A Recovery Point Objective (RPO) is the maximum time frame your organization is willing to lose data for, in the event of a major IT outage. You won’t know if your actual recovery point will match your RPO unless you measure and adjust your system.
A Recovery Time Objective (RTO) refers to how quickly you can switch from your production source machine to your target backup machine, in the event of an emergency. For example, if you designate an RTO of two hours, your goal is to restore service within two hours in the event of a production system failure. So choose your RTO carefully and understand that it is intimately tied to the tolerance your company has for restoring service after an outage. If there’s a significant gap between your RTO (goal) and RTA (actual), you’ll need to rework your switchover strategy to improve the time it takes to switch production from source to target.
The RTO defines your goal for how quickly production can be shifted to a target machine, in the event of a catastrophic failure. Properly communicated, your RPO, RTO, and RTA are valuable management tools for communicating your goals for your solution and how well you are doing in meeting those goals. With all the talk of business continuity, disaster recovery-as-a-service in the planning and forecasts, it can be easy for the terms to blend together. Before we get into the granular details of RTOs and RPOs, let’s start with a few high-level definitions.


The disaster is the point in time at which service has stopped, been compromised or impeded. When researching disaster recovery solutions, you will often see hybrid acronyms to represent both disaster recovery (DR) and business continuity (BC).
Once establishing agreed-upon high-level definitions, you’ll start to see a lot more acronyms as you compare backups versus DR solutions as well as Recovery-as-a-Service (RaaS) solutions.
Each RaaS offering you look at will define in their Service Level Agreement (SLA) what their promised RPO and RTO are.
Recovery Point Objective (RPO) refers to the point in time in the past to which you will recover. Recovery Time Objective (RTO) refers to the point in time in the future at which you will be up and running again. On the timeline, RTO is the point in the future at which you will be back up and running full speed ahead.
While in a perfect world every application would have an RPO of milliseconds and an RTO of milliseconds, that’s not physically or financially feasible for the majority of the businesses in the world. When comparing solutions, you’ll need to identify RPOs and RTOs you are most comfortable with for each application, and the price point slides based on the answers for each. See if all RTOs are the same from provider to provider and learn how to challenge your recovery provider to be the best.


Here’s a primer on what each of these terms mean and how they can help your IT shop in BC, DR, and HA planning. In the IT world, that DR plan is how to get your applications recovered, up and running at 100% after a disaster impedes their function.
DR will get your hardware, software and apps back up and running, but without a business continuity plan to keep your company going during the recovery process, you might not have a reason to recover those items. The gap between the disaster and the RTO is the timeframe for which your app will be down and non-functioning.
PTO is what you take the day after you’ve successfully recovered from your disaster and your business is back up and running at full speed ahead. The technology that powers disaster recovery has never been more efficient, affordable and capable than it is today.



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