In understanding the complex interface of different factors of a disaster event, we need to remember that a natural disaster is the consequence of a hazard i.e. Coastal zone management is very much interlinked to disaster preparedness, as evidenced in the Indian Ocean Tsunami of 2004.
The capacities of vulnerable communities (to prepare for disaster, and recover from a disaster) increases after every disaster, through collective efforts in the reconstruction process.
MDGs are very much related to the disaster impacts, since disasters can affect sustainable development, and can also affect environmental conditions of natural and built areas.
This is considered as one of the key tool for local actions, and should be closely linked to disaster initiatives. The typhoon damages pointed out the crucial need to link environment and disaster management practices, even in the developed country like Japan.
The target audiences of the course are development practitioners, and disaster and environment managers at different levels. Different stakeholders play important roles in the development and disaster cycle: government, NGO, academicians and international organizations. While the disaster management issues in Japan were more concerned on early warning, evacuation etc., the root cause of the damages was a very typical environmental problem, which is forest management. However, the most important stakeholder is the people and community, and should be the central role player in any disaster prevention or development activity.
Emergency management (EM) refers to the management of emergencies concerning all hazards, including all activities and risk management measures related to prevention and mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. Figure 1 highlights the four interdependent risk-based functions of EM: prevention and mitigation of, preparedness for, response to, and recovery from emergencies. Each institution should establish an EM governance structure to oversee the management of emergencies.
Disasters occur when the poor and vulnerable are unable to cope with a major hazard due to underlying social, economic, environmental or political pressures. Diagram 1 : Disaster occurrenceTo download the diagram, 'right click' on it and then choose 'Save Image As' from the menu OR go to Annexes. A hazardous situation in a country may turn into a disaster when the affected society cannot cope by using only its own resources.

Diagram 2: Typical disaster cycleTo download the diagram, 'right click' on it and then choose 'Save Image As' from the menu OR go to Annexes. Natural disasters, also referred to as sudden onset disasters, are emergencies caused by natural, technological and environmental calamities.
The risk of natural disasters is increasing because of population growth, urbanization, and alteration disruption of the natural environment, substandard dwellings and public buildings and inadequate infrastructure maintenance. Disaster risk relates to the chance of negative consequences when a particular hazard affects vulnerable people or locations. The findings from logistics assessments are critical in enabling appropriate decision making, planning and organisation for effective disaster response.
An emergency logistics assessment is the process of gathering, analysing and disseminating logistics related data and information in relation to the impact of a disaster. Management of emergencies that usually involve intervention by the Emergency Services and require a greater level of coordination to address the wider implications. All the environment and disaster related activities should be targeted at safety and sustainability of human lives and property. In order to raise awareness and take action on interlinking and integrating environmental concerns in disaster management, we need to ask and address a number of critical questions. While waste management is treated as an environmental issue in many cases, disaster causes significant amount of waste, which are often not considered in the waste management plans.
Through the presentation, the relation of environment and disaster management are pointed out, and exemplified with specific issues of typhoon, tsunami, waste management and climate change. Different stakeholders have important roles to play in the waste management process, and this should be linked to resource conservation, environmental protection, and sustainable development, heath and sanitation issues and disaster preparedness. For a sustainable environment and disaster management in the coastal region, it is required to make a balance between the livelihood security and costal resource management.
Emergencies can quickly escalate in scope and severity, cross jurisdictional lines, take on international dimensions and result in significant human and economic losses. For further information, you may wish to consult the Canadian Disaster Database, which contains detailed disaster information on over 900 natural, technological and conflict events (excluding war) that have directly affected Canadians over the past century.
The resulting SEMP building blocks will reflect strategic priorities—the desired balance between developing measures that respond to emergencies versus mitigating the risk.

The actions and activities described below will only relate to natural disasters but the Logistics Cluster will have similar functions in technological and environmental disasters. The scope of an emergency assessment will be different depending on the circumstances and may vary from emergency to emergency or depend on the nature or scale of the disaster. Disasters can have different natural and human dimensions: conflict, natural disasters, population increase and migration from rural to urban areas. Debris flows are a natural phenomenon, but when a debris flow results in casualties, damage to buildings, bridges or infrastructures, or causes loss of life or property, it is called a debris flow disaster. Among these, response, rehabilitation and reconstruction are steps to be undertaken after the disaster, while prevention, mitigation and preparedness are preparedness for the next disaster. However, so long it does not directly or indirectly affect the human population or built environment, it is not considered as disaster.
Clusters are activated in the case of large-scale emergencies which exceed the in-country capacity of those agencies and other humanitarian organisations that are active in the area on a routine basis.
If and when the disaster occurs, the humanitarian sector and governments provide the necessary relief supplies and coordination in a timely manner through use of prepositioned stocks and established coordination mechanism.
Disaster cycle consists of response, rehabilitation, reconstruction, prevention, mitigation and preparedness in a cyclic pattern. Thus, there is a strong need for synergy among different agencies working for environment and disaster management activities, and synergy of policy and action at different levels.
Agree common definitions, methods and data collection formats, if possible, so that information from different teams will be comparable.Define terms of reference and specific information needs. It plays a critical role in developing environmental management policies and strategies that are also focused on disaster risk mitigation.
This is a new concept developed over last 4-5 years, and is concerned with development, environment and disaster issues. Incidents and emergencies can occur at any time, they can arise from a number of causes, and can have a significant impact on the University's operations.

Home emergency plan checklist
Recipes using non perishable food
Home disaster preparedness plan


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