Over and above, the jobless, desperate and dejected youngsters from the affected areas are an easy prey to militant recruitment and criminal activities. More than that, migration of internally displaced people (IDP) to urban areas incited urban sectarian discord which further hindered the process of management of disaster.In the light of above facts, it is evident that Pakistan is in dire need of an organised disaster management programme to face the emergency situations and their implications.
NDMA can be strengthened by proper allocation of funds, research, equipment, training and maintenance of transparency. Embankment of rivers, disaster proof housing and infrastructure, early warnings, rapid evacuation, nomination of danger zones prior to disaster, establishment of rescue centres and creating public awareness about disasters and safety techniques with their inclusion in curriculum will surely pay dividends.Disasters often come without early warnings, recent floods in Pakistan, however, took a gradual course. But lack of sound disaster management and unpreparedness policies and their implementation has resulted in grave damages to Pakistan in all the previous disasters. Pakistan is well familiar with disasters which have caused a heavy toll in terms of men and material. Though, after earthquake-2005, a systematic effort was geared up to develop a viable structure of disaster management evolving into establishment of NDMA, it has yet to achieve the required standards. Cyclones, tsunami, floods, droughts, earthquakes and volcanoes are a few examples of natural disasters; and wars and nuclear accidents fall in the category of the man-made disasters.
However, the disasters can be mitigated and losses can be minimised with efficient preparedness and management.Disaster management is the mechanism of coordinating and utilising available resources to deal emergencies effectively, thereby saving lives, avoiding injuries and minimising losses. All these phases are crucially important in managing disasters.Mitigation, the very first phase of disaster management, is a sustained action that reduces both short-term and long-term risks to people and property from the hazards and their effects. It involves activities like scientific hazard analysis, vulnerability analysis, risk assessment, avoiding construction in high risk zones, launching awareness campaigns, training and capacity building of responders and managers, etc. As per a World Bank study in 2003, natural disasters pose a major impediment on the path of economic development in IndiaClassification of Disasters: The classification of disaster differs as per the criterion of classification. It entails everyone to be prepared to respond to extreme situations.Response, the next phase of disaster management, includes the action of responding to an emergency. Pant adopted origin as the criterion for the classification of disaster.The fundamental task of the committee was to prepare comprehensive model plans for disaster management at district, state and national level.
The available data suggests that Pakistan suffered heavily at the hands of these disasters owing to the lack of efficient disaster management.Recently, the spate of floods that began late in July of 2010 dealt a serious blow to Pakistan. The purpose behind its establishment was to change national response to emergency situations from reactionary model to an active mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery model. Also, NDMA supervises Provincial Disaster Management Authorities (PDMA) and District Disaster Management Authorities (DDMA).The National Disaster Management Authority has been assigned the task of coordinating the disaster risk management at the national level, implementing disaster risk management strategies, mapping the hazards, developing guidelines, ensuring the establishment of disaster management authorities and Emergency Operation Centres (EOCs) at provincial, district and municipal levels, providing technical assistance to concerned departments, organising training to personnel, serving as a lead agency for NGOs and international cooperation, coordinating with the federal government through National Emergency Operation Centre (NEOC) and requiring any government department or agency to make available needed resources and personnel.
The aim was to mitigate the damage potential of natural disasters in future.For once, the subject of disaster management had been taken seriously at the governmental level. Another factor that hampers the smooth functioning of disaster management process is duplication of efforts which arise due to the lack of integration between various agencies and organisations involved in the process.
After Bhuj, there were two major seismic events — the Andaman (Sumatran) earthquake-cum-tsunami of 26 December, 2004, and the Kashmir earthquake of October 8, 2005.The disaster management bodies were not able to do anything to prevent deaths.
The third part has them near tears, seeing the horrific deaths and destruction.After the shaking stops, they rush to affected sites with stretchers, medicine, rescue equipment, etc.
Their repair costs are expected to be at least $158 million and $131 million, respectively. National Crisis Management by Cabinet Committee on Security.National Crisis Management committee (NCMC) is headed by the Cabinet Secretary. Over-exploitation of natural resources is leading towards environmental degradation.That may lead to nation increases much but public safety common sense and awareness in community lacks. Drought affects rural areas more and water supply infrastructure remains weak in rural areas.As normal procedures are difficult to follow, due to urgency corruption problems are there. Ineffectiveness in water management Policies creates problems in drought management and flood relief.
Enforcement of Public Safety Regulations is not effective Low income and Poverty creates problems in matters of preparedness. More effective international cooperation and use of it is need for disaster warning system.As, normally, community response is the first in case of disaster, there is need for community capacity building. Uttarakhand has set up a separate department of Disaster Management.Vulnerability Atlas of India was brought in 1998. National Building Code 3 was brought in 2005.India Disaster Resources network Disaster Management A web enabled centralized data base. So far, disorganised and ad hoc methods had been in practice in disaster management system. In this regard, effective communication between concerned agencies and with people is a must.


Therefore, the onus lies upon the Government of Pakistan to revisit its policies and strengthen institutions to not only tackle such situations but making them to our best use. However, due to its inadequate preparedness to manage disasters, it has failed to effectively cope with them. Cyclonic activities on the east coast are more severe than on the west coast.The Indian continent is considered to be the worst cyclone-affected part of the world, as a result of low-depth ocean bed topography and coastal configuration. It typically strikes arid areas of Rajasthan (chronically) and Gujarat states.Drought is not uncommon in certain districts of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, etc. The key to effective disaster management is readiness to provide a rapid emergency response. It aims to provide immediate emergency support to a community to maintain health, safety and morale until a permanent solution can be put in place.
The steps involved in response phase are situation analysis, crisis maps, information communication, evacuation and shelters, dispatching of resources and early damage assessment. Torrential monsoon rains in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Sindh, Balochistan and Punjab were primarily responsible for the floods. NDMA is the executive arm of the National Disaster Management Commission (NDMC) headed by Prime Minister.
Despite establishment of this organisation assigned with apparently multifarious tasks, disasters in Pakistan are hardly managed effectively.
Moreover, this agency has yet to prove its credibility, strategy and efficiency of infrastructure which lie at the very heart of these critical situations.
Even a moderate earthquake of magnitude 6.8 on September 18, 2011, in Sikkim was a disaster. There is no activity during the pre-seismic and co- seismic period.The problem has attained severe dimensions. Plan in Advance: Under such unforeseen conditions, our managers need to plan some activities during the pre-seismic period and also discuss what should be done during the co-seismic period. National Disaster Management Act, 2005 provides for the state Disaster Management Authority under the Chief Minister. Flaws in intelligence are causing some disasters, say, terrorism, strikes, social tensions, etc.Public Health infrastructure is inadequate but health hazards increase.
In fact, there is need to introduce the Disaster management and Public Administration.Traditionally, even in legal framework, meaning of disaster has been taken narrowly. Professional skills for field machinery in matters of disaster management still lack.Still there are deficiencies in taking up the issue of Geographical Information System (GlS) as a plan scheme. Policy of Emergency Operation Centers (EOC) at national, state and district level should be effectively implemented.Subject of Disaster management is not mentioned specifically, in any of the three lists of the Seventh Schedule of the constitution. Civil Defence Act was brought in 1968 and Civil Defence Regulations, 1968 exist.SAARC Disaster Management Centre it was set up in October 2006.
The biggest quakes occur in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Kutch, Himachal and the North-East. Generally divided into natural and man-made, all disasters are managed by a systematic process of disaster management that aims at minimising the damage and restoration of people to their normal state.
The heavy floods of 2010 exposed its unpreparedness and frail management resulting in unprecedented proportion of losses and damages. However, it remains incomplete without mitigation and preparedness, which are basically pre-disaster management phases. If we take into account their severity, they may be classified as manor and minor disasters.However, a high powered committee constituted in Aug. The committee has identified 30 disasters and categories them in the following five groups.1.
A hazard is a natural or manmade damaging event which is beyond the effective control of human being, whereas the disaster is the sum total of consequences of natural hazard due to vulnerability of people or regions subject to hazard.Thus same natural hazard may produce different amount of disastrous impact on different group of people or regions.
At the Government of India level, two institutes were set up in New Delhi — the National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM) and the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA). However, subsequent earthquakes proved that the organisations were not able to check disasters. Most disaster management plans have thus far focused on the post-seismic period of rescue, rehabilitation and reconstruction (RRR). According to Ball State University Center estimate, around 3916 km highway and about 5646 km railway track has been damaged. The sorry state of affairs was revealed when authorities were unable to rather incapable of restoring the cut off routes and breaches in river banks.Resultantly, country received a serious economic jolt.


At top political level, there is, normally Cabinet Committee on Natural Calamities under the Chief Minister.There are Crisis Management Committees chaired by the Chief Secretaries. Even camp managing Committee lack sufficient number of women, to take care of women, in relief and rehabilitation Apprehensions of misuse of science and technological advancements exist. Digital dissemination of information by Disaster Management Authorities is still inadequate.Much gap exists between disaster research and community capacity building. Best Practices guidelines should be laid down.Meaning of Disaster in National Disaster Management Act, 2005 is narrow it should be broadened.
The Himalayan regions are particularly prone to earthquakes.The last two major earthquakes shook Gujarat in January 2001 and Jammu and Kashmir in October 2005. Since, the magnitude of implications is too heavy to bear; the efficient disaster management comes, on the priority, second to none of other needs. Hundreds if not thousands of people die of cold and related diseases every year, most of them from poor urban areas in northern parts of the country. Besides, trained and equipped personnel are required to deal with an emerging crisis.Recovery, finally, is the process of returning to normal. Moreover, almost 20 million people were directly affected by the destruction of property, livelihood and infrastructure. The underlying factors responsible for its inefficiency, besides insufficient resources, are lack of proactive approach and transparency. Scores of people have been affected by the fatal diseases like gastroenteritis and diarrhea due to the non-availability of clean drinking water and proper sanitation facilities. Take every section of society in confidence and explain to them the limits of earthquake prediction and how the administration plans to overcome the odds.It is a fact that the subject of earthquake prediction has not reached perfection. They look after issues of Natural Disasters.They work under Crisis Management committee headed by the Chief Secretary. Therefore, it is incumbent upon the Government of Pakistan to strengthen its policies of disaster management.In other words, disaster management should be amongst the top priorities of government. Disasters have been classified into two categories - natural disasters and man-made disasters. Recovery phase may be short-term as well as long-term, and it begins after the disaster commences. Had there been no institute to deal with this natural calamity, the damage caused by floods would have been much more.However, despite establishment of National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) the response was too slow to meet the magnitude of challenge. In a typical scenario, seismic shaking of moderate to large earthquakes lasts 35-45 seconds.If that time is divided into three parts of 12-15 seconds, then during the first part, disaster managers are highly excited watching the terrain shake. Therefore, "productive and labour intensive job creation programmes are urgently needed to lift millions of people out of poverty that has been aggravated by flood damage." Furthermore GDP would decline from overall 4 per cent to -2 to -5 per cent. The Disaster Management Act, 2005 has created new institutions at the national, state, district and local levels.
Geological Disaster: Such as landslides and mud flows, earthquakes, mine fires, dam failures and general fires. Also, the eruption of cholera and multiple skin diseases along with malaria has added to their suffering. And in addition, Chairperson of the State Executive Committee (who is Chief Secretary) is also included.
NDMA has the power to approve the National Plans and the Plans of the respective Ministries and Departments of Government of India.
There is Cabined Committee on Management Act, 2005 provides for the National Disaster Management Authority under Prime Minister’s already functional. The general superintendence, direction and control of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) are vested in and will be exercised by the NDMA.The National Executive Committee (NEC) is mandated to assist the NDMA in the discharge of its functions and further ensure compliance of the directions issued by the Central Government. It is also responsible to coordinate the implementation of the State Plan, recommend provision of funds for mitigation and preparedness measures and review the developmental plans of the different departments of the State to ensure integration of prevention, preparedness and mitigation measures.The State Disaster Management Department (DMD) which is mostly positioned in the Revenue and relief Department is the nodal authority. In the district level the District Disaster Management Authority (DDMA) is headed by the District Magistrate, with the elected representative of the local authority as the Co-Chairperson.DDMA is the planning, coordinating and implementing body for disaster management at district level. The intergovernmental Panel on that worldwide the frequency and magnitude of all types of natural disasters are increasing.



Sample family emergency preparedness plan
Hurricane sandy
Facts fire


Comments

  1. 09.07.2014 at 19:27:40


    The powers that be have have borrowed from the Chinese, the parking.

    Author: malakay
  2. 09.07.2014 at 19:22:41


    Use every thing unconscious or extremely disoriented yet, not till 1337 flags.

    Author: Emilya_86