Hurricane & Tropical Storm Safety and Preparedness Tens of millions of Americans face the prospect each year of being affected, either directly or indirectly, by the impact of hurricanes and tropical storms along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States. The World Meteorological Organization is in charge of assigning names to tropical storms that originate in the Atlantic Ocean and reach a sustained wind speed of 39 miles per hour. When a storm becomes a hurricane it retains the name that it was given as a tropical storm.
As summer approaches, (May in the Northern Hemisphere and November in the Southern Hemisphere), the tilt of the Earth shifts the concentration of the Sun’s rays away from the Equator. The physical processes that power a hurricane.Due to evaporation and convection, the air above the ocean water becomes warm and moist.


In 1972, American scientists Herbert Saffir and Robert Simpson developed the Saffir-Simpson Scale to classify the severity of hurricanes. As technology and research techniques have advanced over the years, meteorologists have been able to be more accurate in spotting potential tropical storms.
Meteorologists continue to reanalyze data from past hurricanes as newer techniques and technologies come into play. This process increases the scientists’ ability to develop reliable hurricane models and to accurately forecast hurricanes. Extensive damage to power lines and poles likely will result in power outages that could last a few to several days.


Electricity and water will be unavailable for several days to weeks after the storm passes.



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