Greenhouse Project, North Eastern Province Girls Secondary School, Garissa, North Eastern Kenya. This year alone, we have witnessed disasters on an unprecedented scale - the tragic earthquake and tsunami in Japan, devastating floods in Pakistan and Australia, and the serious food crisis in the Horn of Africa to name just a few. Since then, youth led programming has proven to be effective even in the most challenging of environments, such as the Kwale communities in drought stricken Kenya. These actions will undoubtedly help young people to do more, do better, and reach further in reducing disaster risks. CurriculumThe development of DRR curriculum involves the Ministry of Education and Kenya Institute of Education in incorporating the disaster-related issues into the existing subjects, such as natural disasters, health and nutrition-related risks, hygiene malpractice, accidents and safe commuting, violence at home and school, and armed conflicts and insecurity. It also encourages community- and school-level activities to enhance the overall awareness and capacity to withstand disasters.
In addition, EPRP is a central component of DRR in education, which is one of the government priorities to address the chronic vulnerability to disasters. The training programme will be on the lines of the Centre’s ‘National School Safety Programme’, under which teachers and students will be trained to deal with natural disasters like earthquakes and floods.
Following a series of earthquakes that hit Nepal and also some parts of India, the state government has decided to roll out a disaster management programme in schools, starting June 15. Tawde said that under this programme, teachers and students will be informed about the causes and effects of natural disasters, dos and don’ts, mock drills will be conducted and children will be made to prepare a disaster management plan. The workshop undertaken by BMC will include training in identifying hazards, listing safety measures that can be incorporated to combat the situation, a list of emergency numbers, formation of a disaster management committee and a first-aid committee in the school, creating a resource inventory and planning evacuation measures. Young people are often seriously affected when disasters strikes and can face severe difficulties in coping with unexpected and traumatic interruptions to their lives. Tawde also said that the state government is also planning to introduce disaster management lessons in school textbooks as part of the initiative. But we must also remember the hundreds of smaller disasters which have caused enormous damage and upheaval to the lives of millions around the world. Hence, we are aiming to train teachers and students of 100 schools in each district in the state from the coming academic year, starting June. Not only do we pay special attention to their needs when disasters strike, but we also engage them in the design and implementation of disaster risk reduction programmes. However, disaster response experts say the government should urgently tackle the poor state of roads, lack of critical facilities required for the effective provision of healthcare and frequent conflict in the remote region, which is prone to drought, floods and disease outbreaks. Mugambi said the establishment of disaster rescue centres in the region - Isiolo, Marsabit, Upper Eastern and North Rift Valley - would minimize and tackle humanitarian crises effectively. Such centres, aid workers and disaster response experts say, should be stocked with food, clean water, drugs, maternity facilities and space for temporary schools.


A draft of Kenya's National Disaster Management policy was forwarded to the Cabinet in September 2009 but has not been discussed in parliament. In a report assessing the response to the 2008-2009 drought in Kenya, the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) said the quality of contingency plans had improved, but required fine-tuning.
Lekalkalai said information was important to help communities deal with climate change-related disasters; "an informed community will be able to prepare, prevent and minimize any disaster". Cosmas Adow, a project officer for the Ngaremara Community Empowerment project, said poor delivery of information and resource rivalry among communities had also affected disaster response.
A team of experts, which included officials from the Kenya Civil Aviation Authority, toured the region recently and said the poor state - and lack - of airstrips had made it difficult and risky to conduct air-rescue relief operations.
Led by Capt Joseph Martin Ririani, chairman of the Kenya Civil Aviation Authority, the team inspected airstrips in Isiolo, Garbatulla, Marsabit and Moyale.
Ririani said construction, repair and expansion of the existing airstrips had to be planned and budgeted for in preparation for disaster intervention operations.
Go to our Animals in disasters page to find out more about the disaster management work we do and how you can help. Tangible results have also emerged from Red Cross Red Crescent youth-led disaster risk reduction programmes in other countries including Bangladesh, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Fiji, India, Kenya, Niger, Panama, the Philippines, Senegal, South Africa, Thailand, Togo, and Uganda. EPRP is therefore a critical framework to strengthen preparedness and risk mitigation, and integrate education in emergencies in the line Ministries.Cluster coordination The emergency cluster approach plays a key role in enhancing the promptness and effectiveness of collective response in the humanitarian context by ensuring greater coverage, accountability and partnership.
School Education and Sports Minister Vinod Tawde Wednesday announced that the training programme will begin as soon as schools re-open.
According to officials district collectors will monitor the implementation of the programme in schools. This is why children and young people are central to Red Cross Red Crescent disaster risk reduction efforts.
On Monday, the BMC initiated a zone-wise workshop for principals who will be trained by officials from the disaster management department of the civic body, the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF), the Mumbai Police and the fire brigade.
But despite this, the world’s youth are also the very people who can teach their communities - and the wider world - how to reduce the risks and impact of disasters.
The Mumbai Police, meanwhile, have been reaching out to public and private schools across the city asking them to monitor their disaster-preparedness. We must not underestimate their potential to make a real difference in the time of disasters.
The Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) already has non-food items set for distribution to 5,000 people in case of a disaster in Northeastern province. We help countries that are likely to be affected by disasters by implementing preparedness programs to ensure the impact is as minimal as possible.


You can also use our preparedness checklist to help prepare for a disaster and protect your pets or livestock. The International Federation of Red Cross Red Crescent Societies is calling on decision makers at all levels to recognize the vital role young people can and should play in reducing the risks associated with disasters.
BMC has asked all civic schools to prepare a disaster management plan in the next two weeks. In June 2009, young people from 150 countries, representing the millions of young Red Cross Red Crescent volunteers committed themselves to working on disaster preparedness, response and recovery, including innovative solutions in areas such as psychosocial support, advocacy for climate change adaptation, food security, and access to safe and clean water. Though the civic body had asked the schools to create a plan last July, very few schools complied till date forcing the authorities to make it mandatory, officials confirmed. With the help of the young Red Cross Red Crescent volunteers, communities improved their early warning and preparedness systems, updated the community disaster response plan and strengthened food security through promotion of modern farming methods. In the first phase, municipal schools will be asked to create the plan, followed by hospitals in the second phase and ward offices and private schools in the third and final phase respectively, an official said.
They also have the opportunity to teach others about the vital role young people can play in disaster risk reduction. The award winning Kenya Red Cross Kwale communities project raised awareness amongst children and young people about the problems caused by climate change, provided them with necessary training, and mobilized them as  agents of change in building the resilience of the communites to recurring drought and famine. The Mumbai Police have been reaching out to public and private schools across the city asking them to monitor their disaster-preparedness. Despite many challenges ahead of us, by working closely with children and young people, we can make communities all over the world safer and more resilient to disasters and their consequences.
In the aftermath of the recent terror-attack in a Peshawar school where 132 school children were gunned down, the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) has made it mandatory for municipal schools to prepare a disaster management plan within the next two weeks. A senior civic official from the disaster management department said, “There have been several cases of major fire, building collapses, terrorist attacks or even food poisoning in both the country and the world. It helps them to assess school needs, plan and make informed decisions to implement possible means of dealing with the risks, reflect the result of the action, and document the steps. The introduction of peace education in school is intended to instil a sense of peace among the children and youth and embed peaceful and non-violence culture in their communities, no matter their circumstances, gender, location, religion, language, ethnicity or socio-economic background.Emergency Preparedness and Response Plan (EPRP)EPRP has a clear guide to promote preparedness, response and recovery, and create and maintain a safe learning environment, and protect access to education during emergency.



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