Many similar projects had been initiated after 2005 when the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) was established.
An earthquake like Nepal's (pictured above) would flatten 80 per cent of Delhi’s 25 lakh buildingsThe Walled City remains inaccessible to disaster management, while relief camps lack basic amenities. The views expressed in the contents above are those of our users and do not necessarily reflect the views of MailOnline. The nodal agency for disaster management failed to ensure that the mission aimed at disaster forecasting is expedited.
The track record of Uttarakhand, which is among the states vulnerable to natural disasters, was particularly abysmal.
The body also failed miserably in implementing its own projects such as the National Disaster Management Informatics System and National Disaster Communication Network.


Former chief executive officer (CEO) of '108' Emergency Response Services in Uttarakhand, Anup Nautiyal said disasters are not new to Uttarakhand and a system for disaster forecasting has always been the need of the hour.
About 70 per cent of its area is prone to tsunamis and cyclones, 60 per cent is vulnerable to earthquakes, and 12 per cent to floods. The Department of Space, which is with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, had approved a disaster management programme in 2003 and despite Rs 112 crore pumped in for various components of disaster forecasting, the project has been put in cold storage. Shashidhar Reddy has blamed the Met office for not giving accurate forecasts instead of using generic terms such as heavy rainfall in Uttarakhand.But the NDMA chief has done little - despite being associated with the body since 2005 - to ensure that warning systems for disaster forecast are put in place.
The disaster management programme aimed at providing quick support and services by using hitech systems. This included creating of a digital database to identify hazard zones, damage assessment, monitoring natural disasters using satellite and aerial data, establishing satellite-based reliable communication network and deployment of emergency communication equipment.


The main project of the programme included National Database for Emergency Management, airborne laser terrain mapping and digital camera system, disaster management synthetic aperture radar, satellite-based communication network for disaster management and Doppler weather radars. Coordination between the NDMA and nodal ministries for various disasters needs to be improved. The NDRF must fill its vacant specialist positions, while being given better control over transfers and deployment of its personnel. Environmental disasters are caused by complex interactions between ecological, social, cultural and economic processes, along with physical hazards.
Understanding the inherent complexity associated with the catchment area of a disaster management authority is therefore necessary. There can be significant cultural gaps between experts making policy, and the citizens who have to live with such policy action.



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