Step to when you are pregnant with diabetes

Gestational diabetes mellitus, sometimes also referred to as (GDM), is a potentially serious condition that develops during pregnancy. Before talking with your immediate relatives about their diabetic history, it might help to know the differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Your risk of developing gestational diabetes increases if a close family member, such as a parent or sibling, has type 2 diabetes.
Go to your appointment with a list of any medications or supplements you are currently taking, as well as a list of any symptoms, concerns, or questions that you would like the doctor to address. Let your doctor know that you are particularly concerned about GDM, either because of your family history or other personal risk factors. In the “initial glucose challenge test,” you’ll be asked to drink a syrupy, sugar solution and then, after an hour has passed, your blood will be tested to measure your sugar levels. In the “glucose tolerance test,” you’ll fast overnight and then have your blood sugar levels checked. Lean meats, such as chicken, are good sources of protein and safe for pregnant women to consume. Very dark green leafy vegetables such as broccoli and spinach are good sources of protein as well as iron. It is best to have a steady level of insulin in your system instead of extreme spikes and low points throughout the day. Keep an eye on portion sizes and try to eat several small meals frequently throughout the day to maintain your blood sugar levels.

Always ask your doctor about how much and what type of physical activity are right for you.
You can incorporate several short exercise activities into your day to keep the stress on your body low while still reaping the same benefits as 30-minutes of straight activity. Make sure to monitor your heart rate while exercising and never exceed the recommended target heart rate for your age and weight.
Always discuss any exercise program with your doctor, especially if you were not exercising prior to becoming pregnant. Basically defined, gestational diabetes affects how the mother's body produces and uses insulin to control her blood sugar levels which can be harmful to both her and the baby.
Type 1 diabetes, is an autoimmune disorder, whereas type 2 diabetes is closely tied to lifestyle and eating habits. There are steps you can take even before you become pregnant to manage your risk for developing GDM. Being a proactive and informed patient can help you effectively communicate your concerns to your doctor.
Ask if they recommend any special diet, exercise, or testing plans for you to follow during your pregnancy.
Then, you’ll drink a sweet solution (this time with a higher level of sugar in it) and your blood will be checked every hour for three hours.
Consult with your doctor to find a regular testing schedule and method that works best for you.

This is a general piece of advice for all pregnant women, however there are some specific areas in your diet that should be watched in order to avoid gestational diabetes,. Exercising before and during pregnancy can help protect you from developing gestational diabetes.
This will help you can also lower your overall risk for diabetes as well as future development of GDM.
Never start a new diet or begin a new physical activity without first consulting with your doctor. The good news is that GDM is can be prevented, or your risk for developing it at least minimized.
If it turns out that you are at high risk, then you and your doctor take steps towards lowing your risk and keeping you and the baby healthy. Ask, too, how you should change your diet and exercise routines to help mitigate GDM during your pregnancy. Fruits are high in natural sugars which in and of itself is not a bad thing, but one small glass of orange juice can contain the juice of as many as 10 oranges and there may also be added artificial sweeteners. There are no guarantees, but the more healthy habits you adopt before and during your pregnancy, the better you and baby will be.

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