and middle school (6–8) classes (high school material is also available online in a more limited manner). There are several curriculum options on the market today, many of which could be adapted or taken off the shelf to work in LA county schools. The benefits of becoming prepared, especially using a school-based curriculum, are significant. Emergency supplies include a three to seven-day supply of drinking water and non-perishable food (that does not require refrigeration) for each family member, a battery-powered radio, a flashlight, a first aid kit, and some extra batteries.
Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) “Ready” campaign and the American Red Cross’s “Get Prepared” campaign “emphasize getting an emergency kit, making a plan, and staying informed.
Furthermore, one would have to dictate the exact programs that would be offered in the site visits in order for all people to have equality.
In the case of the American Red Cross Master of Disaster Program, teaching packets are available for levels K-2, 3-5, and 6-8 at a price of $30 each. In addition, some areas within California are vulnerable to tsunamis should an earthquake occur off the coast. These included helping to clean up, plant greenery, rebuild, and bring food and water to recovery workers.
For this reason, it is important that solutions to help raise the preparedness rate among students and their families should be judged not only on their ability to complete the aforementioned goals, but also on the value of equity. World Vision has put together these tips for talking to your children about natural disasters.
Just be sure to check expiration dates before you stash it all away for the next year or so. Furthermore, educating children can help their families and the greater community’s resiliency, and using the school-based model to do so shows promise. If students were taught emergency preparedness in schools via required curricula, the goal of “information received” would be greatly enhanced in the county. In addition, the county would have to handle the purchase and distribution of the packets or handle the allocation of money to schools for the purchase of packets. Dare to PrepareEarthquake readiness campaign to raise earthquake awareness and encourage earthquake readiness in southern California. It is important to note that the California Emergency Management Agency (Cal EMA) recommends an “all-hazard” comprehensive approach to basic family and individual preparedness.
67 The Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA) Student Tools for Emergency Planning (STEP) program is also school-based. For example, imagine if school visit programs by emergency managers were scaled-up, with the goal of reaching each school at least once yearly. Before the next earthquake, get together with your family or housemates to plan now what each person will do before, during and after. This requires that regardless of where and when a disaster strikes, each family must have emergency supplies and a family emergency plan.
Although it requires just one one-hour lesson, the program can be taught for up to 15 hours per year, covering multiple aspects of preparedness. Equity in this example of a large scale-up would be scarce absent a state or national law requiring even funding per capita for preparedness programs (some localities are more well-funded than others as it is). In addition to the shaking caused by earthquakes, other things can occur such as landslides, surface fault ruptures and liquefaction - all of which may cause injury or property damage. After the South Asia tsunami in 2004, for example, Indian children were observed leading their own healing sessions comprised of but not limited to activities incorporating elements of games, fun, and laughter among peers.
A complete family emergency plan requires that all family members know the basic pre-designated family meeting place and have contact phone numbers to reach one another in the event of an emergency.
61 Cal EMA also partners with the California Seismic Safety Commission (CSSC) and the California Earthquake Authority (CEA) on the yearlong “Totally Unprepared” program using multimedia to help Californians assess risk and prepare. 75 The state of California requires most traditional-track schools to have 175 days of instruction per year.


32 However, after an event children are still capable of determining real-time needs and planning in the long term. According to the program, “Totally Unprepared uses social media, video, and mobile applications to increase pervasiveness of earthquake preparedness issues.” 62 Cal EMA also sponsors California’s Earthquake Preparedness Month in April, and operates the “My Hazards” website, which allows citizens to assess their risk according to their location. For the most part, all are susceptible either directly or indirectly to most risks—earthquakes certainly, and most likely also events such as wildfires or terrorism.
FEMA also operates the “Ready Kids” website, which provides an online interactive emergency preparedness learning experience. With layoffs in his company we are also trying to put away cash for our house payment, because I have a lot of food already but couldn’t pay our house payment for very long.
Stress from an event can affect children, like adults, in the form of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) 25 but emergency preparedness education may mitigate the onset or the severity of the disorder. Further, they found that “particularly important predictors of home based preparedness activity” include “the providing of emergency management focused information, involvement in multiple programs, and, significantly, an increased frequency of interactions between children and caregivers about what children learned in these programs.” In addition, the authors find an emergency management-focused curriculum, as opposed to one based on the science of risks or hazards, to be most useful.
The citizens and families of LA County are unprepared for a disaster or emergency, and this makes them and the entire LA region more vulnerable. The American Red Cross: Prepare Bay AreaThe Prepare Bay Area initiative supports YOU with information, materials, and tips on getting prepared for disasters. 21 At the most basic level, preparedness means individuals and families must be capable of remaining self-sufficient for a short period of time, without any outside assistance or resources. The TsunamiReady program sets guidelines for adequate tsunami readiness, including the ability to receive and send out tsunami warnings, designation of tsunami hazard zones and evacuation routes, and outreach programs that address both natural and official warnings. Guide, “Being prepared can reduce fear, anxiety, and losses that accompany disasters.” 23 This is especially true for children, whose preparedness efforts with family or in school settings can mitigate the terrifying reality of a child not knowing what to do or where to go.
68 New York City teaches school children through its Ready Schools program69 and the San Francisco Bay Area utilizes the Get Ready 5th Grade Bay Area Program. 74 Of the county’s total K-12 students, 25% were English learners and 65.3% qualified for free or reduced price lunch. Implementing such a program countywide would increase resiliency and provide the world an active, large experiment on the positive effects of emergency preparedness education. Peek states, “Bartlett makes a compelling case for the inclusion of both children and adults in postdisaster rebuilding processes.” 39 Bartlett found that “children are aware of their capacity to contribute to various community rebuilding and recovery initiatives. In terms of cost efficiency, the program would reach over one million children for a curriculum cost of less than 11.75 cents per student. There are pros & cons for eacch depending on the type of emergency we could have here.
International examples show us that formal preparedness education, as offered in classrooms or otherwise, may be best done in a hands-on, experiential manner. Once the earthquake is over, we will have to live with the risk of fire, the potential lack of utilities and basic services, and the certainty of aftershocks.
Peek also suggests that children are under-involved in disaster planning or education because they lack the voice necessary to make their needs heard, and because planning professionals often lack expertise in children’s issues. Earthquakes can occur everywhere in California which means all Californians live with an earthquake risk. For example, in December 2004, Tilly Smith, a 10-year-old British child, was on vacation in Thailand with her parents.
At the least, parents would receive information packets regarding the curriculum from their children’s schools. Through the curriculum in school, children would be exposed to seeing other adults and students prepare. At the local level in the LA area, the Earthquake Country Alliance has run the “Dare to Prepare” campaign since 2007. Because such a quake could cause hundreds of deaths, leave thousands homeless, and devastate the region’s economy, the USGS and other organizations are working together with new urgency to help prepare Bay Area communities for this certain future quake. Studies have shown that effective coping mechanisms for children are often common childhood activities, such as writing, coloring, drawing, taking pictures, talking with others, and creating games.
The National Service-Learning Clearinghouse also maintains a list of service-learning activities related to homeland security for students in grades K-12.
EvacuationAs soon as the shaking stops, immediately evacuate the school building and proceed to identified evacuation areas using the pre-determined routes guided by the class marshall or teacher.Phase 4. For the first type to be effective, information must be “come from multiple sources, be communicated over multiple channels of communication, focus on what actions to take, explain how those actions cut future losses, and be consistent (the same) across the different messages received.” 71 This is difficult to achieve across public programs that are large in scale.
For example, children in India and other disaster-prone countries are taught in various ways. The Alliance is a part of the Earthquake Country Alliance, a statewide alliance linking organizations and individuals that provide earthquake information and services.
To increase preparedness of individuals and families, LA County should explore the practical solution of incorporating emergency preparedness and response curricula into K-8 public education. 12 For many Angelenos, the Northridge earthquake was the last major earthquake to occur in their lifetime. The survey showed that on average, only 74% of respondents said they had 3-day supply of food and water, and only 41% said they had a family emergency plan. There are currently many efforts at the national, state, and local (city and county) levels to increase awareness about the importance of emergency preparedness. Originally devised to train adults as first responders, the program has been modified for teenagers.



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