What to do when your dog pregnant

About 3-5 days before she will deliver, the mother dog will start showing some nesting behavior. Feed your dog a high-quality dog food that has passed the American Association of Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) feeding tests. If your dog has trouble delivering her puppies, emergency veterinary treatment will be necessary.
For each puppy that your dog delivers, there could be one less home available for a shelter dog. Most experts advise against vaccinating pregnant dogs, so vaccines should be given ahead of time. Have a heartworm test performed by your vet and start an appropriate heartworm preventative. Your veterinarian will count the fetal skeletons to determine the number of expected puppies.
Talk to your veterinarian about your dog’s flea and tick treatments and her risk for these parasites. Do not give any over-the-counter medications, treatments, or supplements to your dog without asking your veterinarian whether they are safe during pregnancy. If your dog is on long-term medications for a chronic disease, talk to your veterinarian immediately to determine if you should continue or stop the medications.
Feed a normal amount of high-quality commercial dog food for the first 4 weeks of pregnancy.
Do not feed large-breed dog or large-breed puppy foods, even if you have a large-breed dog.
Increase the amount that you feed your dog by another 25% for the end of her pregnancy, during the 8th and 9th week.
Do not supplement your dog’s food with vitamins, minerals, or meats unless directed by your veterinarian. Adding meats to your dog’s food can cause them to eat fewer carbohydrates and decrease her energy intake. Choose an appropriate time of day for the weather in your neighborhood (ie, early morning during the summer or mid-afternoon in the winter).
If your dog jogged regularly before getting pregnant, she can continue to do so for the first 4-6 weeks of pregnancy. Keep your dog away from other dogs during the last 3 weeks of pregnancy and for the first 3 weeks after she gives birth. The whelping box needs to be large enough to allow your dog to fully stretch out and still leave room for all of the puppies. The walls of the box need to be high enough to prevent the puppies from climbing out when they are 6 weeks old, but short enough that their mother can leave as she desires. Smaller breeds of dogs typically have smaller litter sizes, while larger breeds typically have more puppies. If your dog does need help, contact your local vet as soon as possible, don't try doing anything yourself unless you're sure what you are doing. This version of How to Care for a Pregnant Dog was reviewed by Pippa Elliott, MRCVS on July 11, 2015. It can be difficult to tell whether a dog is pregnant until the last few weeks of her nine-week gestation, when her belly's increase in size is hard to miss. The operator will need to clip fur on the tummy of very furry dogs so that the probe can make good contact with her skin. Pregnant female dogs absolutely do suffer from morning sickness like people do, however not until approximately day 21 after being mated. Some dogs may become quieter than usual, others may become more affectionate and clingy, and still others could withdraw and want to be left alone. If your dog has been mated but subsequently goes off her food in the next few days or weeks, this is unlikely to be related to pregnancy and she should be checked by a veterinarian.

This version of How to Tell if a Dog Is Pregnant was reviewed by Pippa Elliott, MRCVS on March 19, 2015. Most pregnant dogs will get a pot-bellied appearance, as the puppies take up more room in her abdomen. It can be difficult to predict the due date of the puppies, especially if you don’t know exactly when your dog was bred. Most dogs will have a decrease in their temperature by about 3 degrees, possibly down to 97 degrees Fahrenheit, around 12-24 hours before they go into labor. This part, stage 1 labor, is when the contractions of the uterus start and she gets ready to actually have the puppies. If things don’t seem to be going well, call us (or your regular veterinarian) to explain what is happening and to get advice on how you can help. Foods that have passed the AAFCO feeding tests will read, “Animal feeding tests using AAFCO procedures substantiate that _____ provides complete and balanced nutrition for ______ .”[2] Feeding your dog high-quality food prior to pregnancy can improve her and her puppies’ health. There is a dog overpopulation problem in the United States, meaning that there are more dogs than there are homes for them. Your veterinarian can help you verify the pregnancy, determine the due date, discuss any medication changes, and even estimate the number of expected puppies.
Your veterinarian may be able to feel the puppies inside your dog’s belly 20-30 days into the pregnancy. This way, you will know if all the puppies have been delivered successfully when your dog gives birth. Fenbendazole is typically considered safe for pregnant dogs and can treat worms that can be passed from a dog to her puppies.
Talk to your veterinarian about vaccinations if your dog is pregnant and is overdue on vaccines. You may think that additional calcium is required, and some inaccurate websites even recommend it, but do not give your dog any additional calcium. This means that you should avoid taking her to the dog park or on routes in your neighborhood that are heavily populated with dogs.
Your dog may become aggressive towards other dogs if she feels that they are threatening her puppies. For your dog’s and the puppies’ safety, make sure that the floor doesn’t get too hot or too cold.
You will need to access the site frequently to assist your dog, but it should be tucked away from distractions and other pets. Large breed dogs have an average of 8-12 puppies in one litter, while toy breeds may only have 1-4 puppies. A pregnant dog should be given increased food in the final third of pregnancy, but many owners tend to increase their bitch's food ration too early. If you suspect that your dog is pregnant, it is worthwhile to visit the vet to confirm your suspicion.
The gold standard to test for pregnancy is for your vet to run a blood test that looks for the presence of a pregnancy hormone called Relaxin.
If the test is run before this date it is possible to get falsely negative results, where you believe the bitch isn't pregnant when she is. A dog may not show any signs of pregnancy in the first 2-3 weeks (which is the first third of the pregnancy). Some people first suspect their bitch might be pregnant because she is a bit quieter than usual, but this is more anecdotal observation than proven fact. This is also the case if you see a vaginal discharge (not normal during pregnancy) or if she is vomiting regularly. A few weeks after going into heat, a dog can exhibit signs of pregnancy, such as enlarged nipples and increased appetite, without actually being pregnant.[14] Check with your vet to make absolutely sure whether your dog is pregnant. But you can watch for a few signs that can tell you that your dog is getting close to having her puppies.

But just because your dog is a breed that sometimes has trouble having puppies doesn’t necessarily mean that your dog will have trouble. Your veterinarian may advise you to leave your dog alone a little longer, he may give you some suggestions on how you can help, or he may recommend that you bring the dog into the veterinary hospital to have a Cesarean section performed.
Before your dog delivers her pups, she needs a nice, clean, and quiet atmosphere, a proper diet and exercise routine, and proper veterinary care.
Have your veterinarian examine your dog before you breed her to minimize the risk of passing a genetic disease to the puppies. Your dog’s veterinarian will prescribe an appropriate medication that will protect both your dog and her puppies.
Your veterinarian can also help you determine if your dog is having a false pregnancy, a condition in which she looks and acts pregnant when she’s not. If you are expecting 6 puppies but only 4 are born, you will know to take your dog in for emergency medical care. For instance, veterinarians typically recommend that you keep your dog on their monthly heartworm preventatives, but talk to your veterinarian to be certain. It is best to be prepared for an emergency, just in case your dog is giving birth in the evening and she has serious complications. For example, if your dog ate 2 cups of food twice daily before she was pregnant, she will need 6 cups of food per day by the end of her pregnancy.
Some dogs need to be “free fed” at this point, meaning that their food is left down throughout the day to allow them to eat as needed.
Pregnant dogs show some signs of being pregnant in the early, middle, and late stages of pregnancy.
The additional calories lead to fat being laid down in the abdomen, which is often mistaken for a sign of pregnancy. If you place your palm flat against her side where you see the rippling, you might be able to feel movement. Some may be quieter and more tired early on, but a dog who is unwell may also be quiet, so this sign is an unreliable predictor of pregnancy. However, this is much more difficult than for human babies because of the rustling of the dog's fur coat and the fact that dogs have round, not flat, tummies.
The main reason to x-ray a pregnant bitch is in late pregnancy, to count how many puppies are present in the womb. If you think your dog might be pregnant, but aren’t sure, you can bring her in for an examination. Raising multiple puppies will take a lot of your time and energy, not to mention it can be expensive.
He’s most proud of his work on How to Reduce Glare when Driving at Night, which has been featured and translated into 5 different languages. Depending on how far along in her pregnancy she is, your veterinarian can perform an ultrasound or take a radiograph (an x-ray) to see if there are puppies, and to count how many there are. Our veterinarians and veterinary technicians can also answer any questions you have about pregnancy and how to be prepared for your new litter of puppies.
We can also discuss the option for spaying your dog later, if you don’t want another litter of puppies. As long as your dog does not seem to be in any distress, there is at least one puppy being born every hour, and there does not appear to be a puppy stuck in the birth canal, it is best to leave your dog alone and let her have her puppies without any help.

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