Statistics on teenage pregnancy australia

Teenage motherhood poses significant long-term risks for both mother and child, including poorer health, educational and economic outcomes. Babies born to teenage mothers have an increased risk of pre-term birth, low birthweight and associated complications. The rate among teenagers living in the most socioeconomically disadvantaged areas was almost 8 times that of teenagers living in the areas of least disadvantage (30 compared with 4 per 1,000). Among women born overseas, the teenage birth rate was around one-third lower than for Australian-born women (12 compared with 18 per 1,000). According to the 2010 National Drug Strategy Household Survey, women reduced their use of tobacco or illicit substances when pregnant.
Australian-born mothers were almost 3 times as likely to smoke in pregnancy as mothers born overseas (17% and 6% respectively).
Mothers in the most socioeconomically disadvantaged areas were more than 4 times as likely to have smoked in pregnancy as those in the areas of least disadvantage (23% and 5%, respectively). Maternal alcohol use during pregnancy is associated with severe adverse perinatal outcomes, such as fetal alcohol syndrome and alcohol-related birth defects and developmental disorders.

According to the 2010 National Drug Strategy Household Survey, of the estimated 395,000 women who were pregnant in the year before the survey, half (51%) reported drinking alcohol during pregnancy, although most (95%) drank less than before they were pregnant. In 2011, all Australian states and territories had legislation prohibiting smoking in enclosed public places and most outdoor eating and drinking areas. Tobacco smoking is the leading cause of preventable deaths in Australia and around the world. According to the 2008 Australian Secondary Students Alcohol and Drug Survey, 13% of students had one or more drinks on a single occasion in the previous week. Teenage mothers are more likely to be a lone parent, live in areas of greater disadvantage, smoke and have lower levels of education. The rate among all teenagers increased with geographical remoteness, rising from 12 per 1,000 in Major cities to 57 in Remote and very remote areas. Children whose mothers smoked while they were pregnant have been found to be at higher risk of sudden infant death syndrome, childhood cancers, high blood pressure, asthma, lowered cognitive development and other serious problems. Teenage mothers were more likely to smoke during pregnancy (37%), with the proportion dropping to around 10% among mothers aged 30 and over.

Of women who were pregnant in the year before the survey, 12% smoked while pregnant, 2% used marijuana and 3% used another illicit substance, down from 16%, 7% and 9%, respectively, when they were not pregnant. Although the risk of birth defects is greatest with high, frequent maternal alcohol intake during the first trimester, alcohol exposure throughout pregnancy, including before pregnancy is confirmed, can have consequences for fetal brain development. The proportion of women who drank while pregnant has been decreasing since 2001, when consumption was at 64%. While not all teenage births result in negative outcomes for mother and child, the factors that often contribute to teenage birth mean that many young mothers do not receive the support they need during pregnancy and after the birth.
Babies whose mothers smoked during pregnancy were twice as likely to be of low birthweight compared with those who did not smoke (11% and 5% respectively).

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